Atabegs of Yazd

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Atabegs of Yazd
Atābakān-e Yazd
اتابکان یزد
1141–1319
Capital Yazd
(1141–1319)
Languages Persian
Religion Islam
Government Monarchy
Atabeg
   1141–1188 Sam ibn Wardanruz
  1315–1319 Hajji Shah ibn Yusuf Shah
Historical era Middle Ages
   Established 1141
   Disestablished 1319
Preceded by
Succeeded by
KakuyidMapHistoryofIran.png Kakuyids
Muzaffarids (Iran) MuzaffaridDynastyofIranMapHistoryofIran.png

The Atabegs of Yazd (Persian : اتابکان یزد, Atābakān-e Yazd) were a local dynasty, which ruled the city of Yazd from about 1141 to 1319. They succeeded the Kakuyids to whom they were linked by marriage.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Yazd City in Iran

Yazd, formerly also known as Yezd, is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. The city is located 270 km (170 mi) southeast of Esfahan. At the 2011 census, the population was 529,673, and it is currently 15th largest city in Iran. Since 2017, the historical city of Yazd is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Kakuyids

The Kakuyids were a Daylamite dynasty that held power in western Persia, Jibal and Persian Iraq. They later became atabegs (governors) of Yazd, Isfahan and Abarkuh from c. 1051 to 1141. They were related to the Buyids.

Contents

From the names of the earlier members of the dynasty, it seems they were ethnically Persian, but like the Hazaraspids they had adopted the Turkish title of Atabeg. [1] Most of the Atabegs of Yazd were tributaries to the Saljuqs and the Mongol Il-Khans until they were finally overthrown by the Muzaffarids. [2]

The Persians are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran. They share a common cultural system and are native speakers of the Persian language, as well as closely related languages.

Hazaraspids dynasty

The Hazaraspids (1155–1424), was a Kurdish Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled the Zagros Mountains region of southwestern Iran, essentially in Lorestan and the adjacent parts of Fars which flourished in the later Saljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzaffarid, and Timurid periods.

Atabeg, Atabek, or Atabey is a hereditary title of nobility of a Turkic origin, indicating a governor of a nation or province who was subordinate to a monarch and charged with raising the crown prince. The first instance of the title's use was with early Seljuk Turks who bestowed it on the Persian vizier Nizam al-Mulk It was later used in the Kingdom of Georgia, first within the Armeno-Georgian family of Mkhargrdzeli as a military title and then within the house of Jaqeli as princes of Samtskhe.

List of rulers

Sam ibn Wardanruz was the first ruler of the Atabegs of Yazd dynasty from 1141 to 1188.

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Shabankara

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Yazd, Iran.

References

  1. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996. Excerpt 1 pp 209: "The Atabegs of Yazd" (1141-1297)" Excerpt 2: "From the names of the earlier members at least, it seems they were ethnically Persian, but, like the Hazaraspids, they adopted the Turkish title of Atabeg"
  2. S. C. Fairbanks, "ATĀBAKĀN-E YAZD" in Encyclopaedia Iranica. (accessed October 2010)

Sources

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Coordinates: 31°51′N54°22′E / 31.850°N 54.367°E / 31.850; 54.367

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

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