Arthur James Williams (politician)

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Arthur James Williams (30 November 1880 – 10 October 1962) was a British trade unionist and politician, who served as Lord Mayor of Cardiff.

British people citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies, and their descendants

The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.

Born in Pontypool, Arthur was the son of James Edwin Williams, an activist in the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants (ASRS). Arthur was educated at Pontymoile National School, then followed his father in working on the railways, joining the Great Western Railway in 1896, and in 1900 became a train guard. [1] He also became active in the ASRS, which in 1907 funded him to attend Ruskin College. [2]

Pontypool town in south east Wales

Pontypool is a town that is home to approximately 36,000 people in the county borough of Torfaen, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire in South Wales.

James Edwin Williams

James Edwin Williams was a British trade unionist.

The Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants (ASRS) was a trade union of railway workers in the United Kingdom from 1872 until 1913.

From 1909, Williams worked full-time for the ASRS. [1] In 1913, it became part of the National Union of Railwaymen, and Williams remained active, serving as its organising secretary for Wales, and representing it on various bodies relating to pensions. He also served as editor of The Railway Pioneer journal. [2]

National Union of Railwaymen

The National Union of Railwaymen was a trade union of railway workers in the United Kingdom. The largest railway workers' union in the country, it was influential in the national trade union movement.

Williams was a supporter of the Labour Party. He wrote What the Labour Party Stands For, and stood unsuccessfully in Cardiff East at the 1918 and 1922 United Kingdom general elections. [2] In 1935, he was elected to Cardiff City Council. He retired from his trade union position in 1940, but remained on the council, and was Lord Mayor of Cardiff in 1958. [1]

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.

Cardiff East was a parliamentary constituency in Cardiff which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until it was abolished for the 1950 general election.

1918 United Kingdom general election

The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, and was held on Saturday, 14 December 1918. The governing coalition, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George, sent letters of endorsement to candidates who supported the coalition government. These were nicknamed ‘Coalition Coupons’, and led to the election being known as the ‘coupon election’. The result was a massive landslide in favour of the coalition, comprising primarily the Conservatives and Coalition Liberals, with massive losses for Liberals who were not endorsed. Nearly all the Liberal MPs without coupons were defeated, although party leader H. H. Asquith managed to return to Parliament in a by-election.

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  1. 1 2 3 "Williams, Arthur James". Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U58625.
  2. 1 2 3 The Labour Who's Who. London: Labour Publishing Company. 1927. p. 236.
Civic offices
Preceded by
John Hinds Morgan
Lord Mayor of Cardiff
Succeeded by
Helena Evans