Articles of impeachment

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Articles of impeachment are the set of charges drafted against a public official to initiate the impeachment process. The articles of impeachment do not result in the removal of the official, but instead require the enacting body to take further action, such as bringing the articles to a vote before the full body.

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In the United States

In the United States, the articles of impeachment are drafted by the House of Representatives for cases involving federal officials. Once approved by the House, a trial is held in the United States Senate where a supermajority is required for conviction.

If a person of a high office is convicted of having committed "Treason, Bribery, or other High Crime or Misdemeanor," then they will be removed upon impeachment in accordance with the law. [1] An impeachment trial is carried out in the Senate, with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presiding if the impeachment involves the President. Impeachment can expand beyond senior members of the White House. A Supreme Court of the United States justice may be impeached for committing treason, bribery, or a high crime or misdemeanor. Impeachment charges must be drafted in the House of Representatives. The trial for the person undergoing such occurs in the Senate, requiring two-thirds of the members present (currently 67 out of 100 senators, assuming all present) [lower-alpha 1] to successfully remove a public official from office.

Notes

  1. If not all Senators were present, a quorum would be needed for a vote. In the Senate a quorum is half plus one, or 51 out of 100. If only the minimum for a quorum were present, two-thirds would mean 34 voting in favor of impeachment.

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References

  1. "Article 2, United States Constitution". Legal Information Institute.

See also