Rivalry In Worldly Increase
|Other names||Hoarding, Competition, Worldly Gain, Rivalry|
|No. of verses||8|
|No. of words||28|
|No. of letters||122|
At-Takāthur (Arabic : التكاثر, "Rivalry, Competition") is the 102nd chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 8 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the supposed revelation ( asbāb al-nuzūl ), it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca, instead of later in Medina.
After the bismillah, this Surah is concerned with factionalism and schism amongst people. Disagreements between individuals and groups follows us "even until you visit the tombs". Three times in a row the sura warns the reader that "you shall know" that those who sow discord are headed towards Hell. Here, proper understanding is required for entrance into Paradise, and should one not attain this on Earth, one will receive the "eye of certainty" on the Day of Judgment, when "you shall be questioned ... concerning true bliss".
Nahj al-Balagha commentary on Al-Islam.org is quoted as:
"The genesis of the descending of this verse is that the tribes of Banu Abd al-Manaf and Banu Sahm began to boast against each other over the abundance of their wealth and the number of their tribesmen, and in order to prove they had a greater number each one began to include their dead as well, whereupon this verse was revealed to the effect that abundance of riches and majority in numbers has made you so forgetful that you count the dead also with the living. This verse is also taken to mean that abundance of riches and progeny has made you forgetful till you reached the graves, but the utterance of Amir al-mu'minin supports the first meaning."
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