Artigas, Uruguay

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Artigas
Capital city
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Artigas
Coordinates: 30°28′0″S56°28′0″W / 30.46667°S 56.46667°W / -30.46667; -56.46667 Coordinates: 30°28′0″S56°28′0″W / 30.46667°S 56.46667°W / -30.46667; -56.46667
CountryFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Department Flag of Artigas Department.svg  Artigas
FoundedSeptember 12, 1852
Founded byDon Carlos Catalá
Elevation
121 m (397 ft)
Population
 (2011 Census)
  Total40,658
Demonym(s) artiguense
Time zone UTC−3 (UYT)
postal code
55000
Dial plan +598 477 (+5 digits)
Climate Cfa

Artigas (Spanish pronunciation:  [aɾˈtiɣas] ) is the capital of the Artigas Department of Uruguay. Its name comes from that of the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, who fought for the emancipation of the River Plate, and sought to create a federative nation from these colonies. As of the census of 2011, it is the eleventh most populous city of the country.

Contents

Location

The city is located on the border with Brazil, separated only by a bridge from the town Quaraí of the state Rio Grande do Sul of Brazil. It is the farthest city from Uruguay's capital Montevideo, being 600 kilometres (370 mi) away.

History

It was founded on 12 September 1852 by Don Carlos Catalá as the town of San Eugenio del Cuareim. On 5 September 1884 it became capital of the department. It was renamed Artigas and its status was elevated from villa (town) to ciudad (city) on 31 August 1915. [1]

Economy

Artigas is a centre for trading grain crops (primarily maize) with Argentina and Brazil. The railroad station and, since 1973, airport are focused on this commerce.

The hills in the area contain significant numbers of precious stones, especially agate and amethyst, which were first found in 1860, since when mining has taken place. Souvenirs and handicrafts made using these gem stones are produced in Artigas and exported widely.

Population

In 2011 Artigas had a population of 40,658. [2]

YearPopulation
1852335
19088,857
196323,429
197529,256
198535,117
199640,244
200441,687
201140,658

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay [1]

Transportation

The city is served by Artigas International Airport.

Places of worship

Climate

Artigas has a humid subtropical climate, described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfa. Summers are warm to hot and winters are cool, with the occurrence of frosts and fog. The precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average of 1,293 mm (50.9 in),[ citation needed ] and the annual average temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F).[ dubious ]

Climate data for Artigas, Uruguay (1980–2009)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)40.9
(105.6)
41.2
(106.2)
40.8
(105.4)
36.0
(96.8)
31.7
(89.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.7
(85.5)
34.4
(93.9)
36.0
(96.8)
36.7
(98.1)
40.8
(105.4)
41.4
(106.5)
41.4
(106.5)
Average high °C (°F)32.3
(90.1)
30.6
(87.1)
29.1
(84.4)
25.0
(77.0)
21.3
(70.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
20.9
(69.6)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
27.9
(82.2)
30.9
(87.6)
25.2
(77.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
23.4
(74.1)
19.7
(67.5)
16.0
(60.8)
13.7
(56.7)
13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
16.3
(61.3)
19.4
(66.9)
21.7
(71.1)
24.4
(75.9)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F)19.5
(67.1)
19.0
(66.2)
17.7
(63.9)
14.4
(57.9)
10.7
(51.3)
8.8
(47.8)
8.2
(46.8)
9.4
(48.9)
10.6
(51.1)
13.7
(56.7)
15.5
(59.9)
17.8
(64.0)
13.8
(56.8)
Record low °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
7.9
(46.2)
6.3
(43.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.2
(34.2)
3.4
(38.1)
6.0
(42.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)130.9
(5.15)
155.2
(6.11)
145.0
(5.71)
173.1
(6.81)
130.4
(5.13)
97.8
(3.85)
77.2
(3.04)
71.3
(2.81)
113.2
(4.46)
142.7
(5.62)
153.7
(6.05)
126.3
(4.97)
1,516.7
(59.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)56665565656566
Average relative humidity (%)61687072777975706969656170
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0228.8235.6183.0179.8144.0170.5195.3195.0226.3255.0279.02,571.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.08.17.66.15.84.85.56.36.57.38.59.07.0
Source 1: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria [3]
Source 2: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (precipitation days 1961–1990, extremes 1944–1994) [4] [5]

Notable people

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Adelia Silva

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References

  1. 1 2 "Statistics of urban localities (1852–2004) (see also "San Eugenio del Cuareim")". INE. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  2. "Censos 2011 Cuadros Artigas". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  3. Castaño, José; Giménez, Agustín; Ceroni, Mauricio; Furest, José; Aunchayna, Rossina. "Caracterización Agroclimática del Uruguay 1980–2009" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  4. "Estadísticas climatológicas" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  5. "RECORDS METEOROLOGICOS EN EL URUGUAY" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
  6. Palermo, Eduardo R. (2016). "Silva, Adelia (1925–2004), the first Afro-Uruguayan woman to earn a teaching degree, director and inspector of primary education, journalist, poet, writer, and long-term social activist". In Knight, Franklin W.; Gates Jr., Henry Louis (eds.). Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0-199-93580-2.  via  Oxford University Press 's Reference Online (subscription required)