Aurora, Colorado

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Aurora
Aurora, CO, USA - panoramio (1).jpg
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Nicknames: 
The Gateway to the Rockies
The Sunrise of Colorado
Adams County and Arapahoe County and Douglas County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Aurora Highlighted 0804000.svg
Location of the City of Aurora in Arapahoe (central), Adams (north), and Douglas (south) counties, Colorado
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Aurora
Location of Aurora in the United States
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Aurora
Aurora (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°42′39″N104°48′45″W / 39.71083°N 104.81250°W / 39.71083; -104.81250
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
Counties Arapahoe County [1]
Adams County
Douglas County
Platted 1891 as Fletcher, Colorado
Incorporated (town) 1903-05-05, as the Town of Fletcher [2]
Incorporated (city) 1929 as the City of Aurora [3]
Government
  Type Home rule municipality [1]
   Mayor Mike Coffman (R)
(Since December 2, 2019)
  City ManagerJason Batchelor
Area
[4]
  Total163.588 sq mi (423.691 km2)
  Land163.009 sq mi (422.191 km2)
  Water0.579 sq mi (1.500 km2)
  Rank 2nd in Colorado
54th in the United States
Elevation
[5]
5,403 ft (1,647 m)
Population
 (2020) [6]
  Total386,261
  Rank 3rd in Colorado
52nd in the United States
  Density2,412/sq mi (931/km2)
   Metro
2,963,821 (19th)
   CSA
3,623,560 (17th)
   Front Range
5,055,344
Demonyms Auroran
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP codes
80010-80019, 80040-80047 (all but 80045 PO Boxes), 80247 [7]
Area codes Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-04000
Website auroragov.org

Aurora ( /əˈrrə/ , /əˈrɔːrə/ ) is a home rule municipality located in Arapahoe, Adams, and Douglas counties, Colorado, United States. [1] The city's population was 386,261 at the 2020 United States Census with 336,035 residing in Arapahoe County, 47,720 residing in Adams County, and 2,506 residing in Douglas County. [6] Aurora is the third-most-populous city in the State of Colorado and the 52nd-most-populous city in the United States. Aurora is a principal city of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

Contents

History

Before European settlement, the land that now makes up Aurora was the territory of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Núu-agha-tʉvʉ-pʉ̱ (Ute), and Očeti Šakówiŋ (Sioux) tribes. [8] Aurora originated in the 1880s as the town of Fletcher, taking its name from Denver businessman Donald Fletcher who saw it as a real estate opportunity. He and his partners staked out four square miles (10 km2) east of Denver, but the town—and Colorado—struggled mightily after the Silver Crash of 1893. At that point, Fletcher skipped town, leaving the community with a huge water debt. Inhabitants decided to rename the town Aurora in 1907, after one of the subdivisions composing the town, and Aurora slowly began to grow in Denver's shadow becoming the fastest-growing city in the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Aurora, composed of hundreds of subdivisions, thus carries the name of one of the original development plats from which it sprang.

Aurora's growing population in recent decades has led to efforts for co-equal recognition with its larger neighbor.[ citation needed ] Former mayor Dennis Champine once expressed the somewhat whimsical notion that eventually the area would be called the "Aurora/Denver Metropolitan Area". Indeed, since the 2000 Census Aurora has surpassed Denver in land area, and much of Aurora is undeveloped, while Denver is more fully built-out. However, such efforts are somewhat hampered by the lack of a large, historically important central business district in the city. Aurora is largely suburban in character, as evidenced by the city's modest number of multi-story buildings.

1973 aerial view of Fitzsimons Army Hospital in Aurora, before closure Aerial view of Fitzsimons Army Hospital, 1973.JPEG
1973 aerial view of Fitzsimons Army Hospital in Aurora, before closure

A large military presence has existed in Aurora since the early 20th century. In 1918, Army General Hospital #21 (later renamed Fitzsimons Army Hospital) opened, with the U.S. government expanding and upgrading the hospital facilities in 1941 just in time to care for the wounded servicemen of World War II. Lowry Air Force Base was opened in 1938, straddling the border of Aurora and Denver. It eventually closed in 1994, and has been redeveloped into a master-planned community featuring residential, commercial, business and educational facilities. In 1942, the Army Air Corps built Buckley Field, which has been renamed Naval Air Station, Buckley Air National Guard Base, Buckley Air Force Base, and finally Buckley Space Force Base. The base, home of the Buckley Garrison and the 140th Wing Colorado Air National Guard, is Aurora's largest employer.

President Warren G. Harding visited Fitzsimons Army Hospital in 1923, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited in 1936. [9] In 1943, the hospital was the birthplace of 2004 Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry. President Dwight D. Eisenhower recovered from a heart attack at Fitzsimons for seven weeks during the fall of 1955. Decommissioned in 1999, the facility is part of the Anschutz Medical Campus of the University of Colorado Denver, and the Fitzsimons Life Science District. The Anschutz Medical Campus also includes the University of Colorado Hospital, which moved to Aurora from Denver in 2007, and the Children's Hospital. The first carbon-ion radiotherapy research and treatment facility in the U.S. has been proposed at the site. [10] These facilities will employ a workforce of 32,000 at build-out.

In 1965, mayor Norma O. Walker became the first woman to head a U.S. city with a population over 60,000.

In 1978, the cult coming-of-age film Over the Edge was filmed in Aurora; the crime drama has been named the "signature film" of Denver. [11]

In 1979, it was announced that a science fiction theme park would be built in Aurora using the sets of a $50 million film based on the fantasy novel Lord of Light . However, due to legal problems the project was never completed. The script of the unmade film project, renamed Argo , was used as cover for the "Canadian Caper": the exfiltration of six U.S. diplomatic staff trapped by the Iranian hostage crisis.

In 1993, Cherry Creek State Park on the southwestern edge of Aurora was the location for the papal mass of the 8th World Youth Day with Pope John Paul II, attended by an estimated 500,000 people. [12]

Aurora is split among three counties and lies distant from the respective county seats. A consolidated city and county government such as those found elsewhere in Colorado (Denver and Broomfield) was considered in the mid-1990s but failed to win approval by city voters; the issue was reconsidered in 2006. [13]

Aurora Sports Park opened in 2003. In 2004, Aurora was honored as the Sports Illustrated magazine's 50th-anniversary "Sportstown" for Colorado because of its exemplary involvement in facilitating and enhancing sports. The city attracts more than 30 regional and national sports tournaments annually to Aurora's fields. Aurora's active populace is also reflected in the variety of professional athletes hailing from the city. Aurora's first semi-professional sports franchise, the Aurora Cavalry in the International Basketball League, began play in 2006 but folded by season's end due to budget mishaps.[ citation needed ]

In 2008, Aurora was designated an All-America City by the National Civic League. [14]

Aurora pioneered the use of bank filtration in the United States, becoming one of the first U.S. cities to reap the benefits of siphoning water from beneath a riverbed upon completion of the Prairie Waters Project in 2010. [15] [16]

In 2017, the Republic of El Salvador opened a consulate in Aurora, serving Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming. [17]

Aurora theater shooting

On July 20, 2012, Aurora was the site of the deadliest shooting by a lone shooter in Colorado (and the state's overall second deadliest, after the 1999 Columbine High School massacre). [18] The shooting occurred just after midnight, when James Holmes opened fire during the midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises in a Century movie theater, killing 12 people and injuring 70 others. [19] Holmes was arrested and was eventually sentenced to 12 life sentences in prison with an additional required 3,318 years. The shooting drew an international response from world leaders. U.S. President Barack Obama visited victims, as well as local and state officials, and addressed the nation in a televised address from Aurora on July 22. Actor Christian Bale, who plays Batman in the film, also visited some victims in hospitals. The events marked a turning point in recognition and public perception of the city; rather than referring to the site as being in "Denver" or "suburban Denver", as would have been typical before the event, virtually all media accounts of the incident unequivocally named "Aurora" as its location. [20]

Elijah McClain

On August 30, 2019, Elijah McClain died six days after an unprovoked detention by two Aurora police officers. [21] On June 27, 2020, Aurora Police in riot gear dispersed thousands of protestors at a violin concert held in his honor. [22] On October 12, 2023, one of the officers involved in McClain's death was found guilty on charges of assault and negligent homicide, while another officer was acquitted on all charges against him, which included assault and reckless manslaughter. [23]

Geography

Buckley Space Force Base Buckley AFB.png
Buckley Space Force Base

Aurora's official elevation, posted on signs at the city limits, is 5,471 feet (1,668 m). However, the city spans a difference in elevation of nearly 1,000 feet (300 m). The lowest elevation of 5,285 feet (1,611 m) is found at the point where Sand Creek crosses the city limit in the northwest corner of the city, while the highest elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 m) is on the extreme southern border of the city in Douglas County, near the intersection of Inspiration and Gartrell roads. [24]

According to 2023 data published by the United States Census, the city has a total area of 104,696 acres (423.691 km2) including 371 acres (1.500 km2) of water. [4] The city is about 6 percent more extensive than neighboring Denver but 80 percent of the size of Colorado Springs, ranking as the 54th-largest U.S. city in land area.

Neighborhoods

Aurora is composed of dozens of neighborhoods, districts and (current and former) military installations. Among them:[ citation needed ]

  • Adonea
  • Anschutz Medical Campus
  • Aurora Heights
  • Aurora Highlands [25]
  • Aurora Hills
  • Aurora Knolls
  • Beacon Point
  • Berkshire Village
  • Blackstone
  • Brookvale
  • Buckley Space Force Base
  • Carriage Place
  • Centretech
  • Chadsford
  • Chaddsford Village
  • Chambers Heights
  • Chelsea
  • Cinnamon Village II
  • City Center
  • Conservatory
  • Copperleaf
  • Corning
  • Crestridge
  • Cross Creek
  • The Dam East
  • Del Mar
  • The Dam West
  • Downtown A-Town (the Fletcher townsite, Aurora's "downtown")
  • Eastridge
  • East Quincy Highlands
  • Fox Hill
  • Greenfield
  • Hallcraft's Village East
  • Hampton Hills
  • Havana Heights
  • Heather Gardens
  • Heather Ridge
  • Heritage Eagle Bend Golf Club
  • Highline Villages
  • Highpoint
  • Hillside at Del Mar
  • Hoffman Heights
  • Hutchinson Heights
  • Inspiration
  • Jackson Farm
  • Kingsborough
  • Laredo-Highline
  • Lowry Campus (formerly Lowry Air Force Base)
  • Lynn Knoll
  • Meadowood
  • Meadow Hills
  • Mission Viejo
  • Morris Heights
  • Murphy Creek
  • Peoria Park
  • Pheasant Run
  • Piney Creek
  • Ponderosa Ridge
  • Pride's Crossing
  • Ptarmigan Park
  • Queensborough
  • Quincy Hill
  • Rocking Horse
  • Saddle Rock
  • Settler's Village
  • Serenity Ridge
  • Seven Hills
  • Shenandoah
  • Stapleton (a portion of the redevelopment of Denver's former airport lies in Aurora, directly north of Original Aurora)
  • Siena
  • Smoky Hill
  • Smoky Ridge
  • Sterling Hills
  • Stricker's House
  • Summer Valley Ranch
  • Tallgrass
  • Tallyn's Reach [26]
  • The Timbers
  • Tollgate Run at Kingsborough
  • Tollgate Village
  • Traditions
  • Tuscany
  • Utah Park
  • Village East
  • Waters Edge
  • Wheatlands
  • Whispering Pines
  • Willow Park
  • Willow Trace
  • Woodgate
  • Woodrim

Surrounding municipalities

North: Denver
West: Denver, Centennial AuroraEast: Watkins, Bennett, Strasburg
South: Greenwood Village, Centennial,
Foxfield, Parker

Climate

Aurora experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk ), with four distinct seasons and modest precipitation year-round. Summers range from mild to hot, with generally low humidity and frequent afternoon thunderstorms, and Aurora also averages about one dozen tornado warnings throughout tornado season, running from April to July. Although a touchdown does occur every couple of years, tornadoes are typically weak and short lived. Aurora residents typically hear the tornado sirens go off numerous times more than residents in Denver, to the West. All of Aurora is located east of I-25, where tornado alley begins. Hailstorms, at times one to two-plus feet deep happen on occasion, and typical hailstorms are very common throughout these months. [27] July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F (32 °C) and an average low of 57 °F (14 °C). Winters range from mild to occasional bitter cold, with periods of sunshine alternating with periods of snow, high winds and very low temperatures. December is the coldest month of the year, with an average high of 43 °F (6 °C) and an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C). The average first snowfall in the Aurora area occurs in late October and the average final snowfall occurs in late April, although snow has fallen as early as September 4 and as late as June 5. Generally, deciduous trees in the area are bare from mid October to late April.

Climate data for Aurora, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)76
(24)
75
(24)
83
(28)
89
(32)
97
(36)
105
(41)
108
(42)
104
(40)
100
(38)
96
(36)
81
(27)
73
(23)
108
(42)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C)45
(7)
47
(8)
55
(13)
62
(17)
71
(22)
82
(28)
89
(32)
86
(30)
78
(26)
67
(19)
53
(12)
43
(6)
65
(18)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C)18
(−8)
20
(−7)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
57
(14)
55
(13)
47
(8)
35
(2)
26
(−3)
17
(−8)
36
(2)
Record low °F (°C)−32
(−36)
−24
(−31)
−14
(−26)
−7
(−22)
17
(−8)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
36
(2)
15
(−9)
−2
(−19)
−14
(−26)
−27
(−33)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.49
(12)
0.47
(12)
1.50
(38)
2.08
(53)
2.85
(72)
2.00
(51)
2.46
(62)
2.05
(52)
1.44
(37)
1.03
(26)
1.18
(30)
0.65
(17)
18.20
(462)
Source: Weather.com [28]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1900 202
1910 679236.1%
1920 98344.8%
1930 2,295133.5%
1940 3,43749.8%
1950 11,421232.3%
1960 48,548325.1%
1970 74,97454.4%
1980 158,588111.5%
1990 222,10340.1%
2000 276,39324.4%
2010 325,07817.6%
2020 386,26118.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Aurora, Colorado – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic)Pop 2000 [29] Pop 2010 [30] Pop 2020 [31] % 2000% 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)163,599153,715160,95059.19%47.29%41.67%
Black or African American alone (NH)36,00849,00359,23213.03%15.07%15.33%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)1,5111,4871,6790.55%0.46%0.43%
Asian alone (NH)11,89215,73524,4804.30%4.84%6.34%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)4589191,5490.17%0.28%0.40%
Some Other Race alone (NH)4956772,2130.18%0.21%0.57%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH)7,66610,27919,2562.77%3.16%4.99%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)54,76493,263116,90219.81%28.69%30.27%
Total276,393325,078386,261100.00%100.00%100.00%

As of the 2010 census, there were 325,078 people, 121,191 households, and 73,036 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,939.6 inhabitants per square mile (748.9/km2). There were 131,040 housing units at an average density of 766.7 units per square mile (296.0 units/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% White, 15.7% African American, 4.9% Asian (1.1% Korean, 0.8% Vietnamese, 0.5% Filipino, 0.5% Chinese, 0.5% Indian, 0.2% Japanese, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Burmese, 0.1% Nepalese, 0.1% Pakistani, 0.1% Indonesian), 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 11.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.7% of the population; 21.9% of Aurora's population is of Mexican heritage, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Guatemalan, 0.3% Honduran, 0.3% Peruvian, 0.2% Cuban, 0.2% Colombian and 0.1% Nicaraguan. [32] Non-Hispanic Whites were 47.3% of the population in 2010, [33] compared to 85.1% in 1980. [34]

Aurora is a center of Colorado's refugee population. There are about 30,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans living in the Denver–Aurora area. There is also a sizable population of Nepalese refugees. [35] [36]

There were 121,191 households, out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,507, and the median income for a family was $52,551. Males had a median income of $35,963 versus $30,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,095. About 6.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

According to the Aurora Economic Development Council, [37] the largest public employers in the city are:

#EmployerEmployees
1 Buckley Space Force Base 12,100
2 Anschutz Medical Campus 6,360
3 University of Colorado Hospital 4,050
4 Aurora Public Schools 4,020
5 Cherry Creek Schools 3,820
6City of Aurora3,740
7 Community College of Aurora 510

According to the Aurora Economic Development Council, [38] the largest private employers in the city of Aurora are:

#EmployerEmployees
1 Children's Hospital Colorado 5,670
2 Raytheon Technologies 2,430
3 Kaiser Permanente 1,940
4 The Medical Center of Aurora 1,710
5 Amazon 1,500
624-7 Intouch1,350
7SROriginals870
8 Tyco Integrated Security 850
9 Northrop Grumman 750
10 ADT Inc. 700

Other notable employers in the city include Lockheed Martin Corporation, Staples Inc., United Natural Foods, Aurora Mental Health Center, G45 Secure Solutions, Graebel Relocation, Core-Mark, and Nelnet, Inc.

Attractions

The city of Aurora manages more than 100 parks, [39] more than 6,000 acres (24 km2) of open space and natural areas, [39] and six award-winning municipal golf courses (Aurora Hills, Meadow Hills, Murphy Creek, Saddle Rock, Springhill and Fitzsimons). [40] Aurora also is home to several privately owned golf courses including CommonGround Golf Course, Heather Ridge Country Club, Heritage Eagle Bend Golf Club and Valley Country Club.

Star K Ranch, home to Aurora's Morrison Nature Center, provides important habitat for wildlife. It has several trails for nature exploration, including access to the Sand Creek Greenway Trail. Jewell Wetland, a 50-acre (200,000 m2) wooded wetland, features trails, boardwalk/deck access into the wetland and a butterfly garden. Aurora Reservoir and Quincy Reservoir offer plenty of opportunities for outdoor water pursuits. [39]

Sod house at the Plains Conservation Center Plains Conservation Center, Colorado 03.jpg
Sod house at the Plains Conservation Center

DeLaney Farm, site of Aurora's famous historic round barn, has 130 acres (0.53 km2) of open space, trails with access to the High Line Canal, an organic garden managed by Denver Urban Gardens, and two structures on the National Register of Historic Places. The Plains Conservation Center, with 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of native shortgrass prairie, hosts a variety of educational programs. [39]

Twenty-seven historic sites and landmarks are managed by the city of Aurora, including the Gully Homestead of 1870, the Victorian-style Centennial House of 1890, the privately owned American War Mothers National Memorial Home, the Art Deco-style KOA Building of 1934, the DeLaney Round Barn of 1902, Lowry Building 800, the interim headquarters for the U.S. Air Force Academy from 1955 to 1958, and Stanley Marketplace, which opened at the former site of Stanley Aviation in 2016. [41]

The Aurora Fox Theatre & Arts Center, another historic landmark, is a 245-seat performing arts facility in the Aurora Cultural Arts District, along East Colfax Avenue. In that same area, The People's Building is a performing arts venue with flexible space, including 191 retractable seats and a gallery. [42]

The Aurora History Museum is a community-based cultural center featuring a permanent exhibit on Aurora history and two changing exhibit galleries touching on topics related to history and decorative arts. [43] Additionally, some of their collections can be accessed online here. Aurora is home to the Colorado Freedom Memorial [44] and a memorial garden for the victims of the 2012 theater shooting is located adjacent to City Hall. [45]

The Aurora Symphony Orchestra, a community orchestra established in 1978, offers a full season of full orchestra concerts annually as well as smaller chamber ensemble performances. [46]

The Aurora Public Library serves its population, providing four main branches, four PC centers, and a variety of events throughout the year to its population. [47]

Town Center at Aurora is the city's main shopping mall. Other shopping centers in Aurora include The Gardens on Havana (formerly Buckingham Square) and Southlands.

Stanley Marketplace, a shopping mall inside the former Stanley Aviation plant.

Government

The city of Aurora operates under a council-manager form of government, where the city manager runs the city's day-to-day operations with general guidance from the city council. The Aurora City Council is composed of a mayor and ten council members. Six members are elected from districts, while the other four are elected at large. The mayor is elected by the entire city. Aurora's mayor role is largely ceremonial, but the mayor does have direct impact on policy issues as the head of city council. [48] The council is nonpartisan; however, parties of members have been listed below for reference.

Aurora City Council Members [49]
DistrictOfficeholderPolitical Party
Mayor Mike Coffman Republican
At-LargeDustin ZvonekRepublican
Danielle JurinskyRepublican
Alison CoombsDemocratic
Curtis GardnerRepublican
Ward ICrystal MurilloDemocratic
Ward IISteve SundbergRepublican
Ward IIIRuben MedinaDemocratic
Ward IVStephanie Hancock

Republican

Ward VAngela LawsonNonpartisan
Ward VIFrancoise BerganRepublican

This full-service city is protected by the Aurora Police Department, [50] one of only 10 law enforcement agencies in Colorado to be accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies; the Aurora Fire Department, [51] which is accredited by the Commission on Fire Accreditation International; and a Public Safety Communications dispatch call center. [52] The Aurora Municipal Courts handles a wide variety of offense violations, and the Aurora Detention Center is a 72-hour adult holding facility. [53]

Politics

In national elections, Aurora leans to the left and the Democratic Party, though not as much as neighboring Denver but more than other suburbs in the Denver metro area. Northern and Central Aurora, due to an extremely racially and culturally diverse voter base and high density for a suburban city, are some of the most Democratic areas in Colorado and vote similarly to Denver and Boulder; southern Aurora, similar to neighboring Centennial, used to lean Republican but has swung Democratic entering the 2020s. [54] [55]

Aurora anchors Colorado's 6th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Jason Crow (D-Centennial). State representation is listed in the tables below (areas implied to be in Arapahoe County unless noted: not all districts are fully in Aurora).

Colorado State Representatives

DistrictNamePartyArea Represented
 District 30Dafna Michaelson JenetDemocraticNorth Aurora (Adams County)
 District 36Mike WeissmanDemocraticEastern Aurora
 District 37Tom SullivanDemocraticSoutheastern Aurora
 District 39Mark BaisleyRepublicanSouthern Aurora (Douglas County)
 District 40Naquetta RicksDemocraticSouth-central Aurora
 District 41Iman JodehDemocraticCentral Aurora
 District 42Mandy LindsayDemocraticNorth-central Aurora
 District 44Kim RansomRepublicanSouthern Aurora (Douglas County)
 District 56Rod BockenfeldRepublicanEastern Aurora (Adams and Arapahoe Counties)

Colorado State Senators

DistrictNamePartyArea Represented
  District 4 Jim SmallwoodRepublicanSouthern Aurora (Douglas County)
  District 25 Kevin PriolaDemocratic [lower-alpha 1] Northern Aurora (Adams County)
  District 26 Jeff BridgesDemocraticSouth-central Aurora
  District 27 Chris KolkerDemocraticSoutheastern Aurora
  District 28 Janet BucknerDemocraticSouth-central Aurora
  District 29 Rhonda FieldsDemocraticNorth-central Aurora

List of mayors

List of mayors of Fletcher and Aurora [57]
NamePeriod servedNotes
H.M. MilikenMay 27, 1891 – May 1, 1894
A.L.B. DaviesMay 2, 1894 – April 2, 1895
P.H. ChambersApril 3, 1895 – April 15, 1898
W.A. ClundyApril 16, 1898 – April 8, 1899
W.H. MurphyApril 9, 1899 – April 12, 1901
Jonas WashburnApril 13, 1901 – April 6, 1903
Harry S. ClassApril 7, 1903 – April 14, 1904
Louis M. StraussApril 15, 1904 – April 2, 1905
Wilmer J. ParkerApril 13, 1905 – April 10, 1906Resigned
Andrew ThompsonApril 16, 1906 – April 14, 1907Last mayor of Fletcher
Edwin G. SmithApril 15, 1907 – April 12, 1908First mayor of Aurora
A.H. KramerApril 13, 1908 – April 13, 1910
V.T. O'DonaldApril 14, 1910 – April 17, 1911
Gershom JonesApril 18, 1911 – April 13, 1914
H.B. ThompsonApril 14, 1914 – April 12, 1917
George E. SmithApril 13, 1917 – December 7, 1917Resigned
Harry KathermanDecember 8, 1917 – July 1, 1918Mayor pro tem
John McMillanJuly 1, 1918 – May 4, 1919
J.N. TrompenMay 5, 1919 – April 21, 1920
Jasper ParrishApril 22, 1920 – April 14, 1921
John McMillanApril 15, 1921 – April 11, 1926
F.A. HarrisonApril 12, 1926 – April 10, 1927
E.S. MurphyApril 11, 1927 – April 24, 1929
B.B. NeviusApril 25, 1929 – April 12, 1931
Charles F. HolzerApril 13, 1931 – April 6, 1937
W.J. ParrishApril 7, 1937 – April 6, 1941
J.E. McWhorterApril 7, 1941 – January 11, 1943Resigned
A.O. HillJanuary 13, 1943 – April 8, 1945Appointed January 13, 1943, elected April 12, 1943
B.T. HowardApril 9, 1945 – January 11, 1948
C.E. TuppsJanuary 12, 1948 – November 8, 1953
William B. MansfieldNovember 9, 1953 – November 6, 1955
Allen C. BradlyNovember 7, 1955 – November 8, 1959
Harry W. AllardNovember 9, 1959 – November 11, 1963
Robert W. FennigNovember 12, 1963 – November 7, 1965
Norma O. Walker November 8, 1965 – November 12, 1967First female mayor [58]
Paul C. BeckNovember 13, 1967 – December 8, 1974
William R. DominguezDecember 9, 1974 – November 9, 1975
Fred H. HoodNovember 10, 1975 – November 5, 1979
Dennis ChampineNovember 6, 1979 – November 3, 1987
Paul Tauer November 4, 1987 – November 4, 2003
Edward J. TauerNovember 5, 2003 – November 13, 2011
Steve Hogan November 14, 2011 – May 13, 2018
Bob LeGare June 25, 2018 – December 1, 2019
Mike Coffman December 2, 2019 – present

Education

Media

Transportation

Florida Station pedestrian bridge over Interstate 225 Florida Station ped. bridge, I-225, Aurora, CO.jpg
Florida Station pedestrian bridge over Interstate 225

Aurora straddles Interstate 70, Interstate 225 and the E-470 beltway. The Regional Transportation District's light rail transit system was extended to serve the southwestern edge of Aurora on November 17, 2006. The H Line stops at Aurora's Dayton and Nine Mile Stations; a comprehensive network of feeder buses in southern Aurora serve the latter. On February 24, 2017, the line was extended as the R Line to Peoria Station in the city's northwest, where riders may transfer to the A Line providing service between Union Station in downtown Denver and Denver International Airport (DIA). Much of Aurora is more convenient to DIA than Denver itself, and the city is planning an aerotropolis along the airport's southern flank. [61] This proximity is a factor in the expected growth of the E-470 corridor directly south of DIA, projected to eventually accommodate 250,000 additional Aurora residents.[ citation needed ] The easternmost portions of Aurora adjoin the Colorado Air and Space Port.

In 2017, Aurora became the first city in Colorado to host a dockless bike sharing program. [62]

Sports

In 2014 the U.S.A. Powerlifting Raw Nationals and the IPF Open Powerlifting World Championships were both held in Aurora. The WC was the 35th Women's and 44th Men's Open Powerlifting Championships, and it was held on the Radisson Hotel Denver Southeast. [63]

Notable people

Some notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Aurora include:

Sister cities

Aurora's sister cities are: [69]

Friendship cities

Aurora also has two friendship cities: [69]

See also

Notes

  1. Kevin Priola was elected as a Republican, and crossed the floor to the Democratic Party in 2022. [56]
  2. After Aurora Sister Cities International was resurrected in 2013.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Colorado</span> U.S. state

Colorado is a landlocked state in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Colorado borders Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and meets Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands. Colorado is one of the Mountain States and is often considered to be part of the southwestern United States. The high plains of Colorado may be considered a part of the midwestern United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains, as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is the eighth most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The United States Census Bureau estimated the population of Colorado at 5,877,610 as of July 1, 2023, a 1.80% increase since the 2020 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Colorado Springs, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Colorado Springs is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, Colorado, United States. It is the most populous city in El Paso County, with a population of 478,961 at the 2020 census, a 15.02% increase since 2010. Colorado Springs is the second-most populous city and the most extensive city in the state of Colorado, and the 39th-most-populous city in the United States. It is the principal city of the Colorado Springs metropolitan area, which had 755,105 residents in 2020, and the second-most prominent city of the Front Range Urban Corridor. It is located in east-central Colorado on Fountain Creek, 70 miles (113 km) south of Denver.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Denver</span> Capital of Colorado, United States

Denver is a consolidated city and county, the capital, and most populous city of the U.S. state of Colorado. Its population was 715,522 at the 2020 census, a 19.22% increase since 2010. It is the 19th-most populous city in the United States and the fifth most populous state capital. It is the principal city of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood metropolitan statistical area, the most populous metropolitan statistical area in Colorado and the first city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Denver metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan Statistical Area in Colorado, United States

Denver is the central city of a conurbation region in the U.S. state of Colorado. The conurbation includes one continuous region consisting of the six central counties of Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson. The Denver region is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor and its metropolitan planning organization is the Denver Regional Council of Governments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arvada, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Arvada is a home rule municipality on the border between Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. The city population was 124,402 at the 2020 United States Census, with 121,510 residing in Jefferson County and 2,892 in Adams County. Arvada is the seventh most populous city in Colorado. The city is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brighton, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Brighton is a home rule municipality city located in Adams and Weld counties, Colorado, United States. Brighton is the county seat of Adams County and a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. The city population was 40,083 at the 2020 United States Census with 39,718 residing in Adams County and 365 residing in Weld County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broomfield, Colorado</span> Consolidated city and county in Colorado, United States

Broomfield is a consolidated city and county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. It has a consolidated government which operates under Article XX, Sections 10–13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. Broomfield's population was 74,112 at the 2020 United States Census, making it the 15th most populous municipality and the 12th most populous county in Colorado. Broomfield is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range urban corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Federal Heights, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Federal Heights is a home rule municipality located in western Adams County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 14,382 at the 2020 United States Census, a +25.42% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Federal Heights is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. The current Mayor is Linda S. Montoya, who was elected to a four-year term in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thornton, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Thornton is a home rule municipality located in Adams and Weld counties, Colorado, United States. The city population was 141,867, all in Adams County, at the 2020 United States Census, an increase of +19.44% since the 2010 United States Census. Thornton is the sixth most populous city in Colorado and the 191st most populous city in the United States. Thornton is 10 miles (16 km) north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bow Mar, Colorado</span> Town in Colorado, United States

Bow Mar is a Statutory Town located in Arapahoe and Jefferson counties, Colorado, United States. The town population was 853 at the 2020 United States Census with 587 residing in Arapahoe County and 266 residing in Jefferson County. Bow Mar is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor. The current mayor of Bow Mar is Bryan Sperry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherry Hills Village, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Cherry Hills Village is a home rule municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 6,442 at the 2020 United States Census. Cherry Hills Village is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Englewood, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Englewood is a home rule municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 33,659 at the 2020 United States Census. Englewood is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. Englewood is located immediately south of Denver in the South Platte River Valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glendale, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Glendale is a home rule municipality located in an exclave of Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 4,613 at the 2020 United States Census. Glendale is an enclave of the City and County of Denver and is the most densely populated municipality in Colorado. The city is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castle Pines, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Castle Pines is a home rule municipality located in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 11,036 at the 2020 United States Census. Castle Pines is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. The city is located north of the Town of Castle Rock and south of the City of Lone Tree, Colorado.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edgewater, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

The City of Edgewater is a home rule municipality located in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 5,005 at the 2020 United States Census. Edgewater is surrounded by Denver to the east, Lakewood to the south and west, and Wheat Ridge to the north. The city is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Centennial, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Centennial is a home rule municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 108,418 at the 2020 United States Census, making Centennial the 11th most populous municipality in Colorado. Centennial is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Littleton, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Littleton is a home rule municipality city located in Arapahoe, Douglas, and Jefferson counties, Colorado, United States. Littleton is the county seat of Arapahoe County and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 45,652 at the 2020 United States Census, ranking as the 20th most populous municipality in the State of Colorado.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lakewood, Colorado</span> City in Colorado, United States

Lakewood is the home rule municipality that is the most populous municipality in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 155,984 at the 2020 U.S. Census, making Lakewood the fifth most populous city in Colorado and the 167th most populous city in the United States. Lakewood is a suburb of Denver and is a principal city of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Aurora, Colorado, USA.

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