Bălăușeri

Last updated
Bălăușeri
Balavásár
Commune
RO MS Biserica evanghelica din Filitelnic (1).JPG
Balauseri jud Mures.png
Location of Bălăușeri
Romania location map.svg
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Bălăușeri
Location of Bălăușeri
Coordinates: 46°24′0″N24°41′0″E / 46.40000°N 24.68333°E / 46.40000; 24.68333 Coordinates: 46°24′0″N24°41′0″E / 46.40000°N 24.68333°E / 46.40000; 24.68333
Country Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
County Mureș County
Status Commune
Government
   Mayor Sagyebo Istvan
Population (2011)
  Total 4,698
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Bălăușeri (Hungarian : Balavásár; Hungarian pronunciation: [bɒlɒvaːʃaːr] ; German : Bladenmarkt) is a commune in Mureș County, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Agrișteu, Bălăușeri, Chendu, Dumitreni, Filitelnic and Senereuș.

Hungarian language language spoken in and around Hungary

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America and in Israel. Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family. With 13 million speakers, it is its largest member in terms of speakers.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Mureș County County in Centru, Romania

Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Contents

In Romanian In Hungarian In German
Agrișteu Egrestő Agreschteln
Bălăușeri Balavásár Bladenmarkt
Chendu Nagykend Großkend
Dumitreni Szentdemeter Mettersdorf
Filitelnic Fületelke Felldorf
Senereuș Szénaverős Zendersch

History

The village was in the northern reaches of Küküllő County in Transylvania, just over the border from the Székely Land; the county was split in the 1876 administrative reform, and thereafter the village belonged to Kis-Küküllő County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, it became part of Romania along with the rest of Transylvania.

Küküllő County was a county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Located in the Transylvania region between the rivers Maros (Mureș) and Nagy-Küküllő, it existed from the 11th century until 1876, when it was split off into Kis-Küküllő County and Nagy-Küküllő County. Its capital was Küküllővár.

Székely Land geographical object

The Székely Land or Szeklerland is a historic and ethnographic area in Romania, inhabited mainly by Hungarians. Its cultural centre is the city of Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely), the largest settlement in the region.

Kis-Küküllő County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Kis-Küküllő was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. Kis-Küküllő is the Hungarian name for the Târnava Mică River. The capital of the county was Dicsőszentmárton.

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census, the commune has a population of 4,698 of which 3,195 (68.01%) are Hungarians, 905 (17.58%) Romanians, 662 (14.09%) Roma and 10 Germans. Bălăușeri village has a population of 1228 people.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

See also

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References