Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

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The Lord Stanmore

Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon.jpg
Arthur Gordon circa 1870–1880.
9th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
In office
26 October 1861 30 September 1866
Monarch Victoria
Premier Samuel Leonard Tilley
Albert J. Smith
Peter Mitchell
Preceded by John Manners Sutton
Succeeded by Charles Hastings Doyle
19th Governor of Trinidad
In office
7 November 1866 1870
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by E. E. Bushworth
Succeeded by James Robert Longden
11th Governor of British Mauritius
In office
21 February 1871 18 August 1874
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Henry Barkly
Succeeded by Sir Arthur Phayre
1st High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
In office
June 1875 January 1880
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded by Sir William Des Vœux
2nd Governor of Fiji
In office
June 1875 January 1880
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded by Sir William Des Vœux
9th Governor of New Zealand
In office
29 November 1880 24 June 1882
Monarch Victoria
Premier John Hall
Frederick Whitaker
Preceded by Sir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded by Sir William Jervois
16th Governor of British Ceylon
In office
3 December 1883 28 May 1890
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by John Douglas
Succeeded by Arthur Havelock
acting governor
Personal details
Born(1829-11-26)26 November 1829
Died30 January 1912(1912-01-30) (aged 82)
Relations George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (father)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore GCMG KStJ (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912) [1] was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator. He had extensive contact with Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.



Gordon was born in London in 1829. [2] He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas. His mother was the widow of Viscount Hamilton. [2] Gordon was educated privately and then at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1849. [3] After graduating in 1851, he worked as Assistant Private Secretary to the British Prime Minister (his father) between 1852 and 1855, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Beverley from 1854 to 1857, [1] before holding a number of colonial governorships:

He was created Baron Stanmore, of Great Stanmore, in the County of Middlesex on 21 August 1893. [7]

In 1897 Lord Stanmore became the chairman of the Pacific Islands Company Ltd ('PIC'), which was a company formed by John T. Arundel that was based in London with its trading activities in the Pacific that involved mining phosphate rock on Banaba (then known as Ocean Island) and Nauru. [8] John T. Arundel and Lord Stanmore were responsible for financing the new opportunities and negotiating with the German company that controlled the licences to mine in Nauru. In 1902 the interests of PIC were merged with Jaluit Gesellschaft of Hamburg, to form the Pacific Phosphate Company, ('PPC') to engage in phosphate mining in Nauru and Banaba. [9]

Gordon's ethnographic collection from Fiji, which was assembled during his Governorship, was donated to the British Museum in 1878. [10]

He was appointed a member of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts in March 1900. [11]




  1. 1 2 Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "S" (part 5) [ self-published source ][ better source needed ]
  2. 1 2 Tyler, W. P. N. "Gordon, Arthur Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  3. "Gordon, the Hon. Arthur Charles Hamilton (GRDN846AC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. Newbury, Colin (Spring 2011). "Biography and Patronage in Crown Colony Governorships: Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon and "Personal Administration"" (PDF). Journal of Historical Biography. 9: 1–36.
  5. "Mauritius". Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  6. In 1875, the Fiji Islands were created a separate Colony, and Sir Arthur Gordon was appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Fiji, until 1880. In connection with this he also received the appointment of Consul-General, and High Commissioner of the Western Pacific.
  7. "No. 26437". The London Gazette . 1 September 1893. p. 4994.
  8. Albert F. Ellis, (1935) Ocean Island and Nauru: Their Story, Chapter IV
  9. Maslyn Williams & Barrie Macdonald (1985) The Phosphateers
  10. "Collection search: You searched for". British Museum. 2015-03-20. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  11. "No. 27174". The London Gazette . 16 March 1900. p. 1791.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Wells
Francis Charles Lawley
Member of Parliament for Beverley
With: William Wells
Succeeded by
Edward Glover
William Denison
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Hastings Doyle
Preceded by
E. E. Bushworth (acting)
Governor of Trinidad
Succeeded by
James Robert Longden
Preceded by
Sir Henry Barkly
Governor of Mauritius
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Purves Phayre
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of Fiji
Succeeded by
Sir William Des Vœux
New creation High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of New Zealand
Succeeded by
Sir William Jervois
Preceded by
John Douglas
acting governor
Governor of Ceylon
Succeeded by
Arthur Havelock
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Stanmore
Succeeded by
George Hamilton-Gordon