Assunta Marchetti

Last updated
Blessed
Assunta Marchetti
Assunta Marchetti.png
Religious
Born(1871-08-15)15 August 1871
Lombrici di Camaiore, Lucca, Kingdom of Italy
Died1 July 1948(1948-07-01) (aged 76)
São Paulo, Brazil
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 25 October 2014, São Paulo Cathedral, Brazil by Cardinal Angelo Amato
Feast 1 July
Attributes Religious habit
Patronage Scalabrinian Sisters

Blessed Assunta Marchetti (15 August 1871 – 1 July 1948) was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-founder of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo; she worked in Brazil from 1895 until her death. [1] [2] Her priest brother Giuseppe is titled as Venerable on the path to sainthood. [3]

Beatification recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person

Beatification is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name. Beati is the plural form, referring to those who have undergone the process of beatification.

Nun Member of a religious community of women

A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery. Communities of nuns exist in numerous religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism, and Taoism.

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Contents

Her beatification was celebrated on 25 October 2014; Cardinal Angelo Amato presided over the beatification on the behalf of Pope Francis.

Angelo Amato cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church

Angelo Amato, S.D.B. is an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints between 2008 and 2018. He served as Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 2002 to 2008 and became a cardinal in 2010.

Pope Francis 266th and current pope

Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, the first to visit the Arabian Peninsula, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century.

Life

Maria Assunta Caterina Marchetti was born on 15 August 1871 to Angelo Marchetti (1846-93) and Carola Ghilarducci as the third of eleven children; she received her baptism on 16 August. [1] Her siblings were:

Baptism Christian rite of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water

Baptism is a Christian rite of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity. The synoptic gospels recount that John the Baptist baptised Jesus. Baptism is considered a sacrament in most churches, and as an ordinance in others. Baptism is also called christening, although some reserve the word "christening" for the baptism of infants. It has also given its name to the Baptist churches and denominations.

Giuseppe Marchetti was an Italian Roman Catholic priest from the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo and the co-founder of the Sisters Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo. Marchetti served first as a local pastor after his ordination but decided to later help Blessed Bishop Giovanni Battista Scalabrini in his mission to tend to and support Italian emigrants. He started to take trips to Brazil to focus on Italians relocating there and later moved there to found an orphanage and to work alongside abandoned children and emigrants. He also invited his sister to help him in his work and she would continue his mission for the four decades after his death.

In 1880 all relocated to Mulino di Camaiore where her father commenced work as a miller. Marchetti received her Confirmation in 1883 and made her First Communion at the same time. [2] [3] Her aunt Caterina was an influence for her religious formation.

First Communion Christian Eucharistic sacrament, typically occurs between the ages of seven and thirteen

First Communion is a ceremony in some Christian traditions during which a person first receives the Eucharist. It is most common in the Latin Church tradition of the Catholic Church, as well as in many parts of the Lutheran Church and Anglican Communion. In churches that celebrate First Communion, it typically occurs between the ages of seven and thirteen, often acting as a rite of passage.

Marchetti led a pious life as a child but suffered hardships with a frail mother and the premature death of her father from pneumonia in 1893 and she had to help her mother and halt pursuing her dream to enter the Carmelites. The girl later met Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini and made vows as a nun into his hands on 25 October 1895 in Piacenza with her widowed mother and two companions Angela Larini and Maria Francheschini. [2] [3] In 1895 her priest brother Giuseppe invited her to work with him abroad in Brazil to cater to the orphans of Italian immigrants. [1] Marchetti accepted the invitation and travelled there alongside her mother and two companions (Larini and Francheschini) setting off from Genoa on 26 October 1895. Both she and her priest brother later co-founded the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo - or the Scalabrinian Sisters - not long after their arrival. Her mother later left Brazil back for her homeland to tend to her children in 1897. In October 1897 she made her perpetual profession to Father Faustino Consoni. She collaborated with Scalabrini in 1904 when he visited Brazil for a month not long before the latter died.

Pneumonia Infection of the lungs

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.

Carmelites Catholic mendicant religious order

The Carmelites, formally known as the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel or sometimes simply as Carmel by synecdoche, is a Roman Catholic mendicant religious order founded, probably in the 12th century, on Mount Carmel in the Crusader States, hence the name Carmelites. However, historical records about its origin remain very uncertain. Berthold of Calabria has traditionally been associated with the founding of the order, but few clear records of early Carmelite history have survived.

Giovanni Battista Scalabrini Bishop of Piacenza

Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate and the Bishop of Piacenza from 1876 until his death; he was the founder of both the Missionaries of Saint Charles and the Mission Sisters of Saint Charles. Scalabrini's rise to the episcopate came at a rapid pace after giving a series of lectures on the First Vatican Council in 1872 and his staunch dedication to catechism which led Pope Pius IX to dub him as the "Apostle of the Catechism"; successive popes Leo XIII and Pius X held him in incredible esteem and both failed to convince him accept archdioceses or the cardinalate. He made five pastoral visits across his diocese which proved to be an exhaustive but effective mission of evangelization and his efforts at reforming seminaries and pastoral initiatives earned him praise even from the secular detractors who criticized him for his strict obedience to the pope.

Marchetti was hospitalized in 1947 and was treated for varicose veins and erysipelas. Marchetti's condition deteriorated over the next several months and she later died in 1948 at 3:15 with two priests and others present at her bedside. [1]

Beatification

The beatification process started under Pope John Paul II on 24 January 1987 and as such she became titled as a Servant of God; Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns inaugurated the diocesan process in São Paulo on 12 June 1987 and later concluded it on 25 October 1991; the Congregation for the Causes of Saints validated this process on 17 December 1993 and received the Positio from the postulation in 2004.[ citation needed ] Theologians approved the cause's merits on 17 September 2010 as did the C.C.S. on 18 October 2011. The confirmation of her life of heroic virtue on 19 December 2011 allowed for Pope Benedict XVI to title her as Venerable.[ citation needed ]

The process for investigating a miracle took place in Porto Alegre from 7 April 1999 until 20 July 2000 prior to the C.C.S. validating this process on 16 November 2001. Medical experts approved this healing as a miracle on 9 February 2012 as did theologians on 14 February 2013 and the C.C.S. on 24 September 2013. Pope Francis approved this miracle on 9 October 2013 and the beatification date was confirmed on 17 December 2013.[ citation needed ]

Cardinal Angelo Amato presided over the beatification on the pope's behalf on 25 October 2014. The miracle was the permanent cure in 1994 of Heraclides Teixeira Filho of heart disease and other related ailments.[ citation needed ]

The current postulator for this cause is Sister Leocadia Mezzomo.[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Blessed Assunta Marchetti". Saints SQPN. 11 April 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 "Blessed Mother Assunta Marchetti - Biography". Scalabriniae. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 "Blessed Assunta Marchetti". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 3 December 2016.