At-Takathur

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Sura 102 of the Quran
التكاثر
At-Takāthur
Rivalry In Worldly Increase
Classification Meccan
Other namesHoarding, Competition, Worldly Gain, Rivalry
Position Juzʼ 30
No. of verses 8
No. of words28
No. of letters122
Calligraphy of the Sura of Rivalry Sura CII.jpg
Calligraphy of the Sura of Rivalry

At-Takāthur (Arabic : التكاثر, "Rivalry, Competition") is the 102nd chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 8 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the supposed revelation ( asbāb al-nuzūl ), it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca, instead of later in Medina.

Contents

Overview

After the bismillah, this Surah is concerned with factionalism and schism amongst people. Disagreements between individuals and groups follows us "even until you visit the tombs". Three times in a row the sura warns the reader that "you shall know" that those who sow discord are headed towards Hell. Here, proper understanding is required for entrance into Paradise, and should one not attain this on Earth, one will receive the "eye of certainty" on the Day of Judgment, when "you shall be questioned ... concerning true bliss".

Theme and subject matter

Surah At-Takathur [102] Surah At-Takathur.gif
Surah At-Takathur [102]

Nahj al-Balagha commentary on Al-Islam.org is quoted as:

"The genesis of the descending of this verse is that the tribes of Banu Abd al-Manaf and Banu Sahm began to boast against each other over the abundance of their wealth and the number of their tribesmen, and in order to prove they had a greater number each one began to include their dead as well, whereupon this verse was revealed to the effect that abundance of riches and majority in numbers has made you so forgetful that you count the dead also with the living. This verse is also taken to mean that abundance of riches and progeny has made you forgetful till you reached the graves, but the utterance of Amir al-mu'minin supports the first meaning." [1]

Mention in ahadith

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References

  1. Sermon 219
  2. Sunan an-Nasa'i 3613. In-book reference : Book 30 (The Book of Wills), Hadith 3. English translation : Vol. 4, Book 30, Hadith 3643
  3. Grade: Sahih (Darussalam) English reference: Jami' at-Tirmidhi » Chapters on Tafsir Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3354. Arabic reference : كتاب تفسير القرآن عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم Book 47, Hadith 3678
  4. Reference: Jami' at-Tirmidhi 2342 In-book reference : Chapters On Zuhd Book 36, Hadith 39. English translation : Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2342