Aykhal

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Aykhal

Айхал
Other transcription(s)
  YakutАйхал
Location of Aykhal
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Aykhal
Location of Aykhal
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Aykhal
Aykhal (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 65°56′N111°30′E / 65.933°N 111.500°E / 65.933; 111.500 Coordinates: 65°56′N111°30′E / 65.933°N 111.500°E / 65.933; 111.500
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Mirninsky District [2]
SettlementSettlement of Aykhal [2]
Founded1961
Urban-type settlement status since1962 [2]
Elevation
514 m (1,686 ft)
Population
  Total13,727
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
13,683 (-0.3%)
   Capital ofSettlement of Aykhal [2]
   Municipal district Mirninsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementAykhal Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofAykhal Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
678190, 678191
OKTMO ID98631152051
Aykhal population
2010 Census 13,727 [3]
2002 Census 15,782 [8]
1989 Census 11,552 [9]
1979 Census 5,440 [10]

Aykhal (Russian : Айха́л; Yakut : Айхал) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 469 kilometers (291 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, [2] in the basin of the Vilyuy River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 13,727. [3]

Contents

Etymology

The name derives from the Yakut word for fame.[ citation needed ]

Geography

Sokhsolookh stream is located in the Aykhal's vicinity. The name of the stream in the Yakut language means the river of death or the river of traps, in reference to a large number of reindeer who, according to local legend, have drowned while trying to cross the river ice.

History

It was founded in 1961 with the beginnings of diamond extraction from the kimberlite pipe found here.[ citation needed ] It was granted urban-type settlement status in the following year. [2] In 1985, Yubileynaya diamond mine was opened 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Aykhal.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Aykhal, [1] together with one rural locality (the selo of Morkoka), is incorporated within Mirninsky District as the Settlement of Aykhal. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Aykhal is incorporated within Mirninsky Municipal District as Aykhal Urban Settlement. [5]

Economy and infrastructure

The local economy is reliant on diamond mining conducted by ALROSA at its Aykhal and Yubileynaya mines. It is served by the Aykhal Airport.

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Aykhal is the administrative center of the Settlement of Aykhal.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z 353-III
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.

Sources