August von Pelzeln

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August von Pelzeln.

August von Pelzeln (10 May 1825, Prague – 2 September 1891) was an Austrian ornithologist. He was a grandson to novelist Karoline Pichler (1769-1843). [1]

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He studied at the University of Vienna, later working as an assistant under helminthologist Karl Moriz Diesing (1800-1867) in the Hof-Naturalien-Cabinet (from 1851). In 1857 he acquired curatorial duties formerly held by Johann Jakob Heckel (1790-1857), [1] and subsequently became in charge of the bird (1857) and mammal (1869) collections. [2] He worked on the birds collected by Johann Natterer in Brazil (343 species). [3]

He was forced to retire from the museum due to ill health, and died at Oberdöbling near Vienna.

Some birds described by Pelzeln are the orange-breasted thornbird, the spot-winged antbird, the red-legged tinamou, the white-throated tinamou, the short-billed leaftosser, the yellow-margined flatbill and the New Zealand rockwren.

His name is associated with Pelzeln's tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus inornatus). [4] Gustav Hartlaub (1814-1900) named the Madagascar grebe (Tachybaptus pelzelnii) in his honor; [5] Otto Finsch (1839-1917) named the Pohnpei starling (Aplonis pelzelni) after Pelzeln. [6]

Works

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References

  1. 1 2 Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 7. Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1978, ISBN   3-7001-0187-2, S. 401 f
  2. Annalen des k. k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Jahresbericht für 1888
  3. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (18 November 2009). The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 314. ISBN   9780801895333.
  4. Google Books The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals by Bo Beolens, Michael Watkins, Michael Grayson
  5. AviBase Tachybaptus pelzelnii
  6. Pohnpei Starling - Pictures and facts