Büyük Saat

Last updated
Büyük Saat
Buyuk Saat.jpg
General information
Type Clock tower
Architectural style Ottoman Neo-baroque
Location Adana, Turkey Flag of Turkey.svg
AddressAlimünif Caddesi
Coordinates 36°59′02″N35°19′49″E / 36.98386°N 35.33020°E / 36.98386; 35.33020 Coordinates: 36°59′02″N35°19′49″E / 36.98386°N 35.33020°E / 36.98386; 35.33020
Construction started1879
Height32 m (105 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Kirkor Bezdikyan, Kasbar Agha Bezdikyan

Büyük Saat (English: The Great Clock Tower) is a historical clock tower in Adana, rising 32 m (105 ft) high. [1] The tower symbolizes the modernization of the city, which lasted from 1863 to the Adana massacre. During this period many Ottoman and European businesses, moved to the city for the exploding cotton trade. The tower was constructed by the mayor Kirkor Bezdikyan on the main street (Roland street, now known as Ali Münif) who was credit for starting the first modern municipal governance. Bezdikyan was also the architect of the tower together with another Armenian architect Kasbar Agha Bezdikyan.



The construction of Büyük Saat was started in 1879 by the mayor Kirkor Bezdikyan. Besides the architect mayor, another Armenian architect, Kasbar Agha Bzdikian, was also responsible for its design. It was completed by the mayor Mangoyan in 1882, as a symbol of modernization. [2] Mayor Hacı Yunus also made a significant contribution to the construction. It has since stood as one of the major landmarks of the city.


World Raki Festival at Buyuksaat Adana Raki Festival1.jpg
World Rakı Festival at Büyüksaat

Büyük Saat was constructed as a square prism, and its tower walls were built with bricks. [3] The tower has a height of 32 m (105 ft), but the depth of the foundations is thought to be even deeper, at 35 m (115 ft). There were rumors that the water that springs from the foundations had healing powers.

During the period of its construction, similar clock towers were also built in the other large cities of the Ottoman Empire. Büyük Saat was the highest of them all, the second-highest being the Dolmabahçe Clock Tower in Istanbul.


The construction of the Büyük Saat made the residents' life easier by improving their timekeeping. Every hour, the loud bell of the tower, which could be heard from most sections of the city, would ring. After the construction of the tower, the city's officials arranged their office hours according to the time given by Büyük Saat. The times for Islamic prayer, previously defined by the position of the sun, were also now set by Büyük Saat.

The major issue with Büyük Saat today is the lack of pedestrian areas at its base. The tower is in the middle of a busy street which makes visitor access difficult. The Adana Metropolitan Municipality have plans to widen sidewalks of Ali Münif Caddesi and re-route some of the local traffic to another street to improve the situation.

See also


  1. "A look into Adana's history by Incirlik Air Base". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  2. Nurettin Çelmeoğlu. "Ermenilerden üç başkanımız". Yeni Adana Gazetesi. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  3. "Cultural Affairs of the Governorship of Adana".

Related Research Articles

Adana Metropolitan municipality in Mediterranean, Turkey

Adana is a major city in southern Turkey. The city is situated on the Seyhan river, 35 km (22 mi) inland from the Mediterranean, in south-central Anatolia. It is the administrative seat of the Adana Province and has a population of 1.77 million, making it the 5th most populated city in Turkey. The Adana-Mersin polycentric metropolitan area, with a population of 3 million, stretches over 70 km (43 mi) east-west and 25 km (16 mi) north-south; encompassing the cities of Mersin, Tarsus and Adana.

Adana Province Province of Turkey

Adana Province, is a province of Turkey located in south-central Anatolia. With a population of 2.20 million, it is the sixth most populous province in Turkey. The administrative seat of the province is the city of Adana, home to 79% of the residents of the province. The province, geographically and as well as economically, is part of the Çukurova region together with Mersin, Osmaniye and Hatay provinces.

Tripoli, Lebanon City in North Governorate, Lebanon

Tripoli is the largest city in northern Lebanon and the second-largest city in the country. Situated 85 kilometers north of the capital Beirut, it is the capital of the North Governorate and the Tripoli District. Tripoli overlooks the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and it is the northernmost seaport in Lebanon. It holds a string of four small islands offshore, and they are also the only islands in Lebanon. The Palm Islands were declared a protected area because of their status of haven for endangered loggerhead turtles, rare monk seals and migratory birds.

Philadelphia City Hall Home To The William Penn Statue and Home to Mayor Jim Kenny

Philadelphia City Hall is the world’s largest free standing masonry building made of brick, white marble, limestone and granite and functions as the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1976 was designated a National Historic Landmark and in 2006, also named a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Mimar Sinan Ottoman architect

Koca Mi'mâr Sinân Âğâ was the chief Ottoman architect and civil engineer for sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III. He was responsible for the construction of more than 300 major structures and other more modest projects, such as schools. His apprentices would later design the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul and Stari Most in Mostar, and help design the Taj Mahal in the Mughal Empire.

Dolmabahçe Palace palace

Dolmabahçe Palace located in the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, Turkey, on the European coast of the Strait of Istanbul, served as the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1856 to 1887 and from 1909 to 1922.

Old City Hall (Toronto) building in Toronto

The Old City Hall is a Romanesque-style civic building and court house in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was the home of the Toronto City Council from 1899 to 1966 and remains one of the city's most prominent structures.

Jaffa Gate

Jaffa Gate is a stone portal in the historic walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. It is one of seven main open gates in Jerusalem's Old City walls.

Abraj Al Bait building complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

The Abraj Al-Bait is a government-owned complex of seven skyscraper hotels in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These towers are a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that aims to modernize the city in catering to its pilgrims. The central hotel tower, the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, has the world's largest clock face and is the third-tallest building and fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the world. The clock tower contains the Clock Tower Museum that occupies the top four floors of the tower.

Grand Serail headquarters of the Prime Minister of Lebanon

The Grand Serail is the headquarters of the Prime Minister of Lebanon. It is situated atop a hill in downtown Beirut a few blocks away from the Lebanese Parliament building. The Grand Serail is a historic building, the most important of three Ottoman monuments on the Serail hill. The other two are the Council for Development and Reconstruction and the Hamidiyyeh clock tower. This historic building has earned its importance through successive roles which it held since 1832

Dolmabahçe Clock Tower

Dolmabahçe Clock Tower is a clock tower situated outside Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul, Turkey. Its construction was ordered by Ottoman sultan Abdülhamid II (1842–1918) and designed by the court architect Sarkis Balyan between 1890 and 1895.

Etfal Hospital Clock Tower

Etfal Hospital Clock Tower, or Children’s Hospital Clock Tower, is a clock tower situated in the garden of the Hamidiye Etfal Hospital in the Şişli district of İstanbul, Turkey at the European side of Bosphorus. It was ordered by the Ottoman sultan Abdülhamid II and constructed by the architect Mehmet Şükrü Bey.

Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque

The Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque, also known as the Aksaray Valide Mosque, is an Ottoman imperial mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. It is located at the intersection of Ordu Street and Atatürk Boulevard in the Aksaray neighborhood. It is also located next to Pertevniyal High School which was also built by the order of Sultana Pertevniyal in 1872. The mosque attracts 400-500 worshipers during prayer times and over 2,500 worshipers during prayer on Fridays.

İzmit Clock Tower

The İzmit Clock Tower in İzmit, Turkey is one of many clock towers that were built throughout the Ottoman Empire as a result of the decree which was sent to the provincial governors to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Sultan Abdülhamid II's ascension to the Ottoman throne. It was designed by architect Vedat Tek upon the order of Musa Kazım Bey, the governor of İzmit, and built in 1901. Other sources name the architect of the tower as Mihran Azaryan who was an Armenian-Ottoman of Izmit origin.

Sabancı Merkez Camii mosque

Sabancı Merkez Camii in Adana is the second largest mosque in Turkey. The exterior of the mosque is similar to the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne, though it has six minarets, similar to the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul.

Kültürpark public park in İzmir, Turkey

Kültürpark is an urban park in İzmir, Turkey. It is located in the district of Konak, roughly bounded by Dr. Mustafa Enver Bey Avenue on the north, 1395th Street, 1396th Street and Bozkurt Avenue on the east, Mürsel Paşa Boulevard on the south, and Dr. Refik Saydam and Şair Eşref boulevards on the west.

Tophane Quarter in Marmara, Turkey

Tophane is a quarter in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, Turkey. It has a coastline with the Bosphorus. In the Ottoman era, it was the city's oldest industrial zone.

Yerevan City Council

The Yerevan City Council is the lawmaking body of the city of Yerevan. It has 65 members elected by Party-list proportional representation system, headed by the Mayor of Yerevan. The Council serves as a check against the mayor in a mayor-council government model.

Sovetsky, Baku Historic district in Baku, Azerbaijan

Sovetsky is a historic district in Baku, Azerbaijan. It is located in Yasamal raion, between Nariman Narimanov Avenue and Mirza Ibrahimov Street, and between Nizami and Ibrahim Abilov streets. There are a lot of historical buildings with the age more than 100 years, museums, mosques, baths and houses of notable Azerbaijanis.

Kirkor Bezdikyan, also known as Krikor Agha Bzdikian or Kirkor Bezdikian, was the second mayor of Adana, Cilicia who was in office from 1877 to 1879, during the Ottoman Empire. He was credit for starting the first modern municipal governance at the time city was flourishing with the cotton trade, hence many Ottoman and European businesses and officials were moving to the city. Before being a mayor, he was elected to the Ottoman Chamber of Deputies at the first democratic election held on 18 March 1877. He was one of the three deputies of Adana Vilayet, and the only one to represent the non-muslims of the province. Short-lived first parliament was dissolved on 28 June 1877 and the non-muslim representation for the province was abolished for the second election.