|Born||13 June 1840|
|Died||20 February 1919 78)(aged|
Augusta Lundin (13 June 1840 in Kristianstad – 20 February 1919) was a Swedish fashion designer. She is considered to be the first international Swedish fashion designer as well as the first well known fashion designer in Sweden.
Kristianstad is a city and the seat of Kristianstad Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden with 40,145 inhabitants in 2016. During the last 15 years, it has gone from a garrison town to a developed commercial city, today attracting visitors in the summertime mainly from Germany, Denmark and The Netherlands.
Born to tailor Anders Lundin and Christina Andersdotter in Kristianstad, she learned the profession as a child, along with her sister, Hulda Lundin.
A tailor is a person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.
Hulda Lundin was a Swedish tailor and educator who laid the foundation for modern sewing education. She was the founder of the so-called “Swedish public school system of manual training”, and served as Inspectress of Girls' Sloyd in the public schools of Stockholm. The government of Sweden granted Lundin a stipend to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, the only woman thus chosen.
She later moved to Stockholm, where she was employed at the Emma Hellgren hatshop in 1863–65 and the fashion studio of C L Flory & co in 1865–67. In 1867, she started her own fashion studio, and in 1874, she made her first study trip to Paris, and started her own fashion paper.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.
Lundin made study trips to Paris once a year. She introduced the French method of making every part of a dress separately to Sweden. In 1886, she designed a "reformed costume", a loose dress without corset or bustle, on commission of the reformed dress society, which desired a more healthy dress model for women.
A corset is a garment worn to hold and train the torso into a desired shape, traditionally a smaller waist or larger bottom, for aesthetic or medical purposes, to improve posture, or support the breasts. Both men and women are known to wear corsets, though this item was for many years an integral part of women's wardrobes.
A bustle is a padded undergarment used to add fullness, or support the drapery, at the back of women's dresses in the mid-to-late 19th century. Bustles were worn under the skirt in the back, just below the waist, to keep the skirt from dragging. Heavy fabric tended to pull the back of a skirt down and flatten it. Thus, a woman's petticoated or crinolined skirt would lose its shape during everyday wear. The word "bustle" has become synonymous with a protruding rear profile, for example a "bustleback" car.
Among her clientele were Selma Lagerlöf, Josephine of Leuchtenberg and Sophie of Nassau, as well as international clients, especially in Denmark, Norway, Finland and the Russian Empire. King Oscar II of Sweden gave away her dresses as Christmas gifts every year to the lady-in-waitings at the royal court. On 31 October 1892,she was made official dressmaker of the queen, Sophia of Nassau; at assignments for the court, she brought models to the royal palace to display the clothes.
Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf was a Swedish author and teacher. She published her first novel, Gösta Berling's Saga, at the age of 33. She was the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, which she was awarded in 1909. Additionally, she was the first female to be granted a membership in The Swedish Academy in 1914.
Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I, as well as Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded to be politically active during the reign of her spouse. She acted as his political adviser and actively participated in state affairs. She was particularly active within the laws of religion in Sweden and Norway, and is attributed to have introduced more liberal laws regarding religion.
The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Lundin was known as a good employer: she was an honorary member of the dressmaker's society (1880) and aware that seamstresses often damaged their backs and eyes at work, she instigated a 12-hour work shift and a two-week summer vacation (1890), something quite unique for an employer in Sweden at a time when few employers allowed for vacations at all. She employed only women until 1910.
At her death in 1919, she left the company to her siblings' children. In the 1920s, the company experienced difficulties because of the simplified fashion and the confection industry; it was closed in 1939.
Friederike "Frederica" Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden was Queen consort of Sweden from 1797 to 1809 by marriage to King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.
Dorothea of Brandenburg was Queen consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden two times each by marriage to Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I of Denmark. She served as interim regent during the interregnum in 1448, and as regent in the absence of her second spouse during his reign.
Anna Maria Katarina "Kata" Dalström, née Carlberg, was a Swedish socialist and writer. She belonged to the leading socialist agitators and leftist writers in contemporary Sweden, and has been referred to as "the mother of the Swedish socialist working class movement".
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Margaret "Martha" of Denmark was queen consort of Sweden by marriage to King Birger. She was given the name Margaret (Danish: Margrete Eriksdatter upon her birth, but was in Sweden called Martha, and has been known in history by that name. She was regarded as a politically influential queen and an important figure in the Håtuna games and the Nyköping Banquet.
Sophia of Denmark was Queen consort of Sweden by marriage to King Valdemar of Sweden.
Amalia Euphrosyne Lindegren was a Swedish artist and painter. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts (1856).
Princess Maria Elizabeth of Sweden was a Swedish princess, daughter of King Charles IX of Sweden and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, and by marriage Duchess of Ostergothia.
Sofia Franziska Stading was a Swedish opera singer of German origin. She is referred to as one of the more notable opera singers in Sweden during the Gustavian era. She was a Hovsångare and member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music from 1788.
Henrika Juliana von Liewen was a Swedish noble, socialite and lady-in-waiting, politically active on behalf of the Hats (party) during the Age of liberty.
Märta Helena Reenstierna, also von Schnell, known as Årstafrun, was a Swedish diary writer. Her diaries were written in the period 1793–1839, and are kept at the archives of Nordiska museet in Stockholm. They were published in 1946–1953 as Årstadagboken. They are considered as a valuable cultural historical document of the everyday life of the people at a Swedish manor of her epoch.
Florence Elisabet Stephens was a Swedish landowner, whose main estate was at Huseby. She was known as Fröken på Huseby and was the main figure in the Huseby Affair, one of the most prominent court cases in Sweden during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Cecilia was a Danish lady-in-waiting at the court of Philippa of England, Queen Consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, and later the mistress and morganatic wife of Philippa’s widower King Eric.
Gunilla Johansdotter Bese, also called Gunhild (1475–1553) was a Finnish (Swedish) noble and fiefholder of Vyborg Castle from 1511 to 1513.
Fredrika "Fredrique" Augusta Paijkull, née Broström was a Swedish educator. She was a pioneer for the Folk high school in Sweden. She opened the first Folk high school for females in Sweden.
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Events from the year 1867 in Sweden
Else Kleen (1882-1968), also known under her news paper pseudonym Gwen, was a Swedish journalist and author. She was a well known participator in public debate in the Swedish press for sixty years. She was a reporter at Dagens Nyheter from 1906 to 1910, at Stockholms Dagblad in 1910, and at Stockholms-Tidningen from 1911 to 1961. She was co-founder of the Hjälpföreningen för psykisk hälsovård and a member of its board from 1917 to 1968, and a board member of Långholmen prison from 1946 to 1968. As an author, she is perhaps most known as a fashion journalist, advising women on how to dress elegant and at the same time practical for a small cost. As a social reformer, she is known for her struggle for a humane treatment of the insane and prison inmates.
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