Arviat

Last updated

Arviat
ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ
Arviat Church Centers 1995-06-30.jpg
Two of the churches in Arviat
Flag of Arviat.svg
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Arviat
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Arviat
Coordinates: 61°06′30″N094°03′30″W / 61.10833°N 94.05833°W / 61.10833; -94.05833 [1] Coordinates: 61°06′30″N094°03′30″W / 61.10833°N 94.05833°W / 61.10833; -94.05833 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kivalliq
Electoral district Arviat North-Whale Cove
Arviat South
Government
  TypeHamlet
  MayorJoe Savikataaq Jr.
  Senior Administrative OfficerSteve England
   MLA for Arviat North-Whale Cove John Main
  MLA for Arviat South Joe Savikataaq
Area
 (2021) [6] [7]
  Total126.14 km2 (48.70 sq mi)
   Population Centre 2.42 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Elevation
[8]
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2021) [6] [7]
  Total2,657
  Density22.7/km2 (59/sq mi)
  Population Centre
2,766
  Population Centre density1,143.6/km2 (2,962/sq mi)
Demonyms Arviaqmiut, [9] Arviatmiut [10]
Time zone UTC−06:00 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Postal code
Area code(s) 867
Website www.arviat.ca

Arviat (Inuktitut pronunciation:  [aʁviˈat] , syllabics: ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ; formerly called Eskimo Point until 1 June 1989) is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat ("place of the bowhead whale") is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq ("a little long point"), and Ittaliurvik, ("a place where the people make tents"). [11]

Contents

Demographics

Federal census population history of Arviat
YearPop.±%
1976848    
19811,022+20.5%
19861,189+16.3%
1991 1,323+11.3%
1996 1,559+17.8%
2001 1,899+21.8%
2006 2,060+8.5%
2011 2,318+12.5%
2016 2,657+14.6%
2021 2,864+7.8%
Source: Statistics Canada
[6] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Arviat had a population of 2,864 living in 632 of its 694 total private dwellings, a change of

Community

Arviat is the southernmost community on the Nunavut mainland and is close to the geographical centre of Canada. In Arviat, Inuktitut and English are primarily spoken, having the third largest population in Nunavut, behind Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit. From the 2011 Canadian census to the 2016 Canadian census there was a population increase of 14.6%. [20] The mayor of Arviat is Joe Savikataaq (Jr.). [3] The hamlet of Arviat also possesses a Tim Hortons in the Northern Store and a self-serve Tim Hortons in the Quick Stop (owned by Northern Store).

The community became a hamlet under the name Eskimo Point (name first appeared on maps in 1738) in 1977. [21]

Cargo and passenger air service is provided by Calm Air, [22] Canadian North [ citation needed ] and Nolinor Aviation (charter only) [23] out of Arviat Airport. Destinations include other settlements in Nunavut and Manitoba, including Winnipeg. [22]

An elder of Arviat ARVIAT (NUNAVUT).jpg
An elder of Arviat

Hunting and fishing are very active in the community; they are the primary source of sustenance. Four locally operated stores - Padlei Co-op, Northern Stores, Arctic Connection and Eskimo Point Lumber Supply - carry a wide range of products.

To the south, the town of Churchill, Manitoba is accessible by boat (summer and fall only), snowmobile and Bombardier from Arviat and is often travelled to for supplies.

Arviat is well known around the Arctic for its artistic qualities. It is a thriving community with many talented musicians: Susan Aglukark, a well known musician; Simon "Johnny Cash of the North" Sigyariaq; the band Uniaqtuq, with Arsene, Pelagie and Mary Angalik; the Arviat Band, with John and Billy Kuksuk, Paul Kattau and others; the Irksuk band, played by Paul Irksuk and sons. All have had CDs recorded commercially.

Many types of wildlife are abundant. Within the vicinity of Arviat, polar bears, millions of migratory birds, beluga whales, and caribou are often spotted.

The only access is by air and snowmobile, but the Nunavut government and the federal Senate member for Nunavut, Dennis Patterson, are investigating the possibility of a highway from Thompson, Lynn Lake, or Gillam to Rankin Inlet, through Arviat. Like other Arctic coast communities there is an annual sealift but it is not available to passengers.

Arviat was originally inhabited by the Paallirmiut, a coastal/inland Inuit band. In 1957, dying of starvation, the last remaining Ihalmiut, another Caribou Inuit band, were relocated to Arviat by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Though there are differences between the two bands, they recognize a need to work together in order to benefit the community. [24]

In 1993, Mark Kalluak [25] published a historical essay on soapstone carving in Arviat, entitled Pelts to Stone. A History of Arts and Crafts Production in Arviat. [26]

Arviat was featured in Dancing Towards the Light, a 2017 CBC News short film and article telling the story of the hamlet's annual dance competition. [27] [28]

The community is home to Arviaqpaluk Radio, a community radio station which operates under an exemption from CRTC licensing for low-power broadcasters. [29]

Politics

The community is represented in the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut by John Main in the electoral district of Arviat North-Whale Cove, and Joe Savikataaq in Arviat South. Savikataaq was Premier of Nunavut from 2018 to 2021.

Savikataaq's son, Joe Savikataaq Jr., became mayor of the community in March 2020, following the death in office of Bob Leonard. [30]

Recreation

The Hudson Bay Quest sled-dog race was run from Churchill to Arviat for the first time in 2004.

Internet

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Climate

Based on the Köppen climate classification Arviat has a subarctic climate, but has a polar climate by the Nordenskjöld classification, and is north of the Arctic tree line. Spring is slow to warm up, with June being cooler than September and May cooler than October. With a yearly mean of −9.3 °C (15.3 °F) it is the third-warmest in Nunavut and the maximum of 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) recorded on 22 July 1973 [31] is second only to Kugluktuk. Arviat has a yearly rainfall of 174.4 mm (6.87 in), the fourth-wettest in Nunavut, but only 112.4 cm (44.3 in) of snow, the third-least. [32]

Climate data for Arviat (Arviat Airport)
Climate ID: 2300MKF; coordinates 61°06′N94°04′W / 61.100°N 94.067°W / 61.100; -94.067 (Arviat Airport) ; elevation: 10.4 m (34 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1973–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
14.5
(58.1)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.1
(64.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F)−25.4
(−13.7)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.3
(45.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−29.3
(−20.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52.0)
10.8
(51.4)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.1
(3.0)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F)−33.1
(−27.6)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F)−48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)10.1
(0.40)
6.6
(0.26)
11.4
(0.45)
12.5
(0.49)
18.2
(0.72)
29.6
(1.17)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
44.0
(1.73)
24.5
(0.96)
18.6
(0.73)
18.3
(0.72)
286.5
(11.28)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.04)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
41.2
(1.62)
7.6
(0.30)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
174.4
(6.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches)10.1
(4.0)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.5)
12.1
(4.8)
12.1
(4.8)
3.2
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.7)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)7.47.29.17.17.68.08.914.112.610.810.38.1111.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.32.07.48.914.111.62.80.00.047.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)7.47.29.17.05.80.80.00.01.18.210.38.165.0
Average relative humidity (%)69.169.974.479.884.676.872.774.774.684.180.773.376.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada [32] [33]

See also

Related Research Articles

Grise Fiord Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Grise Fiord is an Inuit hamlet on the southern tip of Ellesmere Island, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is one of three populated places on the island; despite its low population, it is the largest community on Ellesmere Island. The hamlet at Grise Fiord, created by the Canadian Government in 1953 through a relocation of Inuit families from Inukjuak, Quebec, is the northernmost public community in Canada. It is also one of the coldest inhabited places in the world, with an average yearly temperature of −16.5 °C (2.3 °F).

Igloolik Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Igloolik is an Inuit hamlet in Foxe Basin, Qikiqtaaluk Region in Nunavut, northern Canada. Because its location on Igloolik Island is close to Melville Peninsula, it is often mistakenly thought to be on the peninsula. The name "Igloolik" means "there is a house here". It derives from iglu, meaning house or building, and refers to the sod houses that were originally in the area, not to snow igloos. In Inuktitut the residents are called Iglulingmiut.

Rankin Inlet Place in Nunavut, Canada

Rankin Inlet is an Inuit hamlet on Kudlulik Peninsula in Nunavut, Canada. It is the largest hamlet and second-largest settlement in Nunavut, after the territorial capital, Iqaluit. On the northwestern Hudson Bay, between Chesterfield Inlet and Arviat, it is the regional centre for the Kivalliq Region.

Sanikiluaq Place in Nunavut, Canada

Sanikiluaq is a municipality and Inuit community located on the north coast of Flaherty Island in Hudson Bay, on the Belcher Islands. Despite being geographically much closer to the shores of Ontario and Quebec, the community and the Belcher Islands lie within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Arctic Bay Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Arctic Bay is an Inuit hamlet located in the northern part of the Borden Peninsula on Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arctic Bay is located in the Eastern Time Zone although it is quite close to the time zone boundary. The predominant languages are Inuktitut and English. Arctic Bay is notable for being the birthplace of the former Premier of Nunavut and, as of 2021, the Commissioner of Nunavut, Eva Aariak. Aswell as being the northern most public community in Canada, not formed from forced relocation.

Sanirajak Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Sanirajak, Syllabics: ᓴᓂᕋᔭᒃ), formerly known as Hall Beach until 27 February 2020, is an Inuit settlement within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada, approximately 69 km (43 mi) south of Igloolik.

Baker Lake, Nunavut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Baker Lake is a hamlet in the Kivalliq Region, in Nunavut on mainland Canada. Located 320 km (200 mi) inland from Hudson Bay, it is near the nation's geographical centre, and is notable for being Nunavut's sole inland community. The hamlet is located at the mouth of the Thelon River on the shore of Baker Lake. The community was given its English name in 1761 from Captain William Christopher who named it after Sir William Baker, the 11th Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Gjoa Haven Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Gjoa Haven is an Inuit hamlet in Nunavut, above the Arctic Circle, located in the Kitikmeot Region, 1,056 km (656 mi) northeast of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. It is the only settlement on King William Island.

Kinngait Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Kinngait, formerly known as Cape Dorset until 27 February 2020, is an Inuit hamlet located on Dorset Island near Foxe Peninsula at the southern tip of Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Kugluktuk Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Kugluktuk, formerly known as Coppermine until 1 January 1996, is a hamlet located at the mouth of the Coppermine River in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada, on Coronation Gulf, southwest of Victoria Island. It is the westernmost community in Nunavut, near the border with the Northwest Territories.

Qikiqtarjuaq Place in Nunavut, Canada

Qikiqtarjuaq is a community located on Broughton Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. The island is known for Arctic wildlife, bird watching, and as the northern access point for Auyuittuq National Park

Whale Cove, Nunavut Place in Nunavut, Canada

Whale Cove, is a hamlet located 74 km (46 mi) south southwest of Rankin Inlet, 145 km (90 mi) northeast of Arviat, in Kivalliq Region, Nunavut, Canada, on the western shore of Hudson Bay.

Coral Harbour Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Coral Harbour, is a small Inuit community that is located on Southampton Island, Kivalliq Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. Its name is derived from the fossilized coral that can be found around the waters of the community which is situated at the head of South Bay. The name of the settlement in Inuktitut is Salliq, sometimes used to refer to all of Southampton Island. The plural Salliit, means large flat island(s) in front of the mainland.

Naujaat Place in Nunavut, Canada

Naujaat, known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay, is an Inuit hamlet located on the shores of Hudson Bay, at the south end of the Melville Peninsula, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Kimmirut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Kimmirut is a community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located on the shore of Hudson Strait on Baffin Island's Meta Incognita Peninsula. Kimmirut means "heel", and refers to a rocky outcrop in the inlet.

Clyde River, Nunavut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Clyde River is an Inuit hamlet located on the shore of Baffin Island's Patricia Bay, off Kangiqtugaapik, an arm of Davis Strait in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, of Nunavut, Canada. It lies in the Baffin Mountains which in turn form part of the Arctic Cordillera mountain range. The community is served by air and by annual supply sealift.

Chesterfield Inlet, Nunavut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Chesterfield Inlet is a hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay, Kivalliq Region, in Nunavut, Canada, at the mouth of Chesterfield Inlet. Igluligaarjuk is the Inuktitut word for "place with few houses", it is the oldest community in Nunavut. The community is served by air, Chesterfield Inlet Airport, and by an annual supply known as sealift.

Taloyoak Place in Nunavut, Canada

Taloyoak or Talurjuaq, formerly known as Spence Bay until 1 July 1992, although the body of water on which it is situated continues to be known as Spence Bay — same as the body of water on which Iqaluit is situated continues to be known as Frobisher Bay — is located on the Boothia Peninsula, Kitikmeot, in Nunavut Canada. The community is served only by air and by annual supply sealift. Taloyoak may mean "large blind", referring to a stone caribou blind or a screen used for caribou hunting. The community is situated 460 km (290 mi) east of the regional centre of Cambridge Bay, 1,224 km (761 mi) northeast of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. Taloyoak is the northernmost community in mainland Canada.

Kugaaruk Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Kugaaruk, formerly known as Pelly Bay until 3 December 1999, is located on the shore of Pelly Bay, just off the Gulf of Boothia, Simpson Peninsula, Kitikmeot, in Canada's Nunavut territory. Access is by air by the Kugaaruk Airport and by annual supply sealift. Kugaaruk means "little stream", the traditional name of the brook that flows through the hamlet.

References

  1. "Arviat". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Arviat". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. 1 2 "Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders". Nunatsiaq News . 10 December 2013.
  4. "Results for the constituency of Arviat North-Whale Cove". Elections Nunavut. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013.
  5. "Results for the constituency of Arviat South". Elections Nunavut. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  7. 1 2 "Population Centre". Statistics Canada. 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  8. Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  9. Demonyms—From coast to coast to coast Archived 21 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Arctic College News Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "Arviat, Nunavut". nu.ca. Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2008.
  12. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  13. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  14. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  15. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  16. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  17. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  18. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  19. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  20. "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  21. Kudelik, Gail (4 March 2015). "Arviat". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Historica Canada.
  22. 1 2 "Calm Air schedule". Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  23. "Nunavut joint-venture airline signs 10-year deal with Agnico Eagle". Nunatsiaq News. 14 November 2017.
  24. "About Arviat". inuitarteskimoart.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2007.
  25. Mark Kalluak
  26. Pelts to Stone. A History of Arts and Crafts Production in Arviat
  27. "Dancing towards the light". CBC News. 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  28. Dancing Towards the Light at IMDb
  29. "How radio is lifting spirits in a Nunavut hamlet hit hard by COVID-19". The Current . CBC Radio. 10 March 2021.
  30. "New Arviat mayor reflects on the value of community services during a pandemic". CBC North. 5 September 2020.
  31. "Extremes for Arviat". Canada Weather Stats. (Data from) Environment and Climate Change Canada. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  32. 1 2 "Arviat A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2300MKF. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  33. "Arviat Climate". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2017.

Further reading