Arthur Hunnicutt

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Arthur Hunnicutt
Arthur Hunnicutt in Stars in My Crown trailer.jpg
Hunnicutt in Stars in My Crown (1950)
Born
Arthur Lee Hunnicutt

(1910-02-17)February 17, 1910
DiedSeptember 26, 1979(1979-09-26) (aged 69)
Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeCoop Prairie Cemetery, Mansfield, Arkansas, U.S.
Other namesArthur 'Arkansas' Hunnicutt
Occupation Actor
Years active1941–1975
Spouse(s)
Pebble Pauline Lile
(m. 1940;his death 1979)

Arthur Lee Hunnicutt (February 17, 1910 September 26, 1979) was an American actor known for his portrayal of wise, grizzled, and old rural characters. He received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Big Sky (1952).

Americans citizens, or natives, of the United States of America

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.

Academy Awards American awards given annually for excellence in cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname "Oscar".

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor one of the Academy Awards of Merit

The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Supporting Actress winner.

Contents

Early years

On February 17, 1910, Hunnicutt was born in Gravelly, Arkansas. He attended the University of Central Arkansas and Arkansas State Teachers College but dropped out when he ran out of money. [1]

Gravelly, Arkansas Unincorporated community in Arkansas, United States

Gravelly is an unincorporated community in Yell County, Arkansas, United States, located on Arkansas Highway 28, 23 miles (37 km) west-southwest of Plainview. Gravelly has a post office with ZIP code 72838.

Career

Hunnicutt gained early acting experience in stock theater and entertained in traveling shows. An article in the September 22, 1940, issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported, "There isn't a decent sized medicine show traveling through Kentucky, Illinois, Georgia, Indiana or Mississippi, nor a stock company touring those states, which hasn't had the name of Arthur Hunnicutt on its programs." [2] After eight years of such activity, in 1936 he enrolled in a drama school in Cleveland to study theatrical techniques for a year. [2]

A repertory theatre can be a Western theatre or opera production in which a resident company presents works from a specified repertoire, usually in alternation or rotation. In the British system, however, it used to be that even quite small towns would support a rep, and the resident company would present a different play every week, either a revival from the full range of classics or, if given the chance, a new play, once the rights had been released after a West End or Broadway run. However, the companies were not known for trying out untried new work. The methods, now seldom seen, would also be used in the United States, Canada, and Australia.

<i>Brooklyn Eagle</i> newspaper

The Brooklyn Eagle, originally The Brooklyn Eagle, andKings County Democrat, was a daily newspaper published in the city and later borough of Brooklyn, in New York City, for 114 years from 1841 to 1955. At one point, it was the afternoon paper with the largest daily circulation in the United States. Walt Whitman, the 19th-century poet, was its editor for two years. Other notable editors of the Eagle included Thomas Kinsella, St. Clair McKelway, Cleveland Rogers, Frank D. Schroth, and Charles Montgomery Skinner.

He moved to Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, where he joined up with a theatre company. Moving to New York City, he worked in the laundry at the Algonquin Hotel for 17 months before landing roles in Broadway productions. [2] While touring as the lead actor in Tobacco Road , he developed the country character he would later be typecast as throughout his career. Hunnicutt often found himself cast as a character much older than himself.

Marthas Vineyard island in the United States of America

Martha's Vineyard is an island located south of Cape Cod in Massachusetts that is known for being an affluent summer colony. Martha's Vineyard includes the smaller Chappaquiddick Island, which is usually connected to the Vineyard, though storms and hurricanes have separated them, as in 2007. It is the 58th largest island in the United States, with a land area of 100 square miles (260 km2), and the third-largest on the East Coast of the United States, after Long Island and Mount Desert Island. Martha's Vineyard constitutes the bulk of Dukes County, Massachusetts, which also includes the Elizabeth Islands and the island of Nomans Land.

Algonquin Hotel hotel in New York City

The Algonquin Hotel is an American historic hotel located at 59 West 44th Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The hotel has been designated as a New York City Historic Landmark.

<i>Tobacco Road</i> (play) play written by Jack Kirkland

Tobacco Road is a play by Jack Kirkland first performed in 1933, based on the 1932 novel of the same name by Erskine Caldwell. The play ran on Broadway for a total of 3,182 performances, becoming the longest-running play in history at the time. As of 2018, it was still the 19th longest-running Broadway show in history, as well as being the second-longest running non-musical ever on Broadway.

Hunnicutt's first film was Wildcat (1942). [3] He appeared in a number of films in the early 1940s before returning to the stage. In 1949 he moved back to Hollywood and resumed his film career. He played a long string of supporting role characters—sympathetic, wise rural types, as in The Red Badge of Courage (1951), The Lusty Men (1952), The Kettles in the Ozarks (1955), The Last Command (1955, as Davy Crockett), The Tall T (1957), Cat Ballou (1965, as Butch Cassidy), El Dorado (1966) and The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin .

<i>Wildcat</i> (film) 1942 film by Frank McDonald

Wildcat is a 1942 American drama film directed by Frank McDonald and written by Richard Murphy and Maxwell Shane. The film stars Richard Arlen, Arline Judge, William Frawley, Buster Crabbe, Arthur Hunnicutt, Elisha Cook, Jr. and Ralph Sanford. The film was released on September 3, 1942, by Paramount Pictures.

A supporting actor is an actor who performs a role in a play or film below that of the leading actor(s), and above that of a bit part. In recognition of important nature of this work, the theater and film industries give separate awards to the best supporting actors and actresses.

<i>The Red Badge of Courage</i> (film) 1951 film by John Huston

The Red Badge of Courage is a 1951 war film made by MGM. Directed by John Huston, it was produced by Gottfried Reinhardt with Dore Schary as executive producer. The screenplay is by John Huston, adapted by Albert Band from Stephen Crane's novel of the same name. The cinematography is by Harold Rosson, and the music score by Bronislau Kaper. The making of this film is the subject of Lillian Ross's 1952 book Picture, originally in The New Yorker.

In 1952, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in the Howard Hawks film The Big Sky . [4]

Howard Hawks American film director, producer and screenwriter

Howard Winchester Hawks was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era. Critic Leonard Maltin called him "the greatest American director who is not a household name."

<i>The Big Sky</i> (film) 1952 film by Howard Hawks

The Big Sky is a 1952 American Western film produced and directed by Howard Hawks, based on the novel of the same name. The cast includes Kirk Douglas, Dewey Martin, Elizabeth Threatt and Arthur Hunnicutt, who was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Though not considered among Hawks's major achievements by most critics, the film was chosen by Jonathan Rosenbaum for his alternative list of the Top 100 American Films.

Throughout the '50s, '60s and '70s, Hunnicutt made nearly 40 guest appearances on American television programs. He made two memorable appearances on Perry Mason in 1963: he played orange grower Amos Kennesaw Mountain Keller in "The Case of the Golden Oranges," and prospector Sandy Bowen in "The Case of the Drowsy Mosquito." He also made guest appearances on Bonanza , Cheyenne , Gunsmoke , The Outer Limits , The Rifleman , Wanted: Dead or Alive , The Andy Griffith Show , The Wild Wild West , Adam-12 , and The Twilight Zone . In one of his last movies, Moonrunners (1975)—the precursor to The Dukes of Hazzard —he played the original Uncle Jesse.

In his later years, Hunnicutt served as honorary mayor of Northridge, California. He developed tongue cancer.

Death

On September 27, 1979, Hunnicutt died of cancer at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital at age 69. [5] He was buried in the Coop Prairie Cemetery in Mansfield, Arkansas. [1]

Filmography

from Split Second (1953) Arthur Hunnicutt in Split Second trailer.jpg
from Split Second (1953)
YearTitleRoleNotes
1942 Wildcat 'Watchfob' Jones
1942 Riding Through Nevada Arkansas
1942 Silver Queen Newspaper Publisher Brett
1942 Fall In Luke Hatfield
1942 Pardon My Gun Arkansas
1943 The Fighting Buckaroo Arkansas
1943 Law of the Northwest Arkansas
1943 Frontier Fury Arkansas
1943 Robin Hood of the Range Arkansas
1943 Johnny Come Lately Second Tramp
1943 Hail to the Rangers Arkansas
1943 The Chance of a Lifetime Elwood 'Tex' StewartUncredited
1944 Riding West Prof. Arkansas Higgins
1944 Abroad with Two Yanks Arkie
1945 Murder, He Says TownsmanUncredited
1949 Lust for Gold LudiUncredited
1949 The Great Dan Patch Chet Williams
1949 Pinky Police Chief AndersonUncredited
1949 Border Incident Clayton Nordell
1950 Stars in My Crown Chloroform Wiggins
1950 A Ticket To Tomahawk Sad Eyes
1950 Broken Arrow Milt Duffield, Mail Superintendent
1950 The Furies CowhandUncredited
1950 Two Flags West Sgt. Pickens
1951 Sugarfoot Fly-Up-the-Creek Jones
1951 Passage West Pop Brennan
1951 The Red Badge of Courage Bill Porter
1951 Distant Drums Monk
1952 She Couldn't Say No Odie Chalmers
1952 The Big Sky Zeb Calloway / Narrator
1952 The Lusty Men Booker Davis
1953 Split Second Asa Tremaine
1953 Devil's Canyon Frank Taggert
1953 The French Line 'Waco' Mosby
1954 Beautiful but Dangerous Otey
1955 The Last Command Davy Crockett
1956 The Kettles in the Ozarks Sedgewick Kettle
1956 Cheyenne Hoot HollisterEpisode: "Death Deals the Hand"
1957 The Tall T Ed Rintoon
1958 Born Reckless Cool Man
1960 The Rifleman Nathaniel CameronEpisode: "The Grasshopper"
1960 The Andy Griffith Show Jedediah WakefieldEpisode: "A Feud Is a Feud"
1961 My Three Sons George, The Pony Ride CowboyEpisode: "The Horseless Sadle"
1961 The Donna Reed Show Old ManEpisode: "One of Those Days"
1962 The Twilight Zone Hyder SimpsonEpisode: "The Hunt"
1963 The Cardinal Sheriff Dubrow
1963 Bonanza ObieEpisode: "Any Friend of Walter's"
1964 A Tiger Walks Frank Lewis
1964 The Outer Limits LamontEpisode: "Cry of Silence"
1965 Cat Ballou Butch Cassidy
1965 Apache Uprising Bill Gibson
1967 The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin The Referee
1967 The Wild Wild West Doc GavinEpisode: "The Night of the Colonel's Ghost"
1967 El Dorado Bull Harris
1971 The Million Dollar Duck Mr. Purdham
1971 Shoot Out Homer Page (rancher)
1972 The Revengers Free State
1974 Mrs. Sundance Walt Putney
1974 Harry and Tonto Wade Carlton
1974 The Spikes Gang Kid White (aka Billy Blanco)
1975 Moonrunners Uncle Jesse
1975WinterhawkMcClusky(final film role)

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References

  1. 1 2 Ware, Hames. "Arthur Lee Hunnicutt (1910–1979)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 "Hunnicutt Has a Good Job". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. New York, Brooklyn. September 22, 1940. p. 46. Retrieved July 2, 2017 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  3. Bridges, Ken (March 5, 2017). "Actor, Arkansas Native Arthur Hunnicutt". El Dorado News-Times. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  4. "("Arthur Hunnicutt" search results)". Oscars.org. Retrieved 2 July 2017.[ permanent dead link ]
  5. "Arthur Hunnicutt dies of cancer at 68". The San Bernardino County Sun. The San Bernardino County Sun. Associated Press. September 27, 1979. p. 8. Retrieved July 3, 2017 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg