The church in Artres
|Intercommunality||Communauté d'agglomération Valenciennes Métropole|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Christian Lerat|
|6.59 km2 (2.54 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||39–96 m (128–315 ft) |
(avg. 84 m or 276 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Artres is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. A group of grave objects from a Frankish noble lady was found in Artres in the nineteenth century. Known as the Artres Treasure, it is now mostly in the British Museum.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.
Nord is a department in the far north of France. It was created from the western halves of the historical counties of Flanders and Hainaut, and the Bishopric of Cambrai. The modern coat of arms was inherited from the County of Flanders.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.
|The arms of Artres are blazoned :|
Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Bondues is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Hazebrouck is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Hazebrouck in Flanders was a small market town before it became an important railway junction in the 1860s. West Flemish was the usual popular language used in the town until 1880. At that time French was taught at school by mandate of the French government in an effort to "Frenchify" the people of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and to extinguish their Flemish roots. The development of the railways linked Hazebrouck to Lille to Calais and Dunkirk.
Orchies is a commune in the department of Nord in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
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Roncq commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Briastre is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Godewaersvelde is a commune in the Nord department in northern France, near the Belgian border.
Gouzeaucourt is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It was the scene of fierce fighting during World War I, and is mentioned in the poem "The Irish Guards" by Rudyard Kipling. There are 916 casualties from several nations interred at the Gouzeaucourt New British Cemetery.
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Nieppe is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is in the Lys Plain and a portion of it is in the Lys Valley.
Villers-Guislain is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. The graveyard at Gauche Wood contains the casualties who died during the Battle of Epehy when British troops were deployed between Gouzeaucourt and Villers-Guislain.
The Artres Treasure is an important Merovingian hoard found at Artres, northern France in the nineteenth century. Most of the treasure is now in the collection of the British Museum in London.
The canton of Aulnoy-lez-Valenciennes is an administrative division of the Nord department, northern France. It was created at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Aulnoy-lez-Valenciennes.
Communauté d'agglomération Valenciennes Métropole is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Valenciennes. It is located in the Nord department, in the Hauts-de-France region, northern France. It was created in December 2000. Its population was 193,872 in 2014, of which 44,684 in Valenciennes proper.
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