Atelier national de reproduction des thèses

Last updated
Atelier National de Reproduction des Thèses
ANRT Lille.jpg
ANRT building on the Lille campus
Established1971 (1971) - 2017 (2017)
Research typepublic
Budget €320,000 (2017)
Director Joachim Schöpfel 2012-2017
Staff 16
AddressDomaine universitaire Pont de Bois - BP 60149
Location Villeneuve d'Ascq, Hauts-de-France, France
Campus Pont de Bois
Affiliations Charles de Gaulle University Lille III

Public function

The French Atelier National de Réproduction des Thèses (ANRT), the national reproduction centre for PhD theses, was a public body under the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research (department of scientific and technical information and documentation network) until 2017. The ANRT mandate was to archive French PhD theses and to disseminate them in the academic network of university libraries, and to contribute to the valorization of the French scientific production of Higher Education and research. [1] It was attached as a service to the University of Lille III and located on the Lille III campus at Villeneuve-d'Ascq, in Northern France. In 2018, ANRT became a digitization unit of the academic library of the new University of Lille.



ANRT was created in 1971 to take charge of the reproduction of PhD theses of State (at the beginning, only social sciences and humanities). [2] Starting with offset, reproduction on microfilm has been established since 1983, [3] following the model of University Microfilms International.

At the beginning, there were two national centres, according to academic disciplines:

Both public institutions were part of the French national network for theses. Their role was to transform the print originals into microfiches and thus to contribute to the editing and reproduction of theses [4] In 2011 the two centres merged into one structure, located in a facility on the campus Pont de Bois of the University of Lille III at Villeneuve d'Ascq. [5]

ANRT worked closely with the Ministry of Higher Education, with the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education (ABES) and the university libraries. The ANRT network of users and customers extended beyond French borders and includes academic and scientific libraries and scientific bookstores in different European countries, America and Asia.

In 2017, the Ministry of Higher Education decided to discontinue the production and dissemination of PhD theses on microfiches and terminated the national mandate of the service.


As part of its national mandate, the ANRT provided university libraries with PhD theses on microfilm (microfiche). Upon request and under conditions, the ANRT could also provide digital files or a printed version to academic institutions.

The ANRT catalog contains 230,000 theses in all disciplines and is a unique heritage for the entire scientific community. Based on a non exclusive license with authors, over 7,600 theses are available through a print on demand service (POD) called Thèses à la Carte .

ANRT prints scientific documents (journals, books, conference proceedings) and digitizes scientific collections (ancient books, theses, etc.).


Under the tutelage of the French Ministry, ANRT participated in the national project of a Digital Scientific Library called Bibliothèque Numérique Scientifique (BSN). [6]

With the evolution of digital dissemination of theses, ANRT is positioned as a provider of digitization and dissemination of scientific production and contributes, on a regional level and with the university of Lille, to education and research projects.

See also

Related Research Articles

École centrale de Lille Graduate engineering school in Villeneuve dAscq, Lille metropolis, France

Located in the campus of Science and Technology of the University of Lille in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ; École Centrale de Lille is a renowned graduate engineering school, with roots back to 1854 as the École des arts industriels et des mines de Lille, re-organised in 1872 as Institut industriel du Nord. It is one of the Centrale Graduate Schools.

Sorbonne University Public research university in Paris, France

Sorbonne University is a public research university in Paris, France, established in 2018 by the merger of Paris-Sorbonne University, Pierre et Marie Curie University, along with smaller institutions. The date 1257 on its logo refers to the founding of Collège de Sorbonne by Robert de Sorbon, part of the university's early legacy. With 32 Nobel Prize and Fields Medal winners, Sorbonne University has a long tradition of academic excellence.

Thesis Document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree

A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. The term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations.

Habilitation defines the qualification to conduct self-contained university teaching and is the key for access to a professorship in many European countries. Despite all changes implemented in the European higher education systems during the Bologna Process, it is the highest qualification level issued through the process of a university examination and remains a core concept of scientific careers in these countries.

The grands établissements are French public institutions under ministerial charter under the administrative category referred to as Établissements publics à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel (EPCSP).

Lille University of Science and Technology Campus Lille 1, university located in Villeneuve dAscq, Lille, France

The Lille 1 University of Science and Technology was a French university located on a dedicated main campus in Villeneuve d'Ascq, near Lille, with 20,000 full-time students plus 14,500 students in continuing education (2004). 1,310 permanent faculty members plus 1,200 staff and around 140 CNRS researchers work there in the different University Lille 1 institutes and 43 research labs. University Lille 1 was a member of the European Doctoral College Lille Nord de France, which produces 400 doctorate dissertations every year. The university is ranked in the world top 200 universities in mathematics by the Shanghai ranking.

Microform Forms with microreproductions of documents

Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing. Microform images are commonly reduced to about one twenty-fifth of the original document size. For special purposes, greater optical reductions may be used.

University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne French university located at the heart of the Latin Quarter, in Paris

University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, also known as Paris 1 or Pantheon-Sorbonne University, is a multidisciplinary public research university in Paris, France.

Grey literature are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels. Common grey literature publication types include reports, working papers, government documents, white papers and evaluations. Organizations that produce grey literature include government departments and agencies, civil society or non-governmental organizations, academic centres and departments, and private companies and consultants.

Jean-Claude Guédon Canadian educator

Jean-Claude Guédon is a Quebec-based academic.

Charles de Gaulle University – Lille III Campus Lille 3

The Charles de Gaulle University – Lille III was a French university. Since 1974, the main campus of University of Lille III was located in Villeneuve d'Ascq in southern Lille, at Pont de Bois metro station, and includes 21,000 students.

The following summarizes basic academic ranks in the French higher education system. Most academic institutions being state-run, people with permanent positions are civil servants.

The École Nationale des Chartes is a French grande école and a constituent college of PSL Research University specialised in historical sciences. It was founded in 1821 and was located first at the National Archives, then at the Palais de la Sorbonne. In October 2014, it moved to 65 rue de Richelieu, opposite the Richelieu-Louvois site of the National Library of France. The school is administered by the Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research. It holds the status of grand établissement. Its students, who are recruited by competitive examination and hold the status of trainee civil servant, receive the qualification of archivist-paleographer after completing a thesis. They generally go on to follow careers as heritage curators in the archive and visual fields, as library curators or as lecturers and researchers in the human and social sciences. In 2005, the school also introduced master's degrees, for which students were recruited based on an application file, and, in 2011, doctorates.

University of Cauca university

The Universidad del Cauca is a public institution of higher education located in the city of Popayán, capital of the department of Cauca, Colombia. It was created on April 24, 1827 by Decree by the President Francisco de Paula Santander, civil foundation for higher level educational institutions in major cities of the country newly liberated from Spanish rule, for effects of training of citizens who would support the independent national life at all levels, in different areas and activities. It was installed November 11, 1827 and the nationalization was ratified by Law 65 of 1964. It currently has 43 programs undergraduate and 48 programs postgraduate which include 29 specializations, 14 Masters and 5 Ph.D..

IESEG School of Management Business School

IÉSEG School of Management is a post-bac business school in France, established in 1964 in Lille. This business school is a member of the Université Catholique de Lille, the largest private university in France in terms of student population and endowment. The school has two campuses, one in Lille and one in Paris. IÉSEG holds the “Triple Crown” of international accreditations: EQUIS, AACSB, and AMBA, and is part of a limited circle of the best business schools worldwide.

Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne inter-university library in Paris, France

The Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne is an inter-university library in Paris, France. It is situated in the Sorbonne building. It is a medieval institution of the Sorbonne, which evolved over the centuries as part of the University of Paris. It is a common library of Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Sorbonne-Nouvelle University, Sorbonne University, Paris Descartes University, and Paris Diderot University. It is administered by Panthéon-Sorbonne University as per a governing agreement signed among these universities in 2000.

Ernest Louis Georges Will was a 20th-century French archaeologist and University professor, a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.

Bibliothèque universitaire des langues et civilisations

The Bibliothèque universitaire des langues et civilisations (BULAC) is a major academic library located in Paris Rive Gauche and which has been open to the public since its 2011 opening. The library has a scope that includes all languages and civilisations that are not those of the Western World. It provides more than one million documents written in all languages, formed from the former collections of more than 20 libraries.

University of Lille French university located in Lille. Founded in 1559 in Douai; split between 1970 and 2017 into three independent universities (Lille-I, Lille-II and Lille-III).

The University of Lille is a French pluridisciplinary public university located in and around Lille, Hauts-de-France. It has its origins in the University of Douai (1559), and resulted from the merger in 2018 of the three universities Lille 1 University of Science and Technology, Lille 2 University of Health and Law, and Lille 3 Charles de Gaulle University of humanities, social sciences, literature and arts. With more than 67,000 students, it is the largest French university and one of the largest French-speaking universities in the world.

COUPERIN is an academic consortium in France. Formed in 1999, it includes more than 250 universities, research organizations, Grandes écoles (schools), COMUE, and others. The consortium negotiates with publishers the prices and conditions of access to scientific publications and other digital resources for the benefit of its members. It promotes open science, particularly with regard to scientific publications, both nationally and internationally. It is headquartered in Paris.


  1. Schöpfel, J., 2013. ANRT Lille: the French national centre for the reproduction of PhD theses. Interlending & Document Supply 41 (1), 3-6. URL
  2. Article 7 de l'arrêté du 7 août 2006 relatif aux modalités de dépôt, de signalement, de reproduction, de diffusion et de conservation des thèses ou des travaux présentés en soutenance en vue du doctorat, JORF no 195 du 24 août 2006, p. 12471, texte no 24, NOR MENS0602085A, available at Légifrance.
  3. Vitoux, M.-C., 1984. Les thèses. Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France 29 (2), 158-160. URL
  4. Paillassard, P., Schöpfel, J., Stock, C., 2007. Dissemination and preservation of French print and electronic theses. The Grey Journal 3 (2), 77-93. URL
  5. See presentation of the ANRT on its official website
  6. Colas, A., 2009. Administration centrale et bibliothèques universitaires. vers une refondation des relations. Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France 54 (6), 6-11. URL