Azusa (train)

Last updated

Azusa
SeriesE353-S108.jpg
E353 series EMU on a Azusa service in December 2020
Overview
Service type Limited express
StatusOperational
Locale Chiba Prefecture / Tokyo / Kanagawa Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture / Nagano Prefecture, Japan
First service1 October 1957 (Semi express)
12 December 1966 (Limited express)
Last service15 March 2019 (Super Azusa)
Current operator(s) JR logo (east).svg JR East
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Line(s) used Chuo Main Line, Shinonoi Line, Sōbu Main Line, and Ōito Line
On-board services
Class(es) Green + Ordinary
Catering facilitiesTrolley service
Technical
Rolling stock E353 series EMUs
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Operating speed130 km/h (80 mph) [1]

The Azusa (Japanese : あずさ) is a limited express service operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which mainly run between Shinjuku and Matsumoto via the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line. The name Azusa is taken from the Azusa River  [ ja ] in Matsumoto, Nagano. On the Chūō Main Line, limited express Kaiji also runs between Tokyo / Shinjuku, and Kōfu / Ryūō.

Contents

The Super Azusa (Japanese: スーパーあずさ) was a former name given to services operated with superior tilt-body rolling stock, namely the E351 series, and the E353 series (prior to 16 March 2019).

Service pattern and stops

As of 16 March 2019, 18 round trips are operated every day. All trains run on the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line, with few of them also running on the Sōbu Main Line and Ōito Line.

SectionTrain number
Eastbound (Up)Westbound (Down)
Shinjuku - Matsumoto4, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 28, 32, 34, 361, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35
Tokyo - Shinjuku - Matsumoto2, 6, 825
Shinjuku - Matsumoto - Minami-Otari265
Chiba - Shinjuku - Matsumoto303

Stops

Chiba - Funabashi - Kinshichō / Tokyo】 - Shinjuku - Tachikawa - Hachiōji - Ōtsuki - Kōfu - (Nirasaki) - Kobuchizawa -【Fujimi】 - Chino - Kami-Suwa - 【Shimo-Suwa】 - Okaya - Shiojiri - Matsumoto - 【Toyoshina - Hotaka - Shinano-Ōmachi - Hakuba - Minami-Otari

Ticketing

A limited express ticket has to be purchased to board an Azusa train, along with the basic fare ticket. There are two types of such limited express tickets, namely the Reserved Seat Ticket (座席指定券, Zaseki shitei ken), and the Unreserved Seat Ticket (座席未指定券, Zaseki mishitei ken).

The Reserved Seat Ticket enables a specified seat to be reserved for the holder. The reserved status for the seat is signified by a green overhead lamp on top of the corresponding seat.

The Unreserved Seat Ticket enables the holder to be seated on any unreserved seat. A red overhead lamp signifies that the seat is unreserved; while a yellow overhead lamp signifies that the seat is reserved for the later part of the journey, implying that one has to give up their seat to the passenger who has reserved the seat, when they board the train later.

Extra services

Kiso Azusa

The Kiso Azusa (木曾あずさ) was an extra limited express service that was operated in 2017 and 2018, as a part of the Shinshū Destination Campaign (信州デスティネーションキャンペーン) to boost tourism to Nagano Prefecture (Shinshū is an old name for the region). The extra train operated on the Chūō Main Line between Shinjuku to Nagiso, via Tatsuno. With consideration that tourists would be staying the night around the area, the inbound train to Shinjuku was operated the day after the outbound train to Nagiso has arrived.

In 2018, the train operated 2 round trips during the campaign duration.

Stops

Shinjuku - Tachikawa - Hachiōji - Kōfu - Chino - Kami-Suwa - Okaya - Tatsuno - Shiojiri - Narai - Kiso-Fukushima - Nagiso

Rolling stock

  • 189 series 6-car EMUs (Ordinary class, reserved seats only)

Rolling stock

From 23 December 2017, new E353 series EMUs were introduced on Super Azusa services. [2] By March 2018, all Super Azusa services were replaced by E353 series trains, [3] and the E257 series trainsets used on Azusa services by 16 March 2019. [4] Following the unification of all Super Azusa and Azusa services into E353 series, the name Super Azusa was abolished.

Rolling stock previously used

Formations

Current formation

Azusa (E353 series)

All Azusa services (E353 series) are formed of nine cars as shown below, numbered 4 to 12, with car 4 at the Shinjuku end.

Car No.123456789101112
NumberingKuMoHa E353-0MoHa E353-1000KuMoHa E352-0KuHa E353-0MoHa E353-500MoHa E352-500MoHa E353-2000SaHa E353-0SaRoHa E353-0MoHa E353-0MoHa E352-0KuHa E352-0
AccommodationReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedGreenReservedReservedReserved
FacilitiesToiletToiletToiletToiletToiletToiletToilet

Past formations

Azusa (E257 series)

Azusa services (E257 series) were formed of 2+9-car or 9-car sets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Chiba/Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars were no-smoking. [5]

Car No.1234567891011
NumberingKuHa E257KuMoHa E257KuHa E257MoHa E257MoHa E256MoHa E257SaHa E257SaRoHa E257MoHa E257MoHa E256KuHa E256
AccommodationReservedReservedNon-reservedNon-reservedNon-reservedReservedReservedReservedGreenReservedReservedReserved

Super Azusa (E353 series)

From March 2018 to March 2019, Super Azusa services were formed of 3+9-car E353 series trainsets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars were no-smoking. There were days when car 3 operates as a reserved seating car. [5]

Car No.123456789101112
NumberingKuMoHa E353-0MoHa E353-1000KuMoHa E352-0KuHa E353-0MoHa E353-500MoHa E352-500MoHa E353-2000SaHa E353-0SaRoHa E353-0MoHa E353-0MoHa E352-0KuHa E352-0
AccommodationReservedReservedNon-reservedNon-reservedNon-reservedNon-reservedNon-reservedReservedGreenReservedReservedReserved
FacilitiesToiletToiletToiletToiletToiletToiletToilet

History

A 183 series EMU in original "Grade-up Azusa" livery JR East 183 GU azusa o.jpg
A 183 series EMU in original "Grade-up Azusa" livery

The Azusa service began on 1 October 1957 as a semi express operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto. This operated until 24 April 1960 when it was absorbed into Hakuba semi express services. [6]

The Azusa name was revived from 12 December 1966 for use on limited express services operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto. [6]

The premier Super Azusa service commenced on 3 December 1994 with the delivery of the first new E351 series tilting EMUs. [6]

New E257 series EMUs were introduced on Azusa services from the start of the revised timetable on 1 December 2001. [1]

Smoking was prohibited in all cars from 18 March 2007.

From 16 March 2019 onwards, with the replacement of E257 series trains to E353 series trains on all Azusa services, the name Super Azusa were discontinued and were integrated with Azusa services. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Chūō Main Line Railway line in Japan

The Chūō Main Line, commonly called the Chūō Line, is one of the major trunk railway lines in Japan. It connects Tokyo and Nagoya, although it is the slowest direct railway connection between the two cities; the coastal Tōkaidō Main Line is slightly faster, and the Tōkaidō Shinkansen which is currently the fastest rail link between the cities.

<i>Narita Express</i> Train from Narita airport to stations in Tokyo

Narita Express, abbreviated as N'EX, is a limited express train service operated in Japan since 1991 by East Japan Railway Company, serving Narita International Airport from various Greater Tokyo Area stations. Services run approximately half-hourly in the mornings and evenings, and hourly through the middle of the day. The main competition for the Narita Express is Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

E257 series Japanese train type

The E257 series(Japanese: E257系) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated in Japan for limited express services by East Japan Railway Company and built jointly by Hitachi, Kinki Sharyo, and Tokyu Car Corporation.

Shinonoi Line Railway line in Nagano prefecture, Japan

The Shinonoi Line is a railway line in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It connects Shinonoi Station in Nagano with Shiojiri Station in Shiojiri.

183 series Japanese train type

The 183 series was a Japanese limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1972 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company, and formerly also operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West). In terms of design, it is closely based on the late-model AC/DC 485 series, with minor cosmetic differences and DC-only drive. The last 189 series sets were withdrawn on March 29, 2019.

Kaiji (train)

The Kaiji (かいじ) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company. It runs mainly between Shinjuku Station in Tokyo and Kōfu Station in Kōfu, Yamanashi via the Chūō Main Line. Chiba Kaiji, between Chiba and Ryūō, Hamakaiji, between Yokohama and Matsumoto, Yama Kaiji, Between Tachikawa and Kobuchizawa, also exist as seasonal variants.

Ōito Line Railway line in Japan

The Ōito Line is a railway line in Japan which connects Matsumoto Station in Nagano Prefecture with Itoigawa Station in Niigata Prefecture. There are two operators on the line: East Japan Railway Company operates the section north of Minami-Otari Station in Otari, Nagano Prefecture, and West Japan Railway Company operates the remaining section. Minami-Otari is the boundary for the two companies. The section of the line, operated by JR East, between Minami-Otari and Matsumoto is electrified and trains are fairly regular along this section. The JR West section from Minami-Otari to Itoigawa, however, is not electrified and is used little, compared to the electrified JR East section. Trains run less regularly along this part.

Shiosai

The Shiosai (しおさい) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company. It runs from Tokyo and Shinjuku to Chōshi on the Bōsō Peninsula in Chiba Prefecture.

The Wakashio (わかしお) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It runs from Tokyo to Kazusa-Ichinomiya and Awa-Kamogawa on the Bōsō Peninsula in Chiba Prefecture.

Odoriko Train service in Japan

The Odoriko(Japanese: 踊り子) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company, Central Japan Railway Company, Izukyu Corporation, and Izuhakone Railway, which runs between Tokyo and Izukyū-Shimoda or Shuzenji in Shizuoka Prefecture.

E351 series Japanese train type

The E351 series (E351系) was a tilting electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on Chuo Main Line Super Azusa limited express services in Japan from 1993 to 2018. First introduced in December 1993, a total of 60 vehicles were built, formed as five eight-car main sets and five four-car supplementary sets.

The Chūō Line (Rapid) is the name given to rapid services on the eastern section of the Chūō Main Line operated by the East Japan Railway Company between Tokyo and Takao stations. The official map shows services travel as far as Otsuki.

Hachiōji (train)

The Hachiōji (はちおうじ) is a limited express train service for commuters on the Chūō Rapid Line operated by East Japan Railway Company. The train operates on weekdays only. All seats are reserved on this train.

Ōme (train)

The Ōme (おうめ) is limited express train service for commuters on the Chūō Rapid Line and Ōme Line operated by East Japan Railway Company. The train operates on weekdays only. All seats are reserved on this train.

Hitachi (Japanese train)

Hitachi (ひたち) is a limited express train service operated in Japan by East Japan Railway Company on the Jōban Line between Shinagawa Station / Ueno Station in Tokyo and Sendai Station in Miyagi Prefecture. The Tokiwa service follows the same route but makes additional stops.

Akagi (train)

The Akagi (あかぎ) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It runs between Tokyo and Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture. Some trains run to or from Shin-Maebashi or Honjō.

E353 series Japanese electric multiple unit train type

The E353 series (E353系) is a DC tilting electric multiple unit (EMU) train operated by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan on limited express services on the Chuo Main Line since December 2017.

<i>Tokiwa</i> (train)

The Tokiwa (ときわ) is a limited express service operated by East Japan Railway Company between Shinagawa in Tokyo and Iwaki via the Joban Line and Ueno-Tokyo Line since 14 March 2015. The services replaced the former Fresh Hitachi services operated on the Joban Line between Ueno and Iwaki. The Tokiwa train service name was also formerly used for semi-express services operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) from June 1958 until March 1985.

Fuji Excursion

The Fuji Excursion is a regular limited express service operated by East Japan Railway Company and Fuji Kyuko, between Shinjuku on the Chūō Line and Kawaguchiko on the Fujikyuko Line.

Holiday Rapid View Yamanashi

The Holiday Rapid View Yamanashi (ホリデー快速ビューやまなし) is a Holiday Rapid service train operated by East Japan Railway Company from Shinjuku to Kobuchizawa on the Chūō Main Line.

References

  1. 1 2 JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル[JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 2008. ISBN   978-4-330-00608-6.
  2. 1 2 Ueshin, Daisuke (26 October 2017). JR東日本E353系、新型車両の特急「スーパーあずさ」12/23デビュー [New JR East E353 series to debut on "Super Azusa" limited express from 23 December]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  3. 来年3月に現行車両「E351系」引退 スーパーあずさ、新型に [E351 series to be retired by next spring with new trains for "Super Azusa" services]. Sankei Photo (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 29 October 2017. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  4. 2019年3月ダイヤ改正について(多摩版) [Regarding the timetable revision in March 2019 (Tama Edition)](PDF). East Japan Railway Company, Hachioji Branch. 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  5. 1 2 JR Timetable. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. February 2015. p. 957.
  6. 1 2 3 列車名鑑1995[Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.
  7. 2019年3月ダイヤ改正について(多摩版) [Regarding the timetable revision of March 2019 (Tama Edition)](PDF). East Japan Railway. 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.