Averil Lysaght

Last updated
Averil Margaret Lysaght
Averil Lysaght portrait 1940s crop.jpg
Born(1905-04-14)14 April 1905
Died21 August 1981(1981-08-21) (aged 76)
NationalityNew Zealander
CitizenshipNew Zealand
Alma mater Victoria University
Scientific career
Fields Entomology, History of science

Averil Margaret Lysaght (14 April 1905 – 21 August 1981) was a New Zealand biologist, science historian and artist, best known for her scholarly work on Joseph Banks. [1]

Contents

Early life

Lysaght was born in Mokoia, Taranaki, New Zealand on 14 April 1905 to Emily Muriel Lysaght née Stowe and Brian Cuthbert Lysaght. [2] When she was 15 she discovered on Mount Taranaki an owlet moth previously unknown to science. That species was described in 1921 by entomologist G. V. Hudson and named Graphania averilla in her honour. [3]

Education

Lysaght was initially educated at home by a governess but was sent to Chilton House Private Girls Boarding School in Wellington when she was 12. [2] In 1923 Lysaght began studying for a degree at Victoria University College, Wellington. [1] While attending University, Lysaght joined the Victoria University tramping club and went on tramps with John Beaglehole, with whom she later collaborated on scholarly works. [4] :73 While studying for her bachelor's degree Lysaght published her first papers on entomology. She graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1928 and obtained a Masters in Science in 1929. Her thesis was on the biology of Eucolaspis , a genus of beetle. [1] From 1927 to 1929 she was on the staff of the Cawthron Institute's department of entomology and from 1931 to 1932 she was employed by Victoria University College as a temporary assistant in zoology. [1]

Subsequent to this Lysaght moved to England to live and continued her education. Lysagh spent three years undertaking postgraduate research at the Rothamsted Experimental Station in London, after which she was awarded a Doctorate from the University of London in 1935. [4] :358 Her doctorate thesis was on the nematode parasites of thrips. [2]

During this time Lysaght undertook artistic training first at Nottingham School of Art and later at St Martins School of Art in London. [2]

Work

From 1935 to 1938 Lysaght was employed at the Plymouth laboratory of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. She also worked at the Imperial Institute of Entomology. Between 1936 and 1943 she published five papers in parasitology, including two papers on trematode parasites of gastropods. Lysaght subsequently obtained employment as an assistant editor of the zoology section of Chambers Encyclopaedia. During her time there, either in 1947 or 1948 she met Norman Kinnear, Keeper of Zoology at the British Museum of Natural History. It was Kinnear who suggested she research the birds of Cook's voyages. He assisted her in this endeavour by providing space for her to work at the British Museum of Natural History. [4] :358 Lysaght proceeded to catalogue all the bird paintings executed on all Cook's voyages. [2] She also did in depth research on the museums' collection of Sydney Parkinson's paintings and drawings and continued to work at this project for over twenty years. As a result of her research she did much to help identify drawings by Herman Spöring, Bank's assistant. [4] :358 This culminated in her publishing in 1975 The book of birds: five centuries of bird illustration.

During this time Lysaght also edited the zoological material for the Hakluyt Society's edition of Cook's first two voyages. She also provided John Cawte Beaglehole with much of the zoological and botanical notes for his books on James Cook's three voyages. [2] In 1957, Lysaght published an article examining the mystery of the identity of "Cook's Kangaroo", the first kangaroo brought to England, and the subject of a recently rediscovered painting by George Stubbs. [5]

Painting

'Lysaght was a talented artist, a gift that apparently first developed at Nottingham and later at Saint Martin's School of Art in London.' [6] A solo exhibition of her work was held at the Leicester Galleries, in October 1961. [7] Most of her water-colour paintings were on 'Siamese paper made from the fibres of the daphne bush'. [8] Lysaght's October 1961 show of water-colours (no. 1222) coincided with ones the Leicester Galleries held for Kyffin Williams (no. 1223) and Anne Madden (no. 1221), whose work was influenced by Sam Francis, Jean-Paul Riopelle, and by her husband Louis le Brocquy, as too it seems was Lysaght's, notably Riopelle. [9]

Death

Lysaght died on the 21 August 1981 in London. [2] [10]

Specimens collected

Published works

Recognition and awards

The moth species Graphania averilla was named in her honour. [3] Lysaght was awarded an honorary Degree in Literature from the Memorial University of Newfoundland in recognition of her book Joseph Banks in Newfoundland and Labrador 1776. [2]

Related Research Articles

James Hector Scottish geologist, naturalist, and surgeon

Sir James Hector FRS FRSE(16 March 1834 – 6 November 1907) was a Scottish geologist, naturalist, and surgeon who accompanied the Palliser Expedition as a surgeon and geologist. He went on to have a lengthy career as a government employed man of science in New Zealand, and during this period he dominated the Colony's scientific institutions in a way that no single man has since.

Edith Stanway Halcombe was a New Zealand artist, community leader and farmer. She was born on 27 April 1844, the daughter of William John Swainson and his second wife, Anne Grasby. She was taught art by her father who was a competent artist in his own right. She married Arthur Halcombe on 3 December 1863 at St James' Church, Hutt.

Kohai Grace is a New Zealand weaver. Her iwi are Ngāti Toa Rangatira, Ngāti Porou, Te Āti Awa and Ngāti Raukawa.

Mary Ruddock was a New Zealand businesswoman who ran a dressmaking business in Wellington from the 1930s to the 1960s.

Maude Burge was a New Zealand painter influenced by James Nairn. She spent time as an expatriate artist specifically in Europe. Burge was a painting companion of Frances Hodgkins who called Maude Burge a "charming changeable woman" in her published letters. They painted together at the Burge family home in St.Tropez and in Ibiza. Burge's paintings are held in the permanent collection of Auckland Art Gallery, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, the National Art Gallery of New Zealand, the Fletcher Trust Collection, the National Library of New Zealand and among private art collectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Burge exhibited her paintings at the New Zealand Academy of Fine Arts.

Suzanne Goldberg New Zealand artist

Suzanne Goldberg (1940–1999) was a New Zealand painter, born in Auckland, New Zealand.

Frances Rutherford was a New Zealand artist and occupational therapist.

Marion Elizabeth Tylee was a New Zealand artist.

Helen Campbell Brown was a New Zealand artist. Works by Brown are included in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Helen Stewart was a New Zealand artist.

Elise Constance Mourant was a New Zealand artist. Works by Mourant are held in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Vivien C. Bishop is a New Zealand artist. Her works are held in the collections of the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki and Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Helen Margaret Rockel is a New Zealand artist.

Maria Olsen was a New Zealand painter and sculptor.

Margaret (Daisy) Hitchcock was a nurse from New Zealand who served in France in World War I.

Teuane Ann Tibbo was a Samoan-born New Zealand artist. She started painting when she was 71 years old; her work is held in the permanent collections of Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the National Gallery of Australia.

Lindah Aaron Lepou is a New Zealand-Samoan fashion designer. Her work is included in the permanent collection of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Marion Queenie Kirker was a New Zealand photographer. Her work is held in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Beatrice Margaret Hay is a retired New Zealand designer. Examples of her work are held in the permanent collection of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Hannah Eliza Jane Brenkley was a New Zealand artist and craftswoman. She created artworks through carving, needlework, and painting. Items of her work are in the permanent collections of the National Library of New Zealand, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the Museum Theatre Gallery Hawke's Bay.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Thomson, A. D. "Story: Lysaght, Averil Margaret". Te Ara. The Government of New Zealand. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Clement, Christine; Johnston, Judith, eds. (1993). Women of South Taranaki, their stories = Nga wahine toa o Taranaki tonga, o ratou korero. Hawera, New Zealand: Hawera Suffrage Centennial Local History Group. p. 182. ISBN   0473020467.
  3. 1 2 Bourne, W.R.P. (1982). "Obituary: Averil Margaret Lysaght (1905-1981) and the natural history records from Cook's voyages". Notornis. 29 (1): 79–80. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Beaglehole, Tim (2006). A Life of J. C. Beaglehole: New Zealand Scholar. Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University Press. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  5. Lysaght, Averil (14 March 1957). "Captain Cook's Kangaroo". New Scientist: 17–19.
  6. A. D. Thomson, 'Lysaght, Averil Margaret', first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, volume five, 2000, and then in Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  7. No. 19, sold to Malby Crofton, Esq., (1923-dsp 2002). Sir Malby joined Kensington Borough Council in 1962 and was its leader 1968-77 (during which time Grenfell Tower was put up), and Mayor of Kensington & Chelsea, 1978. (info: Michael Rhodes, etal).
  8. A. D. Thomson, 'Lysaght, Averil Margaret', first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol. 5, 2000, and then in Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  9. See: Averil Lysaght : First exhibition of water-colours. Anne Madden  : Recent water-colours. Kyffin Williams  : New paintings. Ernest Brown & Phillips, Leicester Galleries, London, 1961. (12 pages). (bound as one).
  10. "Dr Averil Lysaght (obituary)". The Times (London). 8 Oct 1981.
  11. "Object: Porina oreas Hudson, 1920; lectotype | Collections Online - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa". Collections.tepapa.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-08-15.
  12. "Object: Marine snail, Leuconopsis obsoleta (Hutton, 1878) | Collections Online - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa". Collections.tepapa.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-08-15.
  13. "Object: Pisidium novaezelandiae Prime, 1862 | Collections Online - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa". Collections.tepapa.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-08-15.
  14. "Object: Freshwater snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) | Collections Online - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa". Collections.tepapa.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-08-15.