Austinmer, New South Wales

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Austinmer
Wollongong,  New South Wales
NorthernIllawarraEscarpmentView.jpg
Lookout from the Illawarra Escarpment above Wombarra over the northern Illawarra plain viewing Austinmer in the foreground, Thirroul, Bulli, Wollongong up to Port Kembla in the far distance.
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Austinmer
Coordinates 34°18′23″S150°56′04″E / 34.306311°S 150.93451°E / -34.306311; 150.93451 Coordinates: 34°18′23″S150°56′04″E / 34.306311°S 150.93451°E / -34.306311; 150.93451
Population2,560 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2515
LGA(s) City of Wollongong
State electorate(s) Keira
Federal Division(s) Cunningham
Suburbs around Austinmer:
Coledale
Austinmer
Thirroul

Austinmer is a northern village of Wollongong on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. It sits in the northern Illawarra region, south of Stanwell Park and immediately north of Thirroul.

Contents

The town's main beach is Austinmer Beach, a patrolled surf beach and a popular tourist beach. A second smaller and unpatrolled beach lies directly to the north of Austinmer beach. It is called Little Austinmer Beach, known locally as 'dog beach', as it is a popular off-leash zone for dog walking.

The main road through the town is Lawrence Hargrave Drive, which connects with the Princes Highway at Bulli Pass. Moore Street connects Austinmer railway station to Lawrence Hargrave Drive, and, along with a short stretch along Lawrence Hargrave Drive, constitutes Austinmer's commercial presence, as well as a police station, school, churches, and veterinary clinic.

The Headland Hotel to the north of Austinmer Beach was featured in the 2005/2006 television series headLand .

It is served by Austinmer railway station, on the South Coast railway line which runs electric double deck train services to Sydney and Wollongong.

History

By the 1860s the area was simply called "North Bulli". The name was later changed to Austinmere (later dropping the final "e", and pronounced as "mer" as French for 'by the sea'; Austin (the original mine owner/manager) by the sea) with the opening of the North Illawarra Coal Company's mine around 1887. [2] Some have suggested that the area was originally called Sidmouth, named after the Devonshire birthplace of Robert Marsh Westmacott who owned land that now includes Austinmer. It turns out that a future owner, one Biddulph Henning, named it Sidmouth after where he had been staying in 1891 just prior to his return to Australia and subsequent purchasing of the land in Austinmer. The name "Sidmouth" is unrecorded prior to Henning's purchase of the property.

Austinmer was the site of the Hicks Point coal jetty [3] from 1886 to 1915, when it was destroyed by fire. [4] Iron dowel pins that secured the timber uprights of the wharf to the bedrock and an iron mooring ring set into in the rock are all that remain of it today. [5]

Population

In the 2016 Census, there were 2,560 people in Austinmer. 80.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 5.5%. 89.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 41.5%, Catholic 20.6% and Anglican 14.9%. [1]

Glastonbury Gardens

Glastonbury Gardens, Austinmer NSW, Australia Glastonbury Gardens, Austinmer.jpg
Glastonbury Gardens, Austinmer NSW, Australia

Established in 1965, the park is a historical part of Austinmer as it was the site for colliery dam. Adjacent to the Lawrence Hargrave Drive, the public park consists of Sabal palms, Norfolk Island Pines (Araucaria heterophylla) and Canary Island Date Palm Phoenix canariensis. It was dedicated to Reg Glastonbury, the Wollongong City Council City Engineer from 1947-1962 and was named after him. [6]

Schools

Churches

Notable people

Notable people from or who have lived in Austinmer include:

Related Research Articles

Wollongong City in New South Wales, Australia

Wollongong, informally referred to as "The Gong", is a city located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Wollongong lies on the narrow coastal strip between the Illawarra Escarpment and the Pacific Ocean, 68 kilometres south of central Sydney. Wollongong had an estimated urban population of 302,739 at June 2018, making it the third-largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle and the tenth-largest city in Australia by population. The city's current Lord Mayor is Gordon Bradbery AM who was elected in 2018.

Bulli, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Bulli is a northern suburb of Wollongong situated on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.

Mount Keira Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Mount Keira is a suburb and mountain in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia.

Stanwell Park, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Stanwell Park is a picturesque coastal village and northern suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. It is the northernmost point of the Illawarra coastal strip and lies south of Sydney's Royal National Park. It is situated in a small valley between Bald Hill to the north, Stanwell Tops to the west and Mount Mitchell to the south. It has two lagoons from the village's two creeks, Stanwell and Hargrave Creeks and a beach running between headlands. Stanwell Park and the surrounding suburbs are colloquially referred to by its postcode 2508.

Thirroul, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Thirroul is a northern seaside suburb of the city of Wollongong, Australia. Situated between Austinmer and Bulli, it is approximately 13 kilometres north of Wollongong, and 69 km south of Sydney. It lies between the Pacific Ocean and a section of the Illawarra escarpment known as Lady Fuller Park, adjacent to Bulli Pass Scenic Reserve.

Otford, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Otford is a village in the Otford Valley just 60 km to the south of the Sydney metropolitan area and north of the Illawarra and Wollongong in New South Wales, Australia. Otford is within the local government area of Wollongong City Council.

Bald Hill (Australia)

Bald Hill is a hill on the Illawarra Range, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. With an elevation of approximately 300 metres (980 ft) AMSL, Bald Hill is one of the best known and most popular lookouts in the Illawarra region providing panoramic vistas across the Illawarra escarpment and over the Illawarra plain and the Tasman Sea of the South Pacific Ocean.

Austinmer railway station

Austinmer railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the South Coast railway line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the northern Wollongong suburb of Austinmer. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Thirroul railway station

Thirroul railway station is a heritage-listed railway station on the South Coast railway line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the northern Wollongong suburb of Thirroul. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Illawarra escarpment

The Illawarra escarpment, or officially the Illawarra Range, is the fold-created cliffs and plateau-eroded outcrop mountain range west of the Illawarra coastal plain south of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The range encloses the Illawarra region which stretches from Stanwell Park in the north to Kiama, Gerringong and the Shoalhaven River in the south.

Lawrence Hargrave Drive

Lawrence Hargrave Drive, part of the Grand Pacific Drive, is a scenic coastal road and popular tourist drive connecting the northernmost suburbs of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, to Wollongong, in the south, and Sydney, in the north. The road was originally constructed in the 1870s.

Coledale, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Coledale is a small sea-side village approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) north of Wollongong along the Princes Highway in New South Wales, Australia. It is part of the City of Wollongong and lies between Wombarra and Austinmer.

Coalcliff, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Coalcliff is a town on the coast of New South Wales, Australia, between Sydney and Wollongong.

Helensburgh, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Helensburgh is a small town in New South Wales, Australia. Helensburgh is located 45 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Wollongong. Helensburgh is in the local government area of Wollongong City Council and marks the northern end of the Illawarra region. It is approximately halfway between Sydney and Wollongong, at the southern end of the Royal National Park.

Clifton, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Clifton is a village on the coast of New South Wales, Australia, between Sydney and Wollongong. Along with nearby Coalcliff, the village began life as a coal-mining centre. It is situated on a narrow area between the sea and the Illawarra escarpment. The electrified South Coast railway line passes through, but the station at Clifton was closed in 1915.. It reopened on 1934-07-04 and closed for the last time on 1983-11-27, at the time of double tracking and electrification.

Bellambi, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Bellambi is a suburb of Wollongong in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. It has a railway station on the NSW TrainLink South Coast Line.

Geography of Wollongong

The city of Wollongong has a distinct geography. It lies on a narrow coastal plain flanked by the Pacific Ocean to the east and a steep sandstone precipice known as the Illawarra Escarpment to the west, most notably Mount Keira, joined to the escarpment by a high saddle.

Port Kembla harbour Port in Australia

Port Kembla is a man-made cargo port or artificial harbour, with an outer harbour protected by breakwaters and an inner harbour constructed by dredging, located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia.

The Coastal coal-carrying trade of New South Wales involved the shipping of coal—mainly for local consumption but also for export or coal bunkering—by sea to Sydney from the northern and southern coal fields of New South Wales. It took place in the 19th and 20th centuries. It should not be confused with the export coal trade, which still exists today. There was also an interstate trade, carrying coal and coke to other Australian states that did not have local sources of black coal.

Sixty-miler

Sixty-miler (60-miler) is the colloquial name for the ships that were used in the coastal coal trade of New South Wales, Australia. The sixty milers delivered coal to Sydney Harbour from ports and ocean jetties to the north and south of Sydney. The name refers to the approximate distance by sea from the Hunter River to Sydney.

References


  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Austinmer (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "Place names of the Wollongong region". Wollongong City Council. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 11 January 2009.
  3. Kerle, H. W. (10 October 2000). "Ocean Jetty". Minutes of proceedings of the Engineering Association of New South Wales. 2.
  4. "Industrial history Mining metallurgy illawarra heritage trail - Hicks Point Jetty". www.illawarra-heritage-trail.com.au. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  5. "Industrial history Mining metallurgy illawarra heritage trail - Hicks Point Jetty". www.illawarra-heritage-trail.com.au. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  6. "Glastonbury Gardens". Office of Environment And Heritage.
  7. "Iconic Newtown mural artist helps paint a picture of a different kind". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  8. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0123587/