Atlantic Time Zone

Last updated
Atlantic Time Zone
Time zone
  Atlantic Time Zone
UTC offset
AST UTC−04:00
ADT UTC−03:00
Current time
17:28, 17 September 2022 AST [refresh]
18:28, 17 September 2022 ADT [refresh]
Observance of DST
DST is observed in parts of this time zone.

The Atlantic Time Zone is a geographical region that keeps standard time—called Atlantic Standard Time (AST)—by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC−04:00. AST is observed in parts of North America and some Caribbean islands. During part of the year, some portions of the zone observe daylight saving time, referred to as Atlantic Daylight Time (ADT), by moving their clocks forward one hour to result in UTC−03:00. The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time of the 60th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory.


In Canada, the provinces of New Brunswick, [1] Nova Scotia, [2] and Prince Edward Island are in this zone, though legally they calculate time specifically as an offset of four hours from Greenwich Mean Time (GMT–4) rather than from UTC. Small portions of Quebec (eastern Côte-Nord and the Magdalen Islands) also observe Atlantic Time. Officially, the entirety of Newfoundland and Labrador observes Newfoundland Standard Time, [3] but in practice Atlantic Time is used in most of Labrador.

No portion of the continental United States currently uses Atlantic Time, although it is used by the territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In the 2010s, several U.S. states considered legislation to move from the Eastern Time Zone to Atlantic Standard Time. Any changes must be approved by the United States Department of Transportation and the United States Congress before taking legal effect.

The United States National Hurricane Center's official advisories typically report AST and UTC when tracking storms in the Caribbean that threaten the U.S., which may confuse the mainland public not familiar with the time zone designation. [4]

Areas covered


North America

Additional local areas

U.S. states considering a change to Atlantic Standard Time

All six of the New England states in the northeastern U.S., currently in the Eastern Time Zone (with daylight saving time), have considered legislation to shift to UTC−04:00, equivalent to Atlantic Standard Time (with no observance of daylight saving time) or Eastern Daylight Time. Virtually all of this region is west of the theoretical western border of the zone at 67.5°W; only a small portion of Maine lies east of that meridian. A Massachusetts commission concluded in 2017 that the benefits of changing to Atlantic Standard Time year-round would outweigh the disadvantages, provided that a majority of northeastern states made the same change. [5] In May 2017, the Maine Senate approved a change to AST, on the condition that there would be a referendum, and that Massachusetts and New Hampshire decided to make the same switch. [6] Also in 2017, the New Hampshire House of Representatives approved a bill in favor of a regional change, but this was voted down by the state's Senate. [7] Similar bills have been put forward in Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Vermont. [6] [8]

In 2018, Florida enacted into law the "Sunshine Protection Act", under which the state would observe daylight saving time year-round. Most of the state would permanently keep Eastern Daylight Time, which is equivalent to Atlantic Standard Time; the state's panhandle region would move to year-round Central Daylight Time / Eastern Standard Time. [9] [10] However, the change cannot take effect until it is passed into federal law by the United States Congress. [10]

On March 15, 2022, the United States Senate voted unanimously to advance a federal version of the "Sunshine Protection" legislation from Florida, also called the "Sunshine Protection Act", to the United States House of Representatives. If the bill passes the House and earns the president's signature, Daylight Saving will be made permanent in most of the United States in November 2023, effectively making the parts of the US in the Eastern Time Zone a part of the Atlantic Standard Time Zone year-round. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Japan Standard Time</span> Standard Time Zone in Japan

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Time Zone</span> Time zone in North America

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastern Time Zone</span> North American time zone (UTC−5 and UTC−4)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Time in the United States</span> U.S. time zones

Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states, territories and other US possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time (DST) for approximately the spring, summer, and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and highly precise timekeeping services (clocks) are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) ; and the United States Naval Observatory (USNO). The clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">UTC+03:00</span> Identifier for a time offset from UTC of +3

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Daylight saving time in the United States</span> Practice of setting the clock forward by one hour

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In Canada, daylight saving time (DST) is observed in nine of the country's ten provinces and two of its three territories—though with exceptions in parts of several provinces and Nunavut.

Daylight saving time in the Americas is the arrangement in the Americas by which clocks are advanced by one hour in spring and moved back in autumn, to make the most of seasonal daylight. The practice is widespread in North America, with most of Canada, Mexico, and the United States participating, but much less so in South America.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Daylight saving time by country</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Permanent time observation in the United States</span> Year-round standard time in the USA

Permanent standard time refers to the year-round observation of standard time. Likewise, permanent daylight saving time refers to the year-round observation of daylight saving time (DST). Both permanent standard time and permanent DST eliminate the practice of semi-annual clock changes, specifically the advancement of clocks by one hour from standard time to DST in spring and the retraction of clocks by one hour from DST to standard time in fall. In the United States, Arizona, Hawaii, and all permanently inhabited territories observe permanent standard time. Observation of permanent DST is forbidden by the Uniform Time Act.


  1. "CHAPTER T-6 – Time Definition Act" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-07. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  2. "Time Definition Act". Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
  3. "RSNL1990 CHAPTER S-23 – STANDARD TIME ACT" . Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  4. "Advisories". National Hurricane Center.
  5. "Commission: Massachusetts Should Change Time Zones, But Not On Its Own". November 1, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  6. 1 2 "Maine Considers Atlantic Standard Time". Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  7. "Senate votes down push to switch N.H.'s time zone". May 11, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  8. Haigh, Susan (2019-01-15). "Connecticut bill is latest calling for time zone change". Providence Journal. Retrieved 2019-09-10. In Vermont, Democrat Rep. Samuel Young this year has submitted legislation that would establish year-round Eastern daylight saving time.
  9. "Should Florida keep Daylight Saving Time all year? It could happen". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  10. 1 2 Lemongello, Steven. "Florida's year-round daylight saving time law on hold in Congress". Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  11. Palya, Ashley (2022-03-15). "Turning Back Clocks A Thing Of The Past? Senate Passes Sunshine Protection Act". International Business Times. Retrieved 2022-03-17.