Auch

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Auch
Auch1.jpg
Cathedral
Blason Auch 32.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Auch
Auch
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Auch
Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrenees region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Auch
Coordinates: 43°38′47″N0°35′08″E / 43.6465°N 0.5855°E / 43.6465; 0.5855 Coordinates: 43°38′47″N0°35′08″E / 43.6465°N 0.5855°E / 43.6465; 0.5855
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Gers
Arrondissement Auch
Canton Auch-1, Auch-2, Auch-3
Intercommunality CA Grand Auch Cœur Gascogne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Christian Laprébende
Area
1
72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
22,200
  Density310/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
32013 /32000
Elevation115–281 m (377–922 ft)
(avg. 166 m or 545 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Auch (French pronunciation:  [oʃ] ; Gascon : Aush or Aux [awʃ] ) is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Occitanie, it is the capital of the Gers department. Auch is the historical capital of Gascony.

Contents

Geography

Localization

Auch and its surrounding communes Map commune FR insee code 32013.png
Auch and its surrounding communes

Hydrography

The River Gers flows through the town.

Transportation

Auch is well connected to nearby cities and towns such as Agen, Toulouse and Tarbes by Routes Nationales.

Climate

Climate data for Auch (1985–2010 averages, extremes 1985–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.9
(69.6)
24.3
(75.7)
27.8
(82.0)
29.4
(84.9)
33.7
(92.7)
38.4
(101.1)
42.0
(107.6)
40.9
(105.6)
38.0
(100.4)
31.2
(88.2)
26.5
(79.7)
21.8
(71.2)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F)9.7
(49.5)
11.6
(52.9)
14.9
(58.8)
17.0
(62.6)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.9
(82.2)
24.6
(76.3)
19.8
(67.6)
13.3
(55.9)
10.1
(50.2)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.3
(41.5)
6.6
(43.9)
9.2
(48.6)
11.5
(52.7)
15.6
(60.1)
19.0
(66.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
18.1
(64.6)
14.4
(57.9)
8.8
(47.8)
5.9
(42.6)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F)1.0
(33.8)
1.6
(34.9)
3.6
(38.5)
6.0
(42.8)
9.8
(49.6)
13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
11.6
(52.9)
8.9
(48.0)
4.3
(39.7)
1.7
(35.1)
7.7
(45.9)
Record low °C (°F)−20.0
(−4.0)
−13.6
(7.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.5
(32.9)
2.6
(36.7)
7.3
(45.1)
3.6
(38.5)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
−12.4
(9.7)
−20.0
(−4.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)56.2
(2.21)
48.8
(1.92)
49.7
(1.96)
71.1
(2.80)
68.4
(2.69)
57.9
(2.28)
51.9
(2.04)
57.1
(2.25)
54.6
(2.15)
57.3
(2.26)
60.2
(2.37)
52.2
(2.06)
685.4
(26.98)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)9.67.68.411.19.57.76.06.57.59.19.48.7101.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.4111.0167.6176.6196.8209.8234.6223.6197.2145.294.579.41,928.6
Source: Météo France [2]

History and population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 8,444    
1800 7,696−1.32%
1806 8,918+2.49%
1821 9,670+0.54%
1831 9,801+0.13%
1841 10,867+1.04%
1846 12,323+2.55%
1851 12,141−0.30%
1856 12,001−0.23%
1861 11,899−0.17%
1866 12,500+0.99%
1872 13,087+0.77%
1876 13,785+1.31%
1881 14,186+0.58%
1886 15,090+1.24%
1891 14,782−0.41%
1896 14,838+0.08%
1901 13,939−1.24%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1906 13,526−0.60%
1911 13,638+0.17%
1921 11,825−1.42%
1926 12,272+0.74%
1931 12,567+0.48%
1936 13,313+1.16%
1946 15,253+1.37%
1954 16,382+0.90%
1962 18,918+1.82%
1968 21,462+2.13%
1975 23,185+1.11%
1982 23,258+0.04%
1990 23,136−0.07%
1999 21,838−0.64%
2007 21,704−0.08%
2012 21,960+0.23%
2017 21,935−0.02%
Source: EHESS [3] and INSEE (1968-2017) [4]

Auch is a very ancient town, whose settlement was noted by the Romans during their conquest of the area in the 50s BC. At that time, it was settled by an Aquitanian tribe known to the Romans as the Ausci. Their name for the town was Climberrum [5] or Elimberris. [6] This has been tentatively etymologized from the Iberian iltir ("town, oppidum") and a cognate of the Basque berri ("new"), although another Iberian settlement in Granada recorded by the Romans as "Iliberi" probably had no contact with proto-Basque speaking peoples.[ citation needed ] Following their conquest,[ when? ] the Romans renamed the town Augusta Auscorum or Ausciorum ("Augusta of the Ausci"). Augusta Auscorum was one of the twelve civitates of the province of Novempopulana (Gascony) and became the provincial capital after the 409 destruction of Eauze by the Vandals.

The common term Augusta was eventually[ when? ] dropped and the name evolved into the modern Gascon Aush and French Auch.

The town became the seat of a Catholic archdiocese which lasted until the French Revolution. Its archbishops claimed the title of Primate of Aquitaine, Novempopulana, and Navarre.

Sites of interest

Auch is known for its Renaissance Cathédrale Sainte-Marie with its magnificent organ, carved stalls and rose stained-glass windows, La Tour d'Armagnac – a 14th-century prison, as well as a statue of d'Artagnan who was based on the real life person, Charles de Batz, Comte d'Artagnan born nearby in the château de Castelmore, and written about by Alexandre Dumas.

Notable people

Auch was the birthplace of:

Literature

Auch is a location briefly mentioned in the M. R. James short ghost story "Canon Alberic's Scrap-Book" published in Ghost Stories of an Antiquary in 1904.

See also

Related Research Articles

Aquitaine Region of France

Aquitaine, archaic Guyenne or Guienne, is a historical region of southwestern France and a former administrative region of the country. Since 1 January 2016 it has been part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is situated in the far southwest corner of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. It is composed of the five departments of Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Landes and Gironde. In the Middle Ages, Aquitaine was a kingdom and a duchy, whose boundaries fluctuated considerably.

Gascony

Gascony is a province of southwestern France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution. The region is vaguely defined, and the distinction between Guyenne and Gascony is unclear; by some they are seen to overlap, while others consider Gascony a part of Guyenne. Most definitions put Gascony east and south of Bordeaux.

Gers Department of France

Gers is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2016, it had a population of 190,664.

Gascon language Occitan language spoken in France and Spain

Gascon is a variety of Romance spoken in southwest France. While often described as a dialect of Occitan, Gascon is considered by several authors to be a separate language altogether.

Midi-Pyrénées Region of France

Midi-Pyrénées is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region Occitanie. It was the largest region of Metropolitan France by area, larger than the Netherlands or Denmark.

Lower Navarre Province in Pays Basque, France

Lower Navarre is a traditional region of the present-day French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. It corresponds to the northernmost merindad of the Kingdom of Navarre during the Middle Ages. After the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre (1512–24), this merindad was restored to the rule of the native king, Henry II. Its capitals were Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and Saint-Palais. In the extreme north there was the little sovereign Principality of Bidache, with an area of 1,284 km2 (496 sq mi) and a decreasing population of 44,450, 25,356.

Béarn Place in France

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Bigorre

Bigorre is a region in southwest France, historically an independent county and later a French province, located in the upper watershed of the Adour, on the northern slopes of the Pyrenees, part of the larger region known as Gascony. Today Bigorre comprises the centre and west of the département of Hautes-Pyrénées, with two small exclaves in the neighbouring Pyrénées Atlantiques. Its inhabitants are called Bigourdans.

Couserans

Couserans is a small former province of France located in the Pyrenees mountains. Today Couserans makes up the western half of the Ariège département, around the towns of Saint-Girons and Saint-Lizier. A small part of Couserans is also in the extreme south of Haute-Garonne, just across the border from Ariège.

Aquitani

The Aquitanians were a people living in what is now southern Nouvelle-Aquitaine and southwestern Midi-Pyrénées, France, called Gallia Aquitania by the Romans in the region between the Pyrenees, the Atlantic ocean, and the Garonne, present-day southwestern France. Classical authors such as Julius Caesar and Strabo clearly distinguish them from the other peoples of Gaul, and note their similarity to others in the Iberian Peninsula.

Libourne Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Libourne is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

Roquelaure Commune in Occitanie, France

Roquelaure is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France. A type of knee-length cloak, which was worn by men in the 18th and 19th Centuries of the Common Era, is named for the commune.

Lectoure Commune in Occitanie, France

Lectoure is a commune in the Gers department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France.

Saint-Sever Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Sever is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Vic-Fezensac Commune in Occitanie, France

Vic-Fezensac is a commune in the Gers department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. In 2017, it had a population of 3,474.

Montréal, Gers Commune in Occitanie, France

Montréal is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Ornézan Commune in Occitanie, France

Ornézan is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Preignan Commune in Occitanie, France

Preignan is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Troncens Commune in Occitanie, France

Troncens is a commune in the Gers department of Gascony in the southwestern France.

Eauze Commune in Occitanie, France

Eauze is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. December 28, 2020.
  2. "Auch (32)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  3. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Auch, EHESS. (in French)
  4. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. "Baynes, T. S., ed. (1878). "Auch"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 3 (9th ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 67.
  6. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Auch"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 892–893.