Békés County

Last updated
Békés County

Békés megye
The river Koros near the Hungarian town Mezobereny.jpg
Szarvas arboretum4.jpg
Andrassy ut bekescsaba.jpg
Descending, from top: Körös river near Mezőberény, Arboretum of Szarvas, and Downtown of Békéscsaba
Flag of Bekes megye.svg
Flag
COA Bekes County.svg
Coat of arms
HU county Bekes.svg
Békés County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Southern Great Plain
County seat Békéscsaba
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyMihály Zalai (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total5,629.71 km2 (2,173.64 sq mi)
Area rank 7th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total351,148 [1]
  Rank 11th in Hungary
Postal code
55xx – 59xx
Area code(s) (+36) 66, 68
ISO 3166 code HU-BE
Website www.bekesmegye.hu

Békés (Hungarian : Békés megye, pronounced  [ˈbeːkeːʃ] , Romanian : Județul Bichiș) is an administrative division (county or megye) in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.

Contents

Etymology

In Slovak, it is known as Békešská župa and in Romanian as Județul Bichiș.

After Hungarians conquered the area, Békés and its surroundings were the property of the Csolt clan. Békés (the name means "peaceful") was originally the name of the castle which gave its name to the comitatus, and, like many castles, was possibly named after its first steward.

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,630 km2 (2,174 sq mi) – 6.05% of Hungary.

Békés County lies on the Pannonian Plain (Great Plain) and is a flat area with good soil. The average rainfall is 645 mm per year. One-fifth of the natural gas resources of Hungary can be found in Békés. The river Körös runs through the county.

Neighbours

History

Old countrymap with settlements and roads, railway Bekes county map.jpg
Old countrymap with settlements and roads, railway

The area has been inhabited since 5000-4000 BC. Before the arrival of the Hungarians several other tribes lived in the area.

The castle of Gyula was built in the early 15th century. Gyula was the most significant town of the county at that time, and became the county seat under Matthias I. It was an important fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe but it was captured in 1566. During this time, several towns were destroyed in the area.

In the early 18th century, after the Ottomans were expelled, the county was repopulated, not only with Hungarians, but with Slovaks (in the towns Békéscsaba, Endrőd, Szarvas, Tótkomlós), Serbs (Battonya), Germans (Németgyula, Elek), and Romanians (Kétegyháza). Most of the non-Magyar population was assimilated by the mid-19th century.

The agricultural importance of the county and the new railway line between Pest and Békéscsaba (finished in 1858) brought development, which was quickened when Hungary lost its southern territories to Romania after World War I and Békéscsaba had to take over the role of the lost cities.

The population growth peaked in 1950 (472,000), in the same year when Békéscsaba became the county seat. During the following years, the county was industrialized, like most of Hungary, and the population of the cities and towns grew.

Demographics

Religion in Békés County (2011 census)

  Roman Catholic (19.3%)
  Greek Catholic (0.2%)
   Calvinism (12.9%)
   Lutheranism (7.7%)
   Orthodoxy (1.0%)
  Other religions (1.9%)
   Non-religious (31.4%)
   Atheists (1.2%)
  Undeclared (24.4%)

In 2015, it had a population of 351,148 and the population density was 62/km2.
More than 60% of the population lives in towns.

YearCounty population [2] Change
1949471,561n/a
1960Decrease2.svg 467,861-0.78%
1970Decrease2.svg 438,971-6.17%
1980Decrease2.svg 436,910-0.47%
1990Decrease2.svg 411,887-5.73%
2001Decrease2.svg 397,791-3.42%
2011Decrease2.svg 359,948-9.51%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 9,500), Slovak (7,500), Romanian (5,000), German (2,500) and Serb (500).

Total population (2011 census): 359,948
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [3] Identified themselves: 325,597 persons:

Approx. 53,000 persons in Békés County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [4]

Regional structure

District of Bekes County Bekes districts.png
District of Békés County
No.English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km2)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km2)
SeatNo. of
municipalities
1 Békéscsaba District
Békéscsabai járás
636.1683,541131 Békéscsaba 9
2 Békés District
Békési járás
525.2437,40971 Békés (town)7
3 Gyomaendrőd District
Gyomaendrődi járás
686.2123,94335 Gyomaendrőd 5
4 Gyula District
Gyulai járás
413.2241,627101 Gyula 4
5 Mezőkovácsháza District
Mezőkovácsházai járás
881.4940,55046 Mezőkovácsháza 18
6 Orosháza District
Orosházi járás
717.1851,48272 Orosháza 8
7 Sarkad District
Sarkadi járás
570.9722,90840 Sarkad 11
8 Szarvas District
Szarvasi járás
485.0628,77959 Szarvas 6
9 Szeghalom District
Szeghalmi járás
714.1929,70942 Szeghalom 7
Békés County5,629.71359,94864 Békéscsaba 75

Politics

The Békés County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 17 counselors, [5] with the following party composition:

PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 10          
  Jobbik 2          
  Democratic Coalition 2          
  Momentum Movement 1          
  Hungarian Socialist Party 1          
  Our Homeland Movement 1          

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [6]
Mihály Zalai (Fidesz-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Bekescsaba Megyeszekhely - Bekes megye - Bekescsaba.jpg
Békéscsaba

Békés County has 1 urban county, 21 towns, 8 large villages and 45 villages.

The regional structure of Békés county is typical of the Great Plain: it has a small number of villages, but those are large, both by area and by population. There are several farmsteads as well. 70% of the population lives in cities and towns, while 17% are in the county seat. A large village network is characteristic of the county which currently has 75 administratively independent settlements, of which 19 are cities and 56 are villages. The oldest towns, and with the largest populations, are: Békéscsaba, the county seat - a city carrying a rank of county right, Orosháza, Gyula, Békés, and Szarvas.

City with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Notable people

Natives of the county include:

International relations

Békés County has a partnership relationship with:

Related Research Articles

Csongrád-Csanád County County of Hungary

Csongrád-Csanád is the name of an administrative county in southern Hungary, straddling the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun County, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád-Csanád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.

Békéscsaba City with county rights in Békés, Hungary

Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.

Gyula, Hungary Town in Békés, Hungary

Gyula is a town in Békés County, Hungary. The town is best known for its Medieval castle and a thermal bath. Ferenc Erkel, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem, and Albrecht Dürer the Elder, the father of Albrecht Dürer, were also born in Gyula.

Békés County (former)

Békés was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present Békés county, is now in southeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Gyula.

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County County of Hungary

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.

Tótkomlós Town in Békés, Hungary

Tótkomlós is a town in Békés County, Hungary.


The history of the Jews in Békés, a county in Hungary, has lasted more than two centuries.

Mezőtúr District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Mezőtúr is a district in south-eastern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Mezőtúr is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Kunszentmárton District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Kunszentmárton is a district in southern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Kunszentmárton is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Szentes District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Szentes is a district in north-eastern part of Csongrád County. Szentes is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Tiszakécske District Districts of Hungary in Bács-Kiskun

Tiszakécske is a district in north-eastern part of Bács-Kiskun County. Tiszakécske is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Békéscsaba District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Békéscsaba is a district in central-southern part of Békés County. Békéscsaba is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Békés is a district in central-northern part of Békés County. Békés is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Gyomaendrőd District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Gyomaendrőd is a district in north-western part of Békés County. Gyomaendrőd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Gyula District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Gyula is a district in eastern part of Békés County. Gyula is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Mezőkovácsháza District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Mezőkovácsháza is a district in southern part of Békés County. Mezőkovácsháza is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Orosháza District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Orosháza is a district in south-western part of Békés County. Orosháza is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Szarvas District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Szarvas is a district in western part of Békés County. Szarvas is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

References

  1. nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. népesség.com, "Békés megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  4. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.4 Békés megye, (in Hungarian) Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Megyei közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 (Békés megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  6. Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)

Coordinates: 46°44′15″N21°2′41″E / 46.73750°N 21.04472°E / 46.73750; 21.04472