Autonomous territorial unit

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An Autonomous territorial unit or territorial autonomous unit (Romanian : Unitate teritorială autonomă) is an administrative division of Moldova. Gagauzia is the only such unit. [1] Moldovan law also recognizes the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status. De facto it is a self-proclaimed statelet operating outside the jurisdiction of the government as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

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ISO 3166-2:MD is the entry for Moldova in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Gagauzia

Gagauzia or Gagauz Yeri, officially the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, is an autonomous region of Moldova. Its autonomy is ethnically motivated by the predominance of the Gagauz people, who are primarily Orthodox Turkic-speaking people.

Comrat City in Gagauzia, Moldova

Comrat is a city and municipality in Moldova and the capital of the autonomous region of Gagauzia. It is located at 46°19′N28°40′E, in the south of the country, on the Ialpug River. In 2014, Comrat's population was 20,113, of which the vast majority are Gagauzians.

Administrative divisions of Moldova

According to the Moldovan law on territorial administrative organisation, Moldova is divided administratively into the following administrative territorial units: districts, cities/towns and villages. The administrative territorial organization of Moldova is made on 2 levels:

  1. villages (communes), sectors and cities/towns (municipii) constitute the first level,
  2. districts, Chișinău municipality, Bălți municipality and Bender municipality constitute the second level.
Counties of Moldova

Between 1999 and February 2002, Moldova was divided into 12 territorial units, including 1 municipality, 1 autonomous territorial unit, 1 territorial unit, and 9 counties :

  1. Chișinău municipality, surrounded by Chișinău County, but different from it
  2. Bălți County (Bălți)
  3. Cahul County (Cahul)
  4. Chișinău County (Chișinău)
  5. Edineț County (Edineț)
  6. Lăpușna County (Hîncești)
  7. Orhei County (Orhei)
  8. Soroca County (Soroca)
  9. Tighina County (Căușeni)
  10. Ungheni County (Ungheni)
  11. Găgăuzia, autonomous territorial unit (Comrat)
  12. Stânga Nistrului, territorial unit (Dubăsari)

Public holidays in the Republic of Moldova refer to the celebrated non-working days established by the Government of Moldova and valid for the whole territory of the country. Autonomous territorial units Gagauzia and Transnistria, as well cities, communes and cantonal authorities also establish local holidays, which are, however, not non-working days. There are 14 nationally celebrated holidays in the modern Moldova. Most holidays celebrated in the Republic of Moldova recognize events or people from Moldovan history. Most retail businesses close on New Year's and Independence Day, but remain open on all other holidays. Private businesses often observe only the big holidays such as New Year's Day, Easter Monday, Victory Day, Independence Day, Labour Day, Language Day, and Christmas.

Beșghioz Commune in Gagauzia, Moldova

Beșghioz is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 3,391 people. 93% of its population are Gagauz. Minorities included 76 Russians, 66 Bulgarians, and 46 Moldovans.

Mihail Kendighelean is a Gagauz politician in the Republic of Moldova.

Congaz Place in Gagauzia, Moldova

Congaz is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 12,327 people. Gagauz total 11,849. Minorities included 149 Moldovans, 128 Russians, 91 Ukrainians, and 62 Bulgarians.

Gaidar, Gagauzia Commune in Moldova

Gaidar is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 4,525 people. Gagauz total 4,368. Minorities included 32 Moldovans, 47 Russians, 25 Ukrainians, 37 Bulgarians and 12 Roma.

Congazcicul de Sus Commune in Moldova

Congazcicul de Sus is a commune in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. It is composed of three villages: Congazcicul de Jos, Congazcicul de Sus and Duduleşti.

Beșalma Commune in Moldova

Beșalma is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 4,441 people, including 4,293 ethnic Gagauz, 44 Moldovans, 37 Ukrainians, 33 Russians, 25 Bulgarians and 5 Romanians.

Avdarma Place in Gagauzia, Moldova

Avdarma is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 3,564 people. 3,356 of the inhabitants belonged to the Gagauz people; minorities included 47 Russians, 43 Ukrainians, 42 Moldovans, 32 Bulgarians, and 25 Romani people. The History and Ethnography Museum in the village was opened 2011.

Bugeac, Găgăuzia Commune in Moldova

Bugeac is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 1,525 people. 942 inhabitants are Gagauz. Minorities included 115 Russians, 85 Ukrainians, 56 Bulgarians, 4 Roma and 305 Moldovans. Bugeac's average elevation is 43 metres.

Etulia Commune in Moldova

Etulia is a commune in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. It is composed of three villages: Etulia, Etulia Nouă and Etulia station. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 3,649 people. 3,382 inhabitants are Gagauz. Minorities included 31 Russians, 43 Ukrainians, 24 Bulgarians, 164 Moldovans and 1 Greek.

Tiraspolul Nou Town in Transnistria, Moldova

Tiraspolul Nou is a town in Transnistria autonomous territorial unit, Moldova. It is under the administration of the breakaway government of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, and actually, in Transnistria (PMR) it is considered to be only a part of Tiraspol.

Copceac, Gagauzia Place in Gagauzia, Moldova

Copceac is a commune and village in the Gagauz Autonomous Territorial Unit of the Republic of Moldova. The 2004 census listed the commune as having a population of 9,551 people. Gagauz total 9,068. Minorities included 110 Moldovans, 97 Russians, 71 Ukrainians, 144 Bulgarians and 33 Roma.

Gagauz Republic

The Gagauz Republic was an unrecognised state that separated from the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, but later peacefully joined the Republic of Moldova after being de facto independent from 1990 to 1995.

Transnistria autonomous territorial unit

Transnistria autonomous territorial unit, officially the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester, is a formal administrative unit of Moldova established by the Government of Moldova to delineate the territory controlled by the unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

COVID-19 pandemic in Gagauzia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Gagauzia

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, in Moldova, in April 2020.

References

  1. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). CIA World Factbook 2010. Skyhorse Publishing. p.  455. ISBN   978-1-60239-727-9.