Arvada, Colorado

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Arvada, Colorado
City of Arvada [1]
Aerial image of Arvada, Colorado.jpg
Aerial image of Arvada
Adams County and Jefferson County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Arvada Highlighted 0803455.svg
Location of the City of Arvada in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Arvada
Location of the City of Arvada in the United States.
Coordinates: 39°50′01″N105°09′01″W / 39.833728°N 105.150306°W / 39.833728; -105.150306 Coordinates: 39°50′01″N105°09′01″W / 39.833728°N 105.150306°W / 39.833728; -105.150306 [2]
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
Counties [3] Jefferson County
Adams County
City [1] Arvada
Settled 1859 [4]
Platted December 1, 1870 [4]
Incorporated August 24, 1904 [4] [5]
Named for Hiram Arvada Haskin
Government
  Type Home Rule Municipality [1]
   Mayor Marc Williams [6] (2011- )
  City ManagerMark Deven [7] (2011- )
Area
[8]
  Total39.57 sq mi (102.47 km2)
  Land38.89 sq mi (100.71 km2)
  Water0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)
Elevation
5,344 ft (1,662 m)
Population
 (2010) [9]
  Total106,433
  Estimate 
(2019) [10]
121,272
  RankUS: 242nd
  Density3,118.65/sq mi (1,204.13/km2)
Demonym(s) Arvadan
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
80001-80007 and 80403 [11]
Area codes 303 & 720
FIPS code 08-03455
GNIS feature ID 0204709
Highways I-70, I-76, SH 72, SH 93, SH 95, SH 121
Website arvada.org
Site of the first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain Region
Seventh most populous city in Colorado

The City of Arvada ( /ɑːrˈvædə/ ) is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. Arvada is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 106,433, [12] and in 2020 the estimated population was 122,974, ranking Arvada as the seventh most populous municipality in Colorado. [13] The Olde Town Arvada historic district is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.

Contents

History

Cable-stayed bridge at Gold Strike Park. Cable-stayed bridge At Gold Strike Park in Arvada, Colorado.jpg
Cable-stayed bridge at Gold Strike Park.

The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its mouth at Clear Creek. [4] Ralston found about 1/4 ounce (6 g) of gold, then worth about five dollars. Ralston's companions named the stream Ralston's Creek in his honor, but they all left the next morning, drawn by the lure of California gold.

During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.

The water tower in Olde Town Arvada. Olde Town Arvada Watertower.jpg
The water tower in Olde Town Arvada.

In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin, brother-in-law of settler Mary Wadsworth. [14] Her husband, Benjamin Wadsworth, became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada was once known as the "Celery Capital of the World." [15]

Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.

Missionary shooting

On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight in the dormitories, opened fire and killed two people, injuring two more.

A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened. [16]

Geography

Arvada is located in northeastern Jefferson County at 39°49′12″N105°6′40″W / 39.82000°N 105.11111°W / 39.82000; -105.11111 (39.819962, -105.110975). [17] A small portion of the city extends east into Adams County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.8 square miles (85 km2). 32.7 square miles (85 km2) of it are land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.58%) are water.

Climate

The climate is described as Humid Continental by the Köppen Climate System, abbreviated as Dfb. [18]

Climate data for Arvada, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)45
(7)
48
(9)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
83
(28)
88
(31)
87
(31)
79
(26)
67
(19)
55
(13)
46
(8)
66
(19)
Average low °F (°C)16
(−9)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
56
(13)
55
(13)
45
(7)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
18
(−8)
35
(2)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.5
(13)
0.7
(18)
1.2
(30)
2
(51)
2.4
(61)
1.4
(36)
1.6
(41)
1.7
(43)
1.2
(30)
1.2
(30)
0.8
(20)
0.6
(15)
15.6
(400)
Source: Weatherbase [19]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 840
1920 9158.9%
1930 1,27639.5%
1940 1,48216.1%
1950 2,35959.2%
1960 19,242715.7%
1970 49,844159.0%
1980 84,57669.7%
1990 89,2355.5%
2000 102,15314.5%
2010 106,4334.2%
2019 (est.)121,272 [10] 13.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [20]

As of the census [21] of 2010, there were 106,433 people, 42,701 households, and 28,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,028.1 people per square mile (1,207.6/km2). There were 44,427 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7 per square mile (469.7/km2) with a median value of $240,000. The racial makeup of the city was 89.08% White, 0.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population.

There were 44,427 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. There were 51,984 males and 54,539 Females.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,125 and the median income for a family was $78,591. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line.

Government

The City of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council-manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: a mayor and two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.

Arvada City Council [22]
OfficeIncumbentTerm
MayorMarc Williams [6] 2011-
Mayor Pro Tem and Councilmember At-LargeDot Miller2017-
Councilmember At-LargeBob Fifer [23] 2011-
Councilmember, District OneNancy Ford [24] 2015-
Councilmember, District TwoLauren Simpson [25] 2019-
Councilmember, District ThreeJohn Marriott [26] 2013-
Councilmember, District FourDavid Jones [27] 2015-

The City Council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Mark Deven. [7] [28]

Economy

"Monsella" tulip, blooming in Arvada 2006 Tulip Monsella 2006.jpg
"Monsella" tulip, blooming in Arvada 2006

Arvada is predominately a commuter town to Denver and Boulder. The Regional Transportation District (RTD) G line electric multiple unit commuter rail connects Arvada directly to Denver Union Station. RTD also serves Arvada with 13 bus routes. The primary retail corridors are along Wadsworth Boulevard, 52nd Avenue, 64th Avenue, Ralston Road, and Kipling Street.

Education

Arvada is served by the Jefferson County School District R-1.

Tourism and recreation

Attractions include: [29]

Transportation

Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include SH 72, SH 93, and SH 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36 and U.S. Highway 287.

The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States. Full Amtrak passenger and parcel service is available at the nearby Denver Union Station.

The Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) currently serves Arvada with eight local bus routes (31, 50, 51, 52, 72, 76, 80, and 100), four express bus routes (55X, 58X, 72X, and 80X), and one regional bus route (GS). RTD also serves Arvada with the G line electric multiple unit commuter rail to Denver Union Station. [30]

Arvada is served by Denver International Airport and nearby Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport.

In 2014 the League of American Bicyclists designated Arvada as a Silver Level Bicycle Friendly Community. [31]

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Arvada include guitarist Roc Hillman (who played in the Jimmy Dorsey and Kay Kyser bands during the big band era) and novelist Clive Cussler, [32] Joe King, [33] baseball pitcher Roy Halladay, [34] and Isaac Slade [35] of the rock band The Fray, and professional golfer and U.S. Olympic track and field gold medalist Babe Didrikson Zaharias. [36]

Sister cities

Arvada's sister cities are: [37]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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