Church of the Sacred Heart
|Founded||September 12, 1852|
|Founded by||Don Carlos Catalá|
|Elevation||121 m (397 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC−3 (UYT)|
|Dial plan||+598 477 (+5 digits)|
Artigas (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾˈtiɣas] ) is the capital of the Artigas Department of Uruguay. Its name comes from that of the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, who fought for the emancipation of the River Plate, and sought to create a federative nation from these colonies. As of the census of 2011, it is the eleventh most populous city of the country.
The city is located on the border with Brazil, separated only by a bridge from the town Quaraí of the state Rio Grande do Sul of Brazil. It is the farthest city from Uruguay's capital Montevideo, being 600 kilometres (370 mi) away.
It was founded on 12 September 1852 by Don Carlos Catalá as the town of San Eugenio del Cuareim. On 5 September 1884 it became capital of the department. It was renamed Artigas and its status was elevated from villa (town) to ciudad (city) on 31 August 1915.
Artigas is a centre for trading grain crops (primarily maize) with Argentina and Brazil. The railroad station and, since 1973, airport are focused on this commerce.
The hills in the area contain significant numbers of precious stones, especially agate and amethyst, which were first found in 1860, since when mining has taken place. Souvenirs and handicrafts made using these gem stones are produced in Artigas and exported widely.
In 2011 Artigas had a population of 40,658.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay
The city is served by Artigas International Airport.
Artigas has a humid subtropical climate, described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfa. Summers are warm to hot and winters are cool, with the occurrence of frosts and fog. The precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average of 1,293 mm (50.9 in),[ citation needed ] and the annual average temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F).[ dubious ]
|Climate data for Artigas, Uruguay (1980–2009)|
|Record high °C (°F)||40.9|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||19.5|
|Record low °C (°F)||8.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||130.9|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||5||6||6||6||5||5||6||5||6||5||6||5||66|
|Average relative humidity (%)||61||68||70||72||77||79||75||70||69||69||65||61||70|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||279.0||228.8||235.6||183.0||179.8||144.0||170.5||195.3||195.0||226.3||255.0||279.0||2,571.3|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||9.0||8.1||7.6||6.1||5.8||4.8||5.5||6.3||6.5||7.3||8.5||9.0||7.0|
|Source 1: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria|
|Source 2: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (precipitation days 1961–1990, extremes 1944–1994)|
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