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|Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels|
Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
|Born||13 August 1614|
Electorate of Saxony
|Died||4 June 1680 65) (aged|
Archbishopric of Magdeburg
|Noble family||House of Wettin|
|Spouse(s)|| Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin |
Johanna Walpurgis of Leiningen-Westerburg
|Father||John George I, Elector of Saxony|
|Mother||Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia|
Augustus of Saxe-Weissenfels (Dresden, 13 August 1614 – 4 June 1680, Halle), was a Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt of the House of Wettin and administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg.
He was the fourth (but second surviving) son of John George I, Elector of Saxony, and his second wife, Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia.
On 23 January 1628, at the age of 13, August was appointed administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg by its Chapter to replace the current holder of that title, Christian Wilhelm of Brandenburg. By that time, August had already served three years as coadjutor. Nevertheless, he could not assume his post: on 20 May 1631, after seven months of siege and plundering during the Sack of Magdeburg, the city was taken by the Imperial troops; the Catholic competitor for the diocese, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, assumed the title of archbishop and administrator of Magdeburg. The Peace of Prague (1635) confirmed his rule over the city, but three years later, Swedish troops expelled the Habsburg army and restored August as administrator as of 19 October 1638. August finally took full control of Magdeburg on 31 December 1642 after a neutrality treaty was concluded with the Swedish general Lennart Torstenson. He was then able to begin the reconstruction of the city.
In 1643 August was accepted into the Fruitbearing Society at the behest of Louis I, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen.
In his will of 20 July 1652, Elector John George I ordered a division of the Albertine territories that was carried out on 22 April 1657 in Dresden. August inherited the towns of Weißenfels and Querfurt and became their first duke.
August also increased his incomes by taking over the administration of the County of Barby during the minority of Count August Ludwig. On 17 October 1659, however, the young count died shortly before attaining his majority. With him, the line of Barby became extinct. A dispute over his lands was resolved in favor of August seven years later (1666). In his will, the duke left Barby to his son Heinrich.
On 25 July 1660, August laid the first stone for his official residence, Schloss Neu-Augustusburg in Weissenfels. This castle was built in the same place as the old one, which had been devastated by Swedish troops. The duke died before the castle was finished.
On 15 July 1667, the sons of the late Duke Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar offered August the presidency of the Fruitbearing Society. He accepted the office with its responsibility for fostering the work of artists and scientists. His activities as a patron left considerable debts for his descendants to deal with.
In Schwerin on 23 November 1647 August married Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. They had twelve children:
In Halle on 29 January 1672, two years after the death of his first wife, August married Johanna Walpurgis of Leiningen-Westerburg. They had three sons:
The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic archdiocese (969–1552) and Prince-Archbishopric (1180–1680) of the Holy Roman Empire centered on the city of Magdeburg on the Elbe River.
Weißenfels is the largest town of the Burgenlandkreis district, in southern Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the river Saale, approximately 30 km (20 mi) south of Halle.
Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a German noblewoman, a member of the House of Mecklenburg and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
Barby is a town in the Salzlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the left bank of the River Elbe, near the confluence with the Saale, approx. 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Magdeburg. Since an administrative reform of 1 January 2010 it comprises the former municipalities of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Elbe-Saale, except for Gnadau, that joined Barby in September 2010.
Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, was a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. He was the fourth but eldest surviving son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg and Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg.
Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, was a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and member of the House of Wettin. He was the first son of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, and his first wife, Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Johann Georg, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, was a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin.
Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels, Count of Barby, was a German prince of the House of Wettin and count of Barby.
Georg Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels, Count of Barby, was a German prince of the House of Wettin and the last count of Barby.
Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels, was a German prince of the House of Wettin.
Saxe-Weissenfels was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire from 1656/7 until 1746 with its residence at Weißenfels. Ruled by a cadet branch of the Albertine House of Wettin, the duchy passed to the Electorate of Saxony upon the extinction of the line.
Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia was an Electress of Saxony as the spouse of John George I, Elector of Saxony.
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Rudolf II, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, nicknamed Rudolf the Blind, was a member of the House of Ascania. He was Elector of Saxony and Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg from 1356 until his death. He was the eldest son of Duke Rudolf I of Saxe-Wittenberg and his wife, Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel.
Johanna Magdalena of Saxe-Altenburg was a member of the House of Wettin. She was a Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg by birth and by marriage a Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt.
August of Saxe-Weissenfels, was a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin. He was a titular Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels and a Provost of Magdeburg. He is sometimes called August the Younger, to distinguish him from his father.
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Fredericka Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach, was a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
Halle Cathedral is the oldest surviving church in the old town in Halle, Saale. Beside it resided the Archbishop of Magdeburg, who for a long period ruled the city. Albert of Brandenburg remodelled the church's exterior from 1520 onwards and built the neighbouring Neue Residenz, aiming to make the church one of the most influential and powerful monasteries north of the Alps.
|New title|| Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels |
Johann Adolf I
| Count of Barby |
Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
as Catholic Administrator
| Lutheran Administrator of Magdeburg |
|Secularised to Duchy of Magdeburg|
Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
| Head of the Fruitbearing Society |