|City of Aurora|
The Gateway to the Rockies
The Sunrise of Colorado
|Counties|| Arapahoe County |
|Platted||1891 as Fletcher|
|Incorporated (town)||1903-05-05, as the Town of Fletcher|
|Incorporated (city)||1929 as the City of Aurora|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Mayor||Mike Coffman (R)|
|• Home Rule Municipality||159.70 sq mi (413.62 km2)|
|• Land||159.06 sq mi (411.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)|
|Elevation||5,403 ft (1,647 m)|
|• Home Rule Municipality||325,078|
|• Rank||US: 52nd|
|• Density||2,384.60/sq mi (920.70/km2)|
|• Urban||2,374,203 (US: 18th)|
|• Metro||2,814,330 (US: 19th)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
80010-80019, 80040-80047 (all but 80045 PO Boxes), 80137, 80247
|Area codes||Both 303 and 720|
The City of Aurora ( // , // ) is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe, Adams, and Douglas counties, Colorado, United States. Aurora lies immediately east of Denver and it is one of the principal cities of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor. The third most populous city in the State of Colorado, the city's population was 325,078 in the 2010 census. Growth over the last decade has increased Aurora's population to 387,377, making it the 52nd most populous city in the United States.
The Denver–Aurora–Broomfield MSA had an estimated population of 2,645,209 on July 1, 2012 (the 19th most populous MSA in the U.S.)Denver and Aurora combined make up less than half of the metro area's population and Aurora has approximately half the population of Denver. The estimated population of the Denver–Aurora Combined Statistical Area was 3,214,218 on July 1, 2012 (15th most populous CSA).
This section needs additional citations for verification .(July 2012)
Before European settlement, the land that now makes up Aurora was the territory of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Núu-agha-tʉvʉ-pʉ̱ (Ute), and Očeti Šakówiŋ (Sioux) tribes. four square miles (10 km2) east of Denver, but the town - and Colorado - struggled mightily after the Silver Crash of 1893. At that point Fletcher skipped town, leaving the community with a huge water debt. Inhabitants decided to rename the town Aurora in 1907, after one of the subdivisions composing the town, and Aurora slowly began to grow in Denver's shadow becoming the fastest-growing city in the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Aurora, composed of hundreds of subdivisions, thus carries the name of one of the original development plats from which it sprang.Aurora originated in the 1880s as the town of Fletcher, taking its name from Denver businessman Donald Fletcher who saw it as a real estate opportunity. He and his partners staked out
Aurora's growing population in recent decades has led to efforts for co-equal recognition with its larger neighbor.[ citation needed ] Former mayor Dennis Champine once expressed the somewhat whimsical notion that eventually the area would be called the "Aurora/Denver Metropolitan Area". Indeed, since the 2000 Census Aurora has surpassed Denver in land area, and much of Aurora is undeveloped, while Denver is more fully built-out. However, such efforts are somewhat hampered by the lack of a large, historically important central business district in the city. Aurora is largely suburban in character, as evidenced by the city's modest number of multi-story buildings.
A large military presence has existed in Aurora since the early 20th century. In 1918, Army General Hospital #21 (later renamed Fitzsimons Army Hospital) opened, with the U.S. government expanding and upgrading the hospital facilities in 1941 just in time to care for the wounded servicemen of World War II. Lowry Air Force Base was opened in 1938, straddling the border of Aurora and Denver. It eventually closed in 1994, and has been redeveloped into a master-planned community featuring residential, commercial, business and educational facilities. In 1942, the Army Air Corps built Buckley Field, which has been renamed Naval Air Station, Buckley Air National Guard Base, Buckley Air Force Base, and finally Buckley Space Force Base. The base, home of the Buckley Garrison and the 140th Wing Colorado Air National Guard, is Aurora's largest employer.
President Warren G. Harding visited Fitzsimons Army Hospital in 1923, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited in 1936.In 1943 the hospital was the birthplace of 2004 Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry. President Dwight D. Eisenhower recovered from a heart attack at Fitzsimons for seven weeks during the fall of 1955. Decommissioned in 1999, the facility is part of the Anschutz Medical Campus of the University of Colorado Denver, and the Fitzsimons Life Science District. The Anschutz Medical Campus also includes the University of Colorado Hospital, which moved to Aurora from Denver in 2007, and the Children's Hospital. The first carbon-ion radiotherapy research and treatment facility in the U.S. has been proposed at the site. These facilities will employ a workforce of 32,000 at build-out.
In 1965, mayor Norma O. Walker became the first woman to head a U.S. city with a population over 60,000.
In 1978, the cult coming-of-age film Over the Edge was filmed in Aurora; the crime drama has been named the “signature film” of Denver.
In 1979, it was announced that a science fiction theme park would be built in Aurora using the sets of a $50 million film based on the fantasy novel Lord of Light. However, due to legal problems the project was never completed. The script of the unmade film project, renamed Argo , was used as cover for the "Canadian Caper": the exfiltration of six U.S. diplomatic staff trapped by the Iranian hostage crisis.
In 1993, Cherry Creek State Park on the southwestern edge of Aurora was the location for the papal mass of the 8th World Youth Day with Pope John Paul II, attended by an estimated 500,000 people.
Aurora is split among three counties and lies distant from the respective county seats. A consolidated city and county government such as those found elsewhere in Colorado (Denver and Broomfield) was considered in the mid-1990s but failed to win approval by city voters; the issue was reconsidered in 2006.
Aurora Sports Park opened in 2003. In 2004, Aurora was honored as the Sports Illustrated magazine's 50th Anniversary "Sportstown" for Colorado because of its exemplary involvement in facilitating and enhancing sports. The city attracts more than 30 regional and national sports tournaments annually to Aurora's fields, which include the 220-acre (0.89 km2) Aurora's active populace is also reflected in the variety of professional athletes hailing from the city. Aurora's first semi-professional sports franchise, the Aurora Cavalry in the International Basketball League, began play in 2006 but folded by season's end due to budget mishaps.[ citation needed ]
In 2008, Aurora was designated an All-America City by the National Civic League.
In 2017, the Republic of El Salvador opened a consulate in Aurora, serving Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming.
On July 20, 2012, Aurora was the site of the third largest mass shooting in terms of number of casualties in United States history at the time and the second-deadliest shooting in Colorado after the 1999 Columbine High School massacre.The shooting occurred just after midnight, when James Holmes opened fire during the midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises in a Century movie theater, killing 12 people and injuring 70 others. Holmes was arrested and was eventually sentenced to 12 life sentences in prison with an additional required 3,318 years. The shooting drew an international response from world leaders. U.S. President Barack Obama visited victims, as well as local and state officials, and addressed the nation in a televised address from Aurora on July 22. Actor Christian Bale, who plays Batman in the film, also visited some victims in hospitals. The events marked a turning point in recognition and public perception of the city; rather than referring to the site as being in "Denver" or "suburban Denver", as would have been typical before the event, virtually all media accounts of the incident unequivocally named "Aurora" as its location.
On August 30, 2019, Aurora African-American massage therapist Elijah McClain died six days after an incident with three Aurora police officers.On June 27, 2020, Aurora Police in riot gear dispersed thousands of protestors in the Violin Protest of the death of Elijah McClain.
Aurora's official elevation, posted on signs at the city limits, is 5,471 feet (1,668 m). However, the city spans a difference in elevation of nearly 1,000 feet (300 m). The lowest elevation of 5,285 feet (1,611 m) is found at the point where Sand Creek crosses the city limit in the northwest corner of the city, while the highest elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 m) is on the extreme southern border of the city in Douglas County, near the intersection of Inspiration and Gartrell roads.
As of the 2000 census, the city had a total area of 142.7 square miles (370 km2), of which 142.5 square miles (369 km2) was land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 0.17%, was water. By 2010, the city had grown to 154.7 square miles (401 km2), surpassing Denver's 153.0 square miles (396 km2) and ranking as the 54th largest U.S. city in land area.
Aurora is composed of dozens of neighborhoods, districts and (current and former) military installations. Among them:[ citation needed ]
|West: Denver, Centennial||Aurora||East: Watkins, Bennett, Strasburg|
|South: Greenwood Village, Centennial,|
Aurora experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk ), with four distinct seasons and modest precipitation year-round. Summers range from mild to hot, with generally low humidity and frequent afternoon thunderstorms, and Aurora also averages about one dozen tornado warnings throughout tornado season, running from April–July. Although a touchdown does occur every couple of years, tornadoes are typically weak and short lived, but there is a long history of dangerous and devastating tornadoes. Aurora residents typically hear the tornado sirens go off numerous times more than residents in Denver, to the West. All of Aurora is located east of I-25, where tornado alley begins. Hailstorms, at times 1–2'+ deep happen on occasion, and typical hailstorms are very common throughout these months. 89 °F (32 °C) and an average low of 57 °F (14 °C). Winters range from mild to occasional bitter cold, with periods of sunshine alternating with periods of snow, high winds and very low temperatures. December is the coldest month of the year, with an average high of 43 °F (6 °C) and an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C). The average first snowfall in the Aurora area occurs in late October and the average final snowfall occurs in late April, although snow has fallen as early as September 4 and as late as June 5. Generally, deciduous trees in the area are bare from mid October to late April.July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of
|Climate data for Aurora, Colorado|
|Record high °F (°C)||76|
|Average high °F (°C)||45|
|Average low °F (°C)||18|
|Record low °F (°C)||−32|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.49|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, there were 325,078 people, 121,191 households, and 73,036 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,939.6 inhabitants per square mile (748.9/km2). There were 131,040 housing units at an average density of 766.7 per square mile (296.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% White, 15.7% African American, 4.9% Asian (1.1% Korean, 0.8% Vietnamese, 0.5% Filipino, 0.5% Chinese, 0.5% Indian, 0.2% Japanese, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Burmese, 0.1% Nepalese, 0.1% Pakistani, 0.1% Indonesian), 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 11.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.7% of the population; 21.9% of Aurora's population is of Mexican heritage, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Guatemalan, 0.3% Honduran, 0.3% Peruvian, 0.2% Cuban, 0.2% Colombian and 0.1% Nicaraguan. Non-Hispanic Whites were 47.3% of the population in 2010, compared to 85.1% in 1980.
Aurora is a center of Colorado's refugee population. There are about 30,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans living in the Denver–Aurora area. There is also a sizable population of Nepalese refugees.
There were 121,191 households, out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,507, and the median income for a family was $52,551. Males had a median income of $35,963 versus $30,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,095. About 6.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Aurora Economic Development Council,the largest public employers in the city are:
|1||Buckley Space Force Base||12,100|
|2||Anschutz Medical Campus||6,360|
|3||University of Colorado Hospital||4,050|
|4||Aurora Public Schools||4,020|
|5||Cherry Creek Schools||3,820|
|6||City of Aurora||3,740|
|7||Community College of Aurora||510|
According to the Aurora Economic Development Council,the largest private employers in the city of Aurora are:
|1||Children's Hospital Colorado||5,670|
|4||The Medical Center of Aurora||1,710|
|8||Tyco Integrated Security||850|
Other notable employers in the city include Lockheed Martin Corporation, Staples Inc., United Natural Foods, Aurora Mental Health Center, G45 Secure Solutions, Graebel Relocation, Core-Mark, and Nelnet, Inc.
In 2020, German cleaning technology manufacturer Kärcher opened its North American headquarters in Aurora, on a new street named Kärcher Way.
The city of Aurora manages more than 100 parks, 6,000 acres (24 km2) of open space and natural areas, and six award-winning municipal golf courses (Aurora Hills, Meadow Hills, Murphy Creek, Saddle Rock, Springhill and Fitzsimons). Aurora also is home to several privately owned golf courses including CommonGround Golf Course, Heather Ridge Country Club, Heritage Eagle Bend Golf Club and Valley Country Club.more than
Star K Ranch, home to Aurora's Morrison Nature Center, provides important habitat for wildlife. It has several trails for nature exploration, including access to the Sand Creek Greenway Trail. Jewell Wetland, a 50-acre (200,000 m2) wooded wetland, features trails, boardwalk/deck access into the wetland and a butterfly garden. Aurora Reservoir and Quincy Reservoir offer plenty of opportunities for outdoor water pursuits.
DeLaney Farm, site of Aurora's famous historic round barn, has 130 acres (0.53 km2) of open space, trails with access to the High Line Canal, an organic garden managed by Denver Urban Gardens, and two structures on the National Register of Historic Places. The Plains Conservation Center, with 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of native shortgrass prairie, hosts a variety of educational programs.
The city of Aurora owns the former Guiraud Ranch in Park County. Now the Buffalo Peaks Ranch, it is located on Colorado State Highway 9 near the ghost town of Garo between Fairplay and Hartsel. The Guiraud Ranch was operated from 1875 until her death in 1909 by the French emigrant, Marie Guiraud.
Twenty-seven historic sites and landmarks are managed by the city of Aurora, including the Gully Homestead of 1870, the Victorian-style Centennial House of 1890, the privately owned American War Mothers National Memorial Home, the Art Deco-style KOA Building of 1934, the DeLaney Round Barn of 1902, Lowry Building 800, the interim headquarters for the U.S. Air Force Academy from 1955 to 1958, and Stanley Marketplace, which opened at the former site of Stanley Aviation in 2016.
The Aurora Fox Theatre & Arts Center, another historic landmark, is a 245-seat performing arts facility in the Aurora Cultural Arts District, along East Colfax Avenue.
The Aurora History Museum is a community-based cultural center featuring a permanent exhibit on Aurora history and two changing exhibit galleries touching on topics related to history and decorative arts.
The Aurora Symphony Orchestra, a community orchestra established in 1978, offers a full season of full orchestra concerts annually as well as smaller chamber ensemble performances.
The Aurora Public Library serves its population, providing four main branches, four PC centers, and a variety of events throughout the year to its population.
Town Center at Aurora is the city's main shopping mall. Other shopping centers in Aurora include The Gardens on Havana (formerly Buckingham Square) and Southlands.
The city of Aurora operates under a council-manager form of government, where the city manager runs the city's day-to-day operations with general guidance from the city council. The Aurora City Council is composed of a mayor and ten council members. Six members are elected from districts the other four are elected at large. The mayor is elected by the entire city. Aurora's mayor role is largely ceremonial, but the mayor does have direct impact on policy issues as the head of city council.The council is nonpartisan, however, parties of members have been listed below for reference.
|Ward I||Crystal Murillo||Democratic|
|Ward II||Nicole Johnston||Nonpartisan|
|Ward III||Marsha Berzins||Republican|
|Ward IV||Juan Marcano||Democratic|
|Ward V||Alison Coombs||Democratic|
|Ward VI||Francoise Bergan||Republican|
This full-service city is protected by the Aurora Police Department,one of only 10 law enforcement agencies in Colorado to be accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies; the Aurora Fire Department, which is accredited by the Commission on Fire Accreditation International; and a Public Safety Communications dispatch call center. The Aurora Municipal Courts handles a wide variety of offense violations, and the Aurora Detention Center is a 72-hour adult holding facility.
In national elections, Aurora leans to the left and the Democratic Party, though not as much as neighboring Denver but more than other suburbs in the Denver metro area. Northern and Central Aurora, due to an extremely racially and culturally diverse voter base and high density for a suburban city, are some of the most Democratic areas in Colorado and vote similarly to Denver and Boulder; southern Aurora is more of a swing area and used to lean Republican, though it has swung Democratic as of late but not as much as areas more north of Interstate 225.Republicans are stronger in local elections and controlled city council until the 2018 election.
Aurora anchors Colorado's 6th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Jason Crow (D-Centennial). State representation is listed in the tables below (areas implied to be in Arapahoe County unless noted: not all districts are fully in Aurora).
|District 30||Dafna Michaelson Jenet||Democratic||North Aurora (Adams County)|
|District 36||Mike Weissman||Democratic||Eastern Aurora|
|District 37||Tom Sullivan||Democratic||Southeastern Aurora|
|District 39||Mark Baisley||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 40||Naquetta Ricks||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 41||Iman Jodeh||Democratic||Central Aurora|
|District 42||Dominique Jackson||Democratic||North-central Aurora|
|District 44||Kim Ransom||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 56||Rod Bockenfeld||Republican||Eastern Aurora (Adams and Arapahoe Counties)|
|District 4||Jim Smallwood||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 25||Kevin Priola||Republican||Northern Aurora (Adams County)|
|District 26||Jeff Bridges||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 27||Chris Kolker||Democratic||Southeastern Aurora|
|District 28||Janet Buckner||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 29||Rhonda Fields||Democratic||North-central Aurora|
|H.M. Miliken||May 27, 1891—May 1, 1894|
|A.L.B. Davies||May 2, 1894—April 2, 1895|
|P.H. Chambers||April 3, 1895—April 15, 1898|
|W.A. Clundy||April 16, 1898—April 8, 1899|
|W.H. Murphy||April 9, 1899—April 12, 1901|
|Jonas Washburn||April 13, 1901—April 6, 1903|
|Harry S. Class||April 7, 1903—April 14, 1904|
|Louis M. Strauss||April 15, 1904—April 2, 1905|
|Wilmer J. Parker||April 13, 1905—April 10, 1906||Resigned|
|Andrew Thompson||April 16, 1906—April 14, 1907||Last mayor of Fletcher|
|Edwin G. Smith||April 15, 1907—April 12, 1908||First mayor of Aurora|
|A.H. Kramer||April 13, 1908—April 13, 1910|
|V.T. O'Donald||April 14, 1910—April 17, 1911|
|Gershom Jones||April 18, 1911—April 13, 1914|
|H.B. Thompson||April 14, 1914—April 12, 1917|
|George E. Smith||April 13, 1917—December 7, 1917||Resigned|
|Harry Katherman||December 8, 1917—July 1, 1918||Mayor pro tem|
|John McMillan||July 1, 1918—May 4, 1919|
|J.N. Trompen||May 5, 1919—April 21, 1920|
|Jasper Parrish||April 22, 1920—April 14, 1921|
|John McMillan||April 15, 1921—April 11, 1926|
|F.A. Harrison||April 12, 1926—April 10, 1927|
|E.S. Murphy||April 11, 1927—April 24, 1929|
|B.B. Nevius||April 25, 1929—April 12, 1931|
|Charles F. Holzer||April 13, 1931—April 6, 1937|
|W.J. Parrish||April 7, 1937—April 6, 1941|
|J.E. McWhorter||April 7, 1941—January 11, 1943||Resigned|
|A.O. Hill||January 13, 1943—April 8, 1945||Appointed January 13, 1943, elected April 12, 1943|
|B.T. Howard||April 9, 1945—January 11, 1948|
|C.E. Tupps||January 12, 1948—November 8, 1953|
|William B. Mansfield||November 9, 1953—November 6, 1955|
|Allen C. Bradly||November 7, 1955—November 8, 1959|
|Harry W. Allard||November 9, 1959—November 11, 1963|
|Robert W. Fennig||November 12, 1963—November 7, 1965|
|Norma O. Walker||November 8, 1965—November 12, 1967||First female mayor|
|Paul C. Beck||November 13, 1967—December 8, 1974|
|William R. Dominguez||December 9, 1974—November 9, 1975|
|Fred H. Hood||November 10, 1975—November 5, 1979|
|Dennis Champine||November 6, 1979—November 3, 1987|
|Paul Tauer||November 4, 1987—November 4, 2003|
|Edward J. Tauer||November 5, 2003—November 13, 2011|
|Steve Hogan||November 14, 2011—May 13, 2018|
|Bob LeGare||June 25, 2018—December 1, 2019|
|Mike Coffman||December 2, 2019—present|
Primary and secondary education:
Aurora straddles Interstate 70, Interstate 225 and the E-470 beltway. The Regional Transportation District's light rail transit system was extended to serve the southwestern edge of Aurora on November 17, 2006. The H Line stops at Aurora's Dayton and Nine Mile Stations; a comprehensive network of feeder buses in southern Aurora serve the latter. On February 24, 2017, the line was extended as the R Line to Peoria Station in the city's northwest, where riders may transfer to the A Line providing service between Union Station in downtown Denver and Denver International Airport (DIA). Much of Aurora is more convenient to DIA than Denver itself, and the city is planning an aerotropolis along the airport's southern flank. [ citation needed ] The easternmost portions of Aurora adjoin the Colorado Air and Space Port.This proximity is a factor in the expected growth of the E-470 corridor directly south of DIA, projected to eventually accommodate 250,000 additional Aurora residents.
In 2017, Aurora became the first city in Colorado to host a dockless bike sharing program.
In 2014 the U.S.A. Powerlifting Raw Nationals and the IPF Open Powerlifting World Championships were both held in Aurora. The WC was the 35th Women and 44th Men open Powerlifting Championships, and it was held on the Radisson Hotel Denver Southeast.
Some notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Aurora include:
Aurora's sister cities are:
Aurora also has one friendship city:
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Colorado. It is located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 735,538 in 2020, Denver is the 19th-most populous city in the United States, the fifth-most populous state capital, and the most populous city located in the Mountain states. The metropolitan area surrounding Denver represents a majority of the population and economic activity in the Front Range region, the area where an estimated 85% of Colorado's population lives. The Denver downtown district is immediately east of the confluence of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River, approximately 12 mi (19 km) east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is named after James W. Denver, a governor of the Kansas Territory. It is nicknamed the Mile High City because its official elevation is exactly one mile above sea level. The 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station.
The City of Central, commonly known as Central City, is a Home Rule Municipality in Gilpin and Clear Creek counties, Colorado, United States. Central City is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Gilpin County. The city is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 663 at the 2010 United States Census. The city is a historic mining settlement founded in 1859 during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush and came to be known as the "Richest Square Mile on Earth". Central City and the adjacent city of Black Hawk form the federally designated Central City/Black Hawk Historic District. The city is now a part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The City of Idaho Springs is a Statutory City that is the most populous municipality of Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States. Idaho Springs is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,717. Idaho Springs is located in Clear Creek Canyon, in the mountains upstream from Golden, some 30 miles (50 km) west of Denver.
Denver is the central city of a conurbation region in the U.S. state of Colorado. The conurbation includes one continuous region consisting of the six central counties of Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson. The Denver region is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.
Arapahoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, its population was 572,003, making it the third-most populous county in Colorado. The county seat is Littleton, and the most populous city is Aurora. The county was named for the Arapaho Native American tribe, who once lived in the region.
The City of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. Arvada is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 106,433, and in 2020 the estimated population was 122,974, ranking Arvada as the seventh most populous municipality in Colorado. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is 7 miles northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.
The City of Brighton is a Home Rule Municipality in Adams and Weld counties, Colorado, United States. Brighton is the county seat of Adams County and a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 41,554 in 2018.
The City and County of Broomfield is a consolidated city and county located in the U.S. State of Colorado. Broomfield has a consolidated government which operates under Article XX, Sections 10-13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. Broomfield is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 55,889 at the 2010 United States Census, making it the 16th most populous municipality and the 13th most populous county in Colorado.
The City of Federal Heights is a Home Rule Municipality located in western Adams County, Colorado, United States. Federal Heights is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 11,467, although 2019 updated numbers indicate 12,827 people live in the city. The current Mayor is Linda S. Montoya, who was elected to a four-year term in 2019.
The City of Northglenn is a Home Rule Municipality located in Adams and Weld counties, Colorado, United States. Northglenn is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the city's population was 35,789. It was built as a master planned community in 1959 by Jordon Perlmutter.
The City of Cherry Hills Village is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. Cherry Hills Village is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 5987 at the 2010 United States Census. It is one of the most affluent places in Colorado and the United States.
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The City of Castle Pines is a Home Rule Municipality located in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. Castle Pines is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 10,360. By 2019, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population to have increased to 10,763. The city is situated 19 miles (31 km) south-southeast of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The city is located north of the Town of Castle Rock and south of the City of Lone Tree, Colorado.
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The City of Centennial is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. Centennial is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 100,377 at the 2010 United States Census. Centennial is a part of the Denver metropolitan area. Centennial is the tenth most populous municipality in the state of Colorado and its 2001 city incorporation was the largest in U.S. history.
The City of Littleton is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe, Douglas, and Jefferson counties, Colorado, United States. Littleton is the county seat of Arapahoe County and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 41,737 at the 2010 United States Census, ranking as the 20th most populous municipality in the State of Colorado.
The United States Office of Management and Budget has defined the 12-county Denver–Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area comprising the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Boulder, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the Greeley, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population was 3,214,218 as of July 1, 2012, an increase of +3.99% since the 2010 United States Census, and ranking as the 16th most populous metropolitan combined statistical area and the 17th most populous primary statistical area of the United States. The population estimate for 2016 is 3,412,607.
Most of the headlines name-check Aurora as the site of the massacre, rather than tying it to a Denver suburb.