Prefecture building of the Aube department, in Troyes
Location of Aube in France
|Subprefectures|| Bar-sur-Aube |
|• President of the general council||Philippe Pichery (DVD)|
|• Total||6,004 km2 (2,318 sq mi)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Aube (French pronunciation: [ob] ( listen )) is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises
The department was constituted as it is today by a decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790.
The Aube department is located in the south-west side of the Grand Est region. It borders the departments of Marne in the north (about 130 km long), Haute-Marne to the east (about 100 km long), Côte-d'Or in the south-east (about 45 km long), Yonne in the south-west (about 175 km long), and Seine-et-Marne in the west (about 45 km long).
Within the department regions of natural or traditional countryside can be identified as follows:
Aube is divided into 431 communes totalling 308,503 inhabitants. Major cities (with more than 10,000 inhabitants) are:
They are mostly located in the centre of the department. Four of those five cities are part of the Agglomeration of Troyes.
|Lowest Altitude||100 metres||67 metres||156 metres||60 metres|
|Highest Altitude||126 metres||112 metres||348 metres||113 metres|
|Average Altitude||113 metres||90 metres||252 metres||87 metres|
|Town Hall Altitude||107 metres||77 metres||165 metres||71 metres|
There are 23 rivers throughout the department,the four main rivers being the Seine, the Aube (tributary of the Seine), the Armance (tributary of the Armançon), and the Vanne (a tributary of the Yonne).
The department has 140,000 hectares of forests.
Located in the Community of communes of Forests, lakes, and lands in Champagne, the Orient Forest Regional Natural Park was one of the first natural parks created in France.
In the same place, there is the Orient Lake and the Amance and Temple lakes where fishing, recreational water sports, and bathing are available. Each lake specialises in one or more of these activities.
The climate is moderate without intense cold or excessive heat which represents a climate similar to continental and oceanic.
Between 1950 and 1985 the average annual temperature recorded in the department was 10.1 °C which is equivalent to the Paris basin and the cities of north-eastern France. The average sunshine hours per year is 1771.
Average annual rainfall is quite high (653.4 mm over 115 days of rain ). In general there is more rain in autumn than in winter but rainfall is highest during spring. In contrast summer is the season when rainfall is lowest. There is, however, more rain in the south-east than the north-west.
Snow is relatively infrequent. Prevailing wind is from the west.
|Climate data for Troyes|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.1|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.5|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||10.0||8.4||10.3||9.1||10.1||8.6||7.2||7.0||7.5||9.6||9.8||10.6||108.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69||88||144||185||215||229||235||228||179||124||67||54||1,817|
|Source: Meteorological data for Troyes – 112 m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)|
The department has 150 km of autoroutes, 33 km of national roads, 4,517 km of departmental roads and 2,116 km of local roads.
In the Agglomeration of Troyes TCAT (Transport for the Communes of Troyes) provides a transport network between communes. Unlike many networks that are provided by other operators, the agglomeration community of the city is the owner of the company.The network currently serves eleven communes including two outside the Troyes agglomeration. Other cities, including Romilly-sur-Seine, have no transport network.
Aube also has intercity transport networks. 21 regular bus routes are operated between the major cities of the department. The use of these lines is entrusted to private coaches: Transdev – The Carriers of Aube has 15 routes,Keolis Sud Lorraine has 4 routes, Procars Champagne has 2 routes, Autocars Bardy has one route.
Five railway stations are currently in operation. These are: Nogent-sur-Seine, Romilly-sur-Seine, Troyes, Vendeuvre-sur-Barse, Bar-sur-Aube.
Aube does not have a strong rail coverage. Only one main non-electrified line passes through Aube – the line that connects Paris-Est to Mulhouse.
The department has 34.8 km of navigable waterways. The city of Nogent-sur-Seine has two river ports for grain.
The first inhabitants of Aube were the Tricasses and Lingones with a substantial human settlement around the year 400 BC.
Saints Potentian and Savinian,Greek priests from Samos, came to preach the gospel from the middle of the 3rd century. Saint Patroclus was one of the first martyrs of the new faith in the year 259. Shortly after Saint Jule and some notables of the city of Tricasses also suffered martyrdom. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, the Christian community became large enough to accommodate a bishop. Saint Amateur was the first in 340. In the year 286 the Bagaudae ravaged the land which forms Aube. Emperor Julian came to Troyes with his army and rescued it.
The territory making up Aube was first attached to France in 843, following the Treaty of Verdun.
Two important monasteries were founded in the department: one at Clairvaux in 1114, created by Bernard of Clairvaux, the other was the Abbey of the Paraclete near Nogent-sur-Seine, by his illustrious rival, Pierre Abélard and of which Héloïse d'Argenteuil was the first abbess. Bernard of Clairvaux was noted for his eloquence at the Council of Troyes and his preaching of the Second Crusade which had no result and whose outcome was disastrous.
The reunion of Champagne with the kingdom of France was finalised in 1361. Yet people wanted absolutely the incorporation of Champagne but in 1328 King Philip VI gave the city of Bar-sur-Seine to Philippe de Croy. The inhabitants, however, ransomed him to return it to the king on the condition that it become inalienable.
The decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790 formally established the department of Aube. Its first president was Augustin-Henri-Marie Picotand his first deputy was Louis Antoine Joseph Robin. Jacques Claude Beugnot was elected Attorney-General and also MP.
The 19th century marked the emergence of the Hosiery business in the department.
After the victory of the allies in the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815, the department was occupied by Russian troops from June 1815 to November 1818.
In 1911 following the revolt of the vineyards of Champagne large Riots broke out in the department. The consequences of this were tragic because the clashes resulted in dozens of injuries.
In 1919, a decree allowed Aube department to produce champagne for the first time.
In 1932 Turkish president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visited Aube and signed a friendship treaty with France there on 4 July 1938.
Azure, a band argent with two cotises potent and counter potent in Or, chief wavy in argent.
The General Council of Aube is located in Troyes. Its president has been DVD Senator Philippe Adnot since July 1990. It includes the 34 councillors of the 17 cantons of Aube. Of these, 32 are from the Right (mainly the UMP), the others are from the Miscellaneous left.Currently the budget of the General Council is €329.8 million. Its main mission and expenditure on social activities and health.
Aube returns three Deputies to the National Assembly, two of whom are from The Republicans (LR), and two Senators: one UMP and one right-wing independent.
|Aube's 1st constituency||Grégory Besson-Moreau||La République En Marche!|
|Aube's 2nd constituency||Valérie Bazin-Malgras||The Republicans|
|Aube's 3rd constituency||Gérard Menuel||The Republicans|
|Europe Ecology – The Greens||EELV||1|
|Union for a Popular Movement||UMP||13|
|President of the General Council|
Aube is inhabited by 310,020 peoplewith more than a third (138,308 inhabitants) living in the Troyes agglomeration.
In 2017, the department had 310,020 inhabitants.
|Source: SPLAF and INSEE|
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aube Department in 2017
|0 to 14 Years||19.4||17.3|
|15 to 29 Years||17.9||16.2|
|30 to 44 Years||18.2||17.4|
|45 to 59 Years||19.9||19.2|
|60 to 74 Years||17.0||17.7|
|75 to 89 Years||7.0||10.3|
|Farmers and Farm workers||4,319||1.7||5,094||2.1||5,408||2.3|
|Artisans, shopkeepers, business managers||7,701||3.0||7,232||2.9||7,619||3.2|
|Executives and Intellectuals||13,896||5.5||12,656||5.1||9,435||4.0|
|Others without occupation||41,414||16.3||40,194||16.3||47,198||20.0|
|Source : INSEE Census 2017|
The economy of Aube has focused on the textile industry since the 19th century. This sector is now in crisis due to the department being in an area of real economic change.
In 2017, the departmental workforce totalled 137,774 with 114,530 persons in employment and 23,244 people unemployed. Men accounted for 51.4% of the active population and women 48.6%.
The Aube department has a high rate of feminization in employment. Nearly half of people with active jobs (48.1% in 2017) are women. The main areas affected by the feminization are trade, transport, textiles, utilities, education, and health. Women are slightly more affected than men by unemployment (51.3% of the unemployed in 2017). This is mainly due to layoffs in the textile sector.
Distribution of Employment by Industry sector (2015)
|No. of Employees|
|Petit Bateau (Textiles)||1,022|
|Mefro Roues (Wheel rims)||584|
|Petitjean (Public lighting)||567|
|Holiday Cottages||310||2,006 places|
The utilized agricultural area is 379,720 hectares. Aube is the largest producer of hemp; the 2nd largest producer of champagne, cabbage for sauerkraut, medicinal poppies, and alfalfa; the 6th largest producer of potatoes; the 8th largest producer of cereals; and the 9th largest producer of beet in France.
In 2010 elementary and secondary education consisted of:
According to the latest census of the academic inspectorate of Aube in 2009 the department has 8,794 students in higher education.
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Handicapped Children's Centre||18|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Institution to help for work||8|
|Businesses adapted for handicapped people||2|
|Professional rehabilitation Centres||1|
|Specialised Foster Homes||2|
|Residential Home Care for the autistic||2|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Nursing Homes for the Elderly (EHPAD)||38|
|Long Term Care Units (USLD)||5|
|Rural Homes for the Elderly||1|
There are 580 clubs and sports associations in the Aube department.The main ones are:
At Troyes there are three independent local radio stations:
At Romilly-sur-Seine, in addition to Latitude Radio, there is a local independent radio broadcaster: Radio Aube et Seine.
French Christian Radio (RCF) Aube is located in the department.
|Name||Place||Distribution Area||Press Group||Circulation|
|L'Est-Éclair||Saint-André-les-Vergers (agglomération de Troyes)||Aube||Groupe Hersant Média||27,948|
|Libération Champagne||Troyes||Aube||Groupe Hersant Média||6,395|
All Aube jurisdictions are located in Troyes. The city has a Tribunal d'instance and a High Court, a commercial court and an Employment Tribunal for civil and criminal jurisdictions. There is also a Correctional court and a Juvenile court.
Appeals, however, are passed to the Court of Appeal in Reims.
Aube currently has two storage facilities for radioactive waste:
The four main theatres are:
The Aube has 365 historical monuments of which 144 are classified, and 221 are enrolled.
The following is a list of the 431 communes of the Aube department of France.
Troyes is a commune and the capital of the department of Aube in the Grand Est region of north-central France. It is located on the Seine river about 140 km (87 mi) south-east of Paris. Troyes is situated within the Champagne wine region and is near to the Orient Forest Regional Natural Park.
Arcis-sur-Aube[aʁ.si.syʁ.ob] is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Aube department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
Bar-sur-Aube is a commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France.
Bar-sur-Seine is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
The arrondissement of Bar-sur-Aube is an arrondissement of France in the Aube department in the Grand Est region. It has 108 communes. Its population is 28,759 (2016), and its area is 1,240.1 km2 (478.8 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Seine is an arrondissement of France in the Aube department in the Grand Est region. It has 79 communes. Its population is 54,067 (2016), and its area is 1,223.6 km2 (472.4 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Troyes is an arrondissement of France in the Aube department in the Grand Est region. It has 244 communes. Its population is 226,084 (2016), and its area is 3,540.4 km2 (1,367.0 sq mi).
The Route nationale 19 (N19) is a trunk road (nationale) in north east France. The road forms part of European route E54.
Arrentières is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Avant-lès-Marcilly is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Avirey-Lingey is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Avon-la-Pèze is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Barberey-Saint-Sulpice is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Bayel is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
Essoyes is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.
Mesgrigny is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France. It is a small village located in the canton of Creney-près-Troyes and the arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Seine. It is located 120 km from Paris and 310 km from the port at Calais. Nearby towns include Méry-sur-Seine, 2.4 km (1.5 mi) north; Vallant-Saint-Georges, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) southeast; and Châtres, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Troyes, France.
Communauté d'agglomération Troyes Champagne Métropole is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Troyes. It is located in the Aube department, in the Grand Est region, northeastern France. It was created in January 2017 by the merger of the former Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Troyes with 3 former communautés de communes and 6 other communes. Its population was 172,967 in 2014, of which 62,204 in Troyes proper.
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