Automotive industry in Romania

Last updated

Much of the Romanian manufacturing industry consists of branch plants of foreign firms, though there are some important domestic manufacturers, such as Automobile Dacia, Ford Romania, Roman Braşov and Igero. [1] In 2018, est. 500,000 automobiles were produced in Romania.

Contents

Overview

Dacia Logan MCV Dacia Logan MCV Miedzyzdroje2.JPG
Dacia Logan MCV

During the Communist period, Romania was one of the largest automobile producers in Central and Eastern Europe, however the industry declined after the 1989 revolution. Previously, other domestic manufacturers such as Tractorul Braşov, ARO and Oltcit existed, however they eventually went bankrupt due to botched privatization in the 1990s. Since 1990, several foreign companies, including Mercedes, Audi, Hyundai, Volvo, Toyota, and Peugeot, expressed interest in opening branch plants in Romania. [2] In 2014, the Romanian automotive industry ranks fifth in Central and Eastern Europe, behind that of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland.

Ford bought the Automobile Craiova plant for $57 million, planning to produce automobiles at a rate of over 300,000 units a year by 2010. [3] [4] [5] Ford said it would invest €675 million (US$923 million) in the former Daewoo car factory and that it would buy supplies from the Romanian market worth €1 billion (US$1.39 billion). [6] In September 2009, the company began to assemble the Ford Transit Connect in Craiova, and in 2012, production of the new Ford B-Max was started. [7]

Robert Bosch GmbH, the world’s largest supplier of automotive components will invest as much as 60 million euros ($79 million) in a new factory in Jucu - Romania. The new Bosch facility will produce electronic components for automobiles, and will create about 2,000 jobs. [8]

Dacia Logan was the top-selling new car in Central and Eastern Europe in the first half of 2007 with 52,750 units sold, ahead of Skoda Fabia (41,227 units), Skoda Octavia (33,483 units), Opel Astra (16,442 units) and Ford Focus (14,909 units). [9]

In 2012, Dacia launched four new models, the Lodgy and the Dokker, [10] and the second generations of the Logan and Sandero, [11] whereas Ford launched their new mini MPV, the B-Max. The both manufacturers also introduced two new and technologically advanced turbocharged three-cylinder petrol engines (the 1.0-litre EcoBoost and the 0.9-litre TCe engine), [12] which are locally produced and represented premieres in their segments. [13] [14]

Active manufacturers

DAC shelter carrier 091 010 Expomil 2K05 - 01 - Aerostar - LAROM - centrul de comanda - 03--A.jpg
DAC shelter carrier



Production data

2019 [15] 2018 [16] 2017 [17] 2016 [18] 2015 [19] 2014 [20] 2013 [21] 2012 [22] 2011 [23] 2010 [24] 2009 [25] 2008 [26] 2007 [27] 2006 [28] 2005 [29] 2004 [30] 2003 [31] 2002 [32] 2001 [33] 2000 [34] 1999 [35]
Cars490,412476,769359,240358,861387,171391,422410,959326,556310,243323,587279,320231,056234,103201,663174,53898,99775,70665,26656,77464,18188,313
Commercial vehicles00104456123811,20924,98927,32517,17814,2527,60911,93420,64423,18819,54114,19011,98713,98418,584
Total490,412476,769359,250359,306387,177391,434410,997337,765335,232350,912296,498245,308241,712213,597194,802122,18595,24779,45668,76178,165106,897
Growth2.86%31.09%-0.02%-7.2%-1.1%-4.8%21.7%0.8%-4.5%18.4%20.9%1.5%13.2%9,6%59.4%28.3%19.9%15.6%-12.0%-26.9%


199519901989 [36] 198019701960
Cars93,00094,000160,000124,00059,00012,000
Commercial vehicles
Total93,00094,000160,000124,00059,00012,000
Growth

Defunct manufacturers

ARO 10 (4x4) ARO 10.JPG
ARO 10 (4x4)

Related Research Articles

Automotive industry Organizations involved with motor vehicles

The automotive industry comprises a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles. It is one of the world's largest industries by revenue. The automotive industry does not include industries dedicated to the maintenance of automobiles following delivery to the end-user, such as automobile repair shops and motor fuel filling stations.

Automobile Dacia S.A. (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdat͡ʃi.a]) is a Romanian car manufacturer that takes its name from the historic region that constitutes the present-day Romania. The company was established in 1966. In 1999, after 33 years, the Romanian government sold Dacia to the French car manufacturer Groupe Renault. It is Romania's largest company by revenue and the largest exporter, constituting 8% of the country's total exports in 2018. In 2019, the company sold 736,654 passenger and commercial vehicles.

Geely Chinese multinational automotive manufacturing company

Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd, commonly known as Geely, is a Chinese privately held multinational automotive company headquartered in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. The group was established in 1986 and entered the automotive industry in 1997 with its Geely Auto brand. It sells passenger vehicles under the Geely Auto, Lotus, Lynk & Co, Proton, and Volvo brands as well as commercial only vehicles under the London EV Company and Yuan Cheng Auto brands. The group sold over 1.5 million cars in 2018.

The B platform is an automobile platform for compact and subcompact cars of the Renault-Nissan Alliance since 2002.

Dacia Logan Subcompact car produced by Renault and Dacia

The Dacia Logan is a family car produced by both the French car manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since mid-2004. It is currently in its third generation and it has been produced as a sedan, station wagon, or pick-up. It has been manufactured at Dacia's automobile plant in Mioveni, Romania, and at Renault plants in Morocco, Brazil, Argentina, Turkey, Russia, Colombia, Iran and India. The pick-up was also produced at Nissan's plant in Rosslyn, South Africa.

SAIPA

SAIPA is an automaker headquartered in Tehran, Iran. The SAIPAC was established in 1965 as with 75% Iranian ownership, to assemble Citroëns under license for the Iranian market. It changed its name into SAIPA in 1975 when the Iranian state withdrew from the company. Its products in recent years were mostly under-licensed Korean cars and its own engine and range of cars. The chief executive of SAIPA is Javad Solaimani, predecessor of whom was Mohammadreza Soroush. The main subsidiaries of SAIPA Group are Saipa Diesel, Pars Khodro and Zamyad Co. SAIPA signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Malaysia's Proton to jointly develop a new compact sedan to replace the SAIPA Pride.

Dacia Solenza Subcompact liftback

The Dacia Solenza was a subcompact/supermini liftback automobile produced by Romanian auto manufacturer Dacia. It was the last model on Dacia's own platform, but was one of the first models to benefit from Dacia's takeover by the French company Renault.

Renault K-Type engine

The K-Type is a family of inline-4 automobile engines developed and produced by Renault since the mid-1990s. This is an internal combustion engine, four-stroke, with 4 cylinders in line bored directly into the iron block, water cooled, with tree (s) driven overhead camshafts driven by a toothed timing belt and an aluminium cylinder head. This engine is available in petrol and diesel versions, with 8 or 16 valves.

Automobile Craiova S.A. was an automobile manufacturer located in Craiova, Romania.

Dacia Sandero

The Dacia Sandero is a subcompact/supermini car produced and engineered jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since Autumn 2007, currently at its second generation. It has been also marketed as the Renault Sandero in certain markets, such as Russia, Mexico, Central and South America, Iran, Egypt, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Sandero is the second model of the Dacia brand to be based on the Logan platform.

Romania has been successful in developing dynamic telecommunications, aerospace, and weapons sectors. Industry and construction accounted for 32% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018, a comparatively large share even without taking into account related services. The sector employed 26.4% of the workforce. With the manufacture of over 600,000 vehicles in 2018, Romania was Europe's sixth largest producer of automobiles. Dacia is producing more than 1,000,000 cars a year.

Foreign trade of Romania

In 2012, Romania's largest trading partner was Germany, followed by Italy. Romania's main exports to Germany were insulated wire, cars and vehicle parts, whereas its main German imports are cars and vehicle parts. The principal Italian imports to Romania include hides, footwear parts, medicaments, telephones and vehicle parts. Romania's chief exports to Italy included leather footwear, cars, telephones, tobacco, men's suits, seats and iron pipes.

Dacia Duster

The Dacia Duster is a compact sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced and marketed jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2010. It is currently in its second generation, launched in the autumn of 2017. It is marketed as the Renault Duster in certain markets such as India, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mexico, Nepal, Egypt, the Middle East, South Africa, Ukraine and South America. The first generation was rebadged and restyled as the Nissan Terrano in CIS countries and India. It is introduced since March 2010, and is the third model of the Dacia brand based on the Logan platform, after the Sandero.

Automotive industry in the United States Began in the 1890s and, as a result of the size of the domestic market and the use of mass production

The automotive industry in the United States began in the 1890s and, as a result of the size of the domestic market and the use of mass production, rapidly evolved into the largest in the world. However, the United States was overtaken by Japan as the largest automobile producer in the 1980s, and subsequently by China in 2008. The U.S. is currently second among the largest manufacturer(s) in the world by volume.

This article provides an overview of the automotive industry in countries around the world.

Dacia Dokker Panel van and leisure activity vehicle (LAV)

The Dacia Dokker is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle (LAV) built at the Renault factory in Tangier, Morocco. It was officially launched at the 2012 Casablanca Auto Show, and initially went on sale in Morocco in June 2012. It has been available in Romania since September 2012, and is marketed in Europe, North Africa and French overseas territories.

Ford Romania

Ford Romania is an automobile manufacturing company operated by Ford of Europe, located in Craiova, Romania.

As of 2017, the automotive industry in Thailand was the largest in Southeast Asia and the 12th largest in the world. The Thai industry has an annual output of near two million vehicles, more than countries such as Belgium, the United Kingdom, Italy, Czech Republic and Turkey.

The Moroccan automotive industry is led by investment by French Renault-Nissan Alliance and PSA Group car companies. BYD leads the Chinese investment in Morocco. Investment is encouraged by the Moroccan government by removing certain taxes in the first five years in order to encourage the companies to come. Fiat ended its production role in Morocco in 2003 by selling its stake in Somaca to Renault. There is a small local manufacturing industry including Laraki.

References

  1. "El Car". Igero.ro. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  2. "Izgonitorii marilor producatori auto". 9am.ro. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  3. Michelson, Marcel (12 September 2007). "AUTOSHOW-Ford to invest in Romania, no plans for low cost car". Reuters. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  4. "UPDATE 1-AUTOSHOW-Ford invests in Romania car plant". Reuters. 12 September 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  5. "US carmaker Ford buys car plant in southern Romania and pledges investments". International Herald Tribune. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  6. "Latest Financial News / Full News Coverage". Motoring.reuters.co.uk. 10 September 2007. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  7. "Ford vinde în România noul model B-Max" (in Romanian). Capital. 22 March 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  8. "Bosch to invest 60mln euros in a new factory in Romania". Inautonews. 30 January 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
  9. "Romania, Poland lead regional auto market growth in first half of 2007". People. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  10. "Dacia rolls out Dokker vanlet in Casablanca". Autoblog. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  11. "Noile Dacia Logan, Sandero şi Sandero Stepway". Dacia. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  12. "Tehnologie Eco". Ford Romania. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  13. "Cum a demarat productia Ford B-Max la Craiova. Punctul culminant al unui preludiu prelungit, noi angajamente". 0-100.ro. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  14. "Uzinele Dacia realizează 7,7% din exportul României". Dacia. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  15. "Romania's car production nears half a million units benchmark". Romania Insider. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  16. "2018 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  17. "2017 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  18. "2016 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  19. "2015 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  20. "2014 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  21. "2013 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  22. "2012 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  23. "2011 statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  24. "2010 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  25. "2009 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  26. "2008 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  27. "2007 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  28. "2006 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  29. "2005 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  30. "2004 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  31. "2003 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  32. "2002 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  33. "2001 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  34. "2000 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  35. "1999 Statistics | OICA". www.oica.net. Retrieved Mar 20, 2020.
  36. Automotive FDI in Emerging Europe: Shifting Locales in the Motor Vehicle By A. J. Jacobs, page 283, Palgrave Macmillan