Awanzai (Pashtun tribe)

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Awanzai (Pashto: آعوانزي) is a Pashtun allied tribe that resides in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Pashtuns ethnic group belonging to Afghanistan and Pakistan

The Pashtuns, historically known as ethnic Afghans and Pathans, are an Iranian ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan in South-Central Asia. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas (Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC, who may be their early ancestors. Their history is mostly spread amongst the present-day countries of Afghanistan and Pakistan, centred on their traditional seat of power in that region.

Afghanistan A landlocked south-central Asian country

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experiences very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, while the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

The Awan claim Arab descent from Qutb Shah of Ghazni, who ruled at Herat, but joined Mahmud of Ghazni in his invasions of India in 1004 A.D. and received from him the name of Awanor, which means Helper. Qutb Shah was descended from Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad but through the Family tree of Ali's other wife. The Awans have been Muslims from the beginning. Qutb Shah had six sons, Kalan Shah, who settled near Kalabagh while two settled in Tirah and the Kurram Valley. The rest settled in Punjab, Pakistan.

Awan is a tribe living predominantly in northern, central, and western parts of Pakistani Punjab, with significant numbers also residing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent in Sindh and Balochistan.

Ghazni City in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

Ghazni historically known as Ghaznin or Ghazna, is a city in central Afghanistan with a population of around 270,000 people. The city is strategically located along Highway 1, which has served as the main road between Kabul and southern Afghanistan for thousands of years. Situated on a plateau at 2,219 metres (7,280 ft) above sea level, the city is 150 km south of Kabul and serves as the capital of Ghazni Province.

Herat City in Afghanistan

Herāt is the third-largest city of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 436,300, and serves as the capital of Herat Province, situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River in the western part of the country. It is linked with Kandahar, Kabul, and Mazar-i-Sharif via Highway 1 or the ring road. It is further linked to the city of Mashhad in neighboring Iran through the border town of Islam Qala, and to Mary in Turkmenistan to the north through the border town of Torghundi.

The Awans who have been living in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province for centuries have mixed up with other Pashtun tribes like the Yousafzai tribe in Topi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which in turn gave birth to a Sub-clan called 'Awanzai'.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan. It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution, and is known colloquially by various other names. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy, though it is geographically the smallest of four. Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Islamabad. It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns. The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda. Originally a stronghold of Buddhism, the history of the region was characterized by frequent invasions under various Empires due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass.

Topi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Town in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Topi is a town in the eastern part of the Swabi District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Topi is administratively subdivided into two Union councils: Topi East and Topi West. Tarbela Dam is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of Topi.

On a rural level, Awanzai historically were of the zamindar or landowning class and many Awanzai families to this day live on and cultivate land, which their ancestors have held for centuries. [ citation needed ]

Zamindar Indian hereditary aristocrat

A zamindar, zomindar, zomidar, or jomidar, in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat. The term means land owner in Persian. Typically hereditary, zamindars held enormous tracts of land and control over their peasants, from whom they reserved the right to collect tax on behalf of imperial courts or for military purposes. Their families carried titular suffixes of lordship . In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the advent of British imperialism, many wealthy and influential zamindars were bestowed with princely and royal titles such as Maharaja, Raja (King) and Nawab.


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Pashtunistan Region

Pashtūnistān is the geographic historical region inhabited by the indigenous Pashtun people of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, wherein Pashtun culture, language, and national identity have been based. Alternative names historically used for the region include "Pashtūnkhwā" (پښتونخوا), "Rōh" (روه) [citation needed] and "Afghānistān" (افغانستان), since at least the 3rd century CE onward. Pashtunistan borders Punjab to the east, Persian and Turkic speaking regions to the west and north, Kashmir to the northeast, and Balochistan to the south.

Mohmand (Pashto:مومند) is a Pashtun tribe son of Daulatyar tribe grandson of Ghoryakhel mainly live in Nangarhar, Afghanistan and Mohmand Agency, FATA.

The Khattak is a Pashtun tribe numbering over 3 million, which speaks a variant of the softer Kandahari Pashto. It is one of the oldest Pashtun tribes. The Khattaks are settled along the western bank of the Indus River from as north upwards as Lund Khwar, Katlang, Sawaldher, Sher Garh and near Malakand, Shaidu Nowshera District, Kohat District, Mianwali District, Attock District & Karak District in Pakistan. Across the Durand line, a smaller number of Khattaks are scattered in Kandahar, Ghazni, Logar and Khost in Afghanistan. The historic capitals of the Khattaks were Teri, a town at District Karak, and Akora Khattak, a town at District Nowshera.

(Tarakai Lilizai: ترہ کئ Taraki Lilizai)

Saṛbanī or Sarban Confedracy is a tribal group of Pashtuns. They are situated in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Sarbani include many Pashtun tribes, including tye "[Shirani |Sherani]], the Tareen, the Urmer, Durranis, Khalils, Mohmands, Daudzai, Chamkanis, Yousafzai, Shinwari and Tarkalani. According to the Pashtun legend of origins, the members of the Sarbani group all descend from Sarban, said to be the first son of the legendary founding father of the Pashtun people, Qais Abdur Rashid.

Swat (princely state)

The State of Swat was a province ruled by local rulers from the Yusufzai tribe, then until 1947 a princely state of the British Indian Empire, which was dissolved in 1969, when the Akhwand acceded to Pakistan. The state lay to the north of the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and continued within its 1947 borders until 1969, when it was dissolved. The area it covered is now divided between the present-day districts of Swat, dir, Buner and Shangla.

Names of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been known by a number of names throughout its history. In addition to North-West Frontier Province, the official name by which it was known from 1901 to 2010, other names used or proposed for the province include Gandhara, Afghania, Pakhtunistan, Pashtunistan, Pathanistan, Sarhad, Abasin, Khyber, or a combination of these and other names.

The Ghoryakhel is Pashtun supertribe son of Kand son of Kharshbun son of Sarban, son of Qais Abdur Rashid, who lived in Ghwara Marghay Arghistan Qandahar but mostly settled in Ghazni on the basin of Tarnak River and Nangarhar, Logar, Kabul, Kunar, Kunduz of Afghanistan and also in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Peshawar Pakistan between the 15th and 16th century. The largest tribe belonging to the Ghoryakhel confederacy is Mohmand while other tribes belonging to the confederacy include Daudzai, Mulagori, Khalil, Shilmani, Zeerani, Daulatyar tribe, Chamkani tribe, Halimzai, Zakhil or Zakhilwal, Tarakzai, Khawezai. The legendary Pashto Poet Rahman Baba also belonged to Mohmand subtribe of the Ghoryakhel.

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Pashtun tribes large family unit of the Eastern Iranian ethnic groups

The Pashtun tribes, or Afghan tribes, are the tribes of the Pashtun people, a large Eastern Iranian ethnic group who use the Pashto language and follow Pashtunwali code of conduct. They are found primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan and form the world's largest tribal society, comprising over 49 million people and between 350 and 400 tribes and clans. They are traditionally divided into four tribal confederacies: the Sarbani (سړبني), the Bettani (بېټني), the Gharghashti (غرغښتي) and the Karlani (کرلاڼي).

Zhmaryānī also known as Gumoriani, also called Jamaryani, Gumoriani, Zimaryani, Zimri or Mizri, is a Pashtun tribe in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Some Zhmaryani lineages live in Afghanistan. They are Kasi Pashtuns.

History of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The History of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa concerns the history of the North Western region of what is now the state of Pakistan, as well as the surrounding areas that have been colloquially referred to as Pashtunistan. The earliest evidence from the region indicates that trade was common via the Khyber Pass; originating from the Indus Valley Civilization. The early people of the region were a Vedic people known as the Pakthas, identified with the modern day Pakhtun peoples. The Vedic culture reached its peak between the 6th and 1st centuries B.C under the Gandharan Civilization, and was identified as a center of Hindu learning and scholarship.

The Nasar tribe is an ethnic Pashtun tribe mainly living in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has mostly remained a nomadic tribe throughout history due to which it spread in the provinces of Kunar, Paktia, Laghman, Nangarhar and Ghazni province. In addition, Nasars have been living in Balochistan, Pakistan prior to partition. In Pakistan, Nasar tribe has been mainly residing in district Loralai, Zhob and Dukki. The recently designated distric of Dukki is the hub of Nasar tribe- the members of which are mainly attached with coal business. Rumours are that he owns more than two hundred coal mines. As they belong to nanomadic tribe so their livelihood is also very simple and due to which they are very kind hearted and benouvelent. With the passage of time and after the industrial revolution in the 19th century their land proved like a game changer for them in the shape of coal the so called black diamond. According to some of the historians they are the ancestors of the great sultan of delhi Ala ud din khilji. many of the nasari men are well educated. Saidal Khan Nasari was one of the prominent rulers of afghanistan and many nasar people feel proud of being the ancestors of khilji and they are proud of their fore fathers because of their bravery and love to their nation.The Nasar tribe is an ethnic Pashtun Ghilzai tribe living in Afghanistan in Qalat now known is Zabal, Kunar, Laghman, Ghazani and Kandahar province and also living in Pakistan in Baluchistan province. NASAR people are also living in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa(Dera Ismail Khan, Draban Kalan).The main and famous section of NASAR tribe naming TOOR NASAR, mostly live in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Famous AFGHAN military commander SAIDAL KHAN NASAR, who fought against SAFAWIS of IRAN belonged to TOOR NASAR family. Some mentionable population of NASAR also live in D.G khan(punjab). Nasar tribesmen strictly follow PUSHTOONWALI rules. They are famous for their unique life style and traditions.It is one of the tribes in PUSHTOONs still avoiding Globalisation. NASAR controversy against SULEMAN KHEL tribe (GHILZAI) is famous in PUSHTOON history. this dispute remained for hundred years and hundreds of people of both side murdered.In this dispute nasar's subtribe with name Zangikhial had played a major role.most of the martyrs belong to zangikhail tribe.sulamankhail tribe had well known of their bravery.and also Barkhail had played a very good role in that dispute. In present NASAR tribe has well known politicians and parliament members in PAKISTAN,these politicians play a vital role in Pakistani politics. One of the politicians name MOULANA FAZAL-UR-RAHMAN(son of MUFTI MEHMOOD, former chief minister of NWFP) leading his own party JUI-F. JUI-F is main stream religious party of PAKISTAN and DEOBAND school of thought. Other parliamentarians include MOULANA ATTA-UR-RAHMAN and SARDAR YAQOOB NASAR. The governor of ZABUL province in AFGHANISTAN is ASHRAF KHAN NASARI.

Kakazai

The Kakazai, also known as Loi or Loye Mamund, a division of the Mamund clan, are part of the larger Tarkani (ترکاڼي) tribe who are primarily settled in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan, but originally hailed from the Laghman province of Afghanistan. However, it has grown and scattered around to such an extent that it is recognized as tribe of its own.

Maira Amjad Ali Union Council and Town in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Maira Amjad Ali is a village in the Mansehra district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is part of Union Council Peeran of tehsil Mansehra. The village has a population of approximately 3,000 people. It is located 10 kilometres away from Attar shisha and 6 kilometres from Sandesar, from where its road diverges from the Kaghan Highway (N15).

The Kheshgi or Kheshki is a Sarbani Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The kheshgi village in district Nowshera is divided into two regions called Kheshgi Bala and kheshgi Payan, on the basis of its altitude from the sea level i.e. Bala (above) and Payan (below). Bala region connect kheshgi to district Charsadda.Significant population of kheshgi's are also living at Khurja, district Bulandshahr in india

The Akakhel, pronounced Akaa Khel or Akakhail, are a Pashtun sub-tribe of the Ghilji/Ghilzais confederation. Their mother language is Pashto. In the early 20th century, the tribe was generally pastoral. The Akakhel are one of the largest Ghilji Pashtun subtribes. A reasonable majority of those who were living on the Durand Line migrated since 1900 into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan to Sikander Abad Charsadda,Peshawar, Abbottabad, Nowshera, Mardan, Attock, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Gojra, Faisalabad, Lahore, Multan, Hyderabad, Karachi and Quetta. The exact population number of this clan is not known; however, it is estimated to be around 2 million all around the world The population of this tribe primarily lives in Pakistan and Afghanistan. 85 % live in Pakistan and about 1% or 2% live in Afghanistan and remaining 13% lives in England, Germany, United Arab Emirates, China, Malaysia, Canada and United States of America.

Hajikhel is a Pashtun tribe/family/sub-caste of Syeds settled in Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is a very small clan of Syeds who are the descendents of a famous saint Haji Syed Ahmed Shah, who was from the lineage of Imam Hussain and Imam Ali al-Hadi. Haji Syed Ahmed Shah migrated from Arab to KPK region many centuries ago to preach Islam and settled here. Hajikhel Syeds are only culturally and linguistically Pashtuns, but genetically they are Syeds. They are called Miangan by other Pashtun tribes which means "respected people", this is why most of them use the sur-name of Mian. One of their fellow tribes is Kakakhel Syeds, who are the descendents of Syed Kastir Gul and are from the lineage of Imam Hussain and Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Another being Akhunkhel Syeds, who are the descendants of Syed Abdul Wahab and are from the lineage of Imam Muhammad al-Jawad.