Attorney General of Brazil

Last updated
Attorney General's Office
Advocacia-Geral da União
Nova logomarca AGU.png
Bruno Bianco.jpg
Bruno Bianco

since 6 August 2021
Reports tothe President
Formation12 February 1993

The Attorney General Office [1] [2] (Portuguese : Advocacia-Geral da União, AGU) is a cabinet-level position in the Brazilian government charged with advising the Executive Branch and representing the federal government of Brazil in legal proceedings [legally known as the Union (União)]. [3] The Attorney General is defined under Article 131 of the Brazilian Constitution as one of the essential functions of Brazilian judicial administration, along with the roles performed by the judicial branch, the Prosecutor's office, the public defenders and private lawyers. [1] [4] [5] The current Attorney General is Bruno Bianco. [6]


Under the constitution, the Attorney General must be at least 35 years old. [7] All Attorneys General within the Office must be bar members in Brazil. The Attorney General of the Union is a member of the Brazilian cabinet, holds the rank of Minister, and is also the head of the Advocacia-Geral da União (AGU), which is an essential function and branch of the federal government formed by its own Attorneys.

The Attorneys who compose the AGU are divided in four careers: the Attorney for the National Treasury (Procuradores da Fazenda Nacional), who represent the federal government in tax and financial issues; the Attorney for Brazil (Advogados da União), who represent the government through general cases, the Attorney for the Federal Agencies (Procuradores Federais), who represent the federal agencies; and Attorney for the Central Bank (Procuradores do Banco Central). Their functions are not limited to the Judiciary, and they are also responsible for inside legal control of the government and international legal representation of the Republic. [1] [7]

List of attorneys general

Attorney GeneralPeriod of serviceAppointed by
José de Castro Ferreira February 1993–May 1993President Itamar Franco
Alexandre de Paula Dupeyrat Martins May 1993–June 1993
Tarcísio Carlos de Almeida Cunha June 1993–July 1993
Geraldo Magela da Cruz Quintão July 1993–December 1994
January 1995–January 2000President Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Walter do Carmo Barletta January 2000
Gilmar Ferreira Mendes January 2000–June 2002
José Bonifácio Borges de Andrada June 2002–December 2002
Álvaro Augusto Ribeiro Costa January 2003–March 2007President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
José Antônio Dias Toffoli March 2007–October 2009
Luis Inácio Lucena Adams October 2009–March 2016
José Eduardo Cardozo March 2016–May 2016President Dilma Rousseff [4]
Fábio Medina Osório May 2016–September 2016Acting President Michel Temer [8]
Grace Maria Mendonça September 2016–January 2019President Michel Temer [9]
André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça January 2019–April 2020President Jair Bolsonaro
José Levi Mello do Amaral Júnior April 2020–March 2021
André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça March 2021–August 2021
Bruno Bianco Leal August 2021–present

Prosecutor General of Brazil

The prosecutorial duties of the office of the Attorney General were split off to a new Prosecutor General, named Prosecutor General of the Republic, under Article 4 of Law No. 73 of February 10, 1993. The Prosecutor General is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The office of Prosecutor General of the Republic (PGR) is an autonomous agency in charge of criminal prosecution and the defense of society in general, versus the office of the Attorney General, which represents the federal government in legal proceedings.

The Prosecutor General of the Republic (PGR) is the head of the Federal Prosecution Service (Ministério Público Federal), which is also an essential function but holds the responsibility for criminal prosecution. Differently from the AGU, the members of the Federal Prosecution Service are called "Federal Prosecutor", and are in charge of criminal prosecution at the first level of the Federal Justice. Despite the title, the Federal Prosecutor do not legally represent the Republic in international issues, which is a responsibility of the members of the AGU. [10]

Federal Public Defender General

The Federal Public Defender General oversees the federal public defenders offices.

See also

Related Research Articles

President of Brazil Head of state and head of government of Brazil

The president of Brazil, officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The presidential system was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'état against Emperor Pedro II. Since then, Brazil has had six constitutions, three dictatorships, and three democratic periods. During the democratic periods, voting has always been compulsory. The Constitution of Brazil, along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president, their term of office and the method of election.

Prosecutor Legal profession

A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in states with either the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. The prosecution is the legal party responsible for presenting the case in a criminal trial against an individual accused of breaking the law. Typically, the prosecutor represents the state or the government in the case brought against the accused person.

Same-sex marriage in Brazil has been legal since 16 May 2013, following a decision from the National Justice Council, which orders notaries of every state to perform same-sex marriages.

Judiciary of Portugal

The Judiciary of Portugal is a system of courts that together constitute one of the four organs of Sovereignty as defined by the Portuguese Constitution. The courts are independent from the other three Portuguese organs of Sovereignty.

Public Prosecutors Office (Brazil)

The Public Prosecutor's Office is the Brazilian body of independent public prosecutors at both the federal and state level. It operates independently from the three branches of government. It was once referred by constitutional lawyer and former president Michel Temer as a "Fourth Branch". The Constitution of 1988 divides the functions of the Public Prosecutor's Office into three different bodies: the Public Procurator's Office, the Public Defender's Office and the Public Prosecutor's Office itself, each one of them an independent body. In addition to that, the new Constitution created the Courts of Account, also autonomous in its functions.

Public Prosecution Service (Portugal)

The Public Prosecution Service is the body of the Judiciary of Portugal responsible for the public prosecution and the representation of the State before the courts. It is an hierarchic organized body, composed of magistrates and headed by the Procurador-Geral da República.

The Procurator General of Macau is the senior law officer of Macau. The PG replaced the Attorney General of Macau in December 1999 in the new Government of Macau. The PG reports to the Secretariat for Administration and Justice.

Luís Inácio Adams Brazilian lawyer

Luís Inácio Lucena Adams is a Brazilian lawyer who was appointed to be Brazil's Attorney General on October 23, 2009.

Prosecutor General of the Republic (Brazil)

The Prosecutor General of the Republic is the head of the Brazilian Federal Prosecution Office, an autonomous agency in charge of criminal prosecution and the defense of society in general. The Prosecutor General heads a group of independent prosecutors, who work to investigate and prosecute criminal, labor, and civil offenses committed against society. It is a position appointed by the President of the Republic and the nomination must be approved by the Federal Senate.

Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff 2015 impeachment of then-President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff for administrative misconduct

The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, the 36th president of Brazil, began on 2 December 2015 with a petition for her impeachment being accepted by Eduardo Cunha, then president of the Chamber of Deputies, and continued into late 2016. Rousseff, then more than 12 months into her second four-year term, was charged with criminal administrative misconduct and disregard for the federal budget in violation of article 85, items V and VI, of the Constitution of Brazil and the Fiscal Responsibility Law, article 36. The petition also accused Rousseff of criminal responsibility for failing to act on the scandal at the Brazilian national petroleum company, Petrobras, on account of allegations uncovered by the Operation Car Wash investigation, and for failing to distance herself from the suspects in that investigation.

Fábio Medina Osório

Fábio Medina Osório is a lawyer, professor, and former Attorney General of Brazil. He is the former State Prosecutor of Rio Grande do Sul, and was appointed Attorney General of Brazil by Acting President Michel Temer.

Grace Mendonça

Grace Maria Fernandes Mendonça is a Brazilian lawyer, university professor and former Attorney General of Brazil, appointed by president Michel Temer after the resignation of Fábio Medina Osório.

The State Prosecutor’s Office is a public organ connected to the Executive branch that aims to ensure an efficient management of public assets by representing the State as a legal entity in both domestic and international disputes and by giving legal counsel.

Bolsonaro administration cabinet members Brazilian governmental cabinet

In December 2018 the final composition of Bolsonaro's cabinet has emerged after weeks of announcements and appointments. The cabinet includes 22 personnel, of which 16 are ministers, two are cabinet-level positions and four are secretaries directly linked to the presidency of Brazil. The 22 figure is down from 29 in the outgoing administration. Seven of the ministers will be military men; eight have technocrat profiles; and seven are politicians. Hindustan Times commented that "there are just two women in Bolsonaro’s government, which is double the number in the outgoing lineup under President Michel Temer", and that "there are no blacks, despite half of Brazil’s population being at least partly descended from Africans.

The Office of theAttorney General of Angola primarily represents the state—particularly with criminal prosecutions. Additionally, the Attorney General of Angola defends the legality of judicial functions, monitor for procedural compliance in the court system, and defend the legal rights of individuals and corporations. By the Constitution of Angola, the office is given administrative and financial autonomy.

Luiz Olavo Baptista

Luiz Olavo Baptista was a Brazilian jurist, lawyer, arbitrator, and International Law professor. Among other positions, he acted as President of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization, of which he was a member between 2001 and 2008.

André Mendonça

André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça is a Brazilian attorney, Presbyterian pastor, and politician currently serving as the Minister of Justice and Public Security in the administration of President Jair Bolsonaro since April 2020. Prior to assuming this role, he served as Attorney General of Brazil in the same administration.

José Levi do Amaral

José Levi Mello do Amaral Júnior is a Brazilian jurist. He had been Acting Minister of Justice and Public Security between February and March 2017, after the nomination of former minister Alexandre de Moraes to the Supreme Federal Court. He was Prosecutor General of National Finances and licensed professor at the Law School of the University of São Paulo (USP).

Case Covaxin

The Case Covaxin, also known as Covaxgate, refers to an investigation made by the Brazilian Federal Public Ministry (MPF), held on June 16, 2021, which found evidence of irregularities in the purchase of 20 million doses by the Ministry of Health of the Indian vaccine Covaxin, with the value of the vaccines 1000% higher than initially foreseen.


  1. 1 2 3 "Advogado-Geral da União" [Attorney General of Brazil] (in Portuguese). Brasília-DF, Brasil: Portal Brasil, Governo Federal do Brasil. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-26.
  2. The Federative Republic of Brazil. "Structure: Attorney General Office (AGU)". Accessed 20 September 2013.
  3. "Presidência da República, Casa Civil, Subchefia para Assuntos Jurídicos, LEI COMPLEMENTAR Nº 73, DE 10 DE FEVEREIRO DE 1993" (in Portuguese). Brasília-DF, Brasil: Portal Brasil, Governo Federal do Brasil. 1993. Retrieved 2014-11-18.
  4. 1 2 Valente, Christiano Mendes Wolney (2013). "Histórico e Evolução da Advocacia-Geral da União" [History and Evolution of the Attorney General of Brazil](PDF) (in Portuguese). Brasília-DF, Brasil: Portal Brasil, Governo Federal do Brasil. Retrieved 2014-11-18.
  5. "Perguntas Frequentes" [Frequently Asked Questions] (in Portuguese). Brasília-DF, Brasil: Portal Brasil, Governo Federal do Brasil. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-26.
  6. "Indicado para o STF, Mendonça deixa AGU; Bruno Bianco assume o cargo". G1 (in Portuguese). 6 August 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  7. 1 2 Alves Jr., Luís Carlos Martins (2012). "Advogado-Geral da União: notável saber jurídico e reputação ilibada" [Advocate General of the Union: remarkable legal knowledge and unblemished reputation] (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Jus Navigandi. Retrieved 2014-11-18.
  8. "AGU Brasil desta semana destaca posse do novo advogado-geral da União, Fábio Medina" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Adivocacia-Geral da Uniao. 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  10. "Sobre a Instituição: O Ministério Público Federal" [About the Institution: Prosecutor General of Brazil] (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brasil: Ministério Público Federal. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-18.