Asahi (train)

Last updated
Asahi
K24 Asahi 306 Nippori 20020802.jpg
A 200 series on an Asahi service in Tokyo in August 2002
Overview
Service type Shinkansen
StatusDiscontinued
First service1960 (Semi-express)
1982 (Shinkansen)
Last service30 November 2002
Successor Toki
Former operator(s) JNR
JR East
Route
Start Tokyo
End Niigata
Line(s) used Joetsu Shinkansen
On-board services
Class(es) Standard + Green
Catering facilitiesTrolley service
Technical
Rolling stock 200 series, E1 series (train), E4 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 25 kV AC overhead
Operating speed275 km/h (170 mph)

The Asahi(あさひ) was a limited-stop train service that operated until November 2002 in Japan on the Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed line between Tokyo and Niigata. [1]

Contents

Operations

The Asahi shinkansen services ran approximately hourly, with two down services (Asahi 1 and 3) permitted to operate at 275 km/h in the tunnel section between Jōmō-Kōgen and Urasa using specially modified 200 series (F90) sets, completing the journey in 1 hour 40 minutes (compared to the fastest journey time of 1 hour 37 minutes in 2008 for Toki services operating at a maximum speed of 240 km/h). [2] [3]

Jōmō-Kōgen Station railway station in Minakami, Gunma Prefecture, Japan

Jōmō-Kōgen Station is a railway station on the high-speed Joetsu Shinkansen in Minakami, Gunma, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company.

Urasa Station railway station in Minamiuonuma, Niigata prefecture, Japan

Urasa Station is a railway station in Minamiuonuma, Niigata, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company.

200 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 200 series (200系) was a Shinkansen high-speed train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) for the Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail lines in Japan, and operated by East Japan Railway Company until 2013. They actually predated the 100 series trains, having been built between 1980 and 1986. It was one of the two recipients of the 23rd Laurel Prize presented by the Japan Railfan Club, the first Shinkansen type to receive that award. The last remaining sets were retired from regular service in March 2013, and were completely withdrawn from service in April 2013.

Rolling stock

An E1 series on a Max Asahi service in June 2002 E1 M1 Max Asahi 317 Omiya 20020629.jpg
An E1 series on a Max Asahi service in June 2002

History

The name Asahi, meaning "morning sun" in Japanese, dates from before World War II, when it was used for an express train operated by Japan from Rason in Korea (present-day North Korea) to Hsinking in Manchuria (present-day China). [4]

Rason Special city in Kwanbuk, North Korea

Rason is a North Korean city and ice-free port in the Sea of Japan in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

Korea region in East Asia

Korea is a region in East Asia. Since 1948 it has been divided between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea is bordered by Russia to the northeast, China to the northwest, and neighbours Japan to the east via the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan.

Changchun Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province. Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun is administered as a sub-provincial city, comprising 7 districts, 1 county and 2 county-level cities. According to the 2010 census of China, Changchun had a total population of 7,674,439 under its jurisdiction. The city's metro area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010, as the Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet. It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin.

It was first used in Japan on 1 November 1960 for semi-express(準急,junkyū) services operating between Niigata and Sendai. This service was renamed Benibana from 1 July 1982. [2]

Niigata Station railway station in Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan

Niigata Station is a major railway station in Chūō-ku, Niigata, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. The station is at the centre of Niigata city, the largest city on the Sea of Japan coast in Honshu. It forms the central station for the railway infrastructure along the Sea of Japan coast, and is also the terminus of the Jōetsu Shinkansen high-speed line from Tokyo.

Sendai Station (Miyagi) railway station in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan

Sendai Station is a major railway station in Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan. It is a stop for all Akita and Tohoku Shinkansen trains, the eastern terminus for the Senzan Line, and major stop on both the Tohoku Main Line and Senseki Line. It is located on the border between Miyagino and Aoba Wards in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture.

From the start of services on the newly opened Joetsu Shinkansen on 15 November 1982, Asahi was the name used for the limited-stop shinkansen services operating initially between Ōmiya and Niigata, later between Ueno and Niigata, and eventually between Tokyo and Niigata. [2] At the start of Joetsu Shinkansen operations in 1982, 11 Asahi services operated in each direction daily. With the start of shinkansen operations from Ueno on 14 March 1985, the number of Asahi services was increased to 34 in each direction daily. From 10 March 1990, two down services (nicknamed Super Asahi) were timed to operate at a maximum speed of 275 km/h in the tunnel section between Jōmō-Kōgen and Urasa. New E1 series "Max" 12-car sets were introduced on Max Asahi services from 15 July 1994, with two workings in each direction daily between Tokyo and Niigata. The number of Max Asahi services was increased to five in each direction daily from 3 December 1994. [5] E4 series "Max" trains built in 1997 were first assigned to Max Asahi services on 7 May 2001. [6]

Ōmiya Station (Saitama) railway station in Ōmiya-ku, Saitama, Saitama Prefecture, Japan

Ōmiya Station is a railway station in Ōmiya-ku, Saitama, Japan. It is a major interchange station for the East Japan Railway Company, and is also operated by the private railway operator Tobu Railway.

Ueno Station railway station and metro station in Taitō, Tokyo, Japan

Ueno Station is a major railway station in Tokyo's Taitō ward. It is the station used to reach the Ueno district and Ueno Park—which contains Tokyo National Museum, The National Museum of Western Art, Ueno Zoo, Tokyo University of the Arts and other famous cultural facilities. A major commuter hub, it is also the traditional terminus for long-distance trains from northern Japan, although with the extension of the Shinkansen lines to Tokyo Station this role has diminished in recent years. A similar extension of conventional lines extended the Takasaki Line, Utsunomiya Line and Joban Line to Tokyo Station via the Ueno-Tokyo Line in March 2015, using existing little-used tracks and a new viaduct.

Tokyo Station railway station and metro station in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo Station is a railway station in Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. The original station is located in Chiyoda's Marunouchi business district near the Imperial Palace grounds. The newer Eastern extension is not far from the Ginza commercial district. Due to its large area covered, the station is divided into Marunouchi and Yaesu sides in its directional signage.

The Asahi name was discontinued from 1 December 2002 when the Toki name was re-introduced for all Tokyo to Niigata trains. [1]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル[JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 2008. p. 22. ISBN   978-4-330-00608-6.
  2. 1 2 3 列車名鑑1995[Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.
  3. JR Timetable, December 2008
  4. Imao, Keisuke; Hara, Takeshi (November 2009). 日本鉄道旅行地図帳 歴史編成 朝鮮・台湾[Japanese Railway Travel Atlas Historical Makeup - Korea and Taiwan] (in Japanese). Japan: Shinchosha. p. 3. ISBN   978-4-10-790032-6.
  5. JR特急10年の歩み[10 Years of JR Limited Express Trains] (in Japanese). Japan: Kousai Shuppansha. May 1997. ISBN   4-330-45697-4.
  6. Yamanouchi, Shūichirō (2002). 東北・上越新幹線[Tohoku & Joetsu Shinkansen]. Tokyo, Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN   4-533-04513-8.