Aukštaitija

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Map of Lithuanian regions showing Ausktaitija (orange). Etnoregionai.png
Map of Lithuanian regions showing Aušktaitija (orange).

Aukštaitija (Lithuanian pronunciation:  [ɐukʃˈtɐǐːtʲɪjɐ] , Highlands) is the name of one of five ethnographic regions of Lithuania.[ citation needed ] The name comes from the relatively high elevation of the region, particularly the eastern parts. [1]

Contents

Geography

Detailed relief map of Lithuania LithuaniaPhysicalMap-Detailed.png
Detailed relief map of Lithuania
Landscape of Aukstaitija Lithuania Ladakalnis.jpg
Landscape of Aukštaitija

Aukštaitija is in the northeast part of Lithuania and also encompasses a small part of Latvia and Belarus. The largest city and, though not in any strict political sense, the considered capital of the region is Panevėžys, which has over 100,000 inhabitants. The largest cities (by population; those over 20,000 inhabitants) are:

The region has many lakes, mainly in the eastern side.

History

Historically Aukštaitija had been correspondent to the Duchy of Lithuania up to the 13th century. Its initial capital most likely was Kernavė. In the treaty of Gediminas of 1322, Aukštaitija is named terra Eustoythen ('land of Aukštaitians(=highlanders)'). Aukštaitija was mentioned as Austechia in Chronicon terrae Prussiae written around 1326. Politically, since the end of the 13th century, it comprised the Duchy of Vilnius/Lithuania and Duchy of Trakai, and perhaps was employed to refer to them both taken together. Since the 15th century, corresponding Trakai Voivodeship and Vilnius Voivodeship made up Aukštaitija, as a political and ethnically based unit, also known as Lithuania Propria .

Demographics

Local people mainly speak the Aukštaitian dialect of Lithuanian. Under the new classification of dialects Lithuanian is divided into just two dialects, Aukštaitian and Samogitian with all previous dialects being classified as subdialects. The Sudovian and Dzukian dialects are also considered subdialects of Aukštaitian now, therefore the specific subdialect spoken in Aukštaitija is known as East Aukštaitian.

The region has Russian and Belarusian minorities in the east, sub-dialects there use more loan words from those languages. However the usage of dialects, as in Lithuania in general, is decreasing.

Symbols

Aukstaitian Coat of Arms Coat of arms of Aukstaitija.svg
Aukštaitian Coat of Arms
Flag of Aukstaitija Aukstaitijaflag.gif
Flag of Aukštaitija

The proposed designs by Rolandas Rimkūnas of the Aukštaitian flag and coat of arms were approved on 5 July 2006. [2]

See also

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References

  1. "Etnografinių regionų metai". www.llbm.lt. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  2. "Aukštaitija - Herbas ir vėliava". www.ekgt.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 13 December 2019.