Atiku Abubakar

Last updated

Atiku Abubakar
Atiku Abubakar-2010.jpg
11th Vice President of Nigeria
In office
29 May 1999 29 May 2007
President Olusegun Obasanjo
Preceded by Mike Akhigbe
Succeeded by Goodluck Jonathan
Personal details
Born (1946-11-25) 25 November 1946 (age 72)
Jada, Adamawa, Nigeria
Political party People's Democratic Party
Education Ahmadu Bello University
Website Official website

Atiku Abubakar GCON (born 25 November 1946) is a Nigerian politician, businessman, philanthropist and presidential candidate of the People's Democratic Party at the 2019 Nigerian general election. [1] He served as the 11th vice-president of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007 under the presidency of Olusegun Obasanjo. [2]

Peoples Democratic Party (Nigeria) Political party in Nigeria

The People's Democratic Party (PDP) is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies generally lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum. It won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, and was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances. Currently, PDP controls 14 states out of 36 states in Nigeria.

2019 Nigerian general election Elections in Nigeria

General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate. The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Election Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time. In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence. Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections.

Olusegun Obasanjo Nigerian politician

Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph.D. is a former Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. Obasanjo was a career soldier before serving twice as his nation's head of state: He served as a military ruler from 13 February 1976 to 1 October 1979 and as a democratically elected president from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. From July 2004 to January 2006, Obasanjo also served as Chairperson of the African Union. Obasanjo is the first Nigerian to serve as a military head of state and a civilian president. Today, he is an icon in the Nigerian political landscape.

Contents

In 1998 he was elected Governor of Adamawa State. While still Governor-Elect, he was selected by then-presidential candidate Olusegun Obasanjo as his running mate. The duo went on to win elections in February 1999, and Abubakar was sworn-in as Nigeria's second democratically elected vice president on 29 May 1999. [3] Abubakar's second term as Vice President was marked by a stormy relationship with President Obasanjo. [4] His bid to succeed Obasanjo did not receive the latter's support, and it took a judgment of the Supreme Court to allow Abubakar contest after he was initially disqualified by the Independent National Electoral Commission on the grounds that he had been indicted for financial misconduct by an investigating panel set up at Obasanjo's behest. The Supreme Court ordered the electoral commission to restore Abubakar's name onto the presidential ballot. Abubakar ran on the platform of the Action Congress, having quit the PDP on account of his issues with President Obasanjo. Abubakar lost the election, placing third after Umaru Yar'Adua and Muhammadu Buhari of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP).

Adamawa State State in Nigeria

Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. In 1991, when Taraba State was carved out from Gongola State, the geographical entity Gongola State was renamed Adamawa State, with four administrative divisions: Adamawa, Michika, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is the home of the American University of Nigeria in Yola and Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola. It is one of the thirty-six states that constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Independent National Electoral Commission Nigerian electoral body

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), set up in 1998, is the electoral body which was set up to oversee elections in Nigeria.

Muhammadu Buhari Nigerian president

Muhammadu Buhari is a Nigerian politician currently serving as the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a retired major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d'état. The term Buharism is ascribed to the Buhari military government.

Abubakar is a co-founder of Intels Nigeria Limited, an oil servicing business with extensive operations in Nigeria and abroad. He is also the founder of Adama Beverages Limited, and the American University of Nigeria (AUN), both in Yola, Adamawa.

Intels Nigeria Limited is Nigeria's largest logistics company. It was founded in 1982 as Nicotes Services Ltd and is based in Onne, Nigeria. It is partly owned by Nigeria's former vice President Atiku Abubakar. The company provides integrated logistics services for the Nigerian oil and gas industry. Its services include agency services; cargo services; port management and support services in shore bases. The company also provides equipment, including cranes, forklifts, pipe handlers, generators, trucks, trailers, and others; specialized services; and port facilities, equipment, and personnel services.

American University of Nigeria

American University of Nigeria (AUN) is a private university in northeastern Nigeria that offers American style higher education programs at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels. Founded in 2004, it is the only American style university in Sub-Saharan Africa. AUN is accredited by the Nigerian National Universities Commissions.

Yola, Adamawa Place in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Yola, meaning 'Great Plain' or 'Vast Plain Land', is the capital city and administrative center of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Located on the Benue River, it has a population of 336,648 (2010). Yola is split into two parts. The old town of Yola where the Lamido resides is the traditional city but the new city of Jimeta is the administrative and commercial centre. Generally the term Yola is now used to mean both. To the north are the Mandara Mountains and the south are the Shebshi Mountains with Dimlang (Vogel) Peak the second highest point in Nigeria after Chappal Waddi. Yola is an access point to the Gashaka Gumpti Nature Reserve, which is the largest national park in Nigeria, the Ngel Nyaki montane forest reserve, the Mambilla Plateau, The Sukur UNESCO World heritage site, which is Africa's first cultural landscape to receive World Heritage List inscription, The Yadin Waterfalls, The Kiri Dam on the Gongola River, The Benue national park in nearby Cameroon, The Waza National Park, and Cameroonian town of Garoua, which lies across the Border, on the Benue river.

Early life

Atiku Abubakar was born on 25 November 1946 to a Fulani trader and farmer Garba Abubakar, and his second wife, Aisha Kande, in Jada village of Adamawa State. He was named after his paternal grandfather Atiku Abdulqadir and became the only child of his parents when his only sister died at infancy. [5] In 1957, his father died by drowning while crossing a river to Toungo, a neighbouring village to Jada. [5]

Jada, Adamawa LGA and town in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Jada is a town and Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Jada as a local government Area was excavated from Ganye local government Area of adamawa state Nigeria. "Ganye" the food basket of adamawa state is still the mother of the whole chamba land under the leadership of Alhaji. Adamu Sanda and Gangwari of Ganye local government area. Ganye, Jada, Toungo, and some part of Mayo Belwa, the Four (4) listed Local government are occupied by Chamba people.

After completed his primary school education in 1960, he was admitted into Adamawa Provincial Secondary School in the same year, alongside 59 other students. He graduated from secondary school in 1965 after he made grade three [6] in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination. Abubakar then proceeded to attend Nigerian Police College, Kaduna. He left the college for a position as a tax official in the Regional Ministry of Finance. Later he received admission to study at the School of Hygiene, Kano in 1966. In 1967, he graduated with a diploma. That same year, Atiku Abubakar was admitted for a Law Diploma at Ahmadu Bello University on a scholarship. He graduated in 1969 and was employed by Nigeria Customs Service that same year.

The West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) is a type of standardized test in West Africa. It is administered by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC). It is only offered to candidates residing in Anglophone West African countries. The academic school-leaving qualification awarded upon successful completion of the exams is the West African Senior School Certificate (WASSC).

Kaduna Place in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Kaduna is the state capital of Kaduna State in north-western Nigeria, on the Kaduna River. It is a trade centre and a major transportation hub for the surrounding agricultural areas, with its rail and road junction. The population of Kaduna was at 760,084 as of the 2006 Nigerian census.

Kano Capital city in Northern Nigeria

Kano is the state capital of Kano State in North West, Nigeria. It is situated in the Sahelian geographic region, south of the Sahara. Kano is the commercial nerve centre of Northern Nigeria and is the second largest city in Nigeria. The Kano metropolis initially covered 137 square kilometres, and comprised six local government areas (LGAs) — Kano Municipal, Fagge, Dala, Gwale, Tarauni and Nasarawa; However, it now covers two additional LGAs — Ungogo and Kumbotso. The total area of Metropolitan Kano is now 499 square kilometres, with a population of 2,828,861 as of the 2006 Nigerian census; the latest official estimate is 3,931,300.

Education

His father was opposed to the idea of Western education and tried to keep Atiku Abubakar out of the traditional school system. When the government discovered that Abubakar was not attending mandatory schooling, his father spent a few days in jail until Aisha Kande's mother paid the fine. At the age of eight, Abubakar enrolled in the Jada Primary School, Adamawa.

In 1960, he was admitted to Adamawa Provincial Secondary School in Yola where he did well in English Language and Literature, struggled with Physics and Chemistry and Mathematics. He graduated with a Grade Three WASSCE/GCE Certificate in 1965.

Following secondary school, Abubakar studied a short while at the Nigeria Police College in Kaduna. He left the College when he was unable to present an O-Level Mathematics result. He worked briefly as a Tax Officer in the regional Ministry of Finance, from where he gained admission to the school of Hygiene in Kano in 1966. He graduated with a Diploma in 1967, having served as Interim Student Union President at the school. In 1967 he enrolled for a Law Diploma at the Ahmadu Bello University Institute of Administration, on a scholarship from the regional government. After graduation in 1969, during the Nigerian Civil War, he was employed by the Nigeria Customs Service.

Marriages and family

Abubakar has four wives and is the father to 28 children. [7]

While at Idi-Iroko, Abubakar met nineteen-year-old Titilayo Albert, who he secretly married in December 1971, in Lagos, because her family was initially opposed to the union. On 26 October 1972, Titilayo delivered a baby girl they named Fatima. She later gave birth to Adamu, Halima and Aminu.

In January 1979, he married Ladi Yakubu as his second wife. "I wanted to expand the Abubakar family. I felt extremely lonely as a child. I had no brother and no sister. I did not want my children to be as lonely as I was. This is why I married more than one wife. My wives are my sisters, my friends, and my advisers and they complement one another," Abubakar has said. [8] He has six children with Ladi: Abba, Atiku, Zainab, Ummi-Hauwa, Maryam and Rukaiyatu.

In 1983 he married his third wife, Princess Rukaiyatu, daughter of the late Lamido of Adamawa, Aliyu Musdafa. She gave birth to Aisha, Hadiza, Aliyu (named after her late father), Asmau, Mustafa, Laila and Abdulsalam. His fourth wife, Fatima Shettima, followed in 1986. Fatima gave birth to her first child Amina (Meena), Mohammed and two sets of twins Ahmed and Shehu, Zainab and Aisha then her last daughter Hafsat.

Abubakar later divorced Ladi, allowing him to marry, as his fourth wife (the maximum permitted him as a Muslim), Jennifer Iwenjiora Douglas. [9]

Business career

Abubakar started out in the real estate business during his early days as a Customs Officer. In 1974 he applied for and received a 31,000 naira loan to build his first house in Yola, which he put up for rent. From proceeds of the rent, he purchased another plot and built a second house. He continued this way, building a sizeable portfolio of property in Yola.

In 1981 he moved into agriculture, acquiring 2,500 hectares of land near Yola to start a maize and cotton farm. The business fell on hard times and closed in 1986. "My first foray into agriculture, in the 1980s, ended in failure," he wrote in an April 2014 blog. [10] He then ventured into trading, buying and selling truckloads of rice, flour and sugar.

Abubakar worked in the Nigeria Customs Service for twenty years, rising to become the Deputy Director, as the second highest position in the Service was then known. He retired in April 1989 and took up full-time business and politics. [11] He ran for the office of governor in the Gongola State (now Adamawa and Taraba States) in 1991, and for the Presidency in 1993, placing third after MKO Abiola and Babagana Kingibe in the Social Democratic Party (SDP) primaries.

Abubakar's most important business move came while he was a Customs Officer at the Apapa Ports. Gabrielle Volpi, an Italian businessman in Nigeria, invited him to set up Nigeria Container Services (NICOTES), a logistics company operating within the Ports. NICOTES would go on to provide immense wealth to Abubakar. Conflict of interest accusations has since trailed him on account of his involvement in business while a civil servant, who exercised supervisory authority.

On his part, Abubakar has defended the decision, saying his involvement was limited to the ownership of shares (which government rules permitted), and that he was not involved in the day-to-day running of the business. NICOTES would later be rebranded INTELS, and go on to feature prominently in accusations of money laundering levelled against Abubakar by the U.S. government during his Vice Presidency. [12]

Abubakar's business empire also includes Adama Beverages Limited, a beverage manufacturing plant in Yola, as well as an animal feed factory.

Early political career

Abubakar's first foray into politics was in the early 1980s, when he worked behind-the-scenes on the governorship campaign of Bamanga Tukur, who at that time was managing director of the Nigeria Ports Authority. He canvassed for votes on behalf of Tukur, and also donated to the campaign. Towards the end of his Customs career, he met Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, who had been second-in-command of the military government that ruled Nigeria between 1976 and 1979. Abubakar was drawn by Yar'Adua into the political meetings that were now happening regularly in Yar'Adua's Lagos home. In 1989 Abubakar was elected a National Vice-Chairman of the Peoples Front of Nigeria, the political association led by Yar'Adua, to participate in the transition programme initiated by Head of State Ibrahim Babangida. The Peoples Front of Nigeria included politicians such as Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, Babalola Borishade, Bola Tinubu, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Rabiu Kwankwaso and Sabo Bakin Zuwo.

Abubakar won a seat to represent his constituency at the 1989 Constituent Assembly, set up to decide a new constitution for Nigeria. The People's Front was eventually denied registration by the government (none of the groups that applied was registered), and found a place within the Social Democratic Party, one of the two parties decreed into existence by the regime. [13]

First gubernatorial run

On 1 September 1990, Abubakar announced his Gongola State gubernatorial bid. A year later, before the elections could hold, Gongola State was broken up into two – Adamawa and Taraba States – by the Federal Government. Abubakar fell into the new Adamawa State. After the contest he won the SDP Primaries in November 1991, but was soon disqualified by the government from contesting the elections. [13]

First presidential run

In 1992 Abubakar launched a bid for the presidency of Nigeria on the platform of the Social Democratic Party. He was unsuccessful, coming third in the convention primaries, losing to MKO Abiola and runner up Babagana Kingibe [13]

Second gubernatorial run

In 1998 Abubakar launched a bid for the governorship of Adamawa State on the platform of the People's Democratic Party. He won the December 1998 elections, but before he could be sworn in he accepted a position as the running mate to the People's Democratic Party's presidential candidate, former Head of State Olusegun Obasanjo. [14]

Vice-Presidency

Seal of the Vice-President. VICE-Presidential-Small1.JPG
Seal of the Vice-President.

Abubakar was sworn in as Vice-President of Nigeria on 29 May 1999. He presided over the National Council on Privatization, overseeing the sale of hundreds of loss-making and poorly managed public enterprises.

In 1999 he, alongside South African Deputy President Jacob Zuma, launched the South Africa Nigeria Binational Commission. [15]

In 2006, Abubakar was involved in a bitter public battle with his boss, President Olusegun Obasanjo, ostensibly arising from the latter's bid to amend certain provisions of the constitution to take another shot at the presidency (for the third consecutive time). [16]

In a November 2013 interview, regarding Obasanjo's alleged attempts to justify his third term bid, Abubakar is quoted as saying: "[He] informed me that 'I left power twenty years ago, I left Mubarak in office, I left Mugabe in office, I left Eyadema in office, I left Umar Bongo, and even Paul Biya and I came back and they are still in power; and I just did eight years and you are asking me to go; why?' And I responded to him by telling him that Nigeria is not Libya, not Egypt, not Cameroun, and not Togo; I said you must leave; even if it means both of us lose out, but you cannot stay." [17]

The debate and acrimony generated by the failed constitutional amendment momentarily caused a rift in the People's Democratic Party. The Nigerian National Assembly eventually voted against any amendments allowing Obasanjo to run for another term. [18]

The Abubakar-Obasanjo face-off damaged the personal relationship between both men.

Second presidential run

On 25 November 2006 Abubakar announced that he would run for president. On 20 December 2006, he was chosen as the presidential candidate of the Action Congress (AC). [19]

On 14 March 2007, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) released the final list of 24 aspirants for 21 April presidential election. Abubakar's name was missing from the ballot. INEC issued a statement stating that Abubakar's name was missing because he was on a list of persons indicted for corruption by a panel set up by the government. [20] Abubakar headed to the courts on 16 March to have his disqualification overturned.

Abubakar with Muhammadu Buhari. Atiku, GMB at PGLS 1.jpg
Abubakar with Muhammadu Buhari.

The Supreme Court unanimously ruled on 16 April that INEC had no power to disqualify candidates. [21]

The ruling allowed Abubakar to contest the election, although there were concerns that it might not be possible to provide ballots with Abubakar's name by 21 April, the date of the election. On 17 April, a spokesman for INEC said that Abubakar would be on the ballot.

According to official results, Abubakar took third place, behind PDP candidate Umaru Yar'Adua and ANPP candidate Muhammadu Buhari, with approximately 7% of the vote (2.6 million votes). Abubakar rejected the election results and called for its cancellation, describing it as Nigeria's "worst election ever." [22]

He stated that he would not attend Umaru Yar'Adua's inauguration on 29 May due to his view that the election was not credible, saying that he did not want to "dignify such a hollow ritual with my presence". [23]

Post Vice-Presidency

Third presidential run

Following the 2007 elections, Abubakar returned to the People's Democratic Party. In October 2010 he announced his intention to contest for the Presidency. On 22 November, a Committee of Northern Elders selected him as the Northern Consensus Candidate, over former Military President Ibrahim Babangida, former National Security Adviser Aliyu Gusau and Governor Bukola Saraki of Kwara State. [24]

In January 2011, Abubakar contested for the Presidential ticket of his party alongside President Jonathan and Sarah Jubril, and lost the primary, garnering 805 votes to President Jonathan's 2736. [25]

Relationship with President Obasanjo

On 30 March 2014, Nigerian media reported that a delegation from the Northern Youth Leaders Forum visited Obasanjo at his home in Abeokuta and pleaded with him to "forgive your former vice-president, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar of whatever political sin or offence he might have committed against you." In response, Obasanjo is quoted as saying that "as a leader and father, I bear no grudge against anybody and if there is, I have forgiven them all." [26]

Peoples Democratic Movement (PDM)

In August 2013, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) registered two new political parties. One of them was the Peoples Democratic Movement. Local media reports suggested that the party was formed by Abubakar as a back-up plan in case he was unable to fulfil his rumoured presidential ambitions on the PDP platform. [27] In a statement Abubakar acknowledged that the PDM was founded by his "political associates", but that he remained a member of the PDP. [28]

All Progressives Congress

On 2 February 2014, Abubakar left the Peoples Democratic Party to the join All Progressives Congress. [29] with the intent of contesting the Nigerian presidency in 2015 on the party's platform. [30]

On Friday, 24 November 2017, Abubakar announced his exit from the All Progressives Congress (APC), a party he helped to form. [31]

Return to PDP

On 3 December 2017, via a Facebook Live broadcast, Abubakar announced his return to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). The announcement followed consultations the former Vice President had with party leaders and stakeholders from across the country. He said he decided to 'return home' to the PDP now that the issues which made him leave the party had been resolved. [32]

Fourth presidential run

Abubakar declared his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the PDP mid 2018 and won the nomination at its convention on 7 October. He defeated 11 other contestants and got 1,532 votes, 839 more than the runner-up, the Governor of Sokoto State Aminu Tambuwal.

Atiku Abubakar continued his campaign rally in Kogi State as he promised to complete abandoned projects in the state. [33] On 30 January, he participated in the town hall meeting tagged #NGTheCandidate. And in the meeting, he declared that he will grant amnesty to looters [34] and he vowed to privatize 90% of NNPC, Nigeria's primary source of income. [35] Atiku took his campaigns to Katsina, visit Emir of Daura on 7 February 2019 [36]

On February 27, 2019, Atiku lost the presidential race to President Buhari. [37] He is willing [38] to contest the election in court describing the election as “worst in Nigeria’s democratic history."

Philanthropy and promotion of education

American University of Nigeria (AUN) is the first American-style university to be established in Sub-Saharan Africa. It was founded in Yola, the capital of Adamawa State as American University of Nigeria (AUN) by Abubakar in 2005. He has said that having benefited from the U.S. system of instruction as a young man, he was eager to make available in Nigeria an American styled faculty – emphasizing critical thinking, small classes, student participation, problem-solving. AUN has received special recognition from Google.

In 2012 Abubakar donated $750,000 to the National Peace Corps Association in the United States, "to fund a new initiative featuring global leaders who will discuss Peace Corps's impact." It was the largest ever individual donation in the Association's history. [39]

In his speeches and commentary, Abubakar is a vocal advocate of the importance of Nigeria's educational system. In August 2013 he sponsored a students' essay contest to generate solutions to Nigeria's most pressing institutional educational challenges. Entrants were asked to write between 2,000 and 5,000 words on the topic 'More Learning to More People: How can Nigeria be more innovative in bridging its literacy and skills gap?'. [40]

A longlist was announced on 21 October 2013, [41] and the winners a week later. The joint first prize went to Kenechukwu Nneka Lily Nwagbo and Emeka Chigozie Ezekwesiri. [42] [43]

Upon the release of the dismal results of the May–June 2014 West African Examinations Council (WAEC) results, [44] Abubakar said, in a statement:

″Our country’s educational institutions are clearly not providing quality learning. Our teachers need to be taught. This situation is a new development—of the past 10 years or so. The steady decline of education in Nigeria is a reflection of our country’s relegation of education to the background of national essentialities. That is where the change must begin. Teachers are important—as important as senators and doctors. Indeed, teachers determine the quality of senators and doctors. And so, the entire country stands to suffer the effects of this neglect in future. Nigeria must once again make education a priority. We must return to the basics.″ [45]

In a bid to alleviate the educational decadence in Northeastern Nigeria, Abubakar issued scholarships to 15 escapees of the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping. [46]

Jefferson William bribery and money laundering case in the United States

Abubakar is banned from travelling to the United States for a reason unknown to the public. Atiku was implicated in an international bribery scandal along with William Jefferson and one of Atiku's wives, Jennifer Atiku Abubakar. [47] [48] In January 2017, the U.S. government released a statement saying it would need the consent of the politician before it can disclose the true state of his immigration status to the United States. [49] Abubakar has publicly claimed that the true reason is that his visa is still being processed, [50] a statement the spokesperson for the Nigerian president called "curious". [51]

However, In recent times, Atiku in company with Bukola Saraki, visited the United States 17 January 2019 with the aid of Brian Ballard. [52] [53]

Honours and awards

In 1982 Abubakar was awarded the chieftaincy of the Turaki of Adamawa by Adamawa's traditional ruler, Alhaji Aliyu Mustafa. The title had previously been reserved for the monarch's favourite prince in the palace, as the holder is in charge of the monarch's domestic affairs.

In 2011, while celebrating the 50th anniversary of the US Peace Corps in 2011, the National Peace Corps Association (NPCA) – an independent 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organisation, separate from the Peace Corps, that serves as an alumni association for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers – honoured Abubakar with the Harris Wofford Global Citizen Award.
At the presentation of the award, the National Peace Corps Association described Abubakar as one individual who contributed to the development of higher education on the continent of Africa. "No private businessman in Africa has worked harder for democracy or contributed more to the progress of higher education than Atiku Abubakar," the NPCA said.

In June 2017, Abubakar was awarded the chieftaincy title of the Waziri of Adamawa, and his previous title of Turaki was transferred to his son Aliyu.

Social media

Abubakar has been active on Twitter since the 2011 elections, but stepped up his engagement in May 2013. In August 2013, he became the second Nigerian politician to be verified, after Lagos State Governor Tunde Fashola. As of September 2019, he has over 2 million followers on Twitter and over 770,000 Facebook fans. Also in 2013, he launched a blog. [54]

In an August 2013 post, he shared his views on the role and relevance of social media to governance and democracy in Nigeria. [55]

True Federalism campaign

Abubakar launched the True Federalism campaign in 2017. He has been delivering speeches all over the country inspiring Nigerians on the need to restructure the country. He has been receiving massive endorsement for his stand on True Federalism.

He recently declared at an event where he was conferred the award Hero Of Democracy by Hall of Grace Magazine.

“Political decentralization will also help to deepen and strengthen our democracy as it will encourage more accountability. Citizens are more likely to demand accountability when governments spend their tax money rather than rent collected from an impersonal source.”

He also said: "True Federalism will encourage states to competes to attract investments and skilled workers rather than merely waiting for monthly revenue allocation from Abuja"

Many of his speeches have caused positive stir nationwide as Nigerians are supporting the idea of True Federalism which involves allowing states to have control over their resources most especially the South-South and South East of Nigeria. [56]

See also

Related Research Articles

Shehu Musa Yar'Adua was a retired Nigerian Army major general who served as the Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters under General Olusegun Obasanjo's 1976 - 1979 military government.

Elections in Nigeria

Elections in Nigeria are forms of choosing representatives to the Nigerian federal government and the various states in the fourth republic Nigeria.

Umaru Musa YarAdua President of Nigeria

Umaru Musa Yar'Adua was the 13th president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. He was governor of Katsina State in northern Nigeria from 29 May,1999 to 28 May,2007. He was declared the winner of the controversial Nigerian presidential election held on 21 April,2007, and was sworn in on 29 May,2007. He was a member of the People's Democratic Party (PDP). In 2009, Yar'Adua left for Saudi Arabia to receive treatment for pericarditis. He returned to Nigeria on 24 February,2010, where he died on 5 May.

Rabiu Kwankwaso Nigerian politician

Engineer Rabi'u Musa popularly known as Rabiu Kwankwaso is a Nigerian politician from Kano state. He was two times Governor of Kano State from 1999–2003 and 2011–2015. Rabiu was the first governor of Kano State in the fourth republic who was elected under the platform of People's Democratic Party (PDP). Kwankwaso lost re-election bid in 2003 to Ibrahim Shekarau and was in July same year appointed defense minister by President Olusegun Obasanjo.

2007 Nigerian general election

General elections were held in Nigeria on 21 April 2007 to elect the President and National Assembly. Governorship and State Assembly elections had been held on 14 April.

Action Congress of Nigeria political party

The Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), formerly known as Action Congress (AC), was a Nigerian political party formed via the merger of a faction of Alliance for Democracy, the Justice Party, the Advance Congress of Democrats, and several other minor political parties in September 2006. The party controlled Lagos. It was regarded as a natural successor to the progressive politics more closely associated with the Action Group and Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) led by Chief Obafemi Awolowo in the First and Second Republics respectively. However, criticism of the party's more pragmatic and less ideological political outlook associated with AG and UPN, has made many argue it was less of a worthy political heir. The Party had strong presence in the South West, Mid-West and North Central Regions. Lagos, Edo, Ekiti, Kogi, Ondo, Bauchi, Plateau, Niger, Adamawa, Oyo and Osun states by far accounts for majority of the party's presence and discernible power base.

The Social Democratic Party of Nigeria, commonly known as the SDP, was established as a center-left political organization. It was created by former President Ibrahim Babangida via a democracy project meant to form two detribalized political parties - one slightly to the left and one to the right. During the Nigerian Third Republic it was seen as a moderate party attractive to young radical intellectuals and socialists. In its manifesto, it called for concerted efforts to improve welfare and fight for social justice.

Fourth Nigerian Republic

The Fourth Republic is the current republican government of Nigeria. Since 1999 it has governed the country according to the fourth republican constitution. It was in many ways a revival of the Second Republic, which was in place between 1979 and 1983 and suffers many of the same problems, such as multiple ministries which made policy planning difficult. Nigeria adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on May 29, 1999.

Bamanga Tukur (CON) is a prominent Nigerian businessman and politician who served as Minister for Industries in the administration of General Sani Abacha during the 1990s. He is one of the high-profile civil servants and military officers who acquired large areas of farmland along the various River Basin authorities. He is currently life patron of ABR. Was as of 2012 the president of the Africa Business Roundtable. From March 2012 to January 2014, Tukur was National Chairman of the People's Democratic Party (PDP).

Ghali Umar Na'Abba is a Nigerian businessman and politician, a member of the People's Democratic Party (PDP) who represented the Kano Municipal Federal constituency of Kano State from 1999 to 2003.

Lawal Kaita was a Nigerian politician elected on the National Party of Nigeria (NPN) platform as governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria, holding office between October and December 1983, when the Nigerian Second Republic ended with the coup that brought General Muhammadu Buhari to power.

Aliyu Mohammed Gusau is a retired Lieutenant General of the Nigerian army, who served in many senior level security, defence, and military roles. He was most recently the Minister of Defence, and served as National Security Adviser to two different presidents, Chief of Army Staff, headed different intelligence agencies, and was Commandant of the Nigerian Defence Academy.

Lawali Shuaibu Nigerian politician

Lawali Shuaibu was elected Senator for the Zamfara North constituency of Zamfara State, Nigeria at the start of the Nigerian Fourth Republic, running on the All People's Party (APP) platform. He took office on 29 May 1999. He was re-elected on the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP) platform in 2003 for a further four years.

Bindo Umaru Jibrilla is a Nigerian businessman who became the candidate of the People's Democratic Party in the 9 April 2011 Senatorial election for the Adamawa North district, and went on to be elected to the national senate. His candidature was unsuccessfully disputed by the incumbent Senator Mohammed Mana. He is now the governor of Adamawa after defeating Nuhu Ribadu and Markus Gundiri in the April governorship polls.

Ahmed Hassan Barata is a Nigerian politician who was elected to the Adamawa South Senatorial seat in Adamawa State, Nigeria in the April 2011 federal elections. He ran for election on the People's Democratic Party (PDP) platform.

Bello Mohammed Tukur is a Nigerian politician who was elected Senator for the Adamawa Central constituency of Adamawa State, Nigeria in the April 2011 federal elections. He ran on the People's Democratic Party (PDP) platform.

Abubakar Atiku Bagudu is a Nigerian politician who was the Senator for Kebbi Central constituency of Kebbi state after contesting in a bye-election when Sen Adamu Aleru was appointed minister of the Federal capital territory. Atiku bagudu was in the red chamber from December 2009 to may 2015. He became the flag bearer of the political party All Progressives Congress (APC) gubernatorial candidate in Nigeria's 2015 general elections and was elected Governor. He was re-elected governor of Kebbi state.

Buba Galadima is a Nigerian politician who was appointed National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) party, formed in the run-up to the 2011 national elections as a leading platform for former military ruler and President of Nigeria General Muhammadu Buhari. He is the current Spokesperson of the People's Democratic Party.

All Progressives Congress Nigerian political party

The All Progressives Congress (APC) is a political party in Nigeria, formed on 6 February 2013 in anticipation of the 2015 elections. APC candidate Muhammadu Buhari won the presidential election by almost 2.6 million votes. Incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan conceded defeat on 31 March. This was the first time in Nigeria's political history that an opposition political party unseated a governing party in a general election and one in which power transferred peacefully from one political party to another. In addition, the APC won the majority of seats in the Senate and the House of Representatives in the 2015 elections, though it fell shy of winning a super-majority to override the ability of the opposition People's Democratic Party to block legislation.

References

  1. Published. "Atiku emerges PDP presidential candidate". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  2. "Profile of Atiku Abubakar: From an only child of a father who opposed western education to a political guru". Nigeria Today. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  3. Sani, Tukur (24 November 2017). "Atiku Abubakar: Timeline of a serial defector". Premium Times. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  4. "(UPDATED) Atiku Emerges PDP Presidential Candidate". THISDAYLIVE. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  5. 1 2 "The story of the struggle of my life -Atiku Abubakar". vanguardngr.com. Vanguard. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  6. Admin. "An Abridged Profile of Alhaji Atiku Abubakar Waziri-of Adamawa GCON". National Network. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  7. "The Nigerian operator who knows how to make money". 6 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  8. Atiku: The Story of Atiku Abubakar, by Onukaba Adinoyi-Ojo
  9. "GLI - Global Legal Insights". GLI - Global Legal InsightsBiography of Jennifer Douglas-Abubakar - Miyetti Law. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  10. Atiku Abubakar (30 April 2014). The business of Agriculture – a personal narrative Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Atiku.org. (Retrieved 1 August 2014)
  11. "I Resigned Voluntarily From Customs, Says Atiku". Thisday (Via AllAfrica.com). Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  12. "The Persecution Of Abubakar Atiku & The History Of Intels". The Nigerian Voice. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  13. 1 2 3 Atiku, Abubakar (2013). My Life. Abuja: Africana Legacy Press.
  14. BBC Staff (1 March 1999). World: Africa Obasanjo to lead Nigeria Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . BBC. Retrieved 12 July 2014
  15. Mwesiga Laurent Baregu and Christopher Landsber (2003); From Cape to Congo: Southern Africa's Evolving Security Challenges; Lynne Rienner Publishers, P. 192
  16. Amaechi Dike (9 October 2006). Atiku: The Plot Thickens Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . The Source Magazine (Retrieved 15 July 2014)
  17. Adeoye, Gbenro (2 November 2013). "Day I blasted Obasanjo to his face – Atiku" Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine . The Punch. Retrieved 28 July 2014
  18. Craig Timberg (17 May 2006). Nigerian Senate Blocks Bid for 3rd Presidential Term Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2014
  19. Reuters Staff (21 December 2006). NIGERIA: VP wins opposition ticket, crisis looms. Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2014
  20. (14 March 2007). INEC: Atiku not listed Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . The Nation. Retrieved 17 July 2014
  21. Supreme Court Judgement (20 April 2007). Attorney General of the Federation v Alhaji Atiku Abubakar Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Nigeria-Law.org. Retrieved 18 July 2014
  22. (24 April 2007). Nigeria election 'worst ever seen' Archived 14 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine . Sydney Morning Herald (Retrieved 16 July 2014)
  23. Why I won’t attend inauguration, by Abubakar Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . The Nation Newspaper (28 May 2007). Retrieved 30 December 2013
  24. (22 November 2010). Atiku is Northern Consensus Candidate Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Vanguard. Retrieved 16 July 2014
  25. 14 January 2011. Goodluck Jonathan Defeats Atiku In PDP Presidential Primary Archived 21 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Sahara Reporters (Retrieved 12 August 2014)
  26. Sheriff Balogun (31 March 2014). "Obasanjo: I Have Forgiven Atiku, Others". This Day. Retrieved 26 July 2014
  27. 19 August 2013. PDM is Atiku’s Ploy to become president, PDP Group Alleges Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine . This Day (Retrieved 16 August 2014)
  28. Ini Ekott. 16 August 2013. Update: INEC registers new party, PDM, linked to Atiku Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine . Premium Times (Retrieved 15 August 2014)
  29. Henry Umoru (4 February 2014). "Atiku desperate for presidency- Edwin Clark". Vanguard News. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  30. Onyebuchi Ezigbo (18 August 2014). Atiku Ready to Declare for Presidency, APC Plans for National Convention Archived 18 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine . This Day. (Retrieved 18 August 2014)
  31. Ugbede, Lois (24 November 2017). "Atiku dumps APC". Premium Times. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  32. "Atiku Returns to PDP". PulseNG. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  33. Television, Oak (8 January 2019). "What Atiku said at his Kogi presidential rally". OAK TV. oak tv. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  34. Television, Oak (1 February 2019). "I'll grant amnesty to looters – Atiku". OAK TV. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  35. "I'll sell 90% of NNPC if elected –Atiku". Punch Nigeria. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  36. "Atiku Campaigns In Katsina, Visits Emir Of Daura". Channels Television. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  37. "INEC declares Buhari winner of presidential election". Oak TV Newstrack. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  38. "Atiku: This is the worst election in Nigeria's history". Oak TV Newstrack. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  39. Press Release: National Peace Corps Association Receives $750,000 Donation from Nigerian Atiku Abubakar for Global Leaders Program
  40. Atiku Abubakar (August 2013). 2013 ATIKU ABUBAKAR SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIP OFFER Archived 9 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
  41. Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay Competition Longlist Announcement. Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014)
  42. Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay by Kenechukwu Nneka Lily Nwagbo Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
  43. Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay by Emeka Chigozie Ezekwesiri Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
  44. Ujunwa Atueyi (2 August 2014). Mass failure as WAEC releases results. The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2014
  45. Osun Defender (16 August 2014). How Nation’s failure resulted to 2014 WAEC mass failure – Atiku reveals Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine . (Retrieved 16 August 2014)
  46. "15 Chibok girls awarded scholarships to American University Academy". premiumtimesng.com. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  47. Johnston, David; Zeleny, Jeff (5 June 2007). "Congressman Sought Bribes, Indictment Says". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  48. Lengel, Allan (22 July 2006). "Nigerian Entangled In Jefferson Investigation". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  49. "EXCLUSIVE: Why we won't say whether Atiku is barred, wanted in America - U.S. Govt. - Premium Times Nigeria". Premium Times Nigeria. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  50. "Atiku reveals why he cannot visit US, claims Buhari was banned too - Daily Post Nigeria". Daily Post Nigeria. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  51. Wakili, Isiaka (2 December 2017). "US travel ban: Buhari attacks Atiku". Daily Trust.
  52. Television, Oak (21 January 2019). "Atiku's visit to U.S. important to us, says PDP". OAK TV. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  53. "Brian Ballard, the lobbyist who arranged Atiku's US visit". Oak TV Newstrack. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  54. Atiku Abubakar. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (Retrieved 1 August 2014)
  55. Atiku Abubakar (18 August 2013). Atiku.org. Social media may yet change governance in Africa Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 1 August 2014
  56. "Abolish states, adopt 6 geopolitical zones as federating units – Atiku". Vanguard. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2019.