Béjar

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Béjar
Bejar.jpg
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Béjar
Location in Spain
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Béjar
Béjar (Spain)
Coordinates: 40°23′N5°46′W / 40.383°N 5.767°W / 40.383; -5.767 Coordinates: 40°23′N5°46′W / 40.383°N 5.767°W / 40.383; -5.767
Country Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Autonomous community Flag of Castile and Leon.svg  Castile and León
Province Salamanca
Comarca Sierra de Béjar
Judicial district Béjar
Founded400 BC
Government
   Alcalde Alejo Riñones Rico (2011) (PP)
Area
[1]
  Total46 km2 (18 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
959 m (3,146 ft)
Population
 (2018) [2]
  Total12,961
  Density280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Demonym(s) bejarano
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
37700
Dialing code 923
Website www.aytobejar.com

Béjar (Spanish pronunciation:  [ˈbexaɾ] ) is a town and municipality in the province of Salamanca, western Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. As of 2017, it had a population of 15,016.

Contents

Plaza Mayor Plaza bejar.jpg
Plaza Mayor

History

The first inhabitants of what is now Béjar were the Vettones, who settled an area to the south of the city now known as La Antigua around 400 BC. The city formed part of Roman Hispania in the beginning of the 1st century BC. In AD 713, the city was taken by Muslim Berbers (Moors) from the Visigoths and in the 11th century, it was conquered by King Alfonso VI of Castile. Following this, the walls, parts of which still stand, were constructed to repel frequent Arab incursions that took place until the end of the Reconquista.

The city was later the center of the Duchy of Béjar ruled by the powerful House of Zúñiga.

Name

The name Béjar is of pre-Roman origin. Spanish historians and archeologists do not have evidence of the name's origin, but there are documents with the forms Biclara and Biclaro [3] , of uncertain meaning. An older spelling of the city's name is Béxar, and in medieval documents, Vexar is also found. Despite the similarity between Béxar and the Spanish abeja (bee), these two words are not related.

Bexar County in the U.S. state of Texas acquired its name indirectly from this city.

Monuments

Béjar has many remarkable monuments and historical buildings: [4]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Municipio:Béjar". www.lasalina.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  2. Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  3. García Sánchez, Jairo Javier (12 de julio de 2004). Castilla y León y sus toponimos (II). Rinconete (Centro Virtual Cervantes).
  4. "Conoce Béjar – Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Béjar" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-01-22.