Autonomous regions of China

Last updated
Autonomous region
自治区
Zìzhìqū
China autonomous regions numbered.svg
Category Unitary state
LocationFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China
Number5
Populations3,002,166 (Tibet Autonomous Region) – 46,026,629 (Guangxi)
Areas66,000 km2 (25,600 sq mi) (Ningxia) – 1,665,000 km2 (642,800 sq mi) (Xinjiang)
Government
Subdivisions

An autonomous region (AR; simplified Chinese :自治区; traditional Chinese :自治區; pinyin :zìzhìqū) is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights.[ citation needed ] An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established in 1947, Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955, and Guangxi and Ningxia were made autonomous in 1958. Tibet was officially annexed in 1951, and was named a Chinese Autonomous Zone in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region.[ citation needed ] Although Mongols made up an even smaller percentage of Inner Mongolia than either of these, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest. [1]

List of autonomous regions

Designated
minority
Name in English Simplified Chinese
Pinyin
Local name
SASM/GNC romanization (Language)
AbbreviationCapitalLanguage
Zhuang Guangxi  Zhuang Autonomous Region广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Standard Zhuang/Zhuang)
Guì
(GZAR)
Nanning
(南宁; Nanzningz)
Zhuang, Standard Zhuang language (Vahcuengh)
Mongol Inner Mongolia  Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
内蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
ᠦᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ
Öbür mongüol-un öbertegen zasaqu orun (Mongolian)
内蒙古
Nèi Měnggǔ
(IMAR)
Hohhot
(呼和浩特; ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠬᠣᠲᠠ)
Mongolian
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region  Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
西藏自治区
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས།
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Standard Tibetan)

Zàng
(TAR)
Lhasa
(拉萨; ལྷ་ས།)
Standard Tibetan
Uyghur Xinjiang  Uyghur Autonomous Region新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)

Xīn
(XUAR)
Ürümqi
(乌鲁木齐; ئۈرۈمچی)
Uyghur
Hui Ningxia  Hui Autonomous Region宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
The Hui speak Chinese
Níng
(NHAR)
Yinchuan
(银川)
Dungan, Chinese

Statistics

Population

Administrative DivisionNational Share (%) 2010 Census [2] 2000 Census [3] 1990 Census [4] 1982 Census [5] 1964 Census [6] 1954 Census [7]
Guangxi 3.546,026,62943,854,53842,245,76536,420,96020,845,01719,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.924,706,32123,323,34721,456,79819,274,27912,348,6386,100,104
Ningxia 0.56,176,9005,486,3934,655,4513,895,578**
Tibet Autonomous Region 0.23,002,1662,616,3292,196,0101,892,3931,251,2251,273,969
Xinjiang 1.621,813,33418,459,51115,155,77813,081,6817,270,0674,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Administrative DivisionTitular Ethnic GroupHan ChineseThird Largest Ethnic Group
Xinjiang (Uyghur)45.21%40.58%6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan)92.8%6.1%0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol)17.13%79.17%2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui)33.9%65.5 %1.16% (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang)32.0%62.0 %3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic Group" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also

Literature

Related Research Articles

Tibet Autonomous Region Autonomous region of China

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China in Southwest China. It was overlayed on the traditional Tibetan regions of Ü-Tsang and Kham.

Shaanxi Province in Northwest China

Shaanxi is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China. Officially part of Northwest China, it borders the province-level divisions of Shanxi, Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW) and Inner Mongolia (N).

Hunan Province of China

Hunan is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, part of the South Central China region. Located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze watershed, it borders the province-level divisions of Hubei to the north, Jiangxi to the east, Guangdong and Guangxi to the south, Guizhou to the west and Chongqing to the northwest. Its capital and largest city is Changsha, which also abuts the Xiang River. With a population of just over 67 million as of 2014 residing in an area of approximately 210,000 km2 (81,000 sq mi), it is China's 7th most populous province by population and the 10th most extensive province by area. Its 2018 nominal GDP was more than US$500 billion, which is among the top 30 largest sub-national economies in the world with its PPP GDP being over US$1 trillion.

Jilin Province of China

Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. Along with the rest of Northeast China, Jilin underwent an early period of industrialization. However, Jilin's economy, characterized by heavy industry, has been facing economic difficulties with privatization. This prompted the central government to undertake a campaign called "Revitalize the Northeast". The region contains large deposits of oil shale.

Guizhou Province of China

Guizhou is a landlocked province in the southwest region of the People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Guiyang, in the central part of the province. Guizhou borders the autonomous region of Guangxi to the south, Yunnan to the west, Sichuan to the northwest, the municipality of Chongqing to the north, and Hunan to the east. The population of Guizhou stands at 34 million, ranking 19th among the provinces in China.

Heilongjiang Province of China

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. It is the northernmost and easternmost province of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Jiangxi Province of China

Jiangxi is a landlocked province in the east of the People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Nanchang. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.

Qinghai Province of China

Qinghai, also called Kokonur, is a landlocked province in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. As one of the largest province-level administrative divisions of China by area, the province is ranked fourth largest in area and has the third smallest population. Its capital and largest city is Xining.

Shangluo Prefecture-level city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Shangluo is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northeast and Hubei to the southeast. Part of the Shannan region of the province, it is located in the eastern part of the Qin Mountains. The name, Shangluo, comes from Han Dynasty when four famous people were settled in Shang Mountain to avoid war and famine.

Lantian County County in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Lantian County is under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China. It is the easternmost and second-most spacious of the 13 county-level divisions of Xi'an. The county borders the prefecture-level cities of Weinan to the northeast and Shangluo to the southeast, Lintong District to the north, Chang'an District to the west, and Baqiao District to the northwest.

Ningyuan County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Ningyuan County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Jianghua Yao Autonomous County Autonomous county in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Jianghua is an autonomous county of Yao people in the Province of Hunan, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou Prefecture-level City.

Yuanling County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Yuanling County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Huaihua Prefecturel-level City.

Chenxi County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Chenxi County is a county in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Huaihua prefecture-level City.

Zhongfang County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Zhongfang County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Huaihua.

Huitong County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Huitong County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Huaihua Prefecturel-level City.

Tongdao Dong Autonomous County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Tongdao is an autonomous county of Dong people in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Huaihua. Tongdao is also the 5th least-populous county of the province.

Guangxi Autonomous region of China

Guangxi, officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in South China and bordering Vietnam and the Gulf of Tonkin. Formerly a province, Guangxi became an autonomous region in 1958. Its current capital is Nanning.

References

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