Ashina Shibobi

Last updated
Tolis khagan or khan
Lesser Khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate
Predecessor Ashina Duobi
Successor Ashina Heluohu
BornAshina Shibobi
Spouse Princess Huainan (淮南公主)
Issue Ashina Heluohu
House Ashina
Father Shibi Qaghan
Religion Tengrism

Ashina Shibobi (born 602, Old Turkic regnal name: 𐱅𐰇𐰠𐰾𐰴𐰍𐰣, Töles qaγan) — was a lesser khagan (or Qaghan equivalent to Emperor), who ruled the eastern wing of Eastern Turkic Khaganate.


Early life

Ashina Shibobi was born to Shibi Qaghan. Shibobi created Nipu shad by Chuluo Qaghan and Tolis khagan by Illig Qaghan. [1] [2]


After the downfall of the Sui dynasty, Ashina Shibobi joined his uncle, Illig Qaghan's raids against Tang. On the 12th of August 624, their armies clashed West of Binzhou. Taizong then went to Shibobi to seek a peace deal. [3]

In 628, Kumo Xi tribes rose in rebellion against Tujue. Shibobi was unsuccessful in defeating the rebels, which made the khagan angry. After Yukuk Shad was defeated by Huige chief Yaoluge Pusa, Shibobi was ordered to pursue and defeat Yaoluge Pusa, but in late April, he was defeated. Illig ordered him to be flogged and imprisoned for 10 days. Taizong used this opportunity to encourage Shibobi to flee to Tang. [3]

On 21 April 628, Shibobi asked Taizong to help him fight Illig. [1] In December of the following year, Shibobi fully submitted to Tang and was given 700 families as a reward to serves as general in the dynasty. He died on his way to Changan, near Bingzhou.[ citation needed ]


He married Princess Huainan (淮南公主), daughter of Emperor Yang of Sui.

Related Research Articles

Bumin Qaghan (Old Turkic: 𐰉𐰆𐰢𐰣:𐰴𐰍𐰣, romanized: Bumïn qaγan, also known as Illig Qaghan or Yamï Qaghan was the founder of the Turkic Khaganate. He was the eldest son of Ashina Tuwu. He was the chieftain of the Turks under the sovereignty of Rouran Khaganate. He is also mentioned as Tumen of the Rouran Khaganate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bilge Qaghan</span> Fourth Qaghan of the Second Turkic Khaganate

Bilge Qaghan was the fourth Qaghan of the Second Turkic Khaganate. His accomplishments were described in the Orkhon inscriptions.

Yami Qaghan, personal name Ashina Rangan, at one point known as Tolis Qaghan and later El Ïduk Jamï(r) Qağan was the first qaghan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.

Shibi Khagan succeeded Yami Qaghan as the second khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.

Ashina Xichun, also known as Chuluo Khagan, was the khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate, and second son of Yami Qaghan. He succeeded his elder brother Shibi and ruled for 18 months.

Illig Qaghan, born Ashina Duobi, posthumous name Prince Huang of Guiyi (歸義荒王), was the last qaghan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.

Ishbara Khagan was the last khagan of the Western Turkic Khaganate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Xueyantuo</span> Tribal confederation in the Eurasian Steppe (3rd cen. BC – 4th cen. CE)

The Xueyantuo were an ancient Tiele tribe and khaganate in Northeast Asia who were at one point vassals of the Göktürks, later aligning with the Tang dynasty against the Eastern Göktürks.

Qaghan or Khagan is a title of imperial rank in the Turkic and Mongolian languages equal to the status of emperor and someone who rules a khaganate (empire).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastern Turkic Khaganate</span> Former empire in the 6th and 7th centuries

The Eastern Turkic Khaganate was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the internecine wars in the beginning of the 7th century after the First Turkic Khaganate had splintered into two polities – one in the east and the other in the west. Finally, the Eastern Turkic Khaganate was defeated and absorbed by the Tang dynasty, and Xueyantuo occupied the territory of the former Turkic Khaganate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks</span> Conquest of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate by the Tang dynasty

The Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks of 629-630 was an armed conflict that resulted in the Tang dynasty destroying the Eastern Turkic Khaganate and annexing its territories.

Qilibi Khan, personal name Ashina Simo (阿史那思摩), Chinese name Li Simo (李思摩), full regal title Yiminishuqilibi Khagan (乙彌泥孰俟力苾可汗), Tang noble title Prince of Huaihua (懷化王), was a member of the Eastern Tujue (Göktürk) royal house who was given the title of Khan of Eastern Tujue for several years, as a vassal of the Chinese Tang dynasty.

Chebi Khagan, reconstructed Old Turkic *Çavïş; personal name Ashina Hubo, full regal title Yizhuchebi Khagan, was a claimant of the title of khan of Eastern Turkic Khaganate after the collapse of Xueyantuo, who was successful for some time in reconstituting Eastern Turkic Khaganate, until he was defeated and captured by the Tang Dynasty general Gao Kan (高侃) in 650.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">First Turkic Khaganate</span> 552–603 khaganate founded by the Göktürks

The First Turkic Khaganate, also referred to as the First Turkic Empire, the Turkic Khaganate or the Göktürk Khaganate, was a Turkic khaganate established by the Ashina clan of the Göktürks in medieval Inner Asia under the leadership of Bumin Qaghan and his brother Istämi. The First Turkic Khaganate succeeded the Rouran Khaganate as the hegemonic power of the Mongolian Plateau and rapidly expanded their territories in Central Asia, and became the first Central Asian transcontinental empire from Manchuria to the Black Sea.

Yukuk Shad reigned in the final days of the Western Turkic Khaganate. His name Yukuk means "owl", according to Gumilyov, or means "venerable", according to Gabain. His full title was 乙毗咄陆可汗 or Yipi Duolu Kehan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Yinshan</span> Battle between the Tang dynasty and Eastern Turkic Khaganate

The Battle of Yinshan was fought in 630 CE near the Yin mountain range close to the city of Dingxiang. Emperor Taizong (598-649) commissioned the famed Tang military officer Li Jing, along with Li Shiji, Wei Xiaojie, Li Daozong, Chai Shao (柴紹), and Xue Wanche (薛萬徹) to attack forces under the command of Illig Qaghan, leader of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate, a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples based in Inner Asia. The battle ended in defeat for the Göktürks and resulted in the dissolution of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate, which was eventually replaced by the Protectorate General to Pacify the North, otherwise known as the Anbei Protectorate (安北都護府) in 647 CE after the Tang dynasty definitively conquered the Xueyantuo.

Irbis Ishbara Yabgu Qaghan - was a Qaghan of Nushibi faction in Western Turkic Khaganate.

Ashina Buzhen was a member of the ruling caste of the Western Turks. He was appointed khagan by Emperor Gaozong of the Tang dynasty after the conquest of the Western Turks. His fierce rivalry with his cousin, Ashina Mishe, was instrumental in driving the Western Turks away from the Tang and into allegiance with the Tibetan Empire.

Ashina She'er (阿史那社爾) was a Turkic prince and general in Tang military. He also briefly claimed the Western Turkic Khaganate in 628-634 centered around Beshbaliq.

Princess Yicheng was a Chinese princess of the Sui dynasty and a khatun of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate. She spent at least 30 years of her life among the Turks.


  1. 1 2 Hung, Hing Ming (2013). Li Shi Min, Founding the Tang Dynasty: The Strategies that Made China the Greatest Empire in Asia. Algora Publishing. ISBN   9780875869803.
  2. Old Book of Tang Vol. 194-1
  3. 1 2 Ahmet., Taşağil (1995–2004). Gök-Türkler. Atatürk Kültür, Dil, ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu (Turkey). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi. ISBN   975161113X. OCLC   33892575.