Avontuur Railway

Last updated
Avontuur Railway
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Avontuur railway map
Route map
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0,0 Port Elizabeth
4 m
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1,5 Humewood Road
Actual terminal
21 m
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4,4Valley
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Junction Walmer Branch (1906-1928)
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7Emerald Hill
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Walmer (14th Avenue)
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10Bog Farm (Walmer Road)
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14Lorraine
150 m
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17Theescombe
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N2 road crossing over line
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22Chelsea
Junction EPPC Branch (1927-2001)
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24Greenbushes
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27Progress
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30St Albans
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37Geduldrivier
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40Witteklip
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43Van Stadens
249 m
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44 Van Stadens Railway Bridge
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47Sunnyside
255 m
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Bridge over N2
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53Thornhill
221 m
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N2 road crossing over line
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59Summit
228 m
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67Kwaaibrand
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72 Loerie
Last station on the Apple Express
30 m
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76Melon
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80Gamtoos
7 m
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Branch line to Patensie
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81Bridge over the Gamtoos River
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83Togo
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85Mondplaas
92 m
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85Bodker
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N2 road crossing over line
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Bridge over the Kabeljous River
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90Wagon Drift
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92Duplex
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93Kabeljousrivier
14 m
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93 Hankey
22 m
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100 Jeffreys Bay
100 m
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104Goonakop
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104The Burns
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104 Patensie
55m
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108Drie Werve
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113 Humansdorp
153 m
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117Kruisfontein
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N2 road crossing over line
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124Kerkplaas
247 m
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130Billson
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135Howley
50 m
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Bridge over the Dieprivier
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R62 overpass
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140Salielaagte
204 m
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146Two Streams
280 m
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153Essenbos
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161Majoorskraal
189 m
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164Assegaaibos
End of Regular operation
204 m
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170Melkhoutkraal
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177Jagersbos
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183Kammiebos
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191Kompanjiesdrif
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201Heights
533 m
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209Tweeriviere
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214 Joubertina
544 m
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215Bridge over the Wabooms River
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225Krakeelrivier
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232Louterwater
Last station during Citrus Season
659 m
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235
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238Bruinklip
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243Nuweplaas
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251Misgund
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256Gaviota
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261Ongelegen
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269Haarlem
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273Siesta
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285 Avontuur
871 m

The Avontuur Railway is a closed railway line between Port Elizabeth and the town of Avontuur in the Western and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. It is the longest 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge route in the world at a length of 285 kilometres (177 mi). [1] "Avontuur" is the Afrikaans and Dutch word for "adventure".

Port Elizabeth Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Port Elizabeth or The Bay is one of the major cities in South Africa; it is situated in the Eastern Cape Province, 770 km (478 mi) east of Cape Town. The city, often shortened to PE and nicknamed "The Windy City", stretches for 16 km along Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. Port Elizabeth is the southernmost large city on the African continent, just farther south than Cape Town. Port Elizabeth was founded as a town in 1820 to house British settlers as a way of strengthening the border region between the Cape Colony and the Xhosa. It now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, which has a population of over 1.3 million.

Avontuur Place in Western Cape, South Africa

Avontuur is a town situated in the Garden Route District Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The town is located 13km south-east of Uniondale on an intersection of the R339 and R62 regional routes. The name is Afrikaans for adventure; its origin, however, remains uncertain. The river from which the town takes its name was known in 1778.

Western Cape Province of South Africa on the south-western coast

The Western Cape is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country. It is the fourth largest of the nine provinces with an area of 129,449 square kilometres (49,981 sq mi), and the third most populous, with an estimated 6.6 million inhabitants in 2018. About two-thirds of these inhabitants live in the metropolitan area of Cape Town, which is also the provincial capital. The Western Cape was created in 1994 from part of the former Cape Province.

Contents

History

SAR Class NG G13 No 80 plinthed at Joubertina SAR NGG class 13-No80-002.JPG
SAR Class NG G13 No 80 plinthed at Joubertina
A Spoornet Class 91-000 on the Avontuur Railway near Humansdorp Datei-Urlaub Sudafrika 2009 458.jpg
A Spoornet Class 91-000 on the Avontuur Railway near Humansdorp
The 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge rail bridge over the Kabeljous River outside Jeffreys Bay Kabeljous-Avontuur Railway-bridge-001.jpg
The 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge rail bridge over the Kabeljous River outside Jeffreys Bay

The railway was built by the government of the Cape Colony between 1890 and 1906, to connect the Langkloof fruit growing industry with the new port at Port Elizabeth. [2] The section of line between Humewood Road and Humansdorp was opened for public traffic on 1 November 1905. [3]

Cape Colony Dutch and British colony in Southern Africa

The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony, was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope. The British colony was preceded by an earlier Dutch colony of the same name, the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company. The Cape was under Dutch rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. The Dutch lost the colony to Great Britain following the 1795 Battle of Muizenberg, but had it returned following the 1802 Peace of Amiens. It was re-occupied by the UK following the Battle of Blaauwberg in 1806, and British possession affirmed with the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

Langkloof

The Langkloof is a 160 km long valley in South Africa, lying between Herold, a small village northeast of George, and The Heights - just beyond Twee Riviere. The kloof was given its name by Isaq Schrijver in 1689, and more thoroughly explored by a later expedition under ensign August Frederik Beutler in 1752.

Humewood Road railway station is a railway station located in Humewood, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

In 1903 a request was laid before the then government in order to add a branch line to Patensie. This branch was commissioned on 3 April 1914. [4]

In 1906 a branch line was opened to the Port Elizabeth's suburb Walmer and in 1928 a twelve mile long private branch was constructed to the Eastern Province Cement Company (EPCC). [5]

Passenger traffic

Scheduled trains

Scheduled passenger trains were discontinued in the 1940s, although limited space was available on scheduled freight trains until the mid-1970s. [6]

Walmer Branch

From 1906 to 1928 a passenger only branch line, from Valley junction near Port Elizabeth, to the suburb of Walmer, serviced up to 22 trains a day between Port Elizabeth and the terminus at 14th Avenue in Walmer. [7] It was closed as a result from competition from a bus service.

Apple Express

The line was best known for its tourist train, the Apple Express, which commenced operations in 1965 to Loerie, later to Thornhill or Van Stadens River, the highest two foot narrow-gauge railway bridge in the world. The motive power for the Apple Express was retained as steam, normally a SAR NGG16 Class Garratt. The Apple Express ceased operations in 2011.

Today, there is a new effort to restore a partial, limited, service in 2016 / 2017 from Port Elizabeth to Van Stadens Station – if not Thornhill - with two NG/G15 and one NG/G16 Garratt along with a fleet of passenger cars under restoration inside the former Humewood Road narrow Gauge diesel depot in Port Elizabeth.

From 2011 onward a volunteer team undertook the restoration of the NG15 NG119 steam locomotive, returning the locomotive to running order during 2017. [8] Restoration of the NG15 NG124 steam locomotive was started in 2016.

After running a test Apple Express train on the 24th of December 2017, using the restored NG15 NG119 locomotive, the Apple Express started running a summer holiday special service between King's Beach halt and a point near the Airport. [9]

Freight traffic

Fruit and agriculture

The presence of the railway contributed significantly to the development of agriculture in the Lankloof and Gamtoos Valley, enabling farmers to transport their produce conveniently to the warehouses and harbour at Port Elizabeth. [10] Unfortunately, agricultural transport was lost due to competition from road haulage. [11]

Limestone

In the 1920s a limestone quarry was opened near Loerie to serve the Eastern Province Cement Company (EPCC) in New Brighton near Port Elizabeth via the EPCC owned private line branching off at Chelsea. The limestone traffic ceased in 2001 when the quarries were closed. [11]

Operations

The railway was operated by the South African national railway company Spoornet.

As the South African Government has deregulated the road transport industry, a large amount of traffic has moved from the railway to the roads. Spoornet has hence designated the line as "low density," and always had the threat of closure hanging over it.

After all major freight traffic ceased, only the tourist train Apple Express continued operations but finally ceased in 2011.

In 2014 AER Management was working to recommence running trains and targeting for Phase 1 (Port Elizabeth to Van Stadens Station – if not Thornhill) to be operating in 2016 / 2017. The goal was to provide a scheduled passenger service to the new multi-billion rand Bay West Mall about 22 km from Port Elizabeth. Scheduled heritage tourism trains will also be run on a day trip basis, with the vision being to have the whole line (285 km) running within two years of Phase 1 becoming operative.

After running a test Apple Express train on the 24th of December 2017, using the restored NG15 NG119 locomotive, the Apple Express started running a summer holiday special service between King's Beach halt and a point near the Airport

Motive power

Tender locomotives

The first locomotives entering service on the Langkloof line were the NG8 class from 1903 to 1931.

From 1915 to 1935 the NG6, from 1915 to 1939 the NG9 and from 1916 to 1948 the NG10.

The final and largest class to be employed on the Avontuur Railway were 21 NG15's from 1960 to the mid-1980s.

Tank locomotive

Class NG3 performed yard duties around Humewood Road Station in Port Elizabeth from 1939 to 1946

Garratt locomotives

The first Garratt locomotive to be introduced was the NGG11 class, soon to be followed with the NGG13 class in 1927, the latter setting the standard for motive power on the Avontuur railway for the next decades, to be followed with the NGG16 class, very similar to the NGG13.

The smaller Garratt classes NGG12 and NGG14 performed yard duties at Humewood Road railway station in Port Elizabeth until the 1950s.

Diesel locomotives

From 1973 the South African Class 91-000 General Electric diesels were introduced, the most powerful 2 foot gauge diesel in the world.

See also

Related Research Articles

The following lists events that happened during 1919 in South Africa.

2-6-0+0-6-2 Garratt locomotive wheel arrangement

Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, 2-6-0+0-6-2 represents the wheel arrangement of an articulated locomotive with two separate swivelling engine units, arranged back to back with the boiler and cab suspended between them. Each engine unit has two leading wheels in a leading truck, six powered and coupled driving wheels on three axles and no trailing wheels.

South African Class NG G13 2-6-2+2-6-2 class of 12 South African 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG G13 2-6-2+2-6-2 of 1927 was a narrow gauge articulated steam locomotive.

South African Class NG15 2-8-2 class of South African narrow-gauge 2-8-2 locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG15 2-8-2 of 1931 was a narrow-gauge steam locomotive.

Alfred County Railway is an abandoned 2 ft narrow gauge railway in South Africa, which runs from the southern transport hub of Port Shepstone on the Indian Ocean, via Izotsha and Paddock for 122 kilometres (76 mi) to Harding, KwaZulu-Natal.

Port Elizabeth railway station is a railway station, located in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

South African Class 91-000 diesel-electric locomotive class

The South African Railways Class 91-000 of 1973 was a narrow-gauge diesel–electric locomotive.

South African Class NG G16 2-6-2+2-6-2 class of South African 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG G162-6-2+2-6-2 of 1937 is a narrow gauge steam locomotive.

South African Class NG G11 2-6-0+0-6-2 class of 5 South African 2-6-0+0-6-2 Garratt locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG G11 2-6-0+0-6-2 of 1919 was a narrow gauge steam locomotive.

South African Class NG3 4-6-2T 2 ft (610 mm) gauge locomotive acquired by the Natal Government Railways in 1908

The South African Railways Class NG3 4-6-2T of 1907 was a narrow-gauge steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Colony of Natal.

South African Class NG8 4-6-0 class of 9 South African narrow-gauge 4-6-0 locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG8 4-6-0 of 1904 was a narrow-gauge steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

South African Class NG9 4-6-0 class of 6 South African narrow-gauge locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG9 4-6-0 of 1915 was a narrow-gauge steam locomotive.

South African Class NG10 4-6-2

The South African Railways Class NG10 4-6-2 of 1916 was a narrow-gauge steam locomotive.

South African Class NG G12 2-6-2+2-6-2 class of 2 South Afrcian 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt locomotives

The South African Railways Class NG G12 2-6-2+2-6-2 of 1927 was an articulated narrow-gauge steam locomotive.

South African Class NG G14 2-6-2+2-6-2 class of 1 South African 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt locomotive

The South African Railways Class NG G14 2-6-2+2-6-2 of 1931 was an articulated narrow gauge steam locomotive.

Two-foot-gauge railways in South Africa

At the beginning of the 20th century, 2 ft narrow-gauge railway lines started playing a significant role in South Africa. They facilitated the transport of various agricultural and mineral produce from locations hardly accessible by road. They therefore enabled many communities to become prosperous.

CGR Type C 0-4-0T class of 1 South African 0-4-0T locomotive

The Cape Government Railways Type C 0-4-0T Midget of 1902 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

CGR Type A 2-6-4T class of 2 South African 2–6–4T locomotives

The Cape Government Railways Type A 2-6-4T of 1902 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

CGR NG 4-6-2T

The Cape Government Railways NG 4-6-2T of 1908 was a South African narrow-gauge steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

CGR NG 0-4-0T

The Cape Government Railways NG 0-4-0T was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

References

  1. Lewis, Charles; Pivnic, Les. "Soul of A Railway". System 3: Cape Midland, based in Port Elizabeth.
  2. Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804-1904. p. 194.
  3. "Report of the general manager of railways (1910)". 1906.
  4. Mescht, J (July 2003). Proceedings of the 22nd Southern African Transport Conference (SATC2003). hdl:2263/6834. ISBN   0-9584609-6-5.
  5. Payling, David; Paxton, Leith (January–February 2007). "Narrow Gauge World & Modeling" (49): 1.
  6. "Avontuur Adventurer". geoffs-trains.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
  7. Rollison, Richard (1973-11-23). "Saga of the Apple Express". Evening Post. Retrieved 2011-12-26. a-b.
  8. "Full steam ahead for iconic train". HeraldLIVE.
  9. "Delight as Apple Express hits the tracks once more". HeraldLIVE.
  10. Green, Lawrence. "Chapter Seven - Bay of lost cargoes". Harbours of Memory.
  11. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)