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Arthur Allen Jones
|Died||August 28, 2007 80) (aged|
|Occupation||Inventor, exercise philosopher|
|Known for||Nautilus exercise machines|
Arthur Allen Jones (November 22, 1926 – August 28, 2007) was the founder of Nautilus, Inc. and MedX, Inc. and the inventor of the Nautilus exercise machines, including the Nautilus pullover, which was first sold in 1970.Jones was a pioneer in the field of physical exercise i.e. weight and strength training. He was born in Arkansas, and grew up in Seminole, Oklahoma.
Jones's ideas tried to move the public's notion of bodybuilding and strength-training exercise away from the Arnold Schwarzenegger school of training, which involved hours in the gym using free weights, to high intensity training. This involves short, single sets, with each set taken to the point of complete muscular failure with a frequency of once or at most twice a week with the intention to maximize muscular hypertrophy and strength increases. Famous individuals who trained under Jones's supervision include Casey Viator (who participated in the Colorado Experiment), Eddie Robinson (who worked with and participated in and trained under Jones's Nautilus leverage line, which is now Hammer Strength, [ citation needed ], IFBB professional body builders Mike and Ray Mentzer (both won the Mr. America IFBB and AAU respectively), Sergio Oliva (winner of every major bodybuilding contest and was also the only individual to win the Mr. Olympia over Arnold Schwarzenegger who placed 2nd) and Boyer Coe (Mr. America, Mr.International, Mr.Universe etc.)
Jones's publications included the Nautilus Bulletins, which dispelled contemporary myths of exercise and resistance training. He also wrote and published "The Cervical Spine, Lumbar Spine And The Knee," which provided for the first time a complete description of the function of the lumbar spine and its true range of motion[ citation needed ].
Additional publications included the results of Jones's studies on the differing responses of muscular structures exposed to varying amounts of exercise throughout limited and unlimited range of motion. Jones labeled these responses as type S response for specific and type G for general. He was among the first researchers to experiment with exclusively eccentric training on test subjects and among the first to suggest the superiority and importance of eccentric training for strength. He was the inventor of infimetric and akinetic exercise equipment. He was the first exercise machine designer to utilize cams, as opposed to pulleys, in exercise machines, making possible for the first time resistance that varied along the force curves generated by human muscular structures[ citation needed ].
It was the advent of Nautilus machines that made resistance training appealing to the general public, fueling the fitness boom of the 1970s and 80s and resulting in Nautilus gyms in strip malls across America.
Nautilus, Inc. markets the Bowflex, Stairmaster and Nautilus product lines. These new product lines are not affiliated with Jones. The Bowflex "power rod" bending technology is in part based on Jones's ideas due to its use of variable resistance.
The Nautilus machines and the company he formed to sell them made Jones a multimillionaire and landed him on the Forbes list of the 400 richest people. At one point, financial analysts estimated that Nautilus was grossing $400 million annually. He sold Nautilus Inc. in 1986 for $23 million. He also sold MedX Corporation in 1996 and then retired.
On August 28, 2007, Jones died from natural causes at his home in Ocala, Florida, at age 80. He was survived by two daughters and by two sons, Gary and William Edgar Jones. Gary Jones created Hammer Strength strength training machines.
Arthur Jones was a prolific inventor, holding numerous patents (many of which were assigned to Nautilus or MedX), most notably the elliptical cam (which replaces the pulley) to provide variable resistance through the range of motion.
|3,858,873||Weight lifting exercising devices|
|3,998,454||Force receiving exercising member|
|4,257,592||Exercising apparatus with improvements in handle structure, rope arrangement, and clamping means|
|4,493,485||Exercising apparatus and method|
|4,500,089||Weight lifting lower back exercising machine|
|4,511,137||Compound weight lifting exercising machine|
|4,600,196||Exercising machine with variable resistance|
|4,666,152||Lower back exercising machine|
|4,836,536||Apparatus for exercising muscles of the lower trunk of the human body|
|4,858,919||Apparatus for testing or exercising muscles of the lower trunk of the human body|
|4,902,008||Method and apparatus for testing or exercising muscles of the lower trunk of the human body|
|4,902,009||Machine for exercising and/or testing muscles of the lower trunk, and method|
|4,989,859||Method for testing and/or exercising the rotary neck muscles of the human body|
|5,002,269||Apparatus for testing and/or exercising the cervical muscles of the human body|
|5,004,230||Method and apparatus for exercising or testing rotary torso muscles|
|5,005,830||Machine for exercising and/or testing muscles of the lower trunk|
|5,007,634||Method and apparatus for restraining the legs and pelvis for exercising and/or testing the lower trunk of the human body|
|5,088,727||Apparatus for exercising or testing rotary torso muscles|
|5,092,584||Apparatus for testing and/or exercising the rotary neck muscles of the human body|
|5,092,585||Apparatus for testing and/or exercising the cervical muscles of the human body|
|5,092,590||Method for exercising and/or testing muscles of the lower trunk|
|5,104,364||Method for exercising or testing rotary torso muscles|
|5,112,286||Method of testing and/or exercising the cervical muscles of the human body|
|5,118,098||Method for testing and/or exercising the rotary neck muscles of the human body|
|5,135,452||Apparatus for testing and/or exercising muscles of the human body|
|5,149,313||Method for exercising and/or testing muscles of the lower trunk|
|5,171,198||Lateral raise exercise machine|
|5,171,200||Method and apparatus for exercising the lumbar muscles|
|5,178,597||Method of testing and/or exercising the cervical muscles of the human body|
|5,256,125||Biceps curl machine|
|5,273,508||Method and apparatus for exercising muscles of the upper legs and lower torso|
|5,338,274||Leg exercise machines|
|5,342,270||Exercise machine for upper torso|
|5,366,429||Apparatus for exercising muscles of the upper legs and lower torso|
|5,409,438||Lateral raise exercise machine|
|5,421,796||Triceps exercise machine|
|5,484,365||Leg press exercise machine|
|5,499,962||Leg exercise machines having retractable leg support and methods|
|5,575,743||Method and apparatus for exercising adductor muscles|
|5,575,744||Abductor exercise machine|
|5,667,463||Exercise machines and methods|
|5,762,585||Machine and method for exercising and/or testing muscles|
|5,762,591||Exercise machines and methods|
|5,800,310||Machine and method for measuring strength of muscles with aid of a computer|
|5,833,585||Method and apparatus for exercising muscles|
|5,928,112||Machine for exercising and/or testing muscles of the human body|
|6,228,000||Machine and method for measuring strength of muscles with aid of a computer|
Jones often prided himself on being a generalist, something which he describes as a move away from the stubbornness and short-sightedness of 'specialists'. He attributed this in part to his upbringing in a family of physicians, as he found their attitudes toward medicine revolved around what they were taught and nothing else. One of his favorite quotes was Robert A. Heinlein's "specialization is for insects." He often cited that his observations gained from flying allowed him to understand the requirements for developing exercise machines. He believed in the competent man, that, as Heinlein also said, "a man should be able to put food on the table, build a house, tan a hide and deliver a baby."
Jones traveled and 'adventured' widely, occasionally with friend and fellow adventurer Roy Pinney (Jones's cameraman for a syndicated TV series called Wild Cargo), setting up camp for two years or so at a time in different places such as Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Mexico City. His motto was "younger women, faster airplanes, and bigger crocodiles."[ This quote needs a citation ] Jones's Lake Helen, Florida, Nautilus building was the home of Gomek, an 18-foot salt water crocodile that Jones was trying to grow to world record size. He was also an aficionado of venomous spiders and reptiles, a large collection of which was also housed in the Nautilus building. He ran a business that involved the importation of a variety of wild animals, ranging from tropical fish to snakes, parrots and monkeys. His daughter had a full-grown black panther that had free run of the house and even slept with her.[ citation needed ] He once retrofitted several of his jumbo jets in order to transport 63 baby elephants, that had been orphaned in Africa, to his Jumbo Lair compound in Florida. Jones filmed the entire operation for television and entitled it Operation Elephant.
He once appeared on the Tonight Show with his wife Terri and presented Johnny Carson with a rhino horn and explained to Carson that drinking ground-up rhino horn was an aphrodisiac.[ citation needed ]
Jones was the creator of the "Jumbolair" estate, originally created as a haven of 350 acres (1.4 km2) for orphaned African elephants and other wildlife. He also kept two rhinos and a 600 lb male silverback gorilla that he named Mickey on the Jumbo Lair compound.[ citation needed ]
After WWII, he developed and owned a zoo in Slidell, Louisiana.
Jones was an accomplished pilot, which was especially useful for the animal import-export businesses that he ran prior to the founding of Nautilus Sports Medical Industry.[ citation needed ]
He also founded MedX Corporation,in which he invested 120 million dollars, to develop medical-based exercise and testing equipment for the cervical spine, lumbar spine and the knee.
In 1962, he wrote, produced, and directed the movie Voodoo Swamp.
Bodybuilding is the use of progressive resistance exercise to control and develop one's musculature for aesthetic purposes. An individual who engages in this activity is referred to as a bodybuilder. In professional bodybuilding, competitors appear in lineups and perform specified poses for a panel of judges who rank them based on symmetry, muscularity, size, conditioning, posing, and stage presentation. Bodybuilders prepare for competitions through the elimination of nonessential body fat, enhanced at the last stage by a combination of extracellular dehydration and carbo-loading, to achieve maximum muscular definition and vascularity; they also tan and shave to accentuate the contrast of their skin under the spotlights.
Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles. It utilizes the force of gravity in the form of weighted bars, dumbbells or weight stacks in order to oppose the force generated by muscle through concentric or eccentric contraction. Weight training uses a variety of specialized equipment to target specific muscle groups and types of movement.
Mike Mentzer was an American IFBB professional bodybuilder, businessman and author.
High-intensity training (HIT) is a form of strength training popularized in the 1970s by Arthur Jones, the founder of Nautilus. The training focuses on performing quality weight training repetitions to the point of momentary muscular failure. The training takes into account the number of repetitions, the amount of weight, and the amount of time the muscle is exposed to tension in order to maximize the amount of muscle fiber recruitment.
Strength training involves the performance of physical exercises which are designed to improve strength and endurance. It is often associated with the use of weights but can take a variety of different forms.
Casey Viator was an American professional bodybuilder. He is noted as the youngest ever AAU Mr. America - gaining the title at the age of 19 in 1971.
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Bowflex is the brand name for a series of fitness training equipment, marketed and sold by Nautilus, Inc. Based in Vancouver, Washington, it sells its products through direct, retail and international channels. The first Bowflex product, Bowflex 2000X, was created in 1986. Bowflex products now range from a smart activity tracker to cardio machines, adjustable dumbbells and home gyms.
Core stability refers to a person's ability to stabilize their core. Stability, in this context, should be considered as an ability to control the position and movement of the core. Thus, if a person has greater core stability, they have a greater level of control over the position and movement of this area of their body. The body's core is frequently involved in aiding other movements of the body, such as the limbs, and it is considered that by improving core stability a person's ability to perform these other movements may also be improved i.e. core stability training may help improve someone's running ability. The body's core region is sometimes referred to as the torso or the trunk, although there are some differences in the muscles identified as constituting them. The major muscles groups include the quadriceps and abductor's erector spine, biceps, and triceps muscles. These muscles help you pull through your core to maintain balance while turning. . The minor muscles involved include the latissimus dorsi, gluteus maximus, and trapezius. Notably, breathing, including the action of the diaphragm, can significantly influence the posture and movement of the core; this is especially apparent in regard to extreme ranges of inhalation and exhalation. On this basis, how a person is breathing may influence their ability to control their core.
MedX Corporation is a privately owned company based in Ocala, Florida. MedX is the manufacture of spinal rehabilitation equipment and premium exercise equipment. MedX equipment was invented by Arthur Jones, who was also the inventor of Nautilus exercise equipment. MedX Equipment includes the MedX Medical Lumbar Machine, Medical Cervical Machine and 25 exercise pieces. MedX Medical Lumbar machine is researched as an effective treatment for back pain.
Mark H. Berry (1896–1958) was an American national weight lifting champion, author and trainer.
Weightlifting may refer to:
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Ken Hutchins is an American inventor who defined and popularized the Super Slow form of resistance training exercise, and developed methodology, trainer certifications, and exercise equipment to specifically support the techniques.
Roy Stanley Hilligen was Mr. South Africa four years and the 1951 AAU Mr. America. Famous for his incredible strength, vegetarianism, and dazzling smile, Hilligen mixed body building and weight training in his fitness program. He appeared on magazine covers such as Strength & Health and Iron Man during his bodybuilding career. Standing at only 5'6, Hilligen was the shortest person to ever win the Mr. America title.
Siegmund Klein was an American strongman, bodybuilder, magazine publisher, and gymnasium owner prominent in physical culture. He was inducted into the IFBB Hall of Fame in 2006.
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