|see § List of discovered minor planets|
|Died||March 26, 1910 45)(aged|
|Awards|| Prix Jules Janssen |
Auguste Honoré Charlois (November 26, 1864 – March 26, 1910) was a French astronomer who discovered 99 asteroids while working at the Nice Observatory in southeastern France.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who focuses their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth. They observe astronomical objects such as stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies – in either observational or theoretical astronomy. Examples of topics or fields astronomers study include planetary science, solar astronomy, the origin or evolution of stars, or the formation of galaxies. Related but distinct subjects like physical cosmology, which studies the Universe as a whole.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially of the inner Solar System. Larger asteroids have also been called planetoids. These terms have historically been applied to any astronomical object orbiting the Sun that did not resemble a planet-like disc and was not observed to have characteristics of an active comet such as a tail. As minor planets in the outer Solar System were discovered they were typically found to have volatile-rich surfaces similar to comets. As a result, they were often distinguished from objects found in the main asteroid belt. In this article, the term "asteroid" refers to the minor planets of the inner Solar System including those co-orbital with Jupiter.
His first discovery was the asteroid 267 Tirza in 1887.He photographed 433 Eros on the very night of its discovery by Gustav Witt, but was not able to act quickly enough before Witt announced his find.
Tirza is a fairly sizeable, very dark Main belt asteroid.
Eros, provisional designation 1898 DQ, is a stony and elongated asteroid of the Amor group and the first discovered and second-largest near-Earth object with a mean-diameter of approximately 16.8 kilometers. Visited by the NEAR Shoemaker space probe in 1998, it became the first asteroid ever studied from orbit.
Although he started searching for asteroids in the era of visual detection, by 1891 Max Wolf had pioneered the use of astrophotography to drastically speed up the rate of detection of asteroids, and both Wolf and Charlois separately discovered far more asteroids than would have been feasible by visual detection.In 1899, Charlois received the Prix Jules Janssen, the highest award of the Société astronomique de France, the French astronomical society, and was also awarded the Valz Prize by the French Academy of Sciences in 1889 for his work on calculating asteroid orbits.
Maximilian Franz Joseph Cornelius "Max" Wolf was a German astronomer and a pioneer in the field of astrophotography. He was chairman of astronomy at the University of Heidelberg and director of the Heidelberg-Königstuhl State Observatory from 1902 until his death.
Astrophotography is photography of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky. The first photograph of an astronomical object was taken in 1840, but it was not until the late 19th century that advances in technology allowed for detailed stellar photography. Besides being able to record the details of extended objects such as the Moon, Sun, and planets, astrophotography has the ability to image objects invisible to the human eye such as dim stars, nebulae, and galaxies. This is done by long time exposure since both film and digital cameras can accumulate and sum light photons over these long periods of time.
The Société astronomique de France (SAF), the French astronomical society, is a non-profit association in the public interest organized under French law. Founded by astronomer Camille Flammarion in 1887, its purpose is to promote the development and practice of astronomy.
At the age of 46, he was murdered by Gabriel Brengues, the brother of his first wife, Jeanne Charlois and husband to the sister (Therese) of his second wife, Marie Brengues, over an inheritance by the death of Jeanne (née Brengues). The man was found guilty and given a life sentence of hard labor in New Caledonia.
New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, located to the south of Vanuatu, about 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia and 20,000 km (12,000 mi) from Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. Locals refer to Grande Terre as Le Caillou.
The asteroid 1510 Charlois, discovered by André Patry at Nice Observatory in 1939, was named in his honour.
1510 Charlois, provisional designation 1939 DC, is a carbonaceous Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 24 kilometers in diameter.
André Patry was a French astronomer and discoverer of 9 minor planets in the late 1930s.
|267 Tirza||May 27, 1887|
|272 Antonia||February 4, 1888|
|277 Elvira||May 3, 1888|
|282 Clorinde||January 28, 1889|
|283 Emma||February 8, 1889|
|284 Amalia||May 29, 1889|
|285 Regina||August 3, 1889|
|289 Nenetta||March 10, 1890|
|293 Brasilia||May 20, 1890|
|294 Felicia||July 15, 1890|
|296 Phaëtusa||August 19, 1890|
|297 Caecilia||September 9, 1890|
|298 Baptistina||September 9, 1890|
|300 Geraldina||October 3, 1890|
|302 Clarissa||November 14, 1890|
|305 Gordonia||February 16, 1891|
|307 Nike||March 5, 1891|
|310 Margarita||May 16, 1891|
|311 Claudia||June 11, 1891|
|312 Pierretta||August 28, 1891|
|314 Rosalia||September 1, 1891|
|316 Goberta||September 8, 1891|
|317 Roxane||September 11, 1891|
|318 Magdalena||September 24, 1891|
|319 Leona||October 8, 1891|
|327 Columbia||March 22, 1892|
|331 Etheridgea||April 1, 1892|
|336 Lacadiera||September 19, 1892|
|337 Devosa||September 22, 1892|
|338 Budrosa||September 25, 1892|
|344 Desiderata||November 15, 1892|
|345 Tercidina||November 23, 1892|
|346 Hermentaria||November 25, 1892|
|347 Pariana||November 28, 1892|
|348 May||November 28, 1892|
|349 Dembowska||December 9, 1892|
|350 Ornamenta||December 14, 1892|
|354 Eleonora||January 17, 1893|
|355 Gabriella||January 20, 1893|
|356 Liguria||January 21, 1893|
|357 Ninina||February 11, 1893|
|358 Apollonia||March 8, 1893|
|359 Georgia||March 10, 1893|
|360 Carlova||March 11, 1893|
|361 Bononia||March 11, 1893|
|362 Havnia||March 12, 1893|
|363 Padua||March 17, 1893|
|364 Isara||March 19, 1893|
|365 Corduba||March 21, 1893|
|366 Vincentina||March 21, 1893|
|367 Amicitia||May 19, 1893|
|368 Haidea||May 19, 1893|
|370 Modestia||July 14, 1893|
|371 Bohemia||July 16, 1893|
|372 Palma||August 19, 1893|
|373 Melusina||September 15, 1893|
|374 Burgundia||September 18, 1893|
|375 Ursula||September 18, 1893|
|376 Geometria||September 18, 1893|
|377 Campania||September 20, 1893|
|378 Holmia||December 6, 1893|
|379 Huenna||January 8, 1894|
|380 Fiducia||January 8, 1894|
|381 Myrrha||January 10, 1894|
|382 Dodona||January 29, 1894|
|383 Janina||January 29, 1894|
|388 Charybdis||March 7, 1894|
|389 Industria||March 8, 1894|
|395 Delia||November 30, 1894|
|396 Aeolia||December 1, 1894|
|397 Vienna||December 19, 1894|
|398 Admete||December 28, 1894|
|400 Ducrosa||March 15, 1895|
|402 Chloë||March 21, 1895|
|403 Cyane||May 18, 1895|
|404 Arsinoë||June 20, 1895|
|405 Thia||July 23, 1895|
|406 Erna||August 22, 1895|
|409 Aspasia||December 9, 1895|
|410 Chloris||January 7, 1896|
|411 Xanthe||January 7, 1896|
|414 Liriope||January 16, 1896|
|416 Vaticana||May 4, 1896|
|423 Diotima||December 7, 1896|
|424 Gratia||December 31, 1896|
|425 Cornelia||December 28, 1896|
|426 Hippo||August 25, 1897|
|427 Galene||August 27, 1897|
|429 Lotis||November 23, 1897|
|430 Hybris||December 18, 1897|
|431 Nephele||December 18, 1897|
|432 Pythia||December 18, 1897|
|437 Rhodia||July 16, 1898|
|438 Zeuxo||November 8, 1898|
|441 Bathilde||December 8, 1898|
|451 Patientia||December 4, 1899|
|453 Tea||February 22, 1900|
|498 Tokio||December 2, 1902|
|537 Pauly||July 7, 1904|
Jean Chacornac was a French astronomer and discoverer of a comet and several asteroids.
Johann Palisa was an Austrian astronomer, born in Troppau, Austrian Silesia, now Czech Republic. He was a prolific discoverer of asteroids, discovering 122 in all, from 136 Austria in 1874 to 1073 Gellivara in 1923. Some of his notable discoveries include 153 Hilda, 216 Kleopatra, 243 Ida, 253 Mathilde, 324 Bamberga, and the near-Earth asteroid 719 Albert. Palisa made his discoveries without the aid of photography, and he remains the most successful visual (non-photographic) asteroid discoverer of all time. He was awarded the Valz Prize from the French Academy of Sciences in 1906. The asteroid 914 Palisana, discovered by Max Wolf in 1919, and the lunar crater Palisa were named in his honour.
Grigory Nikolayevich Neujmin was a Georgian–Russian astronomer, native of Tbilisi in Georgia, and a discoverer of numerous minor planets as well as 6 periodic and a hyperbolic comet at the Pulkovo and Simeiz Observatories during the first half of the 20th century.
Christian Pollas (b. 1947) is a French astronomer an discoverer of minor planets and observer of Supernovae.
Carl Gustav Witt was a German astronomer and discover of two asteroids who worked at the Berlin Urania Observatory, a popular observatory of the Urania astronomical association of Berlin.
Sylvain Julien Victor Arend was a Belgian astronomer born in Robelmont, Luxembourg province, Belgium. His main interest was astrometry.
Josep Comas i Solà was a Spanish astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, comets and double stars, born of Catalan origin in Barcelona.
Pelageya Fedorovna Shajn, née Sannikova, was a Russian astronomer in the Soviet Union and the first woman to discover a minor planet at the Simeiz Observatory in 1928. Pelageya also discovered numerous variable stars and co-discovered the periodic, Jupiter-family comet 61P/Shajn–Schaldach. She was married to prominent Soviet astronomer Grigory Shajn.
Alexandre Schaumasse (1882–1958) was a French astronomer and discoverer of comets and minor planets.
Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina is a Ukrainian astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Frédéric Sy was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Louis Boyer (1901–1999) was a French astronomer who worked at the Algiers Observatory, North Africa, where he discovered 40 asteroids between 1930 and 1952.
Lutz Dieter Schmadel was a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of asteroids, who worked at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut (ARI) of the University of Heidelberg.
Jana Tichá is a Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets. She studied at the University of Economics in Prague and graduated in 1987. In 1992 she was selected for the position of a director of the Kleť Observatory.
Shun-ei Izumikawa is a Japanese astronomer and co-discoverer of 5239 Reiki and 27748 Vivianhoette, two main-belt asteroids he first observed together with astronomer Osamu Muramatsu at the Yatsugatake South Base Observatory (896) near Hokuto, Yamanashi, in 1990 and 1991.
Kiyotaka Kanai is a Japanese amateur astronomer, observer of variable stars, discoverer of comet C/1970 B1, and co-discoverer of the main-belt asteroid 7752 Otauchunokai, named after the Ota Uchuno Kai group, an amateur astronomers' club at Ōta city, of which he is a member of.
Petar Đurković was a Serbian astronomer known for discovering two asteroids in 1936 and 1940, respectively. One is named for the Serbian scientist Milutin Milanković, the other for Zvezdara, the hill in Belgrade where the Belgrade Astronomical Observatory is located.
Xanthe, provisional designation 1896 CJ, is an asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 77 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by French astronomer Auguste Charlois at Nice Observatory on 7 January 1896. The asteroid was named after Xanthe, an Oceanid or sea nymph, and one of the many Titan daughters of Oceanus and Tethys from Greek mythology.
Marguerite Laugier was a French astronomer active at the Nice Observatory from the 1930s to the 1950s. Contemporary astronomical articles refer to her as "Madame Laugier".
Atsushi Takahashi is a Japanese amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.