An asentamiento irregular, known colloquially as an asentamiento (Spanish pronunciation: [asentaˈmjento] ) is a shanty town in Latin America, particularly around Guatemala City and Montevideo. Most have been established in the last 20 years as a result of economic inequalities between rural and metropolitan areas in Guatemala and Uruguay.
In 15 of the 23 districts of Guatemala City, there are precarious settlements. In 1984, there were 103 and by 1991 there were 232. In 2016 there were 297.In 1984, 800 families made a land invasion and successfully squatted an area called El Mezquital. The settlement eventually swelled to over 25,000 people. It was the first successful occupation since 1976.
These places have been considered "red zones" inside Guatemala City, because of their high crime rate and some of them are El Caracol, Cañaverales, El Rinconcito.A famous asentamiento in Guatemala is La Limonada. With a population of around 60,000 it is one of the largest slums in Latin America outside Brazil.
In Montevideo, Uruguay before 1990, there were land occupations known as cantegriles. The land invasions can be split into accretions (gradual, individual actions) and planned (organised, collective actions).Gradually, cantegril has come to refer to the poorest of shanty towns, whilst groups of houses on squatted land are known more generally as asentamientos irregulares or asentamientos in short.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres (78 sq mi). The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated on the southern coast of the country, on the northeastern bank of the Río de la Plata.
Pueblos jóvenes is the term used for the shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into districts of Lima such as Comas, Los Olivos District and Villa El Salvador.
Emir Rodríguez Monegal, born in Uruguay, was a scholar, literary critic, and editor of Latin American literature. From 1969 to 1985, Rodríguez Monegal was professor of Latin American contemporary literature at Yale University. He is usually called by his second surname Emir R. Monegal or Monegal.
Ida Vitale is a Uruguayan writer.
Teletigre, also known as TV-9 Bogotá, was Colombia's first private television channel, owned by journalist and politician Consuelo Salgar de Montejo, who won a state bid against Caracol TV, RTI Colombia, and Producciones Punch.
Parque Familiar Julio Enrique Monagas is Puerto Rico's largest passive park. It is located in barrio Bucaná, Ponce, Puerto Rico, on the banks of the Bucaná and Portugués rivers. The park was named after Julio Enrique Monagas, "the father of Puerto Rican Olympic sports". In November 2017, the park was severely damaged by Hurricane Maria and, as of today, remains closed.
Ciudad de la Costa is a city in Canelones Department of Uruguay, on the banks of the Río de la Plata between the streams Arroyo Carrasco and Arroyo Pando. It is considered an extension of the metropolitan area of Montevideo which it borders to the west, while to the east it borders Costa de Oro. It was declared a city on 19 October 1994 and given its current name. At the 2011 census, it was the third most populated city of Uruguay.
El Tren De Los Momentos Tour is a concert tour by Spanish singer Alejandro Sanz as promoting his album El Tren de los Momentos.
Semanario Hebreo is a Spanish-language Jewish weekly newspaper published in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Cañada Real is a shanty town in the Madrid Region of Spain, a linear succession of informal housing following a 14.4-kilometre-long stretch of the drovers' road connecting La Rioja and Ciudad Real. The largest illegal settlement in a European city, it extends through the municipalities of Coslada, Rivas-Vaciamadrid and Madrid.
Cantegril is the local name given to the shanty towns that surround Montevideo and other cities in Uruguay. The same phenomena is known as favela in Brazil, and pueblos jóvenes in Peru. The name is intended to be ironic, since Cantegril is one of the most expensive neighbourhoods of the international seaside resort Punta del Este. Originally it comes from Provençal dialect cante gril which means cricket sing, probably taken from homonymous novel by Raymond Escholier in 1921. According to 2007 census data, about 6% of the total Uruguayan population lived in cantegriles. A documentary about the phenomenon was produced in 1958, called Cantegriles. Whilst cantegril first referred to all squatter settlements, now it only denotes shanty towns and other informal settlements are known as asentamiento irregulares.
Gabriel Antonio Pombo is a Uruguayan writer and lawyer, who is known for his books, essays and interviews relating to serial murderers, and particularly about the famous case of Jack the Ripper, the mysterious and never discovered murderer of London. Gabriel Pombo even wrote a humorous short story fiction, which tells how, during a foggy night a very confused Jack the Ripper mistakenly entered the offices of Scotland Yard believing that was a tavern.
Juan Ángel Michelena was a Spanish naval officer, he fought against the Royal Navy in Cape St. Vincent, and participated heroically in the defense and reconquest of Buenos Aires against the English invaders. He also served as Acting Governor of the city of Montevideo (Uruguay).
Isabel de los Ángeles Ruano is a Guatemalan writer, poet, journalist and teacher. In 1954, she moved with her parents to Mexico; they returned to Guatemala three years later, living in various locations within Jutiapa Department and Chiquimula Department. In Chiquimula, she entered the Instituto Normal de Señoritas de Oriente. She graduated from Educación Primaria Urbana with a teacher's diploma in 1964 at the age 18. In 1966, she traveled on her own to Mexico, where she published her first book, entitled Cariátides, the foreword of the book having been written by the Spanish poet León Felipe. Returning to Guatemala in 1967, she began working in journalism. In 1978, she completed her university studies in Spanish and Latin American Language and Literature at the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. In the late 1980s, she began to suffer from mental disorders. She was awarded the Miguel Ángel Asturias National Prize in Literature by the Ministry of Culture in 2001. Dressing as a man, she has lived for several years in Guatemala City's colonia Justo Rufino Barrios, zona 21.
Bautista Salvador Etcheverry Boggio was a Uruguayan Ambassador.
Joan MacDonald is Chilean architect known for her work in housing and urban policy. She was Deputy Ministre of Housing and Urbanism in Chile from 1990 until 1994 and the director of the Metropolitan service of Housing and Urbanisation in 1997. In 1995 she became a consultant for the sustainable settlement commission of CEPAL until 2005. Between 2003 and 2014 she was the president of SELAVIP, an organisation that worked providing popular housing for developing countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia. She was trained as an architect in Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and was named Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad Católica de Cordoba (Argentina) in 2011. In 2011 she received a prize for her academic career from the Chilean chartered institute of architects.
Pocosol is a district of the San Carlos canton, in the Alajuela province of Costa Rica.
Jorge Mario Varlotta Levrero, better known as Mario Levrero was a Uruguayan author. He is best known for his debut work La ciudad (1970). During his lifetime, Levrero lived in seclusion, granting only a few interviews. A handful of critics praised his novellas, and he was considered a "writer's writer." Nowadays, studies of his work have proliferated, being regarded by some as one of the greatest Latin American writers.
The Republic of Parva Domus Magna Quies or Parva Domus is a self-proclaimed micronation surrounded by the city of Montevideo, Uruguay. It has served since 1878 as a civil, cultural and recreational association.
Squatting in Uruguay is the occupation of unused or derelict buildings or land without the permission of the owner. In the nineteenth century, pueblos de ratas developed when gauchos were forced to settle by the rural enclosures for cattle farming. In the early twentieth century, European migrant workers lived in conventillos.
La capital registra 297 asentamientos precarios. Estudio interinstitucional coordinado por la Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia reportó, en 1984, 103 comunidades situadas en barrancos y quebradas de la ciudad. En 1991, el número había aumentado a 232 [...] En 15 zonas de las 23 que integran la ciudad de Guatemala existen asentamientos precarios
En la zona 18 está localizado el mayor número de asentamientos según la comuna capitalina, con 68. El Caracol, El Caracol Anexo, Cañaverales, El Rinconcito, Proyecto Italia, Esquipulas, Puerta del Jardín, Mirador del Paraíso, El Parquecito, Camino de Luz y Los Ángeles son algunas de estas comunidades, consideradas de alta peligrosidad por la Policía Nacional Civil (PNC).