|City of Arvada|
Aerial image of Arvada
|Counties|| Jefferson County |
|Platted||December 1, 1870|
|Incorporated||August 24, 1904|
|Named for||Hiram Arvada Haskin|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Mayor||Marc Williams (2011- )|
|• City Manager||Mark Deven (2011- )|
|• Total||39.57 sq mi (102.47 km2)|
|• Land||38.89 sq mi (100.71 km2)|
|• Water||0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)|
|Elevation||5,344 ft (1,662 m)|
|• Rank||US: 242nd|
|• Density||3,118.65/sq mi (1,204.13/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
|Area codes||303 & 720|
|GNIS feature ID||0204709|
|Highways||I-70, I-76, SH 72, SH 93, SH 95, SH 121|
Seventh most populous city in Colorado
The City of Arvada ( // ) is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. Arvada is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 106,433, and in 2020 the estimated population was 122,974, ranking Arvada as the seventh most populous municipality in Colorado. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.
The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its mouth at Clear Creek.Ralston found about 1/4 ounce (6 g) of gold, then worth about five dollars. Ralston's companions named the stream Ralston's Creek in his honor, but they all left the next morning, drawn by the lure of California gold.
During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.
In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin, brother-in-law of settler Mary Wadsworth. Her husband, Benjamin Wadsworth, became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada was once known as the "Celery Capital of the World."
Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.
On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight in the dormitories, opened fire and killed two people, injuring two more.
A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened.
Arvada is located in northeastern Jefferson County at(39.819962, -105.110975). A small portion of the city extends east into Adams County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.8 square miles (85 km2). 32.7 square miles (85 km2) of it are land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.58%) are water.
The climate is described as Humid Continental by the Köppen Climate System, abbreviated as Dfb.
|Climate data for Arvada, Colorado|
|Average high °F (°C)||45|
|Average low °F (°C)||16|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.5|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the censusof 2010, there were 106,433 people, 42,701 households, and 28,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,028.1 people per square mile (1,207.6/km2). There were 44,427 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7 per square mile (469.7/km2) with a median value of $240,000. The racial makeup of the city was 89.08% White, 0.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population.
There were 44,427 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. There were 51,984 males and 54,539 Females.
The median income for a household in the city was $66,125 and the median income for a family was $78,591. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line.
The City of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council-manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: a mayor and two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.
|Mayor Pro Tem and Councilmember At-Large||Dot Miller||2017-|
|Councilmember At-Large||Bob Fifer||2011-|
|Councilmember, District One||Nancy Ford||2015-|
|Councilmember, District Two||Lauren Simpson||2019-|
|Councilmember, District Three||John Marriott||2013-|
|Councilmember, District Four||David Jones||2015-|
The City Council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Mark Deven.
Arvada is predominately a commuter town to Denver and Boulder. The Regional Transportation District (RTD) G line electric multiple unit commuter rail connects Arvada directly to Denver Union Station. RTD also serves Arvada with 13 bus routes. The primary retail corridors are along Wadsworth Boulevard, 52nd Avenue, 64th Avenue, Ralston Road, and Kipling Street.
Arvada is served by the Jefferson County School District R-1.
Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include SH 72, SH 93, and SH 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36 and U.S. Highway 287.
The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States. Full Amtrak passenger and parcel service is available at the nearby Denver Union Station.
The Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) currently serves Arvada with eight local bus routes (31, 50, 51, 52, 72, 76, 80, and 100), four express bus routes (55X, 58X, 72X, and 80X), and one regional bus route (GS). RTD also serves Arvada with the G line electric multiple unit commuter rail to Denver Union Station.
Arvada is served by Denver International Airport and nearby Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport.
In 2014 the League of American Bicyclists designated Arvada as a Silver Level Bicycle Friendly Community.
Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Arvada include guitarist Roc Hillman (who played in the Jimmy Dorsey and Kay Kyser bands during the big band era) and novelist Clive Cussler,Joe King, baseball pitcher Roy Halladay, and Isaac Slade of the rock band The Fray, and professional golfer and U.S. Olympic track and field gold medalist Babe Didrikson Zaharias.
Arvada's sister cities are:
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Colorado. It is located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 735,538 in 2020, Denver is the 19th-most populous city in the United States, the fifth-most populous state capital, and the most populous city located in the Mountain states. The metropolitan area surrounding Denver represents a majority of the population and economic activity in the Front Range region, the area where an estimated 85% of Colorado's population lives. The Denver downtown district is immediately east of the confluence of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River, approximately 12 mi (19 km) east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is named after James W. Denver, a governor of the Kansas Territory. It is nicknamed the Mile High City because its official elevation is exactly one mile above sea level. The 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station.
Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,603. The county seat is Brighton. The county is named for Alva Adams, an early Governor of the State of Colorado in 1887–1889.
The City of Golden is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. Golden lies along Clear Creek at the base of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Founded during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush on June 16, 1859, the mining camp was originally named "Golden City" in honor of Thomas L. Golden. Golden City served as the capital of the provisional Territory of Jefferson from 1860 to 1861, and capital of the official Territory of Colorado from 1862 to 1867. In 1867, the territorial capital was moved about 12 miles (19 km) east to Denver City. Golden is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 18,867.
Denver is the central city of a conurbation region in the U.S. state of Colorado. The conurbation includes one continuous region consisting of the six central counties of Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson. The Denver region is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.
Jefferson County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 534,543, making it the fourth-most populous county in Colorado. The county seat is Golden, and the most populous city is Lakewood.
Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 294,567. The most populous municipality in the county and the county seat is Boulder.
The City of Commerce City is a Home Rule Municipality located in Adams County, Colorado, United States. Commerce City is located north of Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Commerce City is the 18th most populous municipality in Colorado as of 2019. The city population was 45,913 at the 2010 United States Census, a population increase of 118.7% in the ten years since the 2000 census.
The City of Thornton is a Home Rule Municipality located in Adams and Weld counties, Colorado, United States. Thornton is 10 miles (16 km) north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau reported the city's growing population at 118,772 on April 1, 2010, a 44.2% increase from the 2000 Census population of 82,384. Thornton is the sixth-most populous city in the state of Colorado and the 213th-most populous city in the United States.
The City of Westminster is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. Westminster is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Westminster Municipal Center is located 9 miles (14 km) north-northwest of the Colorado State Capitol. As of the 2010 census the population of Westminster was 106,114, and as of 2019 the estimated population was 113,166. Westminster is the seventh most populous city in Colorado and the 237th most populous city in the United States. Westminster is a part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area.
The City of Englewood is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. Englewood is located immediately south of Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, its population was 30,255. Englewood is part of the Denver metropolitan area. Englewood is located in the South Platte River Valley east of the Front Range. Downtown Englewood is located directly east of the confluence of Little Dry Creek and the South Platte River, between Santa Fe Drive and Broadway.
Superior is a Statutory Town in Boulder County in the U.S. state of Colorado, with a small, uninhabited segment of land area extending into Jefferson County. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 12,483.
Evergreen is an unincorporated town, a post office, and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Evergreen post office has the ZIP Codes 80439 and 80437. At the United States Census 2010, the population of the Evergreen CDP was 9,038, while the population of the 80439 ZIP Code Tabulation Area was 23,778 including adjacent areas. The Evergreen Metropolitan District provides services.
The City of Wheat Ridge is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. Wheat Ridge is located immediately west of Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Wheat Ridge Municipal Center is approximately 5 miles (8 km) west-northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The city had a population of 30,166 as of the 2010 Census.
Ralston Creek is a tributary of Clear Creek, approximately 32 miles (51 km) long, in central Colorado in the United States. It drains a suburban and urban area of the northwestern Denver Metropolitan Area. It rises in the foothills in northeastern Gilpin County, in southern Golden Gate Canyon State Park. It descends through a valley eastward into Jefferson, following Drew Hill Road, emerging from the mountains approximately 3 miles (5 km) north of Golden, where it is impounded to form Ralston Reservoir and Arvada/Blunn Reservoir on both sides of State Highway 93. It flows eastward through Arvada and joins Clear Creek from the north in southeast Arvada, near the intersection of Sheridan Avenue and Interstate 76.
The City and County of Denver, Colorado, is located at 39°43'35" North, 104°57'56" West in the Colorado Front Range region. The Southern Rocky Mountains lie to the west of Denver and the High Plains lie to the east.
The City of Littleton is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe, Douglas, and Jefferson counties, Colorado, United States. Littleton is the county seat of Arapahoe County and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 41,737 at the 2010 United States Census, ranking as the 20th most populous municipality in the State of Colorado.
The City of Lakewood is the home rule municipality that is the most populous municipality in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. Lakewood is the fifth-most populous city in Colorado and the 172nd-most populous city in the United States. The city population was 142,980 at the 2010 US Census. Lakewood, immediately west of Denver, is one of the principal cities of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.
Fairmount is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of the Fairmount CDP was 7,559 at the United States Census 2010. The Golden post office serves the area.
The G Line, also known as the Gold Line during construction, is a Regional Transportation District (RTD) electric commuter rail line between Denver Union Station and Wheat Ridge, Colorado. Long scheduled to open in October 2016, the opening was delayed until mid-2019. The reason specified for the delay was timing issues experienced by the other commuter rail lines in the RTD system, which currently require a Federal Railroad Administration waiver to operate their grade crossings manually, and the wireless crossing system used by those lines.
The Front Range Urban Corridor is an oblong region of urban population located along the eastern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains, encompassing 18 counties in the US states of Colorado and Wyoming. The corridor derives its name from the Front Range, the mountain range that defines the western boundary of the corridor which serves as a gateway to the Rocky Mountains. The region comprises the northern portion of the Southern Rocky Mountain Front geographic area, which in turn comprises the southern portion of the Rocky Mountain Front geographic area of Canada and the United States. The Front Range Urban Corridor had an estimated population of 4,976,781 on July 1, 2018, an increase of +14.84% since the 2010 United States Census. The population exceeded 5 million in 2019. Roughly 98% of the population within the entire urban corridor region is within Colorado and roughly 85% of Colorado's population resides within the urban corridor region.