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|Born||15 August 1871|
Lombrici di Camaiore, Lucca, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||1 July 1948 76) (aged|
São Paulo, Brazil
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||25 October 2014, São Paulo Cathedral, Brazil by Cardinal Angelo Amato|
Blessed Assunta Marchetti (15 August 1871 – 1 July 1948) was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-founder of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo; she worked in Brazil from 1895 until her death.Her priest brother Giuseppe is titled as Venerable on the path to sainthood.
Beatification is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name. Beati is the plural form, referring to those who have undergone the process of beatification.
A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery. Communities of nuns exist in numerous religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism, and Taoism.
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
Her beatification was celebrated on 25 October 2014; Cardinal Angelo Amato presided over the beatification on the behalf of Pope Francis.
Angelo Amato, S.D.B. is an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints between 2008 and 2018. He served as Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 2002 to 2008 and became a cardinal in 2010.
Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, the first to visit the Arabian Peninsula, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century.
Maria Assunta Caterina Marchetti was born on 15 August 1871 to Angelo Marchetti (1846-93) and Carola Ghilarducci as the third of eleven children; she received her baptism on 16 August.Her siblings were:
Baptism is a Christian rite of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity. The synoptic gospels recount that John the Baptist baptised Jesus. Baptism is considered a sacrament in most churches, and as an ordinance in others. Baptism is also called christening, although some reserve the word "christening" for the baptism of infants. It has also given its name to the Baptist churches and denominations.
Giuseppe Marchetti was an Italian Roman Catholic priest from the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo and the co-founder of the Sisters Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo. Marchetti served first as a local pastor after his ordination but decided to later help Blessed Bishop Giovanni Battista Scalabrini in his mission to tend to and support Italian emigrants. He started to take trips to Brazil to focus on Italians relocating there and later moved there to found an orphanage and to work alongside abandoned children and emigrants. He also invited his sister to help him in his work and she would continue his mission for the four decades after his death.
In 1880 all relocated to Mulino di Camaiore where her father commenced work as a miller. Marchetti received her Confirmation in 1883 and made her First Communion at the same time.Her aunt Caterina was an influence for her religious formation.
First Communion is a ceremony in some Christian traditions during which a person first receives the Eucharist. It is most common in the Latin Church tradition of the Catholic Church, as well as in many parts of the Lutheran Church and Anglican Communion. In churches that celebrate First Communion, it typically occurs between the ages of seven and thirteen, often acting as a rite of passage.
Marchetti led a pious life as a child but suffered hardships with a frail mother and the premature death of her father from pneumonia in 1893 and she had to help her mother and halt pursuing her dream to enter the Carmelites. The girl later met Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini and made vows as a nun into his hands on 25 October 1895 in Piacenza with her widowed mother and two companions Angela Larini and Maria Francheschini.In 1895 her priest brother Giuseppe invited her to work with him abroad in Brazil to cater to the orphans of Italian immigrants. Marchetti accepted the invitation and travelled there alongside her mother and two companions (Larini and Francheschini) setting off from Genoa on 26 October 1895. Both she and her priest brother later co-founded the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo - or the Scalabrinian Sisters - not long after their arrival. Her mother later left Brazil back for her homeland to tend to her children in 1897. In October 1897 she made her perpetual profession to Father Faustino Consoni. She collaborated with Scalabrini in 1904 when he visited Brazil for a month not long before the latter died.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.
The Carmelites, formally known as the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel or sometimes simply as Carmel by synecdoche, is a Roman Catholic mendicant religious order founded, probably in the 12th century, on Mount Carmel in the Crusader States, hence the name Carmelites. However, historical records about its origin remain very uncertain. Berthold of Calabria has traditionally been associated with the founding of the order, but few clear records of early Carmelite history have survived.
Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate and the Bishop of Piacenza from 1876 until his death; he was the founder of both the Missionaries of Saint Charles and the Mission Sisters of Saint Charles. Scalabrini's rise to the episcopate came at a rapid pace after giving a series of lectures on the First Vatican Council in 1872 and his staunch dedication to catechism which led Pope Pius IX to dub him as the "Apostle of the Catechism"; successive popes Leo XIII and Pius X held him in incredible esteem and both failed to convince him accept archdioceses or the cardinalate. He made five pastoral visits across his diocese which proved to be an exhaustive but effective mission of evangelization and his efforts at reforming seminaries and pastoral initiatives earned him praise even from the secular detractors who criticized him for his strict obedience to the pope.
Marchetti was hospitalized in 1947 and was treated for varicose veins and erysipelas. Marchetti's condition deteriorated over the next several months and she later died in 1948 at 3:15 with two priests and others present at her bedside.
The beatification process started under Pope John Paul II on 24 January 1987 and as such she became titled as a Servant of God; Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns inaugurated the diocesan process in São Paulo on 12 June 1987 and later concluded it on 25 October 1991; the Congregation for the Causes of Saints validated this process on 17 December 1993 and received the Positio from the postulation in 2004.[ citation needed ] Theologians approved the cause's merits on 17 September 2010 as did the C.C.S. on 18 October 2011. The confirmation of her life of heroic virtue on 19 December 2011 allowed for Pope Benedict XVI to title her as Venerable.[ citation needed ]
The process for investigating a miracle took place in Porto Alegre from 7 April 1999 until 20 July 2000 prior to the C.C.S. validating this process on 16 November 2001. Medical experts approved this healing as a miracle on 9 February 2012 as did theologians on 14 February 2013 and the C.C.S. on 24 September 2013. Pope Francis approved this miracle on 9 October 2013 and the beatification date was confirmed on 17 December 2013.[ citation needed ]
Cardinal Angelo Amato presided over the beatification on the pope's behalf on 25 October 2014. The miracle was the permanent cure in 1994 of Heraclides Teixeira Filho of heart disease and other related ailments.[ citation needed ]
The current postulator for this cause is Sister Leocadia Mezzomo.[ citation needed ]
Blessed Zofia Czeska-Maciejowska was a Polish professed religious and the founder of the Sisters of the Presentation. Czeska was married before a brief period of time before following her call into the religious life.
Saint María Bernarda Bütler - born Verena Bütler - was a Swiss Roman Catholic professed religious and the foundress of the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, and a part of the missions in Ecuador and Colombia. Bütler worked for the care of the poor in these places until her exile from Ecuador and entrance into Colombia where she worked for the remainder of her life. Her order moved there with her, and continued to expand during her time there until her death.
Blessed Francisca de Paula de Jesus - also known as Nhá Chica - was a Brazilian Roman Catholic laywoman who was a popular religious figure in Brazil known for her humble life and her dedication to God. Nhá Chica bore no surname and was an illegitimate child born to a slave mother; she herself as a slave until being freed in 1820 which allowed her to dedicate herself to the plight of the region's poor and the construction of a Marian chapel near which she resided for the remainder of her life.
Rachelina Ambrosini was an Italian Roman Catholic adolescent. Her childhood was marked with great devotion to the Blessed Mother and she was known for her intelligent and gentle disposition to those she came into contact with. But in the 1930s she had a dream in which she was told she would die before she turned sixteen. This came to pass after she died from severe meningitis in 1941.
Blessed Maria Vittoria De Fornari Strata was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the foundress of the Order of the Annunciation - or Blue Nuns. Fornari was married for just under a decade and decided not to find another spouse after having a vision of the Madonna who instructed her to lead a chaste life of motherhood. The widower decided to found an order not long after this based on the Carmelite charism.
Blessed Luca Passi was an Italian priest and the founder of the Teaching Sisters of Saint Dorothy. Two brothers of his were priests – following the example of their paternal uncle – and Passi himself moved to Venice in order to dedicate himself to both his preaching and educational missions.
Blessed Maria Josefa Alhama y Valera was a Roman Catholic Spanish nun and she was the founder of both the Handmaids of Merciful Love in 1930 and the Sons of Merciful Love in 1951. She took the name of "Maria Esperanza of Jesus" when she became a nun.
Blessed Ludwika Szczęsna was a Polish Roman Catholic nun and was also the co-founder of the Sister Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus which she established with Józef Sebastian Pelczar. She took the name of "Klara" when she became a nun.
Blessed Francesco Peleari was an Italian priest and a member of the Society of the Priests of Saint Giuseppe Benedetto Cottolengo. He was a noted preacher and was involved in the work of social services to the poor.
Blessed Giuseppe Nascimbeni was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who exercised his pastoral mission in his home of Verona and who also established the Little Sisters of the Holy Family.
Blessed Itala Mela was an Italian Roman Catholic who was a lapsed Christian until a sudden conversion of faith in the 1920s and as a Benedictine oblate assumed the name of "Maria della Trinità". Mela became one of the well-known mystics of the Church during her life and indeed following her death. She also penned a range of theological writings that focused on the Trinity, which she deemed was integral to the Christian faith.
Blessed Elisabetta Sanna was an Italian Roman Catholic from Codrongianos Province of Sassari who was an active member of both the Secular Franciscan Order and the Union of the Catholic Apostolate. In the latter she was a friend and compatriot of Saint Vincenzo Pallotti. As a result of smallpox, Sanna was for the most part disabled and further ailments prevented her from returning to her hometown after departing on a pilgrimage; this forced her to take up residence in Rome where she later died.
Blessed Giuditta Vannini, also known as Josephine Vannini, was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious who became a Camillian and established – alongside Blessed Luigi Tezza – the Daughters of St. Camillus. Upon her profession to the religious life in the Camillian order she assumed the new name of "Giuseppina".
Blessed Clotilde Micheli was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious who established the order known as the Sisters of Angels; she assumed the new name of "Maria Serafina of the Sacred Heart" upon the order's foundation and her profession into it. She had once before been part of a religious order in which she received the name of "Maria Annunziata" but discarded it when she left their ranks.
Blessed Maria Troncatti was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious from the Salesian Sisters of Don Bosco. Troncatti was of farming stock and entered her congregation in 1907; she worked as a nurse during World War I and became part of the missions in Ecuador from 1922 until her death in a plane crash in 1969.
Blessed Elisabetta Maria Satellico - in religious Maria Crocifissa - was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious from the Poor Clares who served as her convent's abbess.
Blessed Saturnina Rodríguez de Zavalía – in religious Catalina de María – was an Argentine Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Handmaids of the Heart of Jesus. Zavalía was married for just over a decade before she followed her religious calling and founded an order that spread across Argentina; she collaborated with Saint José Gabriel del Rosario Brochero before her death.