Aust-Agder

Last updated
Aust-Agder fylke
Vegar.jpg
Vegår in 2001
Norway Counties Aust-Agder Position.svg
Aust-Agder within Norway
Country Norway
County Aust-Agder
Region Sørlandet
County ID NO-09
Administrative centre Arendal
Government
   Governor Svein Ytterdahl
   Arbeiderpartiet
  (2016present)
   County mayor Gro Bråten
   Arbeiderpartiet
  (2017present)
Area
  Total9,158.15 km2 (3,535.98 sq mi)
  Land8,353.31 km2 (3,225.23 sq mi)
  Water804.54 km2 (310.63 sq mi)
Area rank#14 in Norway, 2.73% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total118,127
  Rank18 (2.26% of country)
  Density14/km2 (40/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
4.3 %
Demonym(s) Austegde
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita)135,700 NOK
GDP (per capita)208,275 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank18 (1.40% of country)
Website www.austagderfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Aust-Agder ( [ˈæ̂ʉstˌɑɡdər] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), English: East Agder) was one 18 counties (fylker) in Norway up to 1 January 2020, when it was merged with Vest-Agder to form Agder county. In 2002, there were 102,945 inhabitants, which was 2.2% of the total population in Norway. Its area was 9,212 square kilometres (3,557 sq mi). The administrative center of the county was the town of Arendal.

Contents

The county, which is located at the Skagerrak coast, extended from Gjernestangen at Risør to the Kvåsefjorden in Lillesand. The inner parts of the area included Setesdalsheiene and Austheiene. The majority of the population live near the coast; about 78% of the county's inhabitants live in the five coastal municipalities of Arendal, Grimstad, Lillesand, Tvedestrand, and Risør. The rest of the county is sparsely populated. Tourism is important, as Arendal and the other coastal towns are popular attractions.

The county includes the larger islands of Tromøya, Hisøya, Justøya, and Sandøya. The interior of the county encompasses the traditional district of Setesdal, through which the river Otra flows to the coast.

In 2017, the Parliament of Norway voted to merge Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder counties into one large region called Agder, effective 1 January 2020. [1]

The county was part of the Aust-Agder District Court and the Church of Norway Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Name

The meaning of the name is "(the) eastern (part of) Agder", since the word aust is the Nynorsk form of "east".

Until 1919, the name of the county was Nedenes amt. The amt was named after the old Nedenes farm (Norse Niðarnes), since this was the seat of the amtmann (County Governor). The first element is the genitive case of the river name Nið (now called Nidelva) and the last element is nes which means "headland". The meaning of the river name is unknown. [2]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 12 December 1958. It shows two horizontal golden bars on a red background. They symbolize the lumber trade and the recovery of iron ore that was important for Aust-Agder's growth. There are two bars to represent the two areas of the county: inland and coastal. [3] [4]

Municipalities

The system of municipalities, or kommuner, was established in Norway in 1837, based on previously existing parishes (see formannskapsdistrikt). Norway had been ceded to Sweden by Denmark in 1814, at which it promptly rebelled and won the right of self-rule, though nominally part of Sweden. In 1905, Norway declared total independence. Meanwhile, as the years progressed, the municipalities did not remain the same, but new ones were formed, old ones broken up, and land was transferred. Since the 1990s, Aust-Agder has been divided into 15 municipalities:

Map of the municipalities in the county Aust-Agder-kommuner.png
Map of the municipalities in the county
No.NameAdm. CenterPopulationArea (km²)
0901 Risor komm.svg Risør Risør 6,936193
0904 Grimstad komm.svg Grimstad Grimstad 22,692304
0906 Arendal komm.svg Arendal Arendal 44,576270
0911 Gjerstad komm.svg Gjerstad Gjerstad 2,511322
0912 Vegarshei komm.svg Vegårshei Myra 2,104356
0914 Tvedestrand komm.svg Tvedestrand Tvedestrand 6,051215
0919 Froland komm.svg Froland Blakstad 5,713645
0926 Lillesand komm.svg Lillesand Lillesand 10,702190
0928 Birkenes komm.svg Birkenes Birkeland 5,178674
0929 Amli komm.svg Åmli Åmli 1,8561,131
0935 Iveland komm.svg Iveland Birketveit 1,342262
0937 Evje og Hornnes komm.svg Evje og Hornnes Evje 3,614550
0938 Bygland komm.svg Bygland Bygland 1,2001,312
0940 Valle komm.svg Valle Valle 1,2461,265
0941 Bykle komm.svg Bykle Bykle 9521,467
Total Aust-Agder vapen.svg Aust-Agder Arendal 116,6739,158

Cities

Parishes

Villages

Former Municipalities

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
195175,811    
196177,066+1.7%
197180,839+4.9%
198190,629+12.1%
199197,314+7.4%
2001102,714+5.5%
2011110,048+7.1%
2021?126,092+14.6%
2031?139,982+11.0%
Source: Statistics Norway. [5]
Religion in Aust-Agder [6] [7]
religionpercent
Christianity
87.57%
Islam
0.75%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other
11.44%

Since the census of 1769, Aust-Agder has experienced a steady population growth: from 29,633 to 79,927 in 1900, and to 102,848 in 2001. There was significant emigration to the United States in the 19th century and early 20th century.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Moland Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Høvåg Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Evje og Vegusdal Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Evje Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Austre Moland Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Øyestad Former Municipality in Southern Norway, Norway

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Aust-Agder District Court

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Østre Agder Metropolitan Region in Arendal, Norway

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Mykland Church Church in Agder, Norway

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Søndeled Church Church in Agder, Norway

Søndeled Church is a parish church in Risør municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Søndeled. It is the church for the Søndeled parish which is part of the Aust-Nedenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, stone and wood church was built around the year 1150. The cruciform church seats about 450 people.

References

  1. "Om sammenslåingen" (in Norwegian). Agder fylkeskommune. Retrieved 2018-01-06.
  2. Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian) (8 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 110.
  3. "Fylkesvåpenet" (in Norwegian). Aust-Agder fylkeskommune. Archived from the original on 2007-11-26. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  4. "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-01-06.
  5. Projected population - Statistics Norway
  6. Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  7. Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010

Coordinates: 58°34′00″N08°34′00″E / 58.56667°N 8.56667°E / 58.56667; 8.56667