Arthur James Williams (politician)

Last updated

Arthur James Williams (30 November 1880 – 10 October 1962) was a British trade unionist and politician, who served as Lord Mayor of Cardiff.

British people citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies, and their descendants

The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.

Born in Pontypool, Arthur was the son of James Edwin Williams, an activist in the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants (ASRS). Arthur was educated at Pontymoile National School, then followed his father in working on the railways, joining the Great Western Railway in 1896, and in 1900 became a train guard. [1] He also became active in the ASRS, which in 1907 funded him to attend Ruskin College. [2]

Pontypool town in south east Wales

Pontypool is a town that is home to approximately 36,000 people in the county borough of Torfaen, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire in South Wales.

James Edwin Williams

James Edwin Williams was a British trade unionist.

The Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants (ASRS) was a trade union of railway workers in the United Kingdom from 1872 until 1913.

From 1909, Williams worked full-time for the ASRS. [1] In 1913, it became part of the National Union of Railwaymen, and Williams remained active, serving as its organising secretary for Wales, and representing it on various bodies relating to pensions. He also served as editor of The Railway Pioneer journal. [2]

National Union of Railwaymen

The National Union of Railwaymen was a trade union of railway workers in the United Kingdom. The largest railway workers' union in the country, it was influential in the national trade union movement.

Williams was a supporter of the Labour Party. He wrote What the Labour Party Stands For, and stood unsuccessfully in Cardiff East at the 1918 and 1922 United Kingdom general elections. [2] In 1935, he was elected to Cardiff City Council. He retired from his trade union position in 1940, but remained on the council, and was Lord Mayor of Cardiff in 1958. [1]

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.

Cardiff East was a parliamentary constituency in Cardiff which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until it was abolished for the 1950 general election.

1918 United Kingdom general election

The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, and was held on Saturday, 14 December 1918. The governing coalition, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George, sent letters of endorsement to candidates who supported the coalition government. These were nicknamed ‘Coalition Coupons’, and led to the election being known as the ‘coupon election’. The result was a massive landslide in favour of the coalition, comprising primarily the Conservatives and Coalition Liberals, with massive losses for Liberals who were not endorsed. Nearly all the Liberal MPs without coupons were defeated, although party leader H. H. Asquith managed to return to Parliament in a by-election.

Related Research Articles

Arthur Henderson British politician

Arthur Henderson was a British iron moulder and Labour politician. He was the first Labour cabinet minister, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1934 and, uniquely, served three separate terms as Leader of the Labour Party in three different decades. He was popular among his colleagues, who called him ‘Uncle Arthur’ in acknowledgement of his integrity, his devotion to the cause and his imperturbability. He was a transitional figure whose policies were, at first, close to those of the Liberal Party. The trades unions rejected his emphasis on arbitration and conciliation, and thwarted his goal of unifying the Labour Party and the trade unions.

James Simpson (politician)

James "Jimmie" Simpson was a Canadian trade unionist, printer, journalist and left-wing politician in Toronto, Ontario. He was a longtime member of Toronto's city council and served as Mayor of Toronto in 1935, the first member of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation to serve in that capacity. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada.

Hilary Adair Marquand, was a British economist and Labour Party politician.

William Dobbie CBE was a British Labour politician.

Cardiff Council

The County Council of the City and County of Cardiff has been the governing body for Cardiff, one of the Principal Areas of Wales, since 1996. The council consists of 75 councillors, representing 29 electoral wards. The authority is properly styled as 'The County Council of the City and County of Cardiff' or in common use Cardiff Council. No other style is sanctioned for use on Council Documents although it does occasionally appear wrongly as Cardiff County Council on documents and signage. The City & County itself is usually simply referred to as Cardiff.

Percy Morris CBE JP was a British railway clerk, trade unionist and politician who became Mayor of Swansea and represented the town in Parliament. He specialised in railway issues in Parliament, and after being defeated for re-election, he served on public boards in the field of transport and social security.

John Henry Palin was a British trades unionist and Labour Party politician.

Walter Hudson (politician) British politician

Walter Hudson was a Labour Party politician in England. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Newcastle-upon-Tyne from 1906 to 1918.

Charlie Cramp British trade unionist

Concemore Thomas Thwaites Cramp, known as Charlie Cramp, was a British trade unionist and political activist.

Tom Fox was a British Labour Party politician.

James Holmes (trade unionist) British trade unionist

James Headgoose Holmes was a British trade unionist and political activist.

Frank Sheppard was a British trade unionist and politician.

Ernest George Rowlinson was a British Labour Party politician.

Walter Halls was a British trade unionist and politician.

William James Percival Webber was a Welsh trade unionist.

William James Abraham was a British trade unionist and politician who served as president of the National Union of Railwaymen (NUR).

Robert Mell was a British trade unionist and politician.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Williams, Arthur James". Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U58625.
  2. 1 2 3 The Labour Who's Who. London: Labour Publishing Company. 1927. p. 236.
Civic offices
Preceded by
John Hinds Morgan
Lord Mayor of Cardiff
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Helena Evans