Bülent Arınç

Last updated
Bülent Arınç
Bulent Arinc 2014.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
1 May 2009 28 August 2015
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Ahmet Davutoğlu
Serving with Cemil Çiçek (2009-11)
Ali Babacan (2009-15)
Beşir Atalay (2011-14)
Bekir Bozdağ (2011-13)
Emrullah İşler (2013-14)
Numan Kurtulmuş (2014-15)
Yalçın Akdoğan (2014-15)
Preceded by Hayati Yazıcı
Succeeded by Tuğrul Türkeş
22nd Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
In office
19 November 2002 22 July 2007
President Ahmet Necdet Sezer
Deputy İsmail Alptekin
Nevzat Pakdil
Sadık Yakut
Yılmaz Ateş
Preceded by Ömer İzgi
Succeeded by Köksal Toptan
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
24 December 1995 7 June 2015
Constituency Manisa (1995, 1999, 2002, 2007)
Bursa (2011)
Personal details
Born (1948-05-25) 25 May 1948 (age 71)
Bursa, Turkey
Political party Welfare Party (Before 1997)
Virtue Party (1997–2001)
Justice and Development Party (2001–present)
Spouse(s)Münevver Arınç
ChildrenMehmet Fatih
Ayşenur
Mücahit
Alma mater Ankara University
Signature Bulent Arinc signature.png

Bülent Arınç (Turkish pronunciation:  [byˈlænt aˈɾɯntʃ] ; born 25 May 1948) is a conservative Turkish politician. He served as the 22nd Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey from 2002 to 2007 and as a Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey between 2009 and 2015.

Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Speaker of the Grand National Assembly Wikimedia list article

This article lists the Speakers of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The name of the parliament of the Republic of Turkey, originally and currently the Grand National Assembly of Turkey since its establishment on 23 April 1920, has for short periods been changed.

Contents

Early life and education

He was born on 25 May 1948 in Bursa, Turkey. [1] After finishing high school in Manisa, Bülent Arınç attended University of Ankara, earning a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1970. [1] After his graduation, he worked as a freelance lawyer in Manisa. [1] He is of Grecophone Cretan Muslim heritage with his ancestors arriving to Turkey as Cretan refugees during the time of Sultan Abdul Hamid II [2] and is fluent in Cretan Greek. [3]

Manisa metropolitan municipality in Manisa Province, Aegean Region, Turkey

Manisa is a large city in Turkey's Aegean Region and the administrative seat of Manisa Province.

The Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate degree in law originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictions—except the United States and Canada—as the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer. It historically served this purpose in the U.S. as well, but was phased out in the mid-1960s in favor of the Juris Doctor degree, and Canada followed suit.

Abdul Hamid II 34th sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Abdul Hamid II was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state. He oversaw a period of decline, with rebellions particularly in the Balkans, and he had an unsuccessful war with the Russian Empire followed by a successful war against the Kingdom of Greece in 1897. Hamid II ruled from August 31, 1876 until he was deposed shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, on April 27, 1909. In accordance with an agreement made with the Republican Young Ottomans, he promulgated the first Ottoman Constitution of 1876 on December 23, 1876, which was a sign of progressive thinking that marked his early rule. Later, however, he noticed Western influence on Ottoman affairs and citing disagreements with the Parliament, suspended both the short-lived constitution and Parliament in 1878 and accomplished highly effective power and control.

Entry into politics

Interested in politics from his university years, Bülent Arınç ran for the deputy of Manisa in the 1995 general elections, and entered the Turkish Grand National Assembly from the Welfare Party (Turkish : Refah Partisi). [1] He became also a member of the board of his party, and served in the parliament’s justice commission. [1]

Welfare Party Islamist political party in Turkey

The Welfare Party was an Islamist political party in Turkey. It was founded by Ali Türkmen, Ahmet Tekdal, and Necmettin Erbakan in Ankara in 1983 as heir to two earlier parties, National Order Party (MNP) and National Salvation Party (MSP), which were banned from politics. The RP participated in mayoral elections at that time and won in three cities Konya, Şanlıurfa, and Van. Their vote percentage was approximately 5%.

Turkish language Turkic language mainly spoken and used in Turkey

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish,, and sometimes known as Turkey Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Following the closing of the Welfare Party by the Constitutional Court of Turkey on February 15, 1998, he transferred to the Virtue Party (Turkish : Fazilet Partisi). Arınç was elected in the 1999 general elections as deputy of Manisa, this time from the Virtue Party. [1] He became a member of the foreign affairs commission of the parliament. [1]

The Constitutional Court of Turkey is the highest legal body for constitutional review in Turkey. It "examines the constitutionality, in respect of both form and substance, of laws, decrees having the force of law, and the Rules of Procedure of the Turkish Grand National Assembly". If necessary, it also functions as the Supreme Criminal Court to hear any cases raised about the President, members of the Cabinet, or presidents and members of the high courts.

Virtue Party Islamist political party in Turkey

Virtue Party was an Islamist political party established in 17 December 1997 in Turkey. It was found unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court and then banned on 22 June 2001 for violating the secularist articles of the Constitution. After the party's ban, the party MPs founded two sections of parties: reformist Justice and Development Party (AKP) and traditionalist Felicity Party (SP).

The constitutional court closed the Virtue Party on June 22, 2001. [1] Bülent Arınç, along with Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, co-founded the Justice and Development Party (Turkish : Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) the same year on August 14. [4] He was appointed speaker of his party’s group in the parliament. [1]

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 12th President of Turkey from 2014

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician serving as the 12th and current President of Turkey since 2014. He previously served as Prime Minister from 2003 to 2014 and as Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998. He founded the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2001, leading it to general election victories in 2002, 2007 and 2011 before standing down upon his election as President in 2014. Coming from an Islamist political background and as a self-described conservative democrat, he has promoted socially conservative and liberal economic policies in his administration.

Justice and Development Party (Turkey) conservative political party in Turkey

The Justice and Development Party, abbreviated officially AK Parti in Turkish, is a conservative political party in Turkey. Developed from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, the party is the largest in Turkey. Founded in 2001 by members of a number of existing conservative parties, the party has won pluralities in the six most recent legislative elections, those of 2002, 2007, 2011, June 2015, November 2015, and 2018. The party held a majority of seats for 13 years, but lost it in June 2015, only to regain it in the snap election of November 2015 but then lose it again in 2018. Its electoral success has been mirrored in the three local elections held since the party's establishment, coming first in 2004, 2009 and 2014 respectively. The current party leader is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the incumbent President of Turkey.

Bülent Arınç was elected the third time deputy of Manisa in the general elections held on November 3, 2002. On November 19, 2002, he was elected Speaker of the Parliament. [5] On May 1, 2009 he was appointed as State Minister Responsible for Foundations and the TRT and Deputy Prime Minister in the second cabinet of Erdoğan. [6]

Turkish Radio and Television Corporation public broadcaster of Turkey

The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, also known as TRT, is the national public broadcaster of Turkey and was founded in 1964. Around 70% of TRT's funding comes from a tax levied on electricity bills and a license tax on television and radio receivers. As these are hypothecated taxes, as opposed to the money coming from general government funds, the principle is similar to that of the television licence levied in a number of other countries, such as the BBC in the United Kingdom. The rest of TRT's funding comes from government grants, with the final 10% coming from advertising.

Views

Arınç refers to the Hagia Sophia as a mosque, which has angered the Greek government. He wishes to see it reconverted from a museum into a functioning mosque. [7]

In 2014, Arınç stated women should not laugh out loud to him in public during a speech about “moral corruption” at an Eid al-Fitr holiday gathering: [8] [9] She will not laugh in public to Mr. Arinc. She will not be inviting in her attitudes and will protect her chasteness.” When asked to explain his comments, he suggested that women "leave their husbands at home, and go to vacation with their lovers" and that they "can't wait to climb poles when they see someone", referring to women who pole dance while on holiday. Both comments were widely ridiculed in social media. [10] [11]

Personal life

Bülent Arınç is married with two children. His third child, a son, was killed in a traffic accident in 1997. [12] Arınç is of Muslim Cretan heritage with his ancestors arriving to Turkey as Cretan refugees during the time of Sultan Abdul Hamid II [2] and is fluent in Cretan Greek. [3]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "TBMM'nin yeni başkanı Arınç" (in Turkish). Radikal.com.tr. 19 November 2002. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  2. 1 2 "Arınç Ahmediye köyünde çocuklarla Rumca konuştu" [Arınç spoke Greek with the children in the village of Ahmediye]. Milliyet (in Turkish). Turkey. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  3. 1 2 Bülent Arınç anadili Rumca konuşurken [Bülent Arınç talking to native speakers of Greek](video) (in Turkish and Greek). You Tube. 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  4. "Meclis'in 6. partisi" (in Turkish). Zaman.com.tr. 15 August 2001. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  5. "İlk turda başkan" (in Turkish). Hurriyet.com.tr. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  6. "Erdoğan announces major Cabinet reshuffle". Todayszaman.com. 1 May 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  7. "Greece angered over Turkish Deputy PM's Hagia Sophia remarks - EUROPE". hurriyetdailynews.com.
  8. "Women should not laugh in public, Turkish deputy PM says". Hurriyet. 29 July 2014.
  9. Wagner, Meg (30 July 2014). "Turkish nude women share smiling selfies after politician tells them not to laugh out loud". New York Daily News.
  10. Letsch, Constanze (30 July 2014). "Turkish women defy deputy PM with laughter". The Guardian.
  11. Smith, Alexander (31 July 2014). "Turkish Deputy PM Turns Ire From Laughing Women to Pole-Dancing". NBC News.
  12. "RP'li Arınç'ın acı günü". Hurriyet (in Turkish). 14 September 1997. Retrieved 13 January 2011.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Ömer İzgi
Speaker of the Parliament
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Köksal Toptan
Preceded by
Hayati Yazıcı
Third Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
2009–2015
Succeeded by
Tuğrul Türkeş