Arthur Sturgis Hardy

Last updated

The more wickeder he is, playing euchre and swearing and entertaining thirsty strangers, the brighter does the virtue of Mowat shine by contrast.

Entering his sixties and having been in government for over twenty years, Hardy lacked the energy and strength to take the government forward or excite the populace when he succeeded Mowat as both Premier and Attorney-General in 1896. Initially reluctant to accept the positions, he said:

you know how very difficult it is in this wicked world to let high honours pass.

Aware of his weakness, he relied heavily on his minister of education, George William Ross.

Because there were Liberal governments in both Ottawa and Ontario, Hardy was urged to reassure French-speaking Catholics' concerns over the Manitoba Schools Question by appointing François-Eugène-Alfred Évanturel as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. In the 1898 election, Hardy's government was returned with a narrow six seat majority due to the collapse of the agrarian Patrons of Industry party which had served as the Liberal's allies in the legislature, as well as the rise of Catholic and urban support for the Conservatives under James Pliny Whitney.

Hardy's most significant—and controversial—achievement occurred in 1898 with passage of an Act providing for all pine cut under licence on crown lands to be sawn into lumber in Canada. [1] Michigan lumbermen sought to have the amendment disallowed for encroaching on the federal trade and commerce power, but Wilfrid Laurier's government refused to do so. [2]

Exhausted and needing money, Hardy retired from politics in 1899 and died two years later from appendicitis. [3] Hardy's body was originally interred at Greenwood Cemetery, however 34 years after his death, his son Senator Arthur Charles Hardy had the remains of Hardy, his wife, and their daughter Gladys Mary Starr moved to Farringdon Burial Ground. [4]


An Ontario Historical Plaque was erected in Brantford, Ontario, by the province to commemorate Hardy's role in Ontario's history. [5] On June 25, 2009, a new plaque was unveiled to commemorate Hardy under the initiative of Premiers' Gravesites Program. [6] Local politicians, guests and family members paid tribute to the former politician. The family included his great-great-great-granddaughter and the children of his great-nephew Hagood Hardy.

Electoral history

Arthur Sturgis Hardy
Arthur Sturgis Hardy.jpg
Arthur Sturgis Hardy, c. 1900
4th Premier of Ontario
In office
July 21, 1896 October 21, 1899
Ontario provincial by-election, May 1873: Brant South
Resignation of Edmund Burke Wood
Liberal Arthur Sturgis Hardy 1,28853.76+6.45
Independent J.J. Hawkins1,10846.24 
Total valid votes2,396100.0  +7.73
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.45
Source: History of the Electoral Districts, Legislatures and Ministries of the Province of Ontario [7]
1875 Ontario general election : Brant South
Liberal Arthur Sturgis Hardy Acclaimed
Source: Elections Ontario [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oliver Mowat</span> Canadian lawyer and politician (1820–1903)

Sir Oliver Mowat was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and Ontario Liberal Party leader. He served for nearly 24 years as the third premier of Ontario. He was the eighth lieutenant governor of Ontario and one of the Fathers of Confederation. He is best known for defending successfully the constitutional rights of the provinces in the face of the centralizing tendency of the national government as represented by his longtime Conservative adversary, John A. Macdonald. This longevity and power was due to his maneuvering to build a political base around Liberals, Catholics, trade unions, and anti-French-Canadian sentiment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1898 in Canada</span> Canada-related events during the year of 1898

Events from the year 1898 in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1899 in Canada</span> Canada-related events during the year of 1899

Events from the year 1899 in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Sandfield Macdonald</span> Canadian politician and 1st Premier of Ontario

John Sandfield Macdonald, was the joint premier of the Province of Canada from 1862 to 1864. He was also the first premier of Ontario from 1867 to 1871, one of the four founding provinces created at Confederation in 1867. He served as both premier and attorney general of Ontario from July 16, 1867, to December 20, 1871.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gordon Daniel Conant</span> Canadian politician

Gordon Daniel Conant was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and the 12th premier of Ontario, from 1942 to 1943.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George William Ross</span> Canadian politician and Premier of Ontario

Sir George William Ross was an educator and politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. He was the fifth premier of Ontario from 1899 to 1905.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dave Levac</span> Canadian politician

David Joseph Levac is a retired Canadian politician who was the 41st speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 2011 to 2018. Levac was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1999 as a member of the Ontario Liberal Party. He served as the member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) for Brant until 2018 and is the Ontario legislature's longest serving speaker.

Donald James Cowan was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He represented Port Arthur—Thunder Bay in the House of Commons of Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Ontario</span> History of politics in Ontario, Canada

The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Parliament of Ontario, composed of the Lieutenant Governor and the Legislative Assembly, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The political party that wins the largest number of seats in the legislature normally forms the government, and the party's leader becomes premier of the province, i.e., the head of the government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ronald Eddy</span> Canadian politician

Ronald E. F. Eddy is a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1992 to 1995. He represented the riding of Brant—Haldimand, and the mayor of the County of Brant from 1999 to 2018.

Brant South was a federal and provincial electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1904, and in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1867 to 1923.

Philip Andrew Gillies is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1981 to 1987 as a Progressive Conservative, and was a cabinet minister in the government of Frank Miller.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hagood Hardy</span> American-born Canadian musician (1937–1997)

Hugh Hagood Hardy, was a Canadian composer, pianist, and vibraphonist. He played mainly jazz and easy listening music. He is best known for the 1975 single, "The Homecoming" from his album of the same name, and for his soundtrack to the Anne of Green Gables and Anne of Avonlea films.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arthur Charles Hardy</span> Canadian politician

Arthur Charles Hardy, was a Canadian lawyer and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Dryden (Ontario politician)</span> Canadian politician (1840–1909)

John Dryden was a farmer and politician in Ontario, Canada.

The 8th Legislative Assembly of Ontario was in session from June 26, 1894, until January 28, 1898, just prior to the 1898 general election. The majority party was the Ontario Liberal Party led by Oliver Mowat. Arthur Sturgis Hardy succeeded Mowat as Premier in 1896 after Mowat entered federal politics. The Assembly also had significant groupings from the Patrons of Industry and the Protestant Protective Association, each of which returned candidates either on their own or with local Liberal or Conservative support.

Thomas Hiram Preston was an Ontario journalist and political figure. He represented Brant South in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a Liberal member from 1899 to 1908.

Morrison Mann MacBride was a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario who represented the riding of Brant South from 1919 to 1926 and the riding of Brantford from 1934 to 1938. He served in the cabinet of Mitchell Hepburn. He entered politics as a member of the Labour party. From 1934 to 1937 he served as an Independent and from 1937 to 1938 he was a member of the Liberal party.

Loring, Port Loring and District is a local services board in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Parry Sound District, and by extension, the Almaguin Highlands region.


  1. An Act respecting the Manufacture of Pine cut on the Crown Domain , S.O. 1898, c. 9 (which later became The Crown Timber Act , S.O. 1913, c. 8, s. 5 )
  2. The Act's constitutionality was upheld by the Ontario Court of Appeal: Smylie v The Queen, 27O.A.R.172 (C.A.1900).
  3. Dictionary of Canadian Biography
  4. "Brant Museum and Archives". Archived from the original on 2009-05-21. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  5. "Ontario's Historical Plaques - Arthur Sturgis Hardy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02.
  6. "Premiers' Gravesites Program - Premiers honoured". Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  7. Lewis, Roderick (1968). Centennial Edition of a History of the Electoral Districts, Legislatures and Ministries of the Province of Ontario, 18671968 . p. 22. OCLC   1052682.
  8. "Data Explorer". Elections Ontario. 1875. Retrieved April 6, 2024.

Further reading