Australian state colours

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In Australia, state colours are frequently part of a state or territory's set of state symbols.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

Some states have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "state colours" while others have de facto state colours that have become well-known through popular use. State colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the state's flag to the colours used in sports. In particular the Sheffield Shield team caps popularised the usage of single colours to represent each state. The colours of state schools have been synonymous with states, whereby you find Queensland Public Schools are primarily Maroon, New South Wales Public Schools are primarily Sky Blue, and Western Australian Public Schools are Bottle Green. This does not come without exception however.

In law and government, de facto describes practices that exist in reality, even if not officially recognized by laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with de jure, which refers to things that happen according to law. Unofficial customs that are widely accepted are sometimes called de facto standards.

Flag piece of fabric with a distinctive design

A flag is a piece of fabric with a distinctive design and colours. It is used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. The term flag is also used to refer to the graphic design employed, and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signalling and identification, especially in environments where communication is challenging. The study of flags is known as "vexillology" from the Latin vexillum, meaning "flag" or "banner".

Sport Forms of competitive activity, usually physical

Sport includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators. Hundreds of sports exist, from those between single contestants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. In certain sports such as racing, many contestants may compete, simultaneously or consecutively, with one winner; in others, the contest is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other. Some sports allow a "tie" or "draw", in which there is no single winner; others provide tie-breaking methods to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of contests may be arranged in a tournament producing a champion. Many sports leagues make an annual champion by arranging games in a regular sports season, followed in some cases by playoffs.

State/TerritoryFlagPrimary coloursSecondary coloursFurther information
ACT Flag of the Australian Capital Territory.svg          Blue and gold [1] see ACT Brumbies
New South Wales Flag of New South Wales.svg      Sky blue [2]      Whitesee New South Wales rugby league team, Sydney FC
Northern Territory Flag of the Northern Territory.svg              Black, white and ochre [3] see Northern Territory Football Club
Queensland Flag of Queensland.svg      Maroon [4]      Goldsee Queensland rugby league team
South Australia Flag of South Australia.svg              Blue, red and gold [5] see South Australia Croweaters, Adelaide United
Tasmania Flag of Tasmania.svg              Bottle green, yellow and maroon [6] [7] see Tasmanian Tigers
Victoria Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg      Navy blue [8]          White and Silversee Victoria Big V, Melbourne Victory
Western Australia Flag of Western Australia.svg          Gold and blacksee Western Australia Sandgropers

See also

The national colours of Australia are green and gold. They were established by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Ninian Stephen, on 19 April 1984 in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette; on advice from Prime Minister Bob Hawke.

A State of Origin competition is a type of sporting event between players representing their state or territory, popularised by the rugby league State of Origin series. State of Origin began in Australian rules football on the 8th of October 1977 between Western Australia (WA) and Victoria, at Subiaco Oval in Perth, the initial brainchild of Leon Larkin. The selection criteria for Australian football has varied, but it is generally applied to players who played most of their juniors games in a particular state or territory, hence the name "State of Origin". In Rugby league the criteria are different, where players are selected for where they either first played senior Rugby league or where they played the majority of senior competition. The annual rugby State of Origin series is one of Australia's most popular sporting events. The name is also used in Australia for small sporting events which generally involve domestic representative teams.

Interstate matches in Australian rules football

Australian rules football matches between teams representing Australian colonies, states and territories have been held since 1879. For most of the 20th century, the absence of a national club competition and international matches meant that football games between state representative teams were regarded with great importance. Football historian John Devaney has argued that: "some of the state of origin contests which took place during the 1980s constituted arguably the finest expositions of the game ever seen".

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Queensland is one of Australia's states, and has established several state symbols and emblems.

Tasmania is one of Australia's States, and has established several state symbols and emblems.

Victoria is one of Australia's states, and has established several state symbols and emblems.

Western Australia is one of the states of Australia, and has established several state symbols and emblems.

Australian Capital Territory is one of the Australia's territories, and has established several territorial symbols and emblems.

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  1. "ACT Flags and Emblems". ACT Government Chief Minister's Department.
  2. Symbols and emblems of NSW Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Northern Territory Flag". Department of the Chief Minister. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08.
  4. "State colour". Department of the Premier and Cabinet.
  5. "State Emblems and Insignia". Archived from the original on 2015-01-22. Retrieved 2016-09-09., Government of South Australia
  6. Department of Premier and Cabinet - TASMANIA : Sporting colours
  7. "Tasmanian Sporting Colours - Story of their Origin". The Mercury. 13 February 1925.
  8. "Ensigns of Public Authority". Department of Premier and Cabinet. Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2019-05-30.