Arun Jaitley

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Arun Jaitley

MP
Arun Jaitley, Minister.jpg
Minister of Finance
Assumed office
15 February 2019
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Piyush Goyal
In office
23 August 2018 22 January 2019
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Piyush Goyal
Succeeded by Piyush Goyal
In office
26 May 2014 14 May 2018
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by P. Chidambaram
Succeeded by Piyush Goyal
Minister of Corporate Affairs
Assumed office
15 February 2019
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Piyush Goyal
In office
23 August 2018 22 January 2019
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Piyush Goyal
Succeeded by Piyush Goyal
In office
26 May 2014 14 May 2018
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Sachin Pilot
Succeeded by Piyush Goyal
Minister of Defence
Additional Charge
In office
13 March 2017 3 September 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Manohar Parrikar
Succeeded by Nirmala Sitharaman
In office
26 May 2014 9 November 2014
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by A. K. Antony
Succeeded by Manohar Parrikar
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
In office
9 November 2014 5 July 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Prakash Javadekar
Succeeded by Venkaiah Naidu
Leader of the Opposition, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 June 2009 26 May 2014
Preceded by Jaswant Singh
Succeeded by Ghulam Nabi Azad
Minister of Law and Justice
In office
29 July 2003 22 May 2004
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by Jana Krishnamurthi
Succeeded by H. R. Bhardwaj
In office
7 November 2000 1 July 2002
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by Ram Jethmalani
Succeeded by Jana Krishnamurthi
Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Preceded by Manmohan Singh
Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting
In office
13 October 1999 30 September 2000
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by Jaipal Reddy
Succeeded by Sushma Swaraj
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha for Uttar Pradesh
Assumed office
3 April 2018
Preceded by Naresh Agrawal
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha for Gujarat
In office
3 April 2000 2 April 2018
Succeeded by Naranbhai Rathwa
Personal details
Born
Arun Maharaj Kishen Jaitley

(1952-12-28) 28 December 1952 (age 66)
New Delhi, India
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)
Sangeeta Jaitley(m. 1982)
ChildrenSonali Jaitley Bakhshi
Rohan Jaitley
Residence New Delhi, India
Alma mater University of Delhi
Occupation
Website Official website

Arun Maharaj Kishen Jaitley (born 28 December 1952) is an Indian politician and attorney, who is the current Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs of the Government of India. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Jaitley previously held the cabinet portfolios of Finance, Defence, Corporate Affairs, Commerce and Industry and Law and Justice in the Vajpayee government and Narendra Modi government. From 2009 to 2014 he served as the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. [1] [2] He is a Senior Advocate of the Supreme Court of India. [3] [4] [5] He is currently a member of Rajya Sabha after losing the Lok Sabha elections from Amritsar Lok Sabha constituency.

Attorney may refer to:

Bharatiya Janata Party Major right-wing political party in India

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2018, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. It has close ideological and organisational links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).

Minister of Finance (India) Indian minister

The Minister of Finance is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the finance minister is responsible for the fiscal policy of the government. As part of this, a key duty of the Finance Minister is to present the annual Union Budget in Parliament, which details the government's plan for taxation and spending in the coming financial year. Through the Budget, the finance minister also outlines the allocations to different ministries and departments. Occasionally, he is assisted by the Minister of State for Finance and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Finance.

Contents

Early life

Arun Jaitley studied at St. Xavier's School, Delhi from 1957–69. [6] He graduated with a honours degree in commerce, BCom from Shri Ram College of Commerce, New Delhi in 1973. He passed his LLB degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, in 1977. [7] [8] [9]

St. Xaviers School, Delhi

St. Xavier's School, Delhi, India, is a Jesuit, Catholic, co-educational, prep school founded in 1960. It is located in Raj Niwas Marg in the Civil Lines area of North Delhi (India). The Jesuits are an international, Catholic-Christian religious order founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola in 1540. The school is recognised by the Directorate of Education, Delhi Administration, and is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education for the All India Secondary School Examination and All India Senior School Certificate Examination.

The term "honours degree" has various meanings in the context of different degrees and education systems. Most commonly it refers to a variant of the undergraduate bachelor's degree containing a larger volume of material or a higher standard of study, or both, rather than an "ordinary", "general" or "pass" bachelor's degree. Honours degrees are sometimes indicated by "Hons" after the degree abbreviation, with various punctuation according to local custom, e.g. "BA (Hons)", "B.A., Hons", etc.

Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale". It includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in a country or in international trade.

Jaitley was an Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) student leader at the Delhi University Campus in the seventies and rose to be the President of the Students Union of Delhi University in 1974. During the period of proclamation of Internal Emergency (1975–77) when fundamental rights were suspended, he was under preventive detention for a period of 19 months. [10] He was a prominent leader of a movement against corruption launched in the year 1973 by Raj Narain and Jayaprakash Narayan. He was the Convenor of the National Committee for Students and Youth organization appointed by Jai Prakash Narayan. [11] He was also active in civil rights movement and helped found PUCL Bulletin along with Satish Jha and Smitu Kothari. [8] [12] After being released from jail he joined the Jan Sangh.

Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad Indian student organization

Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) is a right-wing all India student organisation affiliated to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). It participates in joint activities with BJP's official youth wing, Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha. It is said to be India's largest student organisation with more than three million members.

A student leader is any student who takes on the responsibility of spreading knowledge through inspiration, tutoring, campaigns etc. A student leader strives to change the world by starting with their own community. Hardik Padhiyar is a student leader.

Fundamental rights, the basic and civil liberties of the people, are protected under the charter of rights contained in Part III of the Constitution of India..

In 1977, being the convener of the Loktantric Yuva Morcha at a time when the Congress suffered defeat, Jaitley was appointed the president of the Delhi ABVP and All India Secretary of the ABVP. He was then made the president of the youth wing of the BJP and the secretary of the Delhi Unit in 1980, a short time after joining the party. [13]

Before starting his legal career, Jaitley wanted to become a Chartered Accountant but was unable to do so - given the competitiveness of the national examination process.

Jaitley with Former Supreme Court Judge K.S. Panicker Radhakrishnan at the Gujarat National Law University. Finance Minister at GNLU.jpg
Jaitley with Former Supreme Court Judge K.S. Panicker Radhakrishnan at the Gujarat National Law University.

Jaitley has been practising law before the Supreme Court of India and several High Courts in the country since 1987. [1] In January 1990, Delhi High Court designated him as a Senior Advocate. [2] [14] He was appointed Additional Solicitor General by the V. P. Singh government in 1989 and did the paperwork for the investigations into the Bofors scandal. [12] [13] His clients cover the political spectrum from Sharad Yadav of the Janata Dal to Madhavrao Scindia of the Indian National Congress to L. K. Advani of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He has authored several publications on legal and current affairs. He has presented a paper on law relating to corruption and crime in India before the Indo-British Legal Forum. He was a delegate on behalf of the Government of India to the United Nations General Assembly Session in June 1998 where the Declaration on Laws Relating to Drugs and Money Laundering was approved. [2]

Supreme Court of India Judicial body

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial court and the final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and a maximum of 31 judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.

The High Court of Delhi was established on 31 October 1966. The High Court of Delhi was established with four judges. They were Chief Justice K. S. Hegde, Justice I. D. Dua, Justice H. R. Khanna and Justice S. K. Kapur.

The Solicitor General of India is subordinate to the Attorney General of India. He is the second law officer of the country, assists the Attorney General, and is himself assisted by four Additional Solicitors General for India. Currently solicitor general of India is Tushar Mehta. Like the Attorney General for India, the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General advise the Government and appear on behalf of the Union of India in terms of the Law Officers Rules, 1972. However, unlike the post of Attorney General for India, which is a Constitutional post under Article 76 of the Constitution of India, the posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are merely statutory. Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appoints the Solicitor General. The proposal for appointment of Solicitor General, Additional Solicitor General is generally moved at the, level of Joint secretary/Law Secretary in the Department of Legal Affairs and after obtaining the approval of the Minister of Law & Justice, the proposal

Jaitley has also appeared on behalf of giant multinational corporations such as PepsiCo against Coca-Cola and in various other cases in India. [15] [16] After having been the Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs, Jaitley represented Pepsi in 2002 in a case where the Supreme Court of India admonished and imposed stiff fines on 8 companies for painting advertisements on ecologically fragile rocks along the Manali-Rohtang road in the Himalayas. "The companies were also issued show-cause notices as to why exemplary damages should not be imposed on them for indulging in environmental vandalism." [17] In 2004, Jaitley appeared on behalf of Coca-Cola in a Rajasthan High Court case. [18]

PepsiCo soft drink company

PepsiCo, Inc. is an American multinational food, snack, and beverage corporation headquartered in Harrison, New York, in the hamlet of Purchase. PepsiCo has interests in the manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of grain-based snack foods, beverages, and other products. PepsiCo was formed in 1965 with the merger of the Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito-Lay, Inc. PepsiCo has since expanded from its namesake product Pepsi to a broader range of food and beverage brands, the largest of which included an acquisition of Tropicana Products in 1998 and the Quaker Oats Company in 2001, which added the Gatorade brand to its portfolio.

Coca-Cola Carbonated soft drink

Coca-Cola, or Coke, is a carbonated soft drink manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company. Originally intended as a patent medicine, it was invented in the late 19th century by John Stith Pemberton and was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coca-Cola to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century. The drink's name refers to two of its original ingredients: coca leaves, and kola nuts. The current formula of Coca-Cola remains a trade secret, although a variety of reported recipes and experimental recreations have been published.

Himalayas Mountain range in Central Asia

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The range has many of the Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 m (23,600 ft) in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia is 6,961 m (22,838 ft) tall.

Given his political duties as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha, Jaitley stopped practising law in June 2009. [19]

Political career

Jaitley has been a member of the national executive of Bharatiya Janata Party since 1991. [20] He became the spokesperson of the BJP during the period preceding the 1999 general election.

Vajpayee Government

In 1999, after the Vajpayee Government of the BJP led National Democratic Alliance came to power, he was appointed Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting (Independent Charge) on 13 October 1999. He was also appointed Minister of State for Disinvestment (Independent Charge), a new ministry created for the first time to give effect to the policy of disinvestments under the World Trade Organization regime. He took over the additional charge of the Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs on 23 July 2000 following the resignation of Ram Jethmalani as the Union Cabinet Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs.

He was elevated to a Cabinet Minister in November 2000 and was made simultaneously the Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs and Shipping. He was the first Minister of Shipping following the bifurcation of the Ministry of Surface Transport. He demitted the office of the Minister for Shipping with effect from 1 September 2001 and as Union Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs on 1 July 2002 to join as a General Secretary of the BJP and its national spokesman. [1] He worked in this capacity till January 2003. He rejoined the Union Cabinet as the Minister of Commerce & Industry and Law & Justice on 29 January 2003. [13] With the defeat of the National Democratic Alliance in May 2004, Jaitley returned to serving the BJP as a general secretary, and back to his legal career.

2004-2014

He was chosen as the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha on 3 June 2009 by L.K. Advani. On 16 June 2009 he resigned from the post of General Secretary of BJP as per his party's One Man One Post principle. He is also a member of the Central Election Committee of the party. [21] In his capacity as the leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha, he played a vital role during the talks of the Women Reservation Bill in the Rajya Sabha and also supported Anna Hazare for the Jan Lokpal Bill. [13] He successfully introduced the eighty-fourth amendment to the Constitution of India in 2002 freezing parliamentary seats until 2026 [22] and the ninety-first amendment to the Constitution of India in 2004 penalising defections. [23] However, being in the party since 1980 he never contested any direct election until 2014. He was the BJP candidate for the Amritsar seat in the Lok Sabha (replacing Navjot Singh Sidhu) for the 2014 general election, but lost to the Indian National Congress candidate Amarinder Singh. He was a Rajya Sabha member from Gujarat. He was re-elected to Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh in March 2018. [24]

on August 26, 2012 he said (outside Parliament) "There are occasions when obstruction in Parliament brings greater benefits to the country." This statement is considered to have given legitimacy to obstruction of parliament in the contemporary politics in India. After forming government in 2014 BJP government has also faced disruptions and obstructions in parliament multiple number of times and opposition keeps on referring to his aforesaid statement. While his contribution to parliamentary discussion is exemplary but his support of obstruction as a legitimate floor strategy undoes his positive contribution to the Indian Parliamentary Democracy. [25] [26]

Modi Government

On 26 May 2014, Jaitley was selected by newly elected Prime Minister Narendra Modi to be the Minister of Finance (which includes the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Minister of Defence) in his cabinet. [27] [28] Analysts cited Jaitley's "part-time" focus on defence as a simple continuation of the policies of the previous government. [29] According to a WikiLeaks cable by Robert Blake, the Charge at the US Embassy, to his government, when pressed on the question of Hindutva, Jaitley had argued that Hindu nationalism "will always be a talking point" for the BJP and characterised this as an opportunistic issue. [30] Jaitely later clarified that "the use of the word opportunistic in reference to nationalism or Hindu nationalism is neither my view nor my language. It could be the diplomat's own usage." [31]

During Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Arun Jaitley agreed with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's assertions that the idea of reservations on the basis of religion is fraught with danger and was against giving reservation to Muslim Dalits and Christian Dalits as it might impact demography. [32] [33] He also serves as a member to the Board of Governors of Asian Development Bank. [34]

In November 2015, Jaitley said that Personal laws governing marriages and divorces should be subject to fundamental rights, as the Constitutionally-guaranteed rights are supreme. [35] He announced the Income declaration scheme, 2016 in September 2016. [36]

During his tenure as the Finance Minister of India, the government demonetised the ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series, with the stated intention of curbing corruption, black money, fake currency and terrorism from 9 November 2016. [37]

June 20, 2017, he reaffirmed that the GST rollout is well and truly on track. [38]

Out Leadership recommended Arun Jaitley as one of the expert and openly advocating leaders on LGBT+ issues. [39]

Personal life

Arun Jaitley married Sangeeta, daughter of former Jammu and Kashmir finance minister Girdhari Lal Dogra, in 1982. They have two children, Rohan and Sonali; the latter married Jaiyesh Bakhshi. [40] [1] [41] [42] Both his children are lawyers. He has two siblings. [43] His niece Riddhi Dogra and nephew Akshay Dogra are Indian television actors.

On Monday, May 14, 2018, Jaitley, who had been suffering from kidney complications, was operated upon for kidney transplant at the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). [44]

In January 2019, Jaitley was diagnosed with a rare form of soft-tissue sarcoma and will seek treatment in New York. [45] He underwent only surgery. There was no need for chemotherapy and radiotherapy because the tumor was detected in early stages.[ citation needed ]

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References

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