Arturo Uslar Pietri

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Arturo Uslar Pietri
Uslar Pietri.jpg
Born(1906-05-16)16 May 1906
Caracas
Died 26 February 2001(2001-02-26) (aged 94)
Caracas
Occupation novelist, writer
Nationality Venezuelan
Period 1931–2001
Notable works Las Lanzas Coloradas

Signature Uslar Pietri signature.jpg

Arturo Uslar Pietri (16 May 1906 in Caracas – 26 February 2001) was a Venezuelan intellectual, historian, writer, television producer and politician.

Caracas Capital City in Capital District, Venezuela

Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and centre of the Greater Caracas Area. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 1,140 m above sea level, although there is some settlement above this range. The valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2,200-metre-high (7,200 ft) mountain range, Cerro El Ávila; to the south there are more hills and mountains. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an estimated population of 5,297,026.

Contents

Life

Born on 16 May 1906 in Caracas, Venezuela, his parents were general [1] Arturo Uslar Santamaría and Helena Pietri de Uslar. [2] [3]

Venezuela Republic in northern South America

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2. The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2. For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

The last name Uslar is of German origin and can be traced back to Johann von Uslar, who fought for the rebel cause during Venezuela’s independence wars. [4] As a young boy and then teenager he lived in various cities in the comparatively urbanised central northern valleys of the country. He moved back to Caracas in 1924 to read political sciences at the Central University of Venezuela, where he graduated Doctor of Political Sciences in 1929. That same year he obtained a law degree. [5]

Central University of Venezuela university in Venezuela

The Central University of Venezuela is a premier public university of Venezuela located in Caracas. It is widely held to be the highest ranking institution in the country, and it also ranks 18th in Latin America. Founded in 1721, it is the oldest university in Venezuela and one of the oldest in the Western Hemisphere.

Uslar led a remarkably fruitful life, influential in Venezuelan politics, historical analysis and literature, and as an educator. His period of activity spanned the last years of Venezuelan Caudillismo, the transition to democracy and most of the democratic era of 1958 - 1999. He held posts such as Secretary for the Venezuelan Delegation at the League of Nations, delegate at the International Labour Organization, minister of education, minister of finance, contributor to the Act of Constitution of the New Democratic Government (1958), ambassador to the United States, professor of Latin American literature at Columbia University, professor of political economics at the Central University of Venezuela, chief editor of a main newspaper, candidate for the Presidency and member of the Royal Spanish Academy. [6] [7] [8]

League of Nations 20th-century intergovernmental organisation, predecessor to the United Nations

The League of Nations, abbreviated as LN or LoN, was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. Other issues in this and related treaties included labour conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants, human and drug trafficking, the arms trade, global health, prisoners of war, and protection of minorities in Europe. At its greatest extent from 28 September 1934 to 23 February 1935, it had 58 members.

International Labour Organization Specialised agency of the United Nations

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency whose mandate is to advance social justice and promote decent work by setting international labour standards. It was the first specialised agency of the UN.The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands(South Pacific) are members of the ILO. The tripartite structure is unique to the ILO where representatives from the government, employers and employees openly debate and create labour standards.

Columbia University private Ivy League research university in New York City

Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world.

Uslar Pietri had a lifetime involvement in the Venezuelan media as a cultural figure. He wrote regionally influential essays and novels, of which The Red Lances , [9] an account of life during the Venezuelan War of Independence from various social perspectives is arguably the most famous. In his works he championed mestizaje, or miscegenation, as a valuable feature of Latin American culture. [10] His literary output was recognised in 1990 with a Prince of Asturias Award. [11] He was several times nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature. [12]

Las lanzas coloradas is a 1931 Venezuelan novel by Arturo Uslar Pietri. Lanzas Coloradas is deemed a mature book.

Nobel Prize in Literature One of the five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Literature is a Swedish literature prize that is awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction". Though individual works are sometimes cited as being particularly noteworthy, the award is based on an author's body of work as a whole. The Swedish Academy decides who, if anyone, will receive the prize. The academy announces the name of the laureate in early October. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895. It was not awarded in 2018, but two names will be awarded in 2019.

Uslar Pietri died on 26 February 2001 in Caracas. [13] He had announced his retirement as an author in 1998 and last figured prominently in political debate in 1993. [14]

Awards

Works

Novels

  • (1931) Las lanzas coloradas.
  • (1947) El camino de El Dorado.
  • (1962) Un retrato en la geografía.
  • (1964) Estación de máscaras.
  • (1976) Oficio de difuntos.
  • (1981) La isla de Robinson.
  • (1990) La visita en el tiempo.

Essays

  • (1945) Las visiones del camino.
  • (1945) Sumario de economía venezolana para alivio de estudiantes.
  • (1948) Letras y hombres de Venezuela.
  • (1949) De una an otra Venezuela.
  • (1949) Treinta hombres y sus sombras.
  • (1951) Las nubes.
  • (1952) Apuntes para retratos.
  • (1953) Tierra venezolana.
  • (1954) Tiempo de contar.
  • (1955) Pizarrón.
  • (1955-56-58) Valores humanos.
  • (1955) Breve historia de la novela hispanoamericana.
  • (1958) Letras y hombres de Venezuela.
  • (1959) Materiales para la construcción de Venezuela.
  • (1962) Del hacer y deshacer de Venezuela.
  • (1964) Valores humanos. Biografías y evocaciones.
  • (1964) La palabra compartida. Discursos en el Parlamento (1959–1963).
  • (1965) Hacia el humanismo democrático.
  • (1966) Petróleo de vida o muerte.
  • (1967) Oraciones para despertar.
  • (1968) Las vacas gordas y las vacas flacas.
  • (1969) En busca del nuevo mundo.
  • (1971) Vista desde un punto.
  • (1972) Bolivariana.
  • (1974) La otra América.
  • (1975) Camino de cuento.
  • (1975) Viva voz.
  • (1979) Fantasmas de dos mundos.
  • (1981) Cuéntame a Venezuela.
  • (1981) Educar para Venezuela.
  • (1982) Fachas, fechas y fichas.
  • (1983) Bolívar hoy.
  • (1984) Venezuela en el petróleo.
  • (1986) Medio milenio de Venezuela.
  • (1986) Raíces venezolanas.
  • (1986) Bello el venezolano.
  • (1986) Godos, insurgentes y visionarios.
  • (1990) La creación del Nuevo Mundo.
  • (1992) Golpe y Estado en Venezuela.
  • (1994) Del cerro de plata al camino extraviado.

Short stories

  • (1928) Barrabás y otros relatos.
  • (1936) Red.
  • (1946) Pasos y pasajeros.
  • (1949) Treinta hombres y sus sombras.
  • (1967) La lluvia y otros cuentos.
  • (1980) Los Ganadores.

Poetry

  • (1973) Manoa: 1932-1972.
  • (1986) El hombre que voy siendo.
  • (1989) Lucien Zell's Poetic Brilliance

Theater

  • (1958) El día de Antero Alban. La Tebaida. El Dios invisible. La fuga de Miranda.
  • (1960) Chuo Gil y las tejedoras. Drama en un preludio y siete tiempos.

Travel

  • (1954) El otoño en Europa.
  • (1960) La ciudad de nadie. El otoño en Europa. Un turista en el cercano oriente.
  • (1971) La vuelta al mundo en diez trancos.
  • (1975) El globo de colores.

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