Asakura Yoshikage

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Asakura Yoshikage
朝倉 義景
Asakura Yoshikage2.jpg
5th daimyō of Asakura Domain
In office
1548–1573
Preceded by Asakura Takakage
Succeeded byNone
Personal details
BornOctober 12, 1533
Ichijōdani Castle
DiedSeptember 16, 1573(1573-09-16) (aged 39)
Rokubō Kenshō-ji, Ōno
Spouse(s)Daughter of Hosokawa Harumoto
MotherDaughter of Takeda Motomitsu
FatherAsakura Takakage
Military service
Allegiance Asakura clan
Battles/wars Siege of Kanegasaki (1570)
Battle of Anegawa (1570)
Siege of Ichijōdani Castle (1573)

Asakura Yoshikage (朝倉 義景, October 12, 1533 – September 16, 1573) was a Japanese daimyō of the Sengoku period (1467–1603) who ruled a part of Echizen Province in present-day Fukui Prefecture. Yoshikage's conflicts with Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582) resulted in his death and the destruction of the Asakura clan and its castle, Ichijōdani Castle. [1] [2] [3]

Contents

Early life

Yoshikage was born at the Asakura clan castle in Echizen Province, Ichijōdani Castle, in the present-day Kidanouchi district of Fukui, Fukui Prefecture. His father was Asakura Takakage (1493–1548) and his mother is presumed to be the daughter of Takeda Motomitsu. [3] The Asakura had displaced the Shiba clan as the shugo military commanders of part of Echizen in 1471. [1] Yoshikage succeeded his father as head of the Asakura clan and castle lord of Ichijōdani Castle in 1548. [2] [4] He proved to be adept at political and diplomatic management, markedly demonstrated by the Asakura negotiations with the Ikkō-ikki in Echizen. As a result of the negotiations and effective governance by Yoshikage, Echizen enjoyed a period of relative domestic stability compared to the rest of Sengoku period Japan. Consequently, Echizen became a site for refugees fleeing the violence in the Kansai region. Ichijōdani became a center of culture modeled on the capital at Kyōto. [1]

Conflicts with Oda Nobunaga

After the capture of Kyoto in 1568, Ashikaga Yoshiaki appointed Yoshikage regent and requested Asakura aid in driving Nobunaga out of the capital. [3]   As a result, in 1570, Oda Nobunaga launched an invasion of Echizen. Due to Yoshikage’s lack of military skill, Oda's forces besieged Kanegasaki Castle (in modern-day Tsuruga city), opening the entire Asakura Domain to invasion. [1] [5] [6]

Yoshikage benefited from military conflict between Oda Nobunaga and his brother-in-law, Azai Nagamasa (1545–1573).  Azai launched a pincer attack with Asakura against Nobunaga at Kanegasaki, but Nobunaga withdraw his troops, the coalition of Asakura and Azai forces failed to capture Nobunaga. [3]   Later in 1570, in the Battle of Anegawa, Yoshikage and Nagamasa were defeated by numerically superior combined forces of the Oda and Tokugawa clans lead by Nobunaga and Ieyasu (1543–1616). [1]

Death

Yoshikage fled to Hiezan (Enryaku-ji, Hiei Monastery) after the Battle of Anegawa and negotiated a reconciliation with Nobunaga and was able to avoid conflict for three years. [3] In 1573, at Siege of Ichijodani Castle, Yoshikage was eventually betrayed by his cousin, Asakura Kageaki (1529–1574). He was forced to commit suicide by seppuku at Rokubō Kenshō-ji, a temple which was located in present-day Ōno, Fukui Prefecture. He was 39 years old. [1] [3] The Asakura clan was destroyed with the death of Yoshikage. [2]

Ichijōdani Asakura family historic ruins

The former Asakura residence in Fukui Prefecture was excavated in 1967 and revealed the ruins of the castle, residences, and gardens of Ichijōdani. The site has been designated a Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites, and an Important Cultural Properties of Japan as the Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins. The site covers 278 hectares (690 acres).[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Asakura Yoshikage". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  2. 1 2 3 "朝倉 義景" [Asakura Yoshikage]. Nihon Jinmei Daijiten (日本人名大辞典) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "朝倉 義景" [Asakura Yoshikage]. Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   683276033. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  4. "朝倉 義景" [Asakura Yoshikage]. Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  5. "朝倉義景" [Asakura Yoshikage]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  6. Turnbull, Stephen (1987). Battles of the Samurai. Arms and Armour Press. p. 60. ISBN   0853688265.