Atlantique Department

Last updated
Atlantique
Benin - Atlantique.svg
Map highlighting the Atlantique Department
Coordinates: 6°40′N2°15′E / 6.667°N 2.250°E / 6.667; 2.250 Coordinates: 6°40′N2°15′E / 6.667°N 2.250°E / 6.667; 2.250
Country Flag of Benin.svg  Benin
Capital Ouidah
Area
[1]
  Total3,233 km2 (1,248 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
  Total1,396,548
  Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)

Atlantique is one of the twelve departments in Benin. The department is located in south-central Benin along the Atlantic coast, between Mono and Kouffo Department in the west, Zou in the north, and Ouémé in the east. The department of Atlantique was bifurcated in 1999 when some of its territories was transferred to the newly formed Littoral Department.

Contents

As of 2013, the total population of the department was 1,398,229, with 686,747 males and 711,482 females. The proportion of women was 50.90%. The total rural population was 55.50%, while the urban population was 44.50%. The total labour force in the department was 433,515, of which 43.40% were women. The proportion of households with no level of education was 39.20% and the proportion of households with children attending school was 77.30%.

Geography

A beach near Ouidah, Benin Beach of Ouidah Benin.jpg
A beach near Ouidah, Benin

Atlantique Department border Zou Department to the north, Ouémé Department to the east, Littoral Department to the south-east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Kouffo Department and Mono Department to the west. The coastal areas have interconnected lakes and lagoons and elongated coastlines with wide marshes; part of Lake Nokoué lies within the department. The southern regions of Benin receive two seasons of rainfall from March to July and September to November, while the northern regions of the country receive one season of rainfall from May to September. The country receives an average annual rainfall of around 1,200 mm (47 in), but Atlantique Department receives less rainfall. [2] The department has mostly low-lying sandy coastal plains towards the Atlantic Ocean, marshes, lagoons and lakes. The highest elevation in the department around the coastal plains is 20 m (66 ft), compared to the country's average of 200 m (660 ft) above mean sea level. [3]

Settlements

Ouidah is the departmental capital; other major settlements include Abomey-Calavi, Allada, Ganvie, Godomey, Kpomassè, Sô-Ava, Toffo, Togoudo, Tokpa-Domè, Tori-Bossito and .

Economy

Freshwater and seawater fishing is the major profession in the region. Petroleum was discovered in the 1960s in offshore areas, while titanium, low quality iron ore, ilmenite and chromite are the major minerals. [4]

Demographics

Religious census [5]
ReligionPercent(%)
Muslim
4.4%
Methodist
3.3%
Vodoun
12.1%
Catholic
39.3%
Celestial
11%
Other Christian
15%
Other Traditional
0.8%
Other
4.1%
Other Protestant
3.5%

According to Benin's 2013 census, the total population of the department was 1,398,229, with 686,747 males and 711,482 females. The proportion of women was 50.90%.The total rural population was 55.50%, while the urban population was 44.50%. The proportion of women of childbearing age (15 to 49 years old) was 24.80%.The foreign population was 16,517, representing 1.20% of the total population in the department. The labour force participation rate among foreigners aged 15–64 years was 37.30%. The proportion of women among the foreign population constituted 55.30%. The number of households in the department was 298,769 and the average household size was 4.7. The intercensal growth rate of the population was 5.10%. [6]

Among women, the average age at first marriage was 28.7 and the average age at maternity was 29. The synthetic index of the fertility of women was 4.4. The average number of families in a house was 1.2 and the average number of persons per room was 1.8. The total labour force in the department was 433,515, of which 43.40% were women. The proportion of households with no level of education was 39.20% and the proportion of households with children attending school was 77.30%. The crude birth rate was 35.1, the general rate of fertility was 141.50 and the gross reproduction rate was 2.20. [5]

Ethnically, the Fon constitute a majority of the population at 61%, followed by the Yoruba at 10% and the Aja at 7%. Other ethnolinguistic groups in the department include the Ayizo and Tofin. [7]

Administrative divisions

Communes of Atlantique Atlantique communes.png
Communes of Atlantique

Atlantique is subdivided into eight communes, each centered at one of the principal towns: Abomey-Calavi, Allada, Kpomassè, Ouidah, Sô-Ava, Toffo, Tori-Bossito and . The department of Atlantique was bifurcated in 1999 when some of the Cotonou and the surrounding area were transferred to the newly formed Littoral Department.

Benin originally had six administrative regions (départements), which have now been bifurcated to make 12. Each of the deconcentrated administrative services (directions départementales) of the sectoral ministries takes care of two administrative regions. A law passed in 1999 transformed the sous-prefectures, the lowest level of territorial administration, into local governments. [8] Municipalities and communal councils have elected representatives who manage the administration of the regions. The latest elections of the municipal and communal councils were held in June 2015. [9]

Related Research Articles

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Atakora Department Department of Benin

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Littoral (Benin) Department of Benin

Littoral is one of the twelve departments of Benin. At 79 km2 (31 sq mi), Littoral is the smallest department in the country. Its capital is Cotonou, Benin's largest city. The department was created in 1999 with the splitting up of territories of Atlantique Department.

Ouémé Department Department of Benin

Ouémé is one of the twelve departments of Benin, containing the capital of the country Porto Novo. It is subdivided into nine communes, each centred at one of the principal towns: Adjarra, Adjohoun, Aguégués, Akpro-Missérété, Avrankou, Bonou, Dangbo, Porto-Novo and Sèmè-Kpodji. In 1999, the northern section of Ouémé was split off to form the department of Plateau.

Zou Department Department of Benin

Zou is one of the twelve departments of Benin, named for the Zou River which travels through the department before emptying into the Atlantic in the south of the country. The department of Zou was split in two in 1999, with the northern territory transferred to the newly created Collines Department. The capital of Zou is Abomey. Zou is subdivided into nine communes, each centred at one of the principal towns: Abomey, Agbangnizoun, Bohicon, Cové, Djidja, Ouinhi, Za-Kpota, Zangnanado and Zogbodomey.

Plateau Department Department of Benin

Plateau is one of the twelve departments of Benin. The department of Plateau was created in 1999 with an area of 2,835 square kilometres (1,095 sq mi) when it was split off from Ouémé Department. Plateau is subdivided into five communes, each centred at one of the principal towns: Adja-Ouèrè, Ifangni, Kétou, Pobè and Sakété.

Mono Department Department of Benin

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Donga Department Department of Benin

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Kouffo Department Department of Benin

Kouffo or Couffo is one of the twelve departments of Benin. Kouffo borders the country of Togo and the departments of Mono, Zou and Atlantique. Since 2008, the department's capital has been Aplahoué. The department of Kouffo was created in 1999 when it was split off from Mono Department.

Borgou Department Department of Benin

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Abomey-Calavi Commune and city in Atlantique Department, Benin

Abomey-Calavi is a city, arrondissement, and commune located in the Atlantique Department of Benin. It is now essentially a suburb of Cotonou and at its closest it begins approximately 18 km from the city centre of Cotonou. The main cities of the commune are Abomey-Calavi itself and Godomey to the south. The commune covers an area of 650 square kilometres and as at the May 2013 Census had a population of 655,965 people. Projected to be the eleventh fastest growing city on the African continent between 2020 and 2025, with a 5.27% growth.

Communes of Benin Second-level administrative divisions of Benin

The departments of Benin are subdivided into 77 communes, which in turn are divided into arrondissements and finally into villages or city districts. Prior to 1999 provinces were broken down into 84 districts, titled either urban or rural. Before independence, the six provinces were subdivided into Cercles, cantons, préfectures and villages or towns.

Outline of Benin Overview of and topical guide to Benin

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Benin:

Education in Benin Overview of education in Benin

Benin has abolished school fees and is carrying out the recommendations of its 2007 Educational Forum. In 2018, the net primary enrollment rate was 97 percent. Gross enrollment rate in secondary education has greatly increased in the last two decades, from 21.8 percent in 2000 to 59 percent in 2016, 67.1 percent in the case of males and 50.7 percent for females. Because of a rapid increase in the enrollment rate, the student/teacher ratio rose from 36:1 in 1990 to 53:1 in 1997 but has dropped again in the last years to 39:1 (2018). In 2018, the gross enrollment ratio in tertiary education was 12.5%.

Benin, officially the Republic of Benin, is a country in Western Africa. It borders Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north; its short coastline to the south leads to the Bight of Benin. Its size is just over 110000 km2 with a population of almost 8500000. Its capital is the Yoruba founded city of Porto Novo, but the seat of government is the Fon city of Cotonou. About half the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 per day.

Arrondissements of Benin Administrative territorial entity of Benin

Arrondissements are administrative units of Benin, after departments and communes. In turn they contain villages and may often have several quartiers or city districts/urban neighborhoods. There are currently 545 arrondissements.

Golo-Djigbé is a town and arrondissement in the Atlantique Department of southern Benin. It is an administrative division under the jurisdiction of the commune of Abomey-Calavi. The population is 28,103 in 2013.

Ouédo is a town and arrondissement in the Atlantique Department of southern Benin. It is an administrative division under the jurisdiction of the commune of Abomey-Calavi. According to the population census conducted by the Institut National de la Statistique Benin on February 15, 2002, the arrondissement had a total population of 10,067.

References

  1. "Benin". Geohive. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  2. Haggett, Peter, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 17. Marshall Cavendish. p. 2325. ISBN   9780761473060.
  3. Benin Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide. Int'l Business Publications. 2007. pp. 21–22. ISBN   9781433019012.
  4. McColl, R. W. (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. pp. 92–93. ISBN   9780816072293.
  5. 1 2 "Socio economic data of Benin, 2013". Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (INSAE) du Benin. 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  6. "Census of Benin, 2013". Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (INSAE) du Benin. 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  7. "Languages of Benin". Ethnologue . Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  8. Republic of Benin, Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 8. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  9. "Local elections in Benin, 2015". African Elections Database. Retrieved 25 November 2016.