Augsburg

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Augsburg
Augsburg - Markt.jpg
Maximilianmuseum.jpg
Gasse in der Fuggerei, Augsburg.JPG
Der Hohe Dom zu AugsburgDSC 2136.jpg
Flag of Augsburg.svg
Flag
Augsburg wappen.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Augsburg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Augsburg
Bavaria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Augsburg
Coordinates: 48°22′N10°54′E / 48.367°N 10.900°E / 48.367; 10.900 Coordinates: 48°22′N10°54′E / 48.367°N 10.900°E / 48.367; 10.900
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Swabia
District Urban district
Government
   Lord Mayor Kurt Gribl (CSU)
Area
  Total146.84 km2 (56.70 sq mi)
Elevation
494 m (1,621 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31) [1]
  Total292,851
  Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
86150–86199
Dialling codes 0821
Vehicle registration A
Lord Mayor Kurt Gribl, 2010 Dr Kurt Gribl2.jpg
Lord Mayor Kurt Gribl, 2010

Augsburg (German pronunciation: [ˈaʊ̯ksbʊʁk] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Austro-Bavarian : Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is a university town and regional seat of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria (after Munich and Nuremberg) with a population of 300,000 inhabitants, with 885,000 in its metropolitan area. [2]

Swabia (Bavaria) Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria, Germany

Swabia is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area. Its territory comprises roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

After Neuss and Trier, Augsburg is Germany's third oldest city, founded in 15 BC by the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum, named after the Roman emperor Augustus. It was a Free Imperial City from 1276 to 1803 and the home of the patrician Fugger and Welser families that dominated European banking in the 16th century. The city played a leading role in the Reformation as the site of the 1530 Augsburg Confession and 1555 Peace of Augsburg. The Fuggerei, the oldest social housing complex in the world, was founded in 1513 by Jakob Fugger.

Neuss Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Neuss is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposing Düsseldorf. Neuss is the largest city within the Rhein-Kreis Neuss district. It is primarily known for its historic Roman sites, as well as the annual Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest. Neuss and Trier share the title of "Germany's oldest city"; and in 1984 Neuss celebrated the 2000 year anniversary of its founding in 16 BCE.

Trier Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Trier, formerly known in English as Treves and Triers, is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of red sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the border with Luxembourg and within the important Moselle wine region. The German philosopher and one of the founders of Marxism, Karl Marx was born in the city in 1818.

Roman emperor ruler of the Roman Empire

The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period. The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is described as becoming "emperor" in English, it reflects his taking of the title Augustus or Caesar. Another title often used was imperator, originally a military honorific. Early Emperors also used the title princeps. Emperors frequently amassed republican titles, notably princeps senatus, consul and pontifex maximus.

Geography

Augsburg lies at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach and on the Singold. The oldest part of the city and the southern quarters are on the northern foothills of a high terrace, which emerged between the steep rim of the hills of Friedberg in the east and the high hills of the west. In the south extends the Lechfeld, an outwash plain of the post ice age between the rivers Lech and Wertach, where rare primeval landscapes were preserved. The Augsburg city forest and the Lech valley heaths today rank among the most species-rich middle European habitats. [3]

Alps major mountain range system in Central Europe

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).

Lech (river) river in Austria and Germany

The Lech is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube 255 kilometres (158 mi) in length with a drainage basin of 3,919 square kilometres (1,513 sq mi). Its source is located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, where the river rises from lake Formarinsee in the Alps at an altitude of 1,870 metres (6,120 ft). It flows in a north-north-easterly direction and crosses the German border, forming the Lechfall, a 12-metre-high (39 ft) waterfall; afterwards the river enters a narrow gorge. Leaving the Alps, it enters the plains of the Allgäu at Füssen at an elevation of 790 metres (2,580 ft) in the German state of Bavaria, where it used to be the location of the boundary with Swabia. The river runs through the city of Füssen and through the Forggensee, a man-made lake which is drained in winter. Here, it forms rapids and a waterfall.

Wertach (river) river in Germany

The Wertach is a river in Bavaria, southern Germany, a left tributary of the Lech. Its total length is 141 km (88 mi). The Wertach originates in the Northern Limestone Alps in Bad Hindelang, east of Sonthofen. It flows north along the towns Wertach, Nesselwang, Marktoberdorf, Kaufbeuren, Schwabmünchen and Bobingen. The Wertach flows into the Lech in Augsburg.

On Augsburg borders the nature park Augsburg Western Woods - a large forestland. The city itself is also heavily greened. As a result, in 1997 Augsburg was the first German city to win the Europe-wide contest Entente Florale for Europe's greenest and most livable city.

A Nature Park or Natural Park is a designation for a protected landscape by means of long-term planning, sustainable use and agriculture. These valuable landscapes are preserved in their present state and promoted for tourism purposes.

Augsburg Western Woods Nature Park nature park in Bavaria, Germany

The Augsburg-Western Woods Nature Park is one of the two nature parks in Bavarian Swabia. The 1988 founded park has a size of 1,175 km2 (454 sq mi). The nature park is bordered by the rivers Danube, Wertach, Schmutter, Flossach and Mindel. The biggest part of it is located in Augsburg (district) and extends to the edge of the districts Unterallgäu, Günzburg (district) and Dillingen (district).

Entente Florale international horticultural competition

The Entente Florale Europe is an international horticultural competition established to recognise municipalities and villages in Europe for excellence in horticultural displays. Trophies are presented annually by tourist boards and horticultural societies of European countries. There are three categories:

Augsburg-Pan.jpg
View of Augsburg, from the west

Suburb and Neighbouring municipalities

Augsburg is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg in the west and Aichach-Friedberg in the east.

Augsburg (district) District in Bavaria, Germany

Augsburg is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the city of Augsburg and the districts of Aichach-Friedberg, Landsberg, Ostallgäu, Unterallgäu, Günzburg, Dillingen and Donau-Ries. The city of Augsburg is not part of the district, but nonetheless is its administrative seat.

Aichach-Friedberg District in Bavaria, Germany

Aichach-Friedberg is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Augsburg, Donau-Ries, Neuburg-Schrobenhausen, Pfaffenhofen, Dachau, Fürstenfeldbruck and Landsberg, as well as by the city of Augsburg.

The Suburb are Friedberg, Königsbrunn, Stadtbergen, Neusäß, Gersthofen, Diedorf

Königsbrunn Place in Bavaria, Germany

Königsbrunn is the largest town in the district of Augsburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the left bank of the Lech, approx. 10 km south of Augsburg.

Stadtbergen Place in Bavaria, Germany

Stadtbergen is a town in the district of Augsburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated in the outskirts of Augsburg, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) west of Augsburg city centre. Stadtbergen was granted town privileges in May 2007.

Neusäß Place in Bavaria, Germany

Neusäß is a town in the District of Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany. The town lies on the Schmutter river and borders the city of Augsburg. As of 2018, the city had 22,164.

Neighbouring municipalities: Rehling, Affing, Kissing, Mering, Merching, Bobingen, Gessertshausen

History

Early history

Early 18th century map of Augsburg and surrounding area Augsburg map 1705-1720.png
Early 18th century map of Augsburg and surrounding area

The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius as Augusta Vindelicorum (Latin pronunciation:  [awˈɡʊsta wɪndɛlɪˈkoːrʊ̃] English pronunciation of Latin: /ˈɡstəvɪnˈdɛlɪˌkrəm/ [4] ), on the orders of their stepfather Emperor Augustus. The name means "Augusta of the Vindelici". This garrison camp soon became the capital of the Roman province of Raetia.

Early development was due to a 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire, especially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach, and with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg was the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages. [5]

Around 120 AD Augsburg became the capital of the Roman province Raetia. Augsburg was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity.

Augsburg Confession

Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg

Paritätische Reichsstadt Augsburg
1276–1803
(Occupied by Sweden 1632–35)
Wappen Augsburg 1811.svg
Coat of arms of Augsburg before 1985
Status Mixed Imperial City  [ de ]
(State of the Holy Roman Empire)
CapitalAugsburg
GovernmentRepublic
Historical era Middle Ages
 Bishopric established
4th century
c. 888
 City gained immediacy
1276
1530
 Joined Schmalkadic League
1537
 Peace of Augsburg
1555
  Occupied by Sweden
1632–35
1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Coat of Arms of the Bishopric of Augsburg.svg Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg
Kingdom of Bavaria Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg

Augsburg was granted the status of a Free Imperial City on March 9, 1276 and from then until 1803, it was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg. Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics.

With its strategic location at an intersection of trade routes to Italy, the Free Imperial City became a major trading center. Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fuggers and the Welsers. The Fugger family donated the Fuggerei part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens in 1516, which remains in use today.

Panorama of Augsburg, 1493 Nuremberg chronicles - Augusta vendilicorum.png
Panorama of Augsburg, 1493
Perlach market place in 1550. Augsburg1550.jpg
Perlach market place in 1550.

In 1530, the Augsburg Confession was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor at the Diet of Augsburg. Following the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, after which the rights of religious minorities in imperial cities were to be legally protected, a mixed Catholic–Protestant city council presided over a majority Protestant population; see Paritätische Reichsstadt .

Thirty Years' War

Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing Confessional tensions until the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). In 1629, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II issued the Edict of Restitution, which restored the legal situation of 1552 and again curtailed the rights of the Protestant citizens. The inequality of the Edict of Restitution was rescinded when in April 1632, the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus captured Augsburg without resistance.

In 1634, the Swedish army was routed at nearby Nördlingen. By October 1634, Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish garrison refused to surrender and a siege ensued through the winter of 1634/35 and thousands died from hunger and disease. According to J. N. Hays, "In the period of the Swedish occupation and the Imperial siege the population of the city was reduced from about 70,000 to about 16,000, with typhus and plague playing major roles." [6]

Nine Years' War

In 1686, Emperor Leopold I formed the League of Augsburg, termed by the English as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689: a European coalition, consisting (at various times) of Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Palatinate of the Rhine, Portugal, Savoy, Saxony, Spain, Sweden, and the United Provinces. It was formed to defend the Palatinate from France. This organization fought against France in the Nine Years War.

Augsburg's peak boom years occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries thanks to the bank and metal businesses of the merchant families Fugger and Welser, who held a local near total monopoly on their respective industries. Augsburg's wealth attracted artists seeking patrons and rapidly became a creative centre for famous painters, sculptors and musicians - and, notably, the birthplace of the Holbein painter family. In later centuries the city was the birthplace of the composer Leopold Mozart [7] and the playwright Berthold Brecht. [8] Rococo became so prevalent that it became known as “Augsburg style” throughout Germany.

End of Free Imperial City status and Industrial Revolution revival

A map of Augsburg in 1800. Stockdale 1800 - Augsburg.jpeg
A map of Augsburg in 1800.

In 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Augsburg lost its independence and was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1817, the city became an administrative capital of the Oberdonaukreis, then administrative capital in 1837 for the district Swabia and Neuburg.

During the end of the 19th century, Augsburg's textile industry again rose to prominence followed by the connected machine manufacturing industry.

Military

Augsburg was historically a militarily important city due to its strategic location. During the German re-armament before the Second World War, the Wehrmacht enlarged Augsburg's one original Kaserne (barracks) to three: Somme Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Artillerie-Regiment 27); Arras Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 27) and Panzerjäger Kaserne (housing Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 27 (later Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27)). Wehrmacht Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27 was later moved to Füssen.

During World War II, one subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located outside Augsburg, supplying approximately 1,300 forced labourers to local military-related industry, most especially the Messerschmitt AG military aircraft firm headquartered in Augsburg. [9] [10]

In 1941, Rudolf Hess without Adolf Hitler's permission secretly took off from a local Augsburg airport and flew to Scotland to meet the Duke of Hamilton, and crashed in Eaglesham in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.

The Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 was stationed in Augsburg and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subsection of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 (which later became the Wehrmacht Panzerdivision 17). Elements of Wehrmacht II Battalion of Gebirgs-Jäger-Regiment 99 (especially Wehrmacht Panzerjäger Kompanie 14) was composed of parts of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27. The Infanterie Regiment 40 remained in Augsburg until the end of the war, finally surrendering to the United States when in 28 April 1945, the U.S. Army occupied the heavily bombed and damaged city.

Following the war, the three Kaserne would change hands confusingly between the American and Germans, finally ending up in US hands for the duration of the Cold War. The former Wehrmacht Kaserne became the three main US barracks in Augsburg: Reese, Sheridan and FLAK. US Base FLAK had been an anti-aircraft barracks since 1936 and US Base Sheridan "united" the former infantry barracks with a smaller Kaserne for former Luftwaffe communications units.

The American military presence in the city started with the U.S. 5th Infantry Division stationed at FLAK Kaserne from 1945 to 1955, then by 11th Airborne Division, followed by the 24th Infantry Division, U.S. Army VII Corps artillery, USASA Field Station Augsburg and finally the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, which returned the former Kaserne to German hands in 1998. Originally the Heeresverpflegungshauptamt Südbayern and an Officers' caisson existed on or near the location of Reese-Kaserne, but was demolished by the occupying Americans.

Politics

Municipality

From 1266 until 1548, the terms Stadtpfleger (head of town council) and Mayor were used interchangeably, or occasionally, simultaneously. In 1548 the title was finally fixed to Stadtpfleger, who officiated for several years and was then awarded the title for life (though no longer governing), thus resulting confusingly, in records of two or more simultaneous Stadtpfleger.

After the transfer to Bavaria in 1806, Augsburg was ruled by a Magistrate with two mayors, supported by an additional council of "Community Commissioners": the Gemeindebevollmächtige.

As of 1907, the Mayor was entitled Oberbürgermeister, as Augsburg had reached a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarian Gemeindeordnung.

Town Council

Election results of the Town Council since 1972 in percent [11]
Year CSU SPD FDP Grüne ÖDP Linke REP NPD Pro Augsburg AfD other
197244,946,52,30,70,94,7
197846,844,52,70,40,64,9
198432,944,91,34,20,20,715,8
199043,128,42,510,810,05,2
199644,129,41,710,52,811,5
200243,536,43,58,71,81,24,9
2008 40,130,12,710,31,53,59,42,4
2014 [12] 37,722,41,612,41,93,25,15,99,6
Seats
2014
231317123462

12002 PDS, until 1984 DKP    2Christlich Soziale Mitte (CSM): 3, Freie Wähler: 2, Polit-WG e.V: 1

Members of the Bundestag

Augsburg is located in the Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt constituency, which includes Königsbrunn and parts of the District of Augsburg (Landkreis Augsburg).

Volker Ullrich of the CSU was directly elected to the Bundestag in the 18th German Bundestag.

Indirectly elected to the Bundestag to adhere to the Landesliste were Ulrike Bahr for the SPD and Claudia Roth for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. [13]

Climate

Augsburg has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) or, following the 0 °C isotherm, a humid continental climate (Dfb).

Climate data for Augsburg (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)2.3
(36.1)
4.1
(39.4)
8.9
(48.0)
13.6
(56.5)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
6.6
(43.9)
3.1
(37.6)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.8
(30.6)
0.2
(32.4)
4.4
(39.9)
8.2
(46.8)
13.0
(55.4)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
17.7
(63.9)
13.6
(56.5)
9.1
(48.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.3
(32.5)
8.6
(47.5)
Average low °C (°F)−3.9
(25.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.7
(36.9)
7.3
(45.1)
10.5
(50.9)
12.3
(54.1)
11.9
(53.4)
8.3
(46.9)
4.8
(40.6)
0.3
(32.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)40.1
(1.58)
36.6
(1.44)
47.8
(1.88)
50.7
(2.00)
85.5
(3.37)
90.0
(3.54)
99.7
(3.93)
92.2
(3.63)
65.9
(2.59)
52.8
(2.08)
52.1
(2.05)
53.5
(2.11)
766.9
(30.2)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.190.1127.3173.8211.8218.1240.1223.2159.3107.959.148.71,723.5
Source: Météoclimat

Main sights

Augsburg Town Hall and Perlachturm (left) Augsburg - Markt.jpg
Augsburg Town Hall and Perlachturm (left)
The Fuggerei Herrengasse, Fuggerei, Augsburg.jpg
The Fuggerei
Fugger's City Palace Augsburg Fuggerhaeuser Stadtpalast.jpg
Fugger's City Palace

Urban Legends

The ,,Stoinerne Ma" Stoinernerma.jpg
The „Stoinerne Ma“
Bei den sieben Kindeln Augsburg Sieben Kindeln.jpg
Bei den sieben Kindeln

City goddess Cisa

Allegedly Cisa (dea Ciza) was the city goddess of Augsburg. A representation of the Cisa can be seen on the weather vane of the Perlachturm; moreover, according to legend, some representations on the bronze doors of the cathedral are said to indicate the goddess. The mountain on which her temple is said to have stood was called "Zisenberk". [15] The golden vane on top of Perlach-Tower next to city hall is the original likeness of the goddess from the 15th century.

The Stoinerne Ma

The "Stoinerne Ma" ("Stony Man") is a life-size stone figure on the eastern Augsburg city wall in the area of the so-called "Sweden staircase", which is located in the immediate vicinity of the Galluskirche and St. Stephan convent (on the outside of the city wall). It is probably a one-armed baker with a loaf of bread and a shield. In the area of the feet there is a helically twisted pedestal.

According to the legend, it is the baker "Konrad Hackher" who, during a long siege of the city, baked bread from sawdust and threw it into the ditch clearly visible for the besiegers over the city wall. The impression that Augsburg would still have so much bread that one could throw it over the wall is said to have demoralized the besiegers so much that they fired at him with a crossbow out of anger. A hit struck off his arm, and soon afterwards the siege was broken off. Historically, the event belongs to the Thirty Years' War, more precisely to the siege of Augsburg during the years 1634/35, when Catholic Bavarian troops under Field Marshal von Wahl wanted to recapture the city occupied by the Protestant Swedes. Of course, the baker's deed is not reliably proven.

The statue is often visited by walkers strolling along the city wall. As it is said to be a fortunate thing to touch the stone figure's iron nose. This custom is particularly popular with lovers.

Bei den sieben Kindeln

In the wall of the property Bei den Sieben Kindeln 3 ("At the seven infants 3") there is a recessed stone relief from the Roman period depicting six playing, naked children standing around a coffin.

Legend says that the commemorative plaque was commissioned by a Roman officer to commemorate the drowning of one of his children (therefore it is said to be "seven" children, although the plaque represents only six: the seventh child is drowned and lies in the coffin). According to current knowledge, the plate once formed the long side of a Sarcophagus, representing Erotes.

Incorporations

YearMunicipalityArea
July 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km2
January 1, 1911 Pfersee 3.5 km2
January 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km2
January 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km2
January 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km2
April 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59 km2
July 1, 1972 Göggingen
July 1, 1972 Haunstetten
July 1, 1972 Inningen

Population

Historical development

YearPopulation
163516,432
164519,960
180626,200
183029,019
December 1, 1871 ¹51,220
December 1, 1890 ¹75,629
December 1, 1900 ¹89,109
December 1, 1910 ¹102,487
June 16, 1925 ¹165,522
June 16, 1933 ¹176,575
May 17, 1939 ¹185,369
September 13, 1950 ¹185,183
June 6, 1961 ¹208,659
May 27, 1970 ¹211,566
June 30, 1975252,000
June 30, 1980246,600
June 30, 1985244,200
May 27, 1987 ¹242,819
December 31, 1990256.877
December 31, 1991259.884
December 31, 1992264.852
December 31, 1993264.764
December 31, 1994262.110
December 31, 1995259.699
December 31, 1996258.457
December 31, 1997256.625
December 31, 1998254.610
December 31, 1999254.867
December 31, 2000254.982
December 31, 2001257.836
December 31, 2002259.231
December 31, 2003259.217
December 31, 2004260.407
December 31, 2005262.676
December 31, 2006262.512
December 31, 2007262.992
December 31, 2008263.313
December 31, 2009263.646
December 31, 2010264.708
December 31, 2011266.647
December 31, 2015281.111
December 31, 2017295.895

¹ Census result

Largest groups of foreign residents [16]
NationalityPopulation (31.12.2017)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 11,701
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 7,242
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 4,280
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 4,123
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 2,581
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 2,392
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 2,369
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 2,129
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 1,907
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,823
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 1,746
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 1,650
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1,639
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 1,512
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 1,312
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 1,256
Total64,627

Partner cities

Information on the partner cities can also be found at www.augsburg.de

Transport

Roads

The main road link is autobahn A 8 between Munich and Stuttgart.

Public transport

Public transport is very well catered for. It is controlled by the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund (Augsburg transport union, AVV) extended over central Swabia. There are seven rail Regionalbahn lines, five tram lines, 27 city bus lines and six night bus lines, as well as, several taxi companies.

The Augsburg tramway network is now 35.5 km-long after the opening of new lines to the university in 1996, the northern city boundary in 2001 and to the Klinikum Augsburg (Augsburg hospital) in 2002. Tram line 6, which runs 5.2 km from Friedberg West to Hauptbahnhof (Central Station), opened in December 2010. [17]

Intercity bus

There is one station for intercity bus services in Augsburg: Augsburg Nord, located in the north of the city. [18]

Railway

The front of the station Bahnhofsgebaude Augsburg.JPG
The front of the station

Augsburg has seven stations, the Central Station (Hauptbahnhof), Hochzoll, Oberhausen, Haunstetterstraße, Morellstraße, Messe and Inningen. The Central Station, built from 1843 to 1846, is Germany’s oldest main station in a large city still providing services in the original building. It is currently being modernized and an underground tram station is built underneath it. Hauptbahnhof is on the Munich–Augsburg and Ulm–Augsburg lines and is connected by ICE and IC services to Munich, Berlin, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Stuttgart. As of December 2007, the French TGV connected Augsburg with a direct High Speed Connection to Paris. In addition EC and night train services connect to Amsterdam, Paris and Vienna and connections will be substantially improved by the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe.

The AVV operates seven Regionalbahn lines from the main station to:

Starting in 2008, the regional services are planned to be altered to S-Bahn frequencies and developed long term as integrated into the Augsburg S-Bahn.

Air transport

Until 2005 Augsburg was served by nearby Augsburg Airport (AGB). In that year all air passenger transport was relocated to Munich Airport. Since then, the airport is used almost entirely by business airplanes. [19]

Economy

Statue of Archangel Michael in Augsburg Erzengel-Michael-Augsburg-1.jpg
Statue of Archangel Michael in Augsburg
KUKA's industrial robots Industrial robots-transparent.gif
KUKA's industrial robots

Augsburg is a vibrant industrial city. Many global market leaders namely MAN, EADS or KUKA produce high technology products like printing systems, large diesel engines, industrial robots or components for the Airbus A380 and the Ariane carrier rocket. After Munich, Augsburg is considered the high-tech centre for Information and Communication in Bavaria and takes advantage of its lower operating costs, yet close proximity to Munich and potential customers. In 2018 the Bavarian State Government recognized this fact and promoted Augsburg to Metropole. [20]

Major companies

Education

Augsburg is home to the following universities and colleges:

Media

The local newspaper is the Augsburger Allgemeine first published in 1807. There are also several local radio stations and a local TV station (a.tv).

Notable people

Holbein's house Holbeinhaus Augsburg.jpg
Holbein's house

Sports

FC Augsburg against Borussia Dortmund in the Bundesliga at the SGL arena in November 2012. Borussia dortmund augsburg.jpg
FC Augsburg against Borussia Dortmund in the Bundesliga at the SGL arena in November 2012.

FC Augsburg is a football team based in Augsburg and plays in the WWK ARENA. FC Augsburg was promoted to Bundesliga in 2011. The new stadium (opened in July 2009) also hosted games of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

The city is home to a DEL (first-division) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther. The original club, AEV, was formed in 1878, the oldest German ice sport club and regularly draws around 4000 spectators, quite reasonable for German ice hockey. Home games are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion: a recently rebuilt (2012–2013) indoor rink and modern stadium. Also Augsburg is home to one of the most traditional German Baseball clubs, the Augsburg Gators and 2 American Football Clubs, the Raptors and Augsburg Storm, and in nearby Königsbrunn there's the Königsbrunn Ants.

For the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, a Lech River dam protective diversionary canal for river ice was converted into the world's first artificial whitewater slalom course: the Eiskanal and remains a world-class venue for whitewater competition and served as prototype for two dozen similar foreign courses.

Local city nicknames

While commonly called Fuggerstadt (Fuggers' city) due to the Fuggers residing there, within Swabia it is also often referred to as Datschiburg: which originated sometime in the 19th century refers to Augsburg's favorite sweet: the Datschi made from fruit, preferably prunes, and thin cake dough. [25] The Datschiburger Kickers charity football team (founded in 1965) reflects this in its choice of team name. [26] [27]

Among younger people, the city is commonly called "Aux" for short. [ citation needed ]

See also

Notes

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.
  2. "Und-wieder-5000-Menschen-mehr-Augsburg-waechst-und-waechst". www.augsburger-allgemeine.de. 2015-02-17.
  3. John G. Kelcey; Norbert Müller (7 June 2011). Plants and Habitats of European Cities. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN   978-0-387-89684-7.
  4. "Augsburg". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  5. "Stadt Augsburg - Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2014-05-05.
  6. Hays, J. N. (2005). Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 98. ISBN   1-85109-658-2.
  7. "Leopold Mozart | Biography & History | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  8. "BBC Bitesize - GCSE Drama - Epic theatre and Brecht - Revision 1". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  9. Wolfgang Sofsky, William Templer, The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp: Princeton University Press: 1999, ISBN   0-691-00685-7, page 183
  10. Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2008-07-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Augsburg – Chapter 11: Election results of the Town Council since 1946 (PDF; 2,6 MB)
  12. "Kommunalwahlen in Bayern 2014". kommunalwahl2014.bayern.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  13. ePaper 14. January 2014: Results of the Bundestagswahl 2014 in Augsburg (PDF; 12,1 MB)
  14. "Germany Bavaria Museums and Galleries Römisches Museum Augsburg". bavaria.by. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  15. Küchlin: Herkomen der stat zu Augspurg, ed. Ferdinand Frensdorff. In: Die Chroniken der deutschen Städte, Band 4. Leipzig 1865, p. 343-356.
  16. "Strukturdaten nach Stadtbezirk" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  17. "Railway Gazette: Urban rail news in brief" . Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  18. "Augsburg: Stations". Travelinho.com.
  19. "Augsburg Airport (EDMA)". flughafen-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  20. "Verordnung zur Änderung der Verordnung über das Landesentwicklungsprogramm Bayern" (PDF). Bayerisches Staatsministerium der Finanzen, für Landesentwicklung und Heimat. 2018-02-21. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  21. "BÖWE SYSTEC GmbH | Kuvertiersysteme, Kartenversandsysteme, Sortieranlagen, Lesetechnologie und Software". boewe-systec.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  22. "Universität Augsburg". uni-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  23. "Oskar Schindler's collaborator, Mietek Pemper, has died". Agence France-Presse . The Gazette (Montreal). 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
  24. Martin, Douglas (2011-06-18). "Mietek Pemper, 91, Camp Inmate Who Compiled Schindler's List". The New York Times . Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
  25. Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburg (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008
  26. Datschiburger Kickers website Archived 2009-10-06 at the Wayback Machine accessed: 18 November 2008
  27. Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburger Kickers (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008

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Fugger family of Augsburg

Fugger is a German family that was historically a prominent group of European bankers, members of the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century mercantile patriciate of Augsburg, international mercantile bankers, and venture capitalists. Alongside the Welser family, the Fugger family controlled much of the European economy in the sixteenth century and accumulated enormous wealth. The Fuggers held a near monopoly on the European copper market.

Fuggerei worlds oldest social housing complex, built by Jakob Fugger in Augsburg

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Friedberg, Bavaria Place in Bavaria, Germany

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Kirchheim or Kirchheim in Schwaben is a municipality and a market town in the district of Unterallgäu in the region of Swabia (Schwaben) in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. The town was greatly influenced by the Fugger family. North-east of the town lies the Augsburg Western Woods Nature Park.

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany.

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Lechrain is the name of an informally defined region of Germany extending southwards from Augsburg towards the foothills of the Alps along the Lech river, mainly on the east bank. It forms a boundary region between Bavaria and Swabia. The Lechrainer dialect has traces of Middle High German.

Augsburg-Stadt (electoral district) federal electoral district of Germany

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Munich Metropolitan Region metropolitan region in Germany

The Munich Metropolitan Region is one of eleven metropolitan regions in Germany, consisting of the agglomeration areas of Munich, Augsburg, Ingolstadt, Landshut, Rosenheim and Landsberg am Lech. It is Germany's fifth most populous metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan-Region, the Frankfurt Rhine-Main-Region, the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan-Region and the Stuttgart Metropolitan-Region.

Augsburger may refer to:

References

Bibliography