Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is currently represented by Chlöe Swarbrick, a member of the Green Party; she has represented the seat since 2020.
In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, including Auckland Central, and one former electorate was recreated.
Auckland Central contains Auckland city centre, the suburbs of Ponsonby, Westmere, Arch Hill, Herne Bay, Freemans Bay, St Mary's Bay, Newton and Eden Terrace at the west side of the city. Because of the location of the main Auckland ferry terminal, Auckland Central also contains the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. At the 2008 election, Grafton became part of Epsom, and Point Chevalier moved into Mount Albert. To offset these changes, the suburb of Newton was drafted in from Mount Albert. Further population growth ahead of the 2014 election resulted in Westmere and Grey Lynn transferring to Mount Albert.
Auckland Central was created ahead of the 1887 election; it was carved from parts of the electorates of Auckland North and the Auckland West and focused around upper Queen Street, Grafton, and Newton. It lasted only until the 1890 elections, when a reduction in the number of electorates meant Auckland Central was re-incorporated into a larger City of Auckland electorate. At the 1905 elections, the Auckland seat was split into three seats, including a recreated Auckland Central.
The seat has been held by the Labour Party for most of its existence: between 1919 and 2008, the seat had spent only three years in the hands of another party (the left-wing Alliance, from 1993 to 1996). However, the 2008 election saw Nikki Kaye win the seat for the National Party for the first time. Kaye retained the seat in 2011, 2014 and 2017, although with a reduced majority making Auckland Central one of the most marginal electorates in the country. She retired at the 2020 election, which saw Green Party candidate Chlöe Swarbrick win the seat in a tight three-way contest and become only the second Green electorate MP.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
Independent Liberal Labour Alliance National Green
|1887 election||George Grey|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1905, see Auckland)|
|1905 election||Alfred Kidd|
|1908 election||Albert Glover|
|1919 election||Bill Parry|
|1946 election||Bill Anderton|
|1960 election||Norman Douglas|
|1975 election||Richard Prebble|
|1993 election||Sandra Lee|
|1996 election||Judith Tizard|
|2008 election||Nikki Kaye|
|2020 election||Chlöe Swarbrick|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Auckland Central electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
ACT Alliance Green National Labour
|1996 election||Rodney Hide|
|1999 election||Donna Awatere Huata|
|2002 election||Nándor Tánczos|
|2005 election||Pansy Wong|
|2011 election||Jacinda Ardern|
|2014 election||Jacinda Ardern|
|2020 election||Helen White|
|2020 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Jenny Marcroft||274||0.76||-1.22||622||1.71||−2.16|
|New Conservative||Kevin Stitt||186||0.51||+0.33||197||0.54||+0.44|
|Sustainable NZ||Vernon Tava||120||0.33||—||59||0.16||—|
|TEA||Dominic Hoffman Dervan||50||0.14||—||35||0.10||—|
|Total Valid votes||35,985||36,403|
|Green gain from National||Majority||1,068||2.97||+25.38|
|2017 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Frank Edwards||578||1.98||—||1,165||3.87||−1.31|
|ACT||Brooke van Velden||151||0.52||−0.19||317||1.05||−0.12|
|Climate First||Leslie Jones||55||0.19||—|
|Total Valid votes||29,170||30,007|
|2014 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Money Free||Jordan Osmaston||19||0.07||+0.07|
|Total Valid votes||27,453||28,256|
|2011 general election: Auckland Central|
|NZ First||Allen Davies||412||1.24||+1.24||1,403||4.10||+1.81|
|Human Rights||Anthony van den Heuval||68||0.21||+0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,129||34,206|
|2008 general election: Auckland Central|
|Labour||N Judith Tizard||13,180||38.53||-5.36||12,166||34.55||-10.68|
|Legalise Cannabis||Kevin O'Connell||349||1.02||–||101||0.29||+0.12|
|United Future||Aaron Galey-Young||128||0.37||-0.91||168||0.48||-0.82|
|Human Rights||Anthony Ravlich||67||0.20||–|
|Bill and Ben||132||0.37||–|
|Total Valid votes||34,203||35,208|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,497||4.38||-6.42|
|2005 general election: Auckland Central|
|NZ First||Susan Baragwanath||996||2.77||1,044||2.84|
|United Future||Steve Taylor||461||1.28||477||1.30|
|Direct Democracy||Dilip Rupa||69||0.19||15||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||35,985||36,781|
|2002 general election: Auckland Central|
|United Future||Steve Taylor||770||2.51||1,266||4.01|
|Christian Heritage||Sean Michael Reynolds||235||0.77||163||0.52|
|Independent||Anthony Van Den Heuvel||66||0.22|
|Total Valid votes||30,692||31,583|
|1999 general election: Auckland Central|
|ACT||Donna Awatere Huata||2,301||7.05||2,929||8.91|
|Christian Heritage||Dick Holland||435||1.33||332||1.01|
|NZ First||Dilip Rupa||380||1.16||671||2.04|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Pieter de Jonge||169||0.52|
|Mana Māori||Tame Iti||83||0.25||19||0.06|
|South Island||Gerry Campbell||43||0.13||7||0.02|
|Communist League||Terence Coggan||38||0.12|
|People's Choice Party||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,640||32,885|
|1996 general election: Auckland Central|
|Alliance||N Sandra Lee||8,866||26.53||3,855||11.49|
|NZ First||Richard Whittaker||1,565||4.68||2,307||6.87|
|Christian Coalition||Barrie Patterson||398||1.19||598||1.78|
|Progressive Green||Laurence Boomert||326||0.98||229||0.68|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Alistair Ramsden||226||0.68||129||0.38|
|Green Society||Simon Reeves||175||0.52||110||0.33|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Chris Brady||139||0.42|
|Natural Law||Mark Watts||108||0.32||70||0.21|
|Independent||Peter de Jonge||27||0.08|
|Citizens Party||Wayne Young||18||0.05|
|Independent||Adam Le Lievre||10||0.03|
|Ethnic Minority Party||40||0.12|
|Asia Pacific United||21||0.06|
|Advance New Zealand||14||0.04|
|Superannuitants & Youth||14||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||33,414||33,563|
|Labour gain from Alliance||Majority||3,353||9.99|
|NZ First||Honoria Gray||967||3.96|
|Christian Heritage||Arnold Kennedy||210||0.86|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Graeme Minchin||206||0.84|
|Natural Law||Gillian Sanson||74||0.30|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Pete Millett||57||0.23|
|Communist League||James Robb||32||0.13|
|Legalise Marijuana||Mike Finlayson||292||1.63|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Vince Terreni||189||1.05||+0.06|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Chris Brady||74||0.41|
|Communist League||Russell Johnson||28||0.15|
|Left Alternative||Joce Jesson||1,090||6.31|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Vince Terreni||172||0.99|
|NZ Party||A C Dunn||109||0.63|
|NZ Party||Mark Sapsford||2,571||12.82|
|Social Credit||Ian Andrews||751||3.74|
|Values||Carlton D. Cowan||208||1.03|
|Cheer Up||Vince Terreni||95||0.47||-0.69|
|Social Credit||Bruce Sheppard||2,401||13.41|
|Cheer Up||Vince Terreni||208||1.16|
|National||Mairehau Tui Cole||4,319||26.27|
|Social Credit||Martin Hine||1,683||10.23|
|Values||Keith Charles Langton||704||4.28|
|Independent Labour||Barry Shaw||65||0.39||+0.17|
|Socialist Action||Brigid Mulrennan||62||0.37||+0.08|
|Social Credit||Allan Donovan||410||2.66||-2.81|
|Christian Democratic||Tom Weal||172||1.11|
|Socialist Action||Brigid Mulrennan||46||0.29|
|Independent Labour||Barry Shaw||35||0.22|
|Social Credit||Allan Donovan||767||5.47|
|Independent Labour||Gordon Ingham||101||0.72|
|New Democratic||Michael Pinkey||53||0.37|
|Social Credit||Donald Bernard Guilford||507||3.77|
|Independent Labour||Owen Gager||164||1.22|
|Social Credit||John Reginald Burke||1,043||9.75|
|Social Credit||Maxwell Rickard||563||4.25|
|Liberal||David Anthony Hannay||273||2.06|
|National||Raymond John Presland||5,069||39.80|
|Social Credit||Lloyd Bishop Liddle||586||4.60||-0.45|
|Social Credit||Lloyd Bishop Liddle||768||5.05|
|National||John Weir Stewart||3,400||28.94|
|Social Credit||Alfred Humphries Gilbert||681||5.79|
|Independent||H K Jones||73||0.79|
|National||William George Stanley Swabey||3,253||25.55|
|Democratic Labour||Lawrence Allen Wheatley||892||7.00|
|Independent||Donald Wallace MacClure||389||3.05|
|National||Clifford Reid Dodd||3,970||27.81||+10.66|
|Democrat||Clifford Reid Dodd||1,573||17.15|
|United||Harold Penfound Congdon||1,589||21.39|
|Reform||Frederick John Lysnar||822||8.55|
|Reform||Charles Augustus Wilson||2,172||24.58|
|Liberal||Frederick Stanley Morton||991||11.22|
|Social Democrat||Michael Joseph Savage||1,751||24.59||+1.01|
|Socialist||Michael Joseph Savage||1,800||23.58|
|Ind. Labour League||Arthur Rosser||621||9.82|
|Ind. Labour League||James Aggers||360||7.11|
|Independent||Samuel Alexander Tilly||51||1.00|
|Conservative||Albert Penn Bradly||37||0.73|
|Independent||Sir George Grey||Unopposed|
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