Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its current representative is Nikki Kaye, a member of the National Party; she has represented the seat since 2008.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The 48th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined at a general election held on 17 September 2005. The new parliament met for the first time on 7 November 2005. It was dissolved on 3 October 2008.
In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, including Auckland Central, and one former electorate was recreated.
The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
Auckland Central contains downtown Auckland, the suburbs of Ponsonby, Grey Lynn, Westmere, Arch Hill, Herne Bay, Freemans Bay, St Mary's Bay, Newton and Eden Terrace at the west side of the city. Because of the location of the main Auckland ferry terminal, Auckland Central also contains the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. At the 2008 election, Grafton became part of Epsom, and Point Chevalier moved into Mount Albert. To offset these changes, the suburb of Newton was drafted in from Mount Albert.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki Makaurau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
Ponsonby is an inner-city suburb of Auckland located 2 km west of the Auckland CBD, in the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb is oriented along a ridge running north-south, which is followed by the main street of the suburb, Ponsonby Road.
Grey Lynn is an inner residential suburb of Auckland City, New Zealand, located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) to the west of the city centre. Originally a separate borough, Grey Lynn amalgamated with Auckland City in 1914.
Auckland Central was created ahead of the 1887 election; it was carved from parts of the electorates of Auckland North and the Auckland West and focused around upper Queen Street, Grafton, and Newton. It lasted only until the 1890 elections, when a reduction in the number of electorates meant Auckland Central was re-incorporated into single larger Auckland electorate. At the 1905 elections, the Auckland seat was split into three seats, including a recreated Auckland Central.
The New Zealand general election of 1887 was held on 26 September to elect 95 MPs to the tenth session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 7 September. 175,410 votes were cast. In 5 seats there was only one candidate.
The former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western inner city of Auckland, was known as City of Auckland West from 1861 to 1890, and then Auckland West from 1905 to 1946.
Queen Street is the major commercial thoroughfare in the Auckland CBD, Auckland, New Zealand's main population centre. It starts at Queens Wharf on the Auckland waterfront, adjacent to the Britomart Transport Centre and the Downtown Ferry Terminal, and runs increasingly more steeply uphill for almost three kilometres in a mostly straight south-southwesterly direction towards the Karangahape Road ridge, and the residential suburbs in the interior of the Auckland isthmus.
The seat has been held by the Labour Party for most of its existence — between 1919 and 2008, the seat had spent only three years in the hands of another party (the left-wing Alliance, from 1993 to 1996). However, the 2008 election saw the National Party win the electorate for the first time. National retained the seat in 2011 and 2014, although with a reduced majority making Auckland Central one of the most marginal electorates in the country.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism; observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. The party participates in the international Progressive Alliance.
The Alliance was a left-wing political party in New Zealand. It was formed at the end of 1991 by the linking of four smaller parties. The Alliance positioned itself as a democratic socialist alternative to the centre-left New Zealand Labour Party. It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs). After the remaining MPs lost their seats in the 2002 general election, some commentators predicted the demise of the party.
The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand Parliament. The liberal-conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government which governed for the next nine years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
Independent Liberal Labour Alliance National
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
|1887 election||George Grey|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1905, see Auckland)|
|1905 election||Alfred Kidd|
|1908 election||Albert Glover|
|1919 election||Bill Parry|
|1946 election||Bill Anderton|
|1960 election||Norman Douglas|
|1975 election||Richard Prebble|
|1993 election||Sandra Lee|
|1996 election||Judith Tizard|
|2008 election||Nikki Kaye|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Auckland Central electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
ACT Alliance Green National Labour
|1996 election||Rodney Hide|
|1999 election||Donna Awatere Huata|
|2002 election||Nándor Tánczos|
|2005 election||Pansy Wong|
|2011 election||Jacinda Ardern|
|2014 election||Jacinda Ardern|
|2017 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Frank Edwards||578||1.98||—||1,165||3.87||−1.31|
|ACT||Brooke van Velden||151||0.52||−0.19||317||1.05||−0.12|
|Climate First||Leslie Jones||55||0.19||—|
|Total Valid votes||29,170||30,007|
|2014 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Money Free||Jordan Osmaston||19||0.07||+0.07|
|Total Valid votes||27,453||28,256|
|2011 general election: Auckland Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Allen Davies||412||1.24||+1.24||1,403||4.10||+1.81|
|Human Rights||Anthony van den Heuval||68||0.21||+0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,129||34,206|
|2008 general election: Auckland Central|
|Legalise Cannabis||Kevin O'Connell||349||1.02||–||101||0.29||+0.12|
|United Future||Aaron Galey-Young||128||0.37||-0.91||168||0.48||-0.82|
|Human Rights||Anthony Ravlich||67||0.20||–|
|Bill and Ben||132||0.37||–|
|Total Valid votes||34,203||35,208|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,497||4.38||-6.42|
|2005 general election: Auckland Central|
|NZ First||Susan Baragwanath||996||2.77||1,044||2.84|
|United Future||Steve Taylor||461||1.28||477||1.30|
|Direct Democracy||Dilip Rupa||69||0.19||15||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||35,985||36,781|
|2002 general election: Auckland Central|
|United Future||Steve Taylor||770||2.51||1,266||4.01|
|Christian Heritage||Sean Michael Reynolds||235||0.77||163||0.52|
|Independent||Anthony Van Den Heuvel||66||0.22|
|Total Valid votes||30,692||31,583|
|1999 general election: Auckland Central|
|ACT||Donna Awatere Huata||2,301||7.05||2,929||8.91|
|Christian Heritage||Dick Holland||435||1.33||332||1.01|
|NZ First||Dilip Rupa||380||1.16||671||2.04|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Pieter de Jonge||169||0.52|
|Mana Māori||Tame Iti||83||0.25||19||0.06|
|South Island||Gerry Campbell||43||0.13||7||0.02|
|Communist League||Terence Coggan||38||0.12|
|People's Choice Party||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,640||32,885|
|1996 general election: Auckland Central|
|NZ First||Richard Whittaker||1,565||4.68||2,307||6.87|
|Christian Coalition||Barrie Patterson||398||1.19||598||1.78|
|Progressive Green||Laurence Boomert||326||0.98||229||0.68|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Alistair Ramsden||226||0.68||129||0.38|
|Green Society||Simon Reeves||175||0.52||110||0.33|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Chris Brady||139||0.42|
|Natural Law||Mark Watts||108||0.32||70||0.21|
|Independent||Peter de Jonge||27||0.08|
|Citizens Party||Wayne Young||18||0.05|
|Independent||Adam Le Lievre||10||0.03|
|Ethnic Minority Party||40||0.12|
|Asia Pacific United||21||0.06|
|Advance New Zealand||14||0.04|
|Superannuitants & Youth||14||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||33,414||33,563|
|Labour gain from Alliance||Majority||3,353||9.99|
|NZ First||Honoria Gray||967||3.96|
|Christian Heritage||Arnold Kennedy||210||0.86|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Graeme Minchin||206||0.84|
|Natural Law||Gillian Sanson||74||0.30|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Pete Millett||57||0.23|
|Communist League||James Robb||32||0.13|
|Legalise Marijuana||Mike Finlayson||292||1.63|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Vince Terreni||189||1.05||+0.06|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Chris Brady||74||0.41|
|Communist League||Russell Johnson||28||0.15|
|National||S J Mayer||3,904||22.62|
|Left Alternative||Joce Jesson||1,090||6.31|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Vince Terreni||172||0.99|
|NZ Party||A C Dunn||109||0.63|
|NZ Party||Mark Sapsford||2,571||12.82|
|Social Credit||Ian Andrews||751||3.74|
|Independent||L P Cotman||253||1.26|
|Values||C D Cowan||208||1.03|
|Cheer Up||Vince Terreni||95||0.47||-0.69|
|Social Credit||Bruce Sheppard||2,401||13.41|
|Cheer Up||Vince Terreni||208||1.16|
|National||M T Cole||4,319||26.27|
|Social Credit||M J Hine||1,683||10.23|
|Values||K C Langton||704||4.28|
|Independent Labour||Barry Shaw||65||0.39||+0.17|
|Socialist Action||Brigid Mulrennan||62||0.37||+0.08|
|Social Credit||Allan Donovan||410||2.66||-2.81|
|Christian Democratic||Tom Weal||172||1.11|
|Socialist Action||Brigid Mulrennan||46||0.29|
|Independent Labour||Barry Shaw||35||0.22|
|Social Credit||Allan Donovan||767||5.47|
|Independent Labour||Gordon Ingham||101||0.72|
|New Democratic||Michael Pinkey||53||0.37|
|Social Credit||Donald Bernard Guilford||507||3.77|
|Independent Labour||Owen Gager||164||1.22|
|Social Credit||John Reginald Burke||1,043||9.75|
|Social Credit||Maxwell Rickard||563||4.25|
|Liberal||David Anthony Hannay||273||2.06|
|Communist||Richard Charles Wolf||155||1.17|
|National||Raymond John Presland||5,069||39.80|
|Social Credit||Lloyd Bishop Liddle||586||4.60||-0.45|
|Social Credit||Lloyd Bishop Liddle||768||5.05|
|National||John Weir Stewart||3,400||28.94|
|Social Credit||Alfred Humphries Gilbert||681||5.79|
|National||Peter Gordon Hillyer||2,929||35.89|
|Independent||H K Jones||73||0.79|
|National||William George Stanley Swabey||3,253||25.55|
|Democratic Labour||Lawrence Allen Wheatley||892||7.00|
|Independent||Donald Wallace MacClure||389||3.05|
|National||Clifford Reid Dodd||3,970||27.81||+10.66|
|Democrat||Clifford Reid Dodd||1,573||17.15|
|United||Harold Penfound Congdon||1,589||21.39|
|Reform||Charles Augustus Wilson||2,172||24.58|
|Liberal||Frederick Stanley Morton||991||11.22|
|Social Democrat||Michael Joseph Savage||1,751||24.59||+1.01|
|Socialist||Michael Joseph Savage||1,800||23.58|
|Ind. Labour League||Arthur Rosser||621||9.82|
|Ind. Labour League||James Aggers||360||7.11|
|Independent||Samuel Alexander Tilly||51||1.00|
|Conservative||Albert Penn Bradly||37||0.73|
|Independent||Sir George Grey||Unopposed|
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